也学他人,立贴明志,自我鞭策[已扎口]

楼主:轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-24 00:10:00 点击:7569 回复:183

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论坛里面其他的朋友,都是立贴自我鼓励鞭策。(手下留情,拍砖要轻)
  
  兄弟也学习一把,从今日开始,不一定每天都有时间,但是水滴石穿。
  
  “骐骥一跃,不能十步;驽马十驾,功在不舍。”(荀子曰的)
  
  先对论坛里面的朋友不吝惜的分享精神表示感谢。
  
  我的主要教材和软件
  新概念,慢速英语
  
  宝葫芦英语 rosetta stone(两个各有千秋,不过我儿子好像对石牌软件更感兴趣)
  
  人还在外地出差,所以先写这么多吧

借用别人的

作者:08英语四级答案p 时间:2008-11-24 00:55:26
  也学他人,立贴明志,自我鞭策
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-24 23:57:32
  今天什么都没有看,晚上业务饭吃完就九点了。
  
  突然想起了一首歌 “i swear”,当年很火的,就算是今天的作业吧。swear记住了
  
  I swear by the moon and the stars in the sky
  And I swear like the shadow that’s by your side
  I see the questions in your eyes
  I know what’s weighing on your mind
  You can be sure I know my heart
  `Coz I’ll stand beside you through the years
  You’ll only cry those happy tears
  And though I make mistakes
  I’ll never break your heart
  And I swear by the moon and the stars in the sky
  I’ll be there
  I swear like a shadow that’s by your side
  I’ll be there
  For better or worse, till death do us part
  I’ll love you with every beat of my heart
  And I swear
  I’ll give you every thing I can
  I’ll build your dreams with these two hands
  We’ll hang some memories on the walls
  And when just the two of us are there
  You won’t have to ask if I still care
  `Coz as the time turns the page, my love won’t age at all
  And I swear by the moon and the stars in the sky
  I swear like the shadow that’s by your side
  I’ll be there
  For better or worse, till death do us part
  I’ll love you with every beat of my heart
  And I swear
  I swear by the moon and stars in the sky
  I’ll be there
  I swear like the shadow that’s by your side
  I’ll be there
  For better or worse, till death do us part
  I’ll love you with every beat of my heart
  I swear, I swear, oh I swear
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-25 10:04:41
  还有比兰州更lan的地方么
  
  一个机场离市区七十公里,你是怕什么,飞机掉到市区还是掉到黄河里
  
  最后定了,晚上坐火车,没有办法更新
  
  总之今天是一点都不想工作了
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-27 17:55:44
  惭愧呀,26日晚上居然睡过头了
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-27 18:02:23
  26日的,就研究瞌睡吧sleep。能记得几个算几个
  
  喔,糟了。他们好像发觉我在打瞌睡。
  Oh, no! Looks like they catch me drowse.
  他上课打瞌睡。
  He dozed off during the class.
  在做礼拜时,他打瞌睡。
  He dozed off during the sermon.
  我在火车上打了一会儿瞌睡。
  I had a quick doze on the train.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-28 01:12:47
  刚才捎带着看了《全民超人汉考克》,John D. Hancock
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-29 01:51:51
  刚才看了进口奶粉,也出问题了
  
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-29 18:33:30
  今天周末收拾房子,突然找见一本上学时候买的旧书《美国词语的掌故》
  
  当时觉得一是便宜,二是即看英语了,又了解美国近代史好了
  
  全国人民都学新概念,也换个新教材好了。在论坛看见有人说到,新概念更适合拉丁语系的人学习英语使用。
  
   HELLO
  
  hello,this is as good a way as any to welcome you to these pages.
  
  the word "hello" is probably used more often than any other one in the English language. Everybody in the United States-and elsewhere -user the word,again and again,everyday of the week.
  
  The first thing you hear when you pick up the phone is "hello" unless the callers is an Englishman,who might say ,"Are you there?"
  
  Where did the word come from ? There are all sorts of beliefs. Some say it came from the French,"ho"and "la"-"ho,there!" This greeting may have arrived in England during the Norman Conquest in the year 1066.
  
  "ho,there "slowly became something that sounded like "hallow" (accent last syllable),often heard in the 1300’s, during the days of the English poet,Geoffrey Chaucer.
  
