尝试翻译专栏文章---请多多挑毛病...

楼主:孔雀爱尾 时间:2007-02-10 02:36:00 海南 点击:303 回复:9
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A New Way to Look at Resolutions
  全新的角度看决心
  
  A resolution should not be viewed as torture but as a path to a healthier, happier life.
  不应该把决心看作一种折磨,而要看作是一条通往更健康,更快乐生活的阳关大道。
  Positive Reinforcement
  绝对的巩固
  Maybe you overdid it a little during the holidays. Or maybe a lot. But don't beat yourself up and feel guilty as you make New Year's resolutions. There are many more effective and fun ways to bring about change.
  在节假日期间,也许你对待决心有些于认真,或者较真。但是,不要为了你立下的决心而伤害你自己,也不必有感到内疚。还有许多有效和有趣的方法去改变。
  For the past 30 years, my colleagues and I have proved that the progression of even severe coronary heart disease can often be reversed with comprehensive changes in diet and lifestyle. We know what works in motivating people to make and maintain lasting changes.
  在过去的30年来,我和我的同事们已经证明了,严重的冠心病可以通过饮食和生活习惯的彻底改变而得到极大的改善。我们知道是什么促使人们做出稳定的转变,并持之于衡。
  Perhaps the most common misconception is the belief that you have to choose between what's fun for you and what's good for you. As the old story goes, a man asked, "Doc, if I give up wine, women and song, will I live longer?"
  也许最寻常的误解是认为,你必须在你喜欢和对你有益的事情之中进行选择。正如一个老故事讲述的那样:
  一个男人问医生:“如果我戒酒,不碰女人,也不唱歌,我会不会更长寿?”
  "No, but it may seem longer," his doctor said.
  医生回答说,“不,但是它会使人生看起来更漫长。”
  The man quipped, "Well then, I may give up singing ..."
  这个男人挖苦地说:“这样的话,我还是不唱歌了…”
  We approach food the same way. But you don't have to give up what you enjoy. You can eat from a spectrum of foods that taste good and make you look and feel good.
   我们也是以同样的方式来对待食物的。但,你不必要放弃你所喜欢的东西。你可以大量的食用使你感到愉悦的食物。
  Why have any limitations if you don't have to? Why not eat and do everything you want? Because some choices lead to health and joy, while others lead to illness and suffering. Choosing not to do something helps us define who we are.
  为什么要设定一些你根本不需要的限制?为什么不可以吃你想吃的东西,做你想做的事情呢?因为,有些选择会使你更健康,更快乐,而其他的会导致疾病和痛苦。选择不要去做哪些界定我们是谁的事情。
  Setting limits liberates us. It enables us to do things and express ourselves in ways we otherwise might not be able to. For example, practicing scales may feel a little tedious for musicians at times, but it enables them to play beautiful music.
  设定限制可以将我们解放出来。它使我们去做一些事情,否则我们也许不能够明确我们自己的方向,例如,有时对于音乐家来说,练习音阶会感觉到些许的烦闷,但是却可以使他们弹奏出美丽的音乐。
  Many people think we have to choose either a moral, spiritual life that's boring or an immoral, secular life that's exciting. But that isn't the choice. Morality can be fun: When we decide not to do things that we could do, it makes them sacred and exciting.
  许多人会认为我们必须在一个品行端正,高尚的而枯燥的生活和一个邪恶庸俗却激动人心的生活之间进行选择。但是,选择不是这样的。道德也可以很有趣:当我们放弃那些我们会做的事情时,它们就变得神圣而激动人心。
  A sacrifice can be a gift, such as opting to eat healthier to be more energetic and fun for our loved ones.
  牺牲也可以是一种福祉。例如,我们可以为了所爱而选择更健康的饮食,让自己变得更有活力,更有趣。
  In that context, making resolutions can be a joyful practice rather than something that leaves you feeling deprived or depressed. Instead of changing out of a sense of deprivation and guilt, it's better to be motivated by feelings of love, joy and giving. The choice is ours.
  就此而言,立下决心可以是一个令人欢愉的行为,而不是让你感到失望和压抑的事情。最好是让爱,欢愉和给予所激励的情感来代替丧失和内疚的感觉。看我们如何选择了。
  Before You Make Any Changes ...
  在你做任何转变之前….
  It's easier to keep resolutions if we view them not as sacrifices but as an opportunity to transform our lives. Awareness is the first step. When we become aware of how our choices in diet and lifestyle affect us, we can make different ones. In my experience, people are not afraid to make changes if they understand the benefits of doing so and how quickly they may occur.
  如果我们把决心看成是一个改变我们生活的机会,而不是一种牺牲,那么就很容易进行下去。意识是第一步。当我们意识到选择的饮食和生活习惯是如何影响我们的时候,就很用以的作出不同的选择。在我的经验中,当人们了解转变会带来的立竿见影的好处时,就不会在害怕选择。
  For example, some of the behaviors that many people think are fun and sexy -- smoking, overeating, abusing alcohol and other substances, being stressed out -- leave them tired, depressed and impotent. Is that really fun?
  例如,吸烟,暴食,酗酒或其他成瘾和过多压力---很多人认为这些行为既有趣又性感,而也是这些行为让他们疲惫不堪,沮丧和软弱无能。这样很有趣吗?
  
