实用英语 - 由厨房开始!!!!!!!!!!!

楼主:JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-03 20:48:00 点击:2496 回复:32
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    此时正在浏览这篇文章的朋友,我估计99%的人都不知道“蛋黄”的英语怎么说。为什么?因为教科书上没有。一个学英语学了几年十几年的人,连“蛋黄”这个词都不会说,不能不说是一种悲哀。也是现行教育体制的真实写照和绝妙的讽刺!所以从现在开始,我们要学实用英语,要学对我们的生活和工作有帮助,用得着的英语。OK! Follow me! 由厨房开始,我们学习最最实用的英语。
    
    (至于记忆单词的方法请参考拙文 http://bbs.city.tianya.cn/new/tianyacity/content.asp?idWriter=18690038&Key=638341294&idItem=47&idArticle=841486&#Bottom)
    
    ——————————————————————————————————
    
    kitchen utensils 厨房用具
    
    gas stove 煤气炉
    electric stove 电炉
    kitchen range (使用煤气或电的)大灶
    oven 烤箱
    microwave oven 微波炉
    induction cooker电磁炉 (“美的”电磁炉 --- 看上去很美! 用起来就@#$^&*~, 谁用谁知道!)
    kerosene stove 煤油炉
    toaster 烤面包炉
    
    ——————————————————————————————————
    
    pan 平底锅
    frying-pan 煎锅
    stewpan 长柄炖锅
    wok (圆底的)煎锅,沙锅(源自粤语)
    pressure cooker 压力锅
    electric rice cooker 电饭锅
    earthenware cooking pot 砂锅
    panhandle平底锅柄
    pot:带有柄的一种圆形较深的锅,通常还带有盖
    potholder用以握持热锅的布垫子或厚布
    pancake turner锅铲
    
    (How many woks do you have? 呵呵,一个电饭锅+一个砂锅+一个炒锅足矣!)
    
    
    ——————————————————————————————————
    
    
    kitchen knife 切菜的小型刀
    cleaver切大块肉的刀
    carving knife切熟肉用的餐刀
    paring knife削皮刀
    bread knife 面包刀
    butter knife 牛油刀
    
    (Come on! 至于吗?咱还处于社会主义初级阶段,也挺不容易的,一把阳江十八子刀足矣,刀的前半部分切肉,后半部分斩骨,开水烫一烫之后切熟肉。或者更简单点,一把小李飞刀,飞是小李飞刀的飞,刀是小李飞刀的刀。)
    
    ——————————————————————————————————
    
    chopping board砧板
    cutting board切肉板
    egg-beater 打蛋器
    bottle opener开瓶器
    corkscrew 开塞钻, 螺丝锥
    can opener 开罐头器
    toothpick牙签
    napkin餐巾
    
  
  
  

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作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-04 08:50:48
  Say "micro", not microwave oven. "Microwave oven" is too long.
作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-04 08:53:15
  cutting board: 菜板
  
  It is used cut meat and vegetable.
作者:自在雅虎 时间:2008-09-04 11:52:32
  双黄莲蓉月,经常都看到的,蛋黄译成:yolk
楼主JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-04 22:30:32
   cupboard 碗柜
    tableware 餐具
    bowl 碗
    dish碟
    chopsticks 筷子
    knife 刀
    fork 叉
    spoon 匙
    tea spoon 茶匙
    soup spoon 汤匙
    ladle汤杓
    rice scoop饭杓
    cup and saucer (茶)杯和托碟
    coffee pot 咖啡壶
    jug (有把手的)大壶
    wine glass 酒杯
    beer mug 啤酒大杯
    tea cup 茶杯
    egg cup 蛋杯
    dishtowel <美>干毛巾布, 擦碟干布
    dishcloth = dishrag 抹布(尤指碗布)
    (俺习惯用丝瓜囊dishcloth gourd洗碗.)
作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-05 02:49:48
  How To Prepare Fried Egg With Tomato
  
  Material:
  
  Two eggs, half of tomato, one spring onion, half cup of cooking oil, one spoon of sugar, half spoon of salt, half spoon of vinegar, one spoon of starch powder.
  