  Two hundred years later,in Shakesoeare’s time ,"hallow"had become"halloo." And later ,sounds like "halloa," "halloo"and "hollo" were often used today by fox hunters.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-29 20:16:11
  As time passed, "halloo"and "halloa" changed into "hullo".
  And during the 1800’s this was how people greeted each other in America.
  
  The American inventor,Thomas Alva Edison ,is believed to be the first person to use "hello" in the late 1800’s ,soon after the invention of the telephone.
  
  At first,people had greeted each other on the telephone with ,"Are you there ?" They were not sure the new instrument could really carry voices.
  
  Tom Edison ,however ,was a man of few words .He wasted no time.The first time he picked up the phone he did not ask if anyone was there .He was sure someone was ,and simply said,"hello"
  
  From that time on -onlyabout 100 years ago-the "hullo"became "hello "as it is heard today.
  
  Strangely enough, when the first telephone system was put in New Haven,Connecticut ,in 1878 ,people did net say "hello" or "hullo"or even "halloo" .They answered the phone the way sailors hail a ship,"Ahoy,ahoy there !"Thank God ,that telephone greeting did not last long.
  
  Of course, there are other ways Americans greet one another . Not long ago ,people ogten said ,"How are you ?" when they first met someone .This later became"hiyah" Then ,someone thought that two syllables were too much and "hiyah" became "hi ".Laziness is a strong force in changing language.
  
  Answering a telephone call in america still presents problems ,however. Telephone companies thing that Thomes Edison’s short "hello"is too long .why waste time ? The phone companies say .Simply pick up the phone,give your name,and start talking.
作者:myway2009 时间:2008-11-30 02:15:45
  额。 go on
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-30 13:57:23
  打棒球的应该听说过,纽约洋基队,好像是顶级的棒球队
  
  今天这篇就是 YANKEE的来历
  
  
   YANKEE
  
  The word "Yankee"is about 300 years old. It was firstused as a nickname for the colonists who settled in New England .But where did the word come from ? What does it mean ?How did it getinto the language?
  
  There are 20 stories explaining where "Yankee" came from .But the experts say only two of these stories are believable .
  
  A number of people believe that it came from a Scottish word meaning sharp and clever .Even today ,anyone who is a sharp trader is called a "Yankee trader". But most experts agree that "Yankee" came from Holland.
  
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-11-30 22:14:07
  Many years ago ,the Hollanders who made cheese were called Jan Kees by the Germans .Some of these Hollanders came to America in the early 1600’s They settled near the New England colonists .The Hollanders were great farmers .They laughed at the colonists in the north who tried to build farms on the mountain rocks .And so ,the Hollanders gave their own nickname to the New England colonists ,The British quickly picked up the nickname and the New Englanders became Yankees.
  
  During the American Civil War "Yankee" took on a wider meaning .The solders in the northern states were called Yankees by the men of the southern army.
  
  During World War ONe the word was shortened to "Yank".The song ,"The Yanks Are Coming,"brought tears and joy to the peoples of the peoples of the hard-pressed Allied nations.
  
  Today ,"Yankee" is konwnthroughout the world as another name for an American.
  
  Of course ,one cannot talk about "Yankee" and not mention "Doodle " or "Yankee Doodle "This phrase also has a story
  
  It is ssaid that in 1775 a British army doctor ,Richard Shucksberg ,wrote the song ,"yankee Doodle ," to poke fun at the colonial troops .The British army ,always neat in its bright red uniforms ,looked down on the rough colonial soldiers ,who really were not soldiers at all, but farmers with clubs and old guns -angry farmers who rebelled against the high British taxes.
  
  One day ,British army colonel,Hugh Percy, set out to collect the arms the clonists had hidden in Concord .Percy marched his men out of Boston to the tune of "Yankee Doodle" At Concord ,however ,the rough colonial farmers defeated the British .The farmers ,now marched with pride to Boston to the tune of "Yanee Doodle" Ever since that day in 1775 ,"Yankee Doodle "has become an American marching song.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-01 22:27:53
  这个好 OKAY
  
  the word "okay "is known and used by millions of people all over the world . still ,language experts do not agree on where it came from.
  
  some say it came from the Indian peoples. when Europeans first came to the Americas they heard hundreds of different Indian languages.many were well developed
  
  one tribe especially gad a well developed language. this was the Chocktaw tribe. they were farmers and fishermen who lived in the rich Mississippi valley in what is now the state of Alabama.when problems arose, Chocktaw leaders discussed them with the tribal chief. they sat in a circle and listened to the wisdom of the chief.
  
