霉菌性阴道炎,是常见病,多发病,我们来看看国外是怎么治疗的。[已扎口]

楼主:风舞垂杨 时间:2010-04-16 22:11:26 点击:8278 回复:17
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  霉菌性阴道炎,滴虫性阴道炎,细菌性阴道炎等,都是常见病,多发病
    
    据估计,超过75%的妇女一生中肯定感染过一次,霉菌性阴道炎。
    
     我们来看看国外是怎么治疗的。
    
    Yeast infections are one of the most common infections occurring in women. Although they are rarely dangerous, they can be very bothersome and uncomfortable. A number of ways to prevent yeast infections are discussed here, as well as information on treating both acute and chronic yeast infections. Simply put, a yeast infection is an overgrowth of yeast that is normally found in the vagina. All people, no matter how "clean" they are, have bacteria, viruses, and yeast in their body. Some of these, like intestinal bacteria, are critical for our survival, whereas others, like the HIV virus that causes AIDS, can be deadly. Yeast infections are caused by a fungus, usually candida albicans, that grows rapidly, taking over the normal bacteria found within the vagina. Yeast infections are not so much "caught" (although they may be passed back and forth between sexual partners) as "grown" from one’s own yeast cells within the vagina. The classic example of this is the increased chance of having a yeast infection after taking antibiotics. The antibiotics reduce the normal bacteria in the vagina, and the yeast seize the opportunity and reproduce rapidly, causing a yeast infection.
    
    We know that while some women simply get yeast infections once in a great while, others are susceptible to them because of certain risk factors. In the past birth control pills were thought to increase the chance of yeast infections, but current pills have much lower hormone doses than in the past, and are not thought to lead to yeast infections. Also, some women may feel that yeast infections imply they are not "clean enough down there" but this is not the case. Risk factors for yeast infections include:
    
    Recent antibiotic use, for example for a urinary tract infection.
    Wearing tight clothes, particularly non-cotton underwear or pants.
    Wearing moist clothing for extended periods, such as workout or swimwear.
    Having diabetes.
    Having leukemia or AIDS, both conditions that damage the immune system. Obesity.
    Most women know the common symptoms of a yeast infection, which include itching, burning, a white discharge, pain with intercourse or tampon use, or redness and irritation of the vulva (the outside "lips" of the vagina). Some women get all of these symptoms, while others have none. This is important now that there are over-the-counter medications for yeast infections. Medical studies have shown that most women misdiagnose their own yeast infections, and can miss other important vaginal infections, such as trichomonas, gardnerella, chlamydia, or gonorrhea that may produce somewhat similar symptoms. Therefore, unless one is absolutely certain of the diagnosis, a visit to a health care provider experienced in women’s health is necessary.
    
    Diagnosing yeast infections involves a brief visit to your health care provider, who will perform a pelvic exam in order to look in the vagina. In many cases a small drop of vaginal discharge is taken and viewed under a microscope to look for yeast cells. Treatment for an acute yeast infection is rarely difficult and involves one of many oral or vaginal anti-fungal medications. There are many on the market. Most work equally well, but each patient’s situation is different therefore your health care provider may want to try one versus another to treat your specific infection. Despite advertisements on television and in magazines, no one prescription is necessarily better than another. In all cases, however, the medication should be used completely as directed in order to "wipe out" all the yeast.
    
    Chronic infections or infections that recur frequently are often extremely distressing to the patient and frustrating to her health care provider. A systematic approach to these infections will usually yield appropriate treatment and relief of symptoms. Prevention, discussed later, is important, but if this is not successful, a thorough exam looking for diabetes or other causes is necessary. Furthermore, vaginal cultures may be necessary to determine if one’s infection is caused by an unusual type of yeast that may be resistant to certain anti-fungal medications (such as candida glabrata or candida tropicalis). Treatment may require a long course of anti-fungal medications, painting the vagina and vulva with a purple medication called gentian violet, or using certain suppositories on a nightly or weekly basis. The treatment of chronic or frequently recurrent yeast infections involves a blend of the science and art of practicing medicine, and is rarely successful after only one visit. This will almost certainly require a number of visits to your doctor to "fine tune" the treatment, and may require careful monitoring for side effects. It is important to see a physician or other health care provider who is specifically comfortable and experienced managing complicated and chronic yeast infections. Unfortunately, treating the male partner, who may harbor yeast on his penis in about 10% of cases, does not seem to prevent recurrent infections in the female partner.
    