  Procedures:
  
  Cut the tomato into slices.
  Cut the spring onion into tiny pices.
  Put the starch powder into 1/4 cup of water and mix them up with vinegar and sugar.
  Shell the eggs in a bowl and beat them with the salt until the yolk and the whie are mix well.
  Put the wok or fry pan on the fire.
  Put the cooking oil into the pan.
  Dump the mixed egg into the pan when the oil is boiling.
  Add the sliced tomato into the pan when the egg turns brown in color.
  Turn over the content in the pan repeatly with a shovel until they are mixed well.
  Dump the starch powder water and spring onion into the pan and mix the content up.
  Dump the content into a plate.
  The fried egg with tomato is now ready to serve.
  
  The menu is presented here to help you learn English with kitchen activities.
作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-05 22:11:47
  Does anyone know how to make "Double-Cooked Pork Slice"?
作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-05 22:12:58
  Does anyone know how to make "Double-cooked Pork Slices"?
楼主JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-05 22:50:33
    faucet <美>水龙头
    tap <英>水龙头
    turn on the faucet 打开水龙头
    turn off the faucet 关闭水龙头
    drain 排水口
    sink 水槽
    drain the sink 放掉水槽的水
    the drain is blocked up 水槽堵塞了
    main cock 总开关[旋塞]
    scrub brush 板刷
    scouring pad 钢丝刷
    mop 拖把
    dustpan 畚箕
    broom 扫把
    trash 指干净的垃圾,废料或废物
    garbage 食物残渣,食物废品
    garbage bin 垃圾桶
    garbage can垃圾桶
    trash can <美>垃圾桶
    dustbin <英> 垃圾箱
    wastebin 废物桶, 垃圾桶
    
    garbage bag 垃圾袋
    garbage truck 垃圾车
    
  
  
作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-06 05:36:43
  It is boring to memorize words one by ono without contexts.
作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-06 05:37:51
  It is boring to memorize words one by one without contexts.
作者:rosemagic 时间:2008-09-06 06:54:04
  the yellow part of an egg
  这样表示蛋黄可以不?
  要学的那么多,我觉得知道蛋怎么说就可以了,大众英语学的是泛,不是精。。。
作者:zam365 时间:2008-09-06 18:22:13
  Lianshu 回复日期:2008-9-6 5:36:43 
    It is boring to memorize words one by ono without contexts.
  __________________________________________________________.
  
  How to learn English on earth?
  Tell me ,please.
  
楼主JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-06 22:25:12
    cruet-stand 调味瓶
    sauce cruet 酱油瓶
    vinegar cruet 醋瓶
    mustard pot 芥末瓶
    pepper pot 胡椒瓶
    
    
    
    condiment 调味品
    salt 食盐
    sugar 糖
    vingar 醋 s
    soy sauce 酱油
    oyster sauce 蚝油
    shrimp sauce 虾酱
    pepper 胡椒
    chilli 干辣椒
    curry 咖喱
    chicken essence鸡精
    spice 香料
    eanut butter 花生酱
    tomato paste 西红柿酱
    soybean paste 豆瓣酱
    mustard 芥末
    honey 蜜糖
    mint 薄荷
    essence 香精
    edible oils 食用油类
    lard 猪油
    margarine 人造黄油
    sesame butter 芝麻油
    peanut oil 花生油
    blend oil 调和油
    garlic 蒜头
    shallot 葱
    ginger 姜
  
作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-06 23:39:22
  Lianshu 回复日期:2008-9-6 5:36:43 
      It is boring to memorize words one by ono without contexts.
    __________________________________________________________.
    