  he heard the different proposals, often raising and lowering his head in agreement ,and saying ,"Oken" meaning "it is so "
  
  the Indian languages have given many words to English .twenty four of the American states- almost half -have Indian names -Oklahoma ,the Dakotas ,Idaho,Wisconsin,Ohio and Tennessee, to name a few .And the names of many rivers ,streams ,mountains ,cities and towns are Indian.
  
  nevertheless, there are many who dispute the idea that "okay " came from the indians . some say that president andrew jackson first used the word "okay".others claim the word was invented by john jacob astor ,a fur trader of the late 1700’s who became one of the world’s richest men. still others say a poor railroad clerk made up this word . his name was obadiah kelly and he put his initials, O.K., in each package people gave him to ship by train.
  
  so it goes;eack story sounds reasonable and official .
  
  but perhaps the most believable explanation is that the word "okay "was invented by a political organization in the 1800’s
  
  martin van buren was running for president. a group of people organized a club to support him ,they called their political organization the "okay club" the letters "o"and "k"were taken from the name of van buren’s home town ,the place where he was born old kinderhook ,new york
  
  there is one thing about "okay" that the experts do agree on :that the word is pure American and that it has spread to almost every country on earth .
  
  there is something about the word that appeals to peoples of every language . yet ,here in America it is used mostly in speech , not in serious writing. serious writers would rather use "agree" "assent ""approve" "confirm ’and so on
  
  in recent times "okay " has been given an officcial place in the English language
  
  but is will be a long time before Americans will officially accept two expressions that come from "okay" these are "oke "and "okeydoke"
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-02 23:13:30
  关于“印第安”这个词的来历,大家估计应该都知道的
  
   Indian
  
  About 485 years ago,a man stood alone on the coast of Spain .He looked toward the west and said to himself ,"The earth cannot be flat .If I sail westward ,sooner or later ,I shall hit land ,India perhaps ,and the queen will have a new and shorter route to the riches of that country."
  
  Christopher Celumbus sold his idea to Queen Isabella of Spain.She gavehis men and three ships .And Columbus sailed westward for many weeks ,through rough seas.
  
  at last ,he saw land :a group of islands now called the West Indies.Columbus was sure it was India ,and he called the natives "Indos "
  
  Stories of what Columbus found quickly spread across Europe .His word "Indos" became "Indians"to the English .And all the natives of the West Indies and Central America became known as "Indians "
  
  Christopher Columbus made four trips to the New world .Yet ,he died in Spain without hnowing where he had been .He died believing he had sailed to India .
  
  It was soon learned that Columbus had made a mistake .But the word "Indian"was well established in Europe .
  
  The first settlers who arrived in North Carolina and Virginia in the early 1600’s called the natives Indians.This name spread north as the colonies of Maryland ,New York ,Pennsylvania and New England were settled
  
  Today the word is used to describe the descendants of the first peoples of North and South America.In the far north they are called Eskimos.And in the far south there are the Patagonians and the Fuegians .
  
  Students and scholars have long known that the American Indians were not really Indians at all .And one scholar proposed a name that he believed would be batter-Amerinds.He made up this name by joining American and Indian.This word is often used today by other scholars ,but the general public has heard little of it
  
  word exprerts say the name Indian may be wrong but we are stuck with it. It is too late to change it to Amerind.Most people would not accept the change .Besides ,how could a movie of the old west be exciting if it concerned cowboys and Amerinds ,instead of cowboys and Indians?
作者:jimmy_ning 时间:2008-12-02 23:24:23
  轩尼狮 立贴明志,自我鞭策
  Good job ! come on !!
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-03 13:34:59
  今天老板飞行检查工作,晚上估计没有时间,今天提前更新吧
  
  地理也算学得好的人了,谢楠多亚河 估计在美国吧
  
   SHENANDOAH
  
  Hundreds of years ago an Indian chief named Shenandoah lived in what is now the state of Virginia .Little is known about Shenandoah ,but the soft sound of his name was given to a river.
  
  The Sheandoah river still flows in a deep vally between the Allegheny and Blue Ridge Mountains ,just as it did when Chief Shenandoah lived. It is a slow-moving river, soft and as beautiful as its name.
  