    Preventing yeast infections is obviously more desirable than treating them. Wearing loose clothing, cotton underwear (or at least underwear with a cotton crotch panel), removing damp clothing soon after swimming or working out, and carefully drying the vulvar area after bathing will all help prevent yeast infections. Some advocate using a blow dryer on warm to briefly blow dry the vulva after bathing to insure adequate drying. Others suggest using vaginal or oral yogurt, which is a controversial method of preventing yeast infections. However, there are articles in the medical literature that support eating 8 ounces a day of yogurt containing lactobacillus acidophilus, which may reduce the yeast infection recurrence rate by threefold. IF you choose to do this, however, please make sure the yogurt you buy specifically contains lactobacillus acidophilus, as many do not. Some also advocate taking anti-fungal medications intravaginally or orally at specific intervals to prevent overgrowth of yeast. In some diabetic patients this is very helpful. Yeast infections are common and sometimes difficult to treat, but with the appropriate evaluation and treatment they can be effectively treated. Any symptomatic vaginal discharge should be evaluated to ensure proper treatment.
    
    
  

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楼主风舞垂杨 时间:2010-04-16 22:12:00
  发在别的地方没人看
  看看这里有没有响应的
作者:缺牙仔阿康 时间:2010-04-16 22:14:00
  这么长篇大论的,谁看得懂啊兄弟
  翻字典把手都翻酸了
作者:秋天弹钢琴 时间:2010-04-16 22:16:00
  晕死,
  发中文的,
  不行吗。
作者:SankyLau 时间:2010-04-16 22:16:00
  看的懂也没空看啊。大家都这么忙,中文都不一定想看。是不是现在的人都太浮躁了?
作者:深版女教兽 时间:2010-04-16 22:18:00
  楼主先帮忙翻译下啊
作者:离别时的风 时间:2010-04-16 22:19:00
  洗洗更健康
楼主风舞垂杨 时间:2010-04-16 22:33:00
  看来是个错误啊
  一次发的太长了
  人都太浮躁了,没时间看,要看短小精悍的,下次再一句一句的发
楼主风舞垂杨 时间:2010-04-16 22:37:00
  看来只有哪些英语爱好者
  
  可能乐意看
作者:kingsir1234 时间:2010-04-16 23:02:00
  酵母菌感染是最常见的妇女发生的感染之一。虽然他们很少危险,他们可以非常麻烦和不舒服。通过多种方式,以防止酵母感染的人数正在这里讨论,以及对治疗急性和慢性酵母菌感染信息。简单地说,酵母是一种酵母感染通常是在阴道中发现过度生长。所有的人,不管如何“干净”是这样,有细菌,病毒,并在其体内酵母。其中有些人,像肠道细菌,对我们的生存至关重要,而另一些,如导致艾滋病的HIV病毒,可以是致命的。酵母菌感染是由一种真菌引起,通常白色念珠菌,即增长迅速,接管发现阴道内的正常细菌。酵母菌感染是不是“捕捉”(虽然他们可以通过来回之间的性伴侣)作为“土生土长”从自己的酵母细胞内的阴道。这个典型的例子是,服用抗生素后有一个酵母感染的机会。抗生素减少阴道的正常细菌,酵母抓住机遇,迅速繁殖,导致酵母菌感染。
  
  我们知道,尽管一些妇女只是得到一次在一个伟大而酵母菌感染,因为别人很容易受到某些风险因素给他们。在过去被认为避孕药增加酵母感染的机会,但是目前的避孕药已经比过去低得多的激素剂量,并没有想到会导致酵母菌感染。此外,有些女性可能认为,酵母感染暗示他们不是“那里干净”,但事实并非如此。酵母感染的危险因素包括:
  