    How to learn English on earth?
    Tell me ,please.
  -----------
  
  Read my menu for Fried Egg With Tomato. It helps you express yourself in daily life. As me if have any question.
作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-06 23:54:17
  Lianshu 回复日期:2008-9-6 5:36:43 
      It is boring to memorize words one by ono without contexts.
    __________________________________________________________.
    
    How to learn English on earth?
    Tell me ,please.
  --------
  Read my menu for Fried Egg With Tomato. It helps you express yourself in daily life. Ask me if you have any queston.
作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-06 23:56:22
  葱: spring onion or green onion
  
  Shallot is not the kind of onion used in Chinese cooking.
  
作者:老子电死你 时间:2008-09-07 02:27:41
  好贴,学习
作者:月亮经过你的窗前 时间:2008-09-07 05:23:38
  从生活开始,记号
作者:ytj3 时间:2008-09-07 14:49:00
  顶!!!做个记号,继续学习中!
楼主JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-07 22:42:32
   taste 味道
  
    tasty 美味的
    delicious 味道好的
    sweet 甜的
    sugary甜的
    sour 酸的(柠檬类的酸味)
    tart酸的 (水果类爽口的酸味,如苹果,莓类的酸酸甜甜的味道)
    vinegary 酸的 (醋的酸味)
    bitter 苦的
    hot 辣的
    spicy辣的
    salty 咸的
    spiced 加香料的
    fragrant 香的
    seasoned 加作料的
    heavy /rich 浓郁的
    refreshing 爽口的
    tasteless 无味的
    flat 淡而无味的(如走了气的啤酒)
    greasy 油腻的
    bland 清淡的
    light 清淡的
    plain清淡的
    watery 水分充足的
    dry 干巴巴的
    crispy 脆的
    full-bodied 入味的
    savory风味极佳的
    flavorful可口的
  
作者:梧桐树下的相思雨 时间:2008-09-07 23:04:50
  从现在开始学习,顶!!!
楼主JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-08 22:54:29
  Cut 切
  Julienne (蔬菜等)切成条的,切成丝的
  cut into fine strips 切成丝
  cut into round slice 切成圆片
  cut into cubes 切成块
  cut into chunks 切成不规则的块
  shave /cut into sliver 刨成薄片
  mince/chop finely 切碎
  slice thinly 切薄
  cut into thin slices切薄
  slice thickly 切厚
  cut into thick slices切厚
  
  (哇, 问你怕未?)
  
  
  barbecue烤炙(肉类)
  grill 直接放在火上烤(鱼肉等)
  roast 放在烤箱里烤
  bake 烘焙(面包,蛋糕等)
  toast 烤面包(片), 吐司面包
  
  
作者:Lianshu 时间:2008-09-09 02:33:28
  eanut butter 花生酱
  -------------
  peanut butter
楼主JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-09 20:01:57
  skim 去渣
  scum 浮渣 (煲汤时浮出的渣渣,泡沫)
  harshness 煮蔬菜类的渣渣
  
  peel 剥皮
  sprinkle salt 撒盐
  sprinkle salt on the vegetables 在蔬菜上撒些盐
  season the meat with salt and pepper beforehand 用盐和胡椒在肉上调味
  
  grate 磨碎
  strain 过滤
  blanch 为了去渣或者去皮,在水中烫一下
  
  
  culinary Arts烹饪术
  culinary 烹饪的
  cookery 烹调法
  cuisine烹饪(源于法语)
  
  fry 用油热炒
  stir fry 一边搅拌,一边炒
  pan fry 又煎又炒
  saute 煎
  deep fry 炸排骨鸡腿等
  simmer 炖
  stew 炖, 焖,
  braised with soy sauce 红烧的
  boil煮
  cook on low heat 小火煮
  cook on medium heat 中火煮
  cook on high heat大火煮
  steam蒸
  cook in pottery 煲
  
  cook in ember 煨
  rinse in boiled water 刷
  smoke 熏
  microwave /heat up 用微波炉加热
  nuke 美国口语中,也可用当动词,“用微波炉加热3分钟”可说“Nuke it for 3 minutes”
  