  There are some experts who believe Shenandoah means "super river " because the waters of the river run through great forests of spruce trees . This explanation may be true.
  
  However ,there is an old Indian story that is far more beautiful than this explanation.
  
  Centuries before the Europeans came to the New World ,there was a great lake of sparkling blue water hidden in the mountains of Virginai. This lake was 250 kilometers long and 50 kilometers wide
  
  For hundreds of years ,Indian tribes lived near this lake ,feeding in the fish from its clean waters .
  
  The Indian often climbed up the mountains and camped there during their long hunts for food .In the evenings ,they sat near their camp and looked down at the beautiful lake.On a clear ,starry night the Indians could see thousands of stars shining and dancing on the water below .
  
  The Indias loved this lake and because they could see the stars in it they called the lake ,"clear daughter of the stars "In their language the word for this was "shenandoah"
  
  one day there was a loud crashing sound at one end of the lake ,The lake started to disapear .Its water ran out of the valley through a break in the mountain side .The water ran on and on until they joined another river which today is known as the Potomac.
  
  At last ,the lake was gone:in its place was only a river .It is this way today .The lake is gone ,but she beautiful Shenandiah runs on .And on a clear night ,anyone in the mountains cn still see the stars dancing on the water
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-04 14:36:07
  老板那边顺利过关,学位英语挂了,呵呵,还是自己的水平有问题,算了,不说糟心的事情了
  
   Indian Summer
  
  No one knows where the phrase "Indian summer "came from ,or how it got started .We are sure that the phrase was well-known by the year 1778 ,because Crevecoeur ,the French weiter wrote about it .Crecoeur ,who became an american citizen ,said this :"Asever frost follows the autumn rains.This prepares the ground to receive the snows of winter .But before the snows come ,the earth turns wam once again and there are a few days of smoke and mildness called Indian summer"
  
  There is a story about Indian summer that goes back to the very first settlers of the New World .The first frost meant winter was coming .Snow would soon follow.
  
  The Indians, seeing the settlers preparing for winter,told them not hurry .The weather would turn warm again,mild breezes would blow and the sky turn soft and smoky.And so it did .The sun became hot ,and a bright warm haze flowed over the fields and woods .The settlers ,remembering the words of the Indians ,called this wonderful period Indian summer.
  
  But the Indians have their own stories about this late period of warm weather .One of their stories about a great god called Nanahbozhoo.
  
  Nanahbozhoo lived at the North Pole .There he sat upon his white throne and looked down upon the world and the deedsof his people .Nanahbozho always fell asleep when winter set in .But before doing so ,he lit his great pipe and smoked tobacco for many days .
  
  The smoke rising from his pipe flowed down over the earth and produced the beautiful Indian summer .It was the smoke that made the land look hazy,warm and enjoyable.
  
  Another Indian story says that Indian summer is not caused by the god Nanahbozhoo of the North ,but by god Shawondasee of the South
  
  Shawondasee was a sad god because he had lost the love of a tall and beartiful Indian maiden. This story caught the imagination of the American poet,Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  .And in 1855 he included the story of Shawondasee in his poem ,"The Song of Hiawatha":
  
  Shawondasee ,fat and lazy
  Had his dwelling far to the southward
  In the frowsy ,dreamy sunshine
  In the never-ending sumer
  He it was who sent the wood birds
  Sent the robin ,the Opechee
  Sent the blue-bird ,the Owaissa
  Sent the Shawsha ,sent the swallow
  Sent the wild goose,Wawa ,northward
  Sent the melons and tobacco
  And the grapes in purple clusters
  From his pipe ,the smoke ascending
  Filled the sky with haze and vapor
  Filled the shy with dreamy softness
  Gave a twinkle to the water
  Touch ed the rugged hills with smoothness
  Brought the tender Indian summer
  To the melancholy north
  In the dreary Moon of Snow-shoes
  
  Since Longfellow,other poems and even songs have been written about Indian summer .For there is something about this period of warm weather that gives people a lift and makes them deel warm and happy before the long snows of winter come
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-05 23:14:50
  什么时候,也轮兄弟向别人咆哮一会呀
  
  咱是文明人,喊叫不出来呀
  
   POWWOW
  
  Many years ago there was an Indian chief named Powhatan .He was chief of all the Algonquin tribes from Virginia north to the Canadian border.Powhatan was not only a great chied .He was a man of magic ,a medicine man who could cure the sick.
  