  最近的抗生素的使用,例如为泌尿道感染。
  穿紧身的衣服,特别是非棉内衣或裤子。
  长时间配戴,如锻炼或泳装,潮湿的衣服。
  患有糖尿病。
  有白血病或艾滋病,这两个条件,破坏免疫系统。肥胖。
  大多数妇女知道酵母感染,其中包括瘙痒,灼热,一个白色的分泌物的共同症状,性交或卫生棉条使用,或发红,外阴(外“嘴唇的阴道”刺激疼痛)。有些妇女得到所有这些症状,而另一些则没有。这是现在重要的是有酵母感染过的非处方药。医学研究表明,大多数妇女误诊自己的酵母感染,如滴虫可以错过,加德纳菌,衣原体,淋病或可能产生类似的症状有点其他重要,阴道感染。因此,除非是绝对的诊断,对健康护理提供者的妇女的健康是必要的访问一定经验。
  
  酵母感染的诊断涉及到您的健康护理提供者,谁执行骨盆检查,以寻找在阴道短暂访问。阴道分泌物中的小水滴,是采取了许多案件,在显微镜下看,寻找酵母细胞。为急性酵母感染的治疗是很少涉及许多困难和口服或阴道抗真菌的药物之一。目前市场上的许多。大部分的工作同样出色,但每个病人的情况是不同的,因此您的健康护理提供者可能需要尝试与另一对您的具体感染之一。尽管在电视和杂志,没有人是处方药广告一定比别人更优秀。在所有情况下,但是,应该使用的药物完全按照指示,以“消灭”所有的酵母。
  
  慢性感染或感染,经常发生,往往对病人非常痛苦和沮丧,她的健康护理提供者。一个系统的方法对这些感染通常会产生适当的治疗和缓解症状。预防,讨论后,很重要,但如果这不是成功的,彻底的检查,糖尿病或其他原因看是必要的。此外,阴道文化可能有必要确定一个人的感染是由酵母可如念珠菌和热带念珠菌耐某些抗霉菌药物(异常型)引起的。治疗可能需要一个抗真菌的药物长期的过程,画以紫色称为结晶紫药物,或在夜间或每周使用某些栓剂阴道和外阴。对慢性或经常复发性酵母菌感染涉及混合的科学和艺术行医治疗,只有很少成功后一次访问。这几乎肯定需要一个向你的医生探访“微调”治疗数,可能需要仔细监测副作用。重要的是要去看医生或其他保健服务提供者是谁特别舒适和有经验的管理复杂性和慢性酵母菌感染。不幸的是,治疗约10%的病例的男性伴侣,谁可能在他的阴茎海港酵母,似乎没有预防感染的女性经常性的合作伙伴。
  
  酵母感染的预防显然比治疗更为可取他们。穿着宽松的衣服,纯棉内衣(或至少与棉裆面板内衣),去除潮湿衣物后不久,游泳或工作的,并仔细洗澡后外阴干燥地区都将有助于防止酵母菌感染。有些主张使用吹风机暖一简单吹干洗澡后,外阴干燥,以保证足够的。还有人建议用阴道或口头酸奶,这是一种防止酵母感染争议的方法。但是,也有在医学文献支持吃8盎司的含嗜酸乳杆菌,它可减少三倍的酸奶酵母感染的复发率一天的文章。如果您选择这样做,不过,请确保你购买专门的酸奶含有嗜酸乳杆菌,因为许多没有。也有人主张采取抗真菌intravaginally或口头方式在特定的时间间隔的药物,以防止酵母增生。在某些型糖尿病患者,这是非常有益的。酵母菌感染是常见的,有时难以治疗,但适当的评估和治疗,他们可以得到有效治疗。任何症状阴道分泌物应进行评估,以确保适当的治疗。
  
楼主风舞垂杨 时间:2010-04-17 11:35:00
  哈
  
  辛苦你啦
作者:抑郁的心啊 时间:2010-08-06 09:37:00
  好长啊,没有新意
作者:迦马 时间:2010-08-06 10:22:00
  发图比较直观
作者:hunter_13 时间:2010-08-06 10:31:00
  风骚的13楼
作者:欠你一个吻1983 时间:2010-08-06 10:36:00
  真想骂NND,后来想想不能说粗话,但是还是CNND