作者:yqfy_sailing 时间:2008-09-09 21:37:38
  mark for learning
楼主JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-10 21:22:52
  cooked[done] 煮熟的
  well-done 熟透的
  underdone 半生不熟的
  burnt 烧焦了的
  carved 切好的
  ground 磨碎的
  minced 切成末的
  mashed 捣烂的
  dried 干的
  iced 冰镇的
  frozen 冰冻的
  raw 生的,未煮的
  fresh 新鲜的
  stale 陈腐的,变坏了的;(酒)走了味的
  
楼主JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-11 20:54:53
  egg 鸡蛋
  crack an egg 打蛋
  break an egg打蛋
  eggshell蛋壳
  egg white蛋白 (通常用于烹饪的鸡蛋白)
  albumen 蛋白
  yolk 蛋黄
  vitellus蛋黄
  chalaza卵黄系带(鸡蛋里面除了蛋黄和蛋白之外的白色带状物) (哈哈, 问你服未?够专业吧?)
  omelette煎蛋
  sunny –side up fried egg 单面煎蛋
  over easy fried egg 双面煎蛋
  poached egg 荷包蛋
  boiled egg 水煮蛋
  soft-boiled eggs水煮蛋 (半熟)
  hard - boiled eggs水煮蛋 (全熟)
  
楼主JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-12 22:00:04
  beef 牛肉 (总称)
  veal小牛肉
  steak牛排
  marbled beef 五花牛肉
  sirloin 牛的上部腰肉
  bull公牛
  cow母牛
  ox 阉牛 (十二生肖中的牛的英语说法用这个)
  calf小牛
  buffalo (印度,非洲等的)水牛, <美>[动]美洲野牛
  cattle牛(总称)
  
  pork猪肉
  pig猪
  hog 阉过的公猪
  porker 食用猪, 肥小猪
  boar 公猪, 野猪 (十二生肖中的猪的英语说法用这个)
  streaky pork 五花肉
  lean meat 瘦肉
  fatty meat 肥肉
  
  chicken 鸡肉
  chicken breast fillet鸡胸肉
  hen 母鸡
  capon 阉鸡
  cock 公鸡 水龙头
  rooster 公鸡 (十二生肖中的鸡的英语说法用这个)
  
  mutton 羊肉
  lamb 羔羊肉
  sheep 绵羊 (十二生肖中的羊的英语说法用这个)
  ram 公羊
  wether 阉过的公羊
  ewe 母羊,尤指成年母羊
  
  duck 鸭肉
  venison 鹿肉
  deer 鹿(总称)
  stag 阉割过的雄鹿 不带女伴的舞客, 只有男性的社交晚会
  buck 雄鹿
  doe 母鹿, 雌兔等
  fawn 幼鹿:小鹿,犹指未满一岁的
  
  mince meat 肉沫
  
作者:耍宝北鼻 时间:2008-09-12 22:26:33
  蛋黄到底咋说..
楼主JNU01BE 时间:2008-09-22 20:15:28
  Chinese cabbage 大白菜
  pakchoi 小白菜
  milk pakchoi 奶白菜
  water pakchoi 水白菜
  spinach菠菜
  flowering cabbage菜心
  water spinach空心菜
  broccoli 西兰花,绿菜花
  cauliflower 白花菜,花椰菜
  mustard芥菜
  Chinese chive/leek 韭菜
  leek shoot韭黄
  chives flower韭菜花
  lettuce 莴苣/生菜
  Chinese lettuce 香麦菜/油麦菜
  watercress西洋菜
  celery 芹菜
  caraway香菜
  day lily黄花菜
  salted vegetable咸菜
  
作者:夏风清凉 时间:2008-09-22 23:27:03
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