  It was said that powhatan could understand dreams .His dreams told him how to cure .In fact ,the first part of his name,"powah"meant ,"he who cures through his dreams "
  
  The second part of his name ,"atan,"meant "hill of the medicine man "And so ,Powhatan was the medicine man who stood on the hill.
  
  There he listened to his dreams ,talked to his gods and led ceremonies to drive out the evil spirits .
  
  Of course ,there were lesser medicine men in the tribes of Powhatan. They were called "powahs".And whenever they led ceremonies to cure the sick, these ceremonies were called "powwows"
  
  "Powwows"and"powahs" puzzled the early European settlers .Curing through dreams and strange ceremonies seemed like some sort of magic -worship of false gods.
  
  And so, as the colonists grew in numbers and strength they decided to stop this kind of medicine. In the year 1646 ,this announcement appeared in a newspaper in Massachusetts:"No Indian shall at any time powwow or perform outward worship to their false gods"
  
  Fifty years later,"Powwow "had changed in meaning.At first it meant a medicine man, or a strange ceremony of magic to cure the sick.
  
  Then , it meant any ceremony of great feasting and dancing .One hundred years later, the word took on a more serious meaning:a conference of indian chiefs.A conference between Indian chiefs and white leaders was also called a powwow.If the conference was a good one ,eating, drinking and dancing followed.
  
  As time passed, many indians were driven farther west ,and they began to fight the European invaders .In 1835, in a book written by an old settler ,these words appeared :"In the eastern part of the country, companies of old Indian warriors might be seen ,sitting together smoking a pipe. They seem to be under every bush arguing ,palavering or powwowing."
  
  Afew years later, where Indians in the West were still fighting the settlers ,these words were written:"Toward the end of February we had a few days of warm weather and the snows melted away .It was then that the Indains held a powwow and we knew they were planning a battle against us"
  
  today ,the word is used loosely to cover any kind of apolitical meeting or social get-together ,or even a discussion. For example ,a New York newspapernot long ago reported, "Warriors of the Democratic Party to Hold Powwow in City"
作者:慕白细菌 时间:2008-12-05 23:32:51
  我对英语一窍不通,飘过
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-06 21:08:45
  桦皮舟
  
  我估计是一独木舟
  
  CANOE
  
  The European settlers in the New World borrowed many words from the Indians .Some sounded as soft as the Spanish moss that grew in the southlands -Shenandoah ,Missouri, papoose ,squash.Other words were as open and rich as the fertile plains of the Mdiwest-wampum ,wigwam ,powwow,mackinaw,sequoia,totem and kayak
  
  These old Indian words are still part of English in America.There is one word ,and an expression that grew from it ,that have spread to other countries.The word is "canoe"and the expression is ,"He paddles his own canoe"
  
  There is something about a canoe that suggests speed and skill in handling it.Father Hennepin,the Catholic priest who came to America with La Salle,the French explorer,wrote this about the canoe in the year 1683:"The Sieur de la Salle...has trained his men so well to manage canoes in the most frightening waters that they are now the most skillful canoemen in Ameerica."
  
  Perhaps Father Hennepin had not seen many Indians paddle their canoes ,The early settlers did ,however .Many times ,under the cover of night ,Indian warriors moved silently and swiftly across the across the waters to attack their villages.
  
  These early settlers soon learned the skill of making canoes ---and of handing them ,too.The bark of the birch tree,a knife ,needle and some glue were all that was needed to cover a frame of willow branches .The pointed edges of the canoe were sewn together with animal gut.
  
  Such a feather -like boat could easily be carried by one man to and from his village.In fact ,La Salle and his men often put their goods in their goods in their canoes and carriedboth over land as they searched for the next body of water to explore.This carrying of canoe and goods over the land was described by the word "portage"a word borrowed from middle French.
  
  One does not see birch bark canoes anymore .Most are made of plastic or plastic or aluminum.But they are still speedy and great skill is needed to move them on the water without turning over.
  
  Perhaps it is this skill that gave birth to the expression,"He paddles his own canoe."For a person who can do this is believed to be one who will succeed in life without any help from others.He is a self-made man.
  
