楼主:王道振法 时间:2009-09-26 15:40:45 上海 点击:917 回复:3
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  Paul Virilio is one of the most significant and original thinkers to emerge in the latter half of the twentieth century.
  His work is fundamentally concerned with questions of perception and embodiment, but also with questions of social and political development.
  He engages in a sustained manner with a very wide range of issues: with questions of war and military strategy, with the history of cinema, the nature of modern media and telecommunications, and with the state of contemporary cultural and artistic production.
  The astonishing breadth of his thinking makes him an indispensable point of reference for a wide range of disciplines.
  His work touches on politics, international relations theory and war studies, on media and social theory, aesthetics, urbanism and environmental thinking.
  Within this broad range of concerns the question of technology has played a central and determining role.
  If Virilio is an indispensable contemporary thinker it is perhaps because his work is rooted in a sustained philosophical engagement with the question of technology.
  Virilio’s work shows us how and why technology has been, and will continue to be, fundamental to the shaping of human experience and historical development.
  No one would dispute the decisive role played by technological innovation in recent history.
  The invention of automobile and aerial travel, of telephonic communication, cinema and television had a decisive impact on all aspects human experience from the late nineteenth century onwards.
  The development of the internet, digital media and mobile phone technology has, more recently, become one of the most visible and all-pervasive indicators of the impact of technological change on social and political life.
  The great strength of Virilio’s work lies in the way it challenges many
  of our everyday or conventional ways of thinking about technology and the fundamental role it plays in the shaping of our individual and collective experience.
   We tend to view different technologies in primarily instrumental terms.
  In other words we tend to see technological devices as tools to be used to certain ends.
  In so doing we often assume that such tools are, in themselves, neutral or value-free.
  Yet this view ignores the fact that our everyday activities, our movements, and forms of communication are structured or shaped at a very profound level by the technologies that we use.
  As the theorist David Kaplan has put it: ‘Human life is thoroughly permeated by technology’ (Kaplan 2004: xiii).
  Arguably a technical device or system is never simply or merely a tool, rather: ‘Technological devices and systems shape our culture and environment, alter patterns of human activity, and influence who we are and how we live’ (Kaplan 2004: xiii).
  By any account it is difficult to sustain the instrumentalist view of technology as a neutral or value-free tool, since, if tools are made for specific ends or objectives, they are necessarily inserted into a complex web of human life and interaction, or again as Kaplan puts it: ‘Humanity and technology are situated in a circular relationship, each shaping and affecting the other’s (Kaplan 2004: xv).


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楼主王道振法 时间:2009-09-26 15:45:00 上海
  Since he began publishing full-length works in 1975 Virilio’s writing has directed itself towards a questioning of this circular relation that exists between the human and the technological.
  He has been most interested in technologies of transmission, that is to say, of transport on the one hand, and of communication on the other.
   Virilio is perhaps best known as a thinker of speed and of the way in which the increasing speeds of transmission have shaped individual perception, but also social, political and cultural life.
   In many ways speed is the key idea which underpins Virilio’s writing from the mid 1970s onwards.
   从许多方面来看,速度是构成维瓦里奥1970年 以来作品基调的关键概念。
  Yet he is not simply or solely concerned with the acceleration of movement and transmission brought about by modern technology.
  As will become clear in the opening chapters of this book, for Virilio, speed or relative movement is the element or medium in which our experience unfolds more generally.
  He is as much interested in slowing down or in deceleration as he is in acceleration.
  Modern transport and communications technology allows us to move very fast or communicate instantaneously across long distances.
  Yet it also forces us, as bodies, to spend more time in inert or stationary positions.
  We remain immobile for long periods of time in plane, train or car seats.
  We regularly find ourselves equally immobile in front of television or computer screens, or we speak on the telephone to someone we might otherwise visit.
  If speed is a key idea for Virilio this is perhaps because he is more fundamentally concerned with temporal and spatial organization and the way in which relative movement, that is, both acceleration and deceleration, shapes our individual and collective apprehension of time and space.
  This concern with temporal and spatial organization has its roots in
  Virilio’s background in architecture and urbanism.
  He was a professor of architecture at the École Spéciale d’Architecture in Paris between 1969 and 1999, and has generally tended to describe himself as being an urbanist or a thinker of the city.
  Yet, as has been indicated, this label by no means does justice to the breadth and scope of his engagements.
  Far from being easily situated within any one discipline Virilio’s writing is defined by its encyclopaedic range of references to many and varied areas of knowledge and by the way in which it makes connections between different areas of human activity (for instance, the development of modern warfare and that of cinema in his seminal work War and Cinema, 1989).
作者:凯华 时间:2009-09-27 10:12:00 云南
作者:快速跟帖器 时间:2009-09-29 13:16:00 北京
  我来顶 劳特里奇系列《批判性思想家——保罗·维里奥》