进行遇难者身份确认的研究人员寻求志愿者

楼主:春风秋水 时间:2008-05-29 14:05:20 点击:613 回复:0
脱水 打赏 看楼主 设置

字体:

边距:

背景:

还原:

  Victim identification researchers seek volunteers
  Date: 28 May 2008
  进行遇难者身份确认的研究人员寻求志愿者
  2008-5-28
  Tr. Chunfengqiushui
  
  
   Queensland University of Technology researchers are looking for a way to aid identification of victims of natural disasters and mass accidents such as the recent Burmese cyclone, the earthquake in China, or the 9/11 attacks.
   昆士兰科技大学的研究者正在找寻新的方法来帮助确认诸如最近的缅甸飓风、中国的四川地震、美国的9·11袭击等自然灾害或大规模意外事件中受害者的身份。
   Dr Bill Lott and Alison McCarthy, of QUT’s Faculty of Science and IHBI, are developing the methodology to build partial physical profiles of victims, as a tool for victim identification when traditional methods fail.
   昆士兰科技大学理学系和健康与生物医学创新研究院(Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation,IHBI) 的比尔·罗特博士和艾莉森·麦卡锡博士,正在设计一种方法来建立部分遇难者身体轮廓,以便于当传统的方法无法确认遇难者身份时将其作为一种新的手段。
   Their technique would be particularly useful in disasters where the victims’ remains have been destroyed beyond normal recognition.
   当灾害中遇难者的遗体被毁坏到无法正常辨识时,他们的技术将非常的有用。
   "We are looking specifically at the small percentage of victims who cannot be identified by dental records, fingerprints or personal effects, and taking a step back to look at the specific characteristics present, to try and classify them and find alternate methods to identify these people," said Ms McCarthy.
   麦卡锡小姐说,“我们正在寻找一小部分无法通过牙齿记录、指纹记录或个人财物等方式辨识的遇难者,采取措施追溯其独特的特征,并试图对其分类,找到替代的方法来辨认这些遇难者。”
   Ms McCarthy said the current methods used to identify victims of disasters focussed on individual traits, while the methods being tested by the QUT team would be more of a classification method.
   麦卡锡小姐说,现有用于辨认灾害中遇难者身份的方法集中于个人特征,然而这些经过昆士兰科技大学研究团队检验的方法将是更为有效的分类方法。
   For example, it may have been useful following the tsunami disaster to distinguish between victim remains of the local Asian population and those from the predominantly European tourists.
   例如,它对于区分海啸中亚洲族裔的遇难者和明显是欧洲人的遇难者可能很有用。
   "We would be looking more broadly at different traits to put together a system of classification," said Ms McCarthy.
   麦卡锡小姐说,“我们将寻找更多的不同特征以将其整理成一个分类系统。”
   The research team is seeking between 500 and 1000 anonymous volunteers to assist in their research.
   这个研究团队正在寻找500到1000名匿名的志愿者以援助他们的研究。
   Volunteers would attend a single brief interview, at which they would complete a questionnaire recording physical description and self-identified ancestry, provide a blood sample by a simple finger-prick, and undergo a skin reflectance reading.
   志愿者将参加一个单独的简短会谈,在会谈中,他们将完成一个记录身体特征和自我识别血统的调查问卷,并且通过简单的扎手指的方式提供血样,还要进行肤纹
   "We are examining specific markers in the DNA that have been shown to be associated with inherited pigmentation traits," said Ms McCarthy.
   麦卡锡小姐还说,“我们正在检查DNA中与遗传染色体特征有关的特殊标记。”
   "The information we collect from the volunteers will be entered into a database, where we will attempt to correlate the DNA marker frequency with the physical characteristics described in the questionnaire."
   “我们从志愿者身上收集的信息将被录入数据库,我们试图把DNA标记频率和问卷调查里的身体特征进行关联。”
   "The statistical information will be used to attempt to predict a person’s likely physical description, including hair colour, skin colour and eye colour."
   “统计信息将用于试图预测个人的可能身体特征描述,包括头发的颜色、肤色、眼睛的颜色。”
   "We will then test these relationships by predicting the physical traits of a known group of individuals, using only the data provided by their DNA. The success rate we observe in the test group will reflect the predictive power of the technique."
   “我们还将通过预测已知人群中个体的身体特征来检测这些关联,并且只用这些DNA中所提供的信息。我们在受检测人群中观察到的成功率将展现出科技的力量。”
   Volunteer sampling will take place at various locations across all QUT campuses, so participants can allocate an appropriate campus and time.
   志愿者抽样将在昆士兰科技大学所有校区的不同场所进行,因此各校区的参与者将在合适的时候进行。
   Volunteers can contact Alison McCarthy by emailing am.mccarthy@qut.edu.au.
   志愿者可通过这个邮件地址(am.mccarthy@qut.edu.au)联系艾莉森·麦卡锡。
  
  (Source:http://www.news.qut.edu.au/cgi-bin/WebObjects/News.woa/wa/goNewsPage?newsEventID=17098)
  
  
  
原文作者所属博客:春风秋水

打赏

0 点赞

主帖获得的天涯分:0
举报 | 楼主 | 埋红包
楼主发言:1次 发图:0张 | 添加到话题 |

相关推荐

换一换

      本版热帖

        发表回复

        请遵守天涯社区公约言论规则,不得违反国家法律法规