  A meal high in fat, sugar and calories may cause arteries to constrict, reducing blood flow. So can chronic stress or nicotine in cigarettes. You feel sleepy after a holiday feast. Why? One reason may be that your brain, heart and sexual organs receive less blood flow and oxygen. Change your diet, start exercising, practice stress management and quit smoking, and your brain gets more blood flow, so you think more clearly, have more energy and need less sleep. Your skin gets more blood flow, so you look younger. Your heart and arteries get more blood flow, so heart disease may begin to reverse. And your sexual potency improves.
  食用高脂肪,高糖份,高卡路里的食品将会导致我们的动脉紧缩,减慢血液循环。长期的压力和香烟中的尼古丁也会导致同样的现象。盛宴过后感到困乏。为什么?原因之一是,你的大脑,心脏和生殖器没有足够的血液和氧气。改变你的饮食习惯,开始运动,实行压力管理,戒烟,这样你的大脑才能获得更多的血流量,你也因而可以更清晰地思考,更有活力,需要更少的睡眠。当你的皮肤获得更多的血流量,你会看起来更年轻。当你的心脏和动脉也获得更多的血流量,可以有效地避免心脏病。同样,你的性能力也会得到增强。
  

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楼主孔雀爱尾 时间:2007-02-10 02:38:49 海南
  为了不浪费大家时间,我提炼几个我不满意的地方出来,请指教....
  
  1.Maybe you overdid it a little during the holidays. Or maybe a lot. But don't beat yourself up and feel guilty as you make New Year's resolutions.在节假日期间,也许你对待决心有些于认真,或者较真。但是,不要为了你立下的决心而伤害你自己,也不必有感到内疚。
  
  2.Choosing not to do something helps us define who we are. 选择不要去做哪些界定我们是谁的事情。
  
  3. It enables us to do things and express ourselves in ways we otherwise might not be able to.它使我们去做一些事情,否则我们也许不能够明确我们自己的方向
  
  4. Instead of changing out of a sense of deprivation and guilt, it's better to be motivated by feelings of love, joy and giving.最好是让爱,欢愉和给予所激励的情感来代替丧失和内疚的感觉。
作者:七纬 时间:2007-02-10 04:23:57 美国
  路过,提点意见,仅供参考。
  resolution 在这里应该是指减肥的决心,计划。
  1.overdid: 过于放纵(在饮食方面)。第二句:但不要因此而自责以及在制定新年(减肥)计划的时候感到内疚。
  2.choosing not to do something (有选择的不做一些事情)是主语,helps 是谓语,us 是宾语, define who we are(弄明白自己是什么样的人) 应该是不带to的不定式做宾补
  3. 还是句子结构问题。It(主)enable(谓)us(宾)+to do ...(宾补)试翻成:它使我们去做一些我们原来不会去做的事情。
  4.你的翻译不是很贴切.试翻成:与其带着沮丧和愧疚的心情来寻求改变还不如通过爱,欢乐和奉献等情感来激励自己。
  (所有翻译仅供参考,最好根据上下文进行修改润色。)
  
  给lz的建议,
  就一个句子本身来说,先理顺句子结构再下笔否则容易出错。(语法还需要加强)
  上下文对理解和翻译一个句子很关键。不要拘泥于一个句子本身而应放眼于整个段落甚至整篇文章。
  
  就这么多,说的不对的地方请见谅。
  努力学习,与君共勉。
  
  
  
  
  
作者:crzhao 时间:2007-02-10 14:15:56 美国
  Positive Reinforcement,
  positive here mean the good side; reinforce your positive side/point
  
  HTH.
作者:crzhao 时间:2007-02-10 14:27:36 美国
  a spectrum of foods: refers to choice of food, not quantity.
  
  secular, it is not a derogative word, it is the opposite of monastery (or monastery-like) life.
  
  HTH.
作者:crzhao 时间:2007-02-10 14:38:09 美国
  depressed and impotent, both are medical condition, depressed is 忧郁症, and impotent is ED
  
  "...helps us define who we are", help build your personality, or shape up the personality you want yourself to be.
  
  HTH.
  
楼主孔雀爱尾 时间:2007-02-10 14:59:09 海南
  谢谢七纬和crzhao的详细解析,
  
  开始我会觉得把自己翻译的这些幼稚的东西放到这里来很丢脸,或者不会被人理睬,可是,这些日子以来,我很感动,谢谢大家的支持,我会坚持下去,越做越好.
  
  
作者:deen33 时间:2007-02-10 16:59:39 广东
  Resolutions
  让我想到大学课文了
作者:七纬 时间:2007-02-10 21:56:14 美国
  "...helps us define who we are", help build your personality, or shape up the personality you want yourself to be.
  -------Got it, thank you.
作者:creation111 时间:2007-02-11 14:16:40 湖南
  好/强忍

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