  Much has been written about the canoe.Songs have been sung about it .There is one song ,written in the 1800’s,that makes one think of times long ago, of a lonely Indian paddling his canoe silently along some lake, looking perhaps for fish or a place to rest for night:
  
  My wants are small,I care not at all
  
  If my debt are paid when due
  
  I haveno strife in my way of life
  
  ipaddle my own canoe
作者:hiker724 时间:2008-12-06 22:03:26
  mark
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-07 20:10:29
  美国红杉,不知道我们的水杉还剩几棵是不是都被卖到美国了
  
   SEQUOIA
  
  When the first settlers arrived in America they were indeed in a new world.Everywhere they turned they saw things that no one in the Old World had seen.
  
  There were new kinds of people ,new animals ,birds ,flowers and trees. And each 300 and 400 kilometers to the west brought more new things , for the country was big .
  
  The lowlands of the east coast ,the Mississippi River Valley ,the prairies of the Midwest ,and the mountains and desert of the far west.All these had their special kinds of life.
  
  When the first settlers finally arrived in California, they came across a forest of trees so tall they could not see the tree tops.Not only were they tall, but fat .These trees were red in color, outside as well as inside.And so it seemed natural for these settlers to name this kind of tree the redwood.
  
  A few years later, father to the west ,on the sides of the Sierra Nevada Mountains the settlers ran into another forest .These trees were not as tall as the redwood ,but they were fatter .Near the ground they measured 20to 30 meers around .These trees proved to be the most massive living things on Earth .Scientists today say that if one could be weighed it would weigh two thousand tons.
  
  The settlers were so amazed by these trees ,they simply called them big .Later ,however ,they were called the "sequoia"This name itself has a story
  
  In the year 1760 ,in a Cherokee INdian village in Tennessee, a boy named Sequoia was born .When Sequoia became a man he started to create signs and symbols to help his people read and write the Cherokee language.
  
  At first his friends laughed at him ;some thought he was mad .But then it was learned that any Cherokee who studied a little, could read and write in the language he spoke
  
  Now it was said that the Cherokee was the only Indain tribe that had a way to save its history and traditions .And so the chief ordered a day to honor Sequoia for his work.
  
  Sequoia died in 1843 .His story ,however,reached the Old World and became known in Hungary .About this time Stephen Ladislaus Enliker, a scientist ,was extremely interested in these big trees in the New World.Enlike published a scientific paper about the trees.And in this paper he gave them the name "sequoia" to honor the Indian boy in the new world who gave his people a way to read and write.
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-08 22:19:58
   战斧,短斧 ,斧子
  
  呵呵,多厉害的三种兵器
  
   TOMAHAWK -HATCHET _AX
  
  The tomahawl was important to the American Indian.This small ax or hatchet was not only a tool for cutting and pounding ;it was also a weapon for killing animals or the enemy.
  
  Many early settlers felt the power of the tomahawk in battle with the Indians .Indian warriors were often seen carrying brightly painted tomahawls with notches cut in their wooden handles .Each notch represented a dead enemy.
  
  The settlers themselves soon saw the power of the tomahawk and learned how to use it .Many of them were soon able to throw the tomahawk as well as the best Indian warriors.
  
  But all was not war not war between the Indians and the settlers .There were times of peace and of learning from one another .The Indians were learning English ,and Europeans were learning Indian languages.
  
  An important part of Indian tradition was ceremonny.The Indians had ceremonies for many events.When they wanted peace ,the Indain chiefs would arrive at the meeting place and with great ceremony bury one or two tomahawks in the ground .Such a ceremony was more important to them than all of the articles of peace ever written .In this way "bury the tomahawl"or"bury the hatchet "came to mean ,"Let us make peace"
  
  This phrase is still widely used.It often appears after an election.Rival Democrats and Republicans then put aside their differences and work together.They "bury the hatchet "until the next election campaign.
  
  Indians held another ceremony before going to war .They painted their faces ,danced and prayed for victory ,and then "took up the atchet "is sometimes used today when a person declares his opposition to something or someone
  
  As time passed and the Indians were pushed farther and farther from their homes ,some of their colorful words went with them ,"Tomahawk"was one ,and "hatchet"took its place.From this word others grew.
  
  One of these is "hatchetman"a person who does unpleasant jobs for his boss,such as dismissing an employee.
  
  The hatchetman,so to speak ,cuts the worker off from his job.Strangely ,though ,the person who gets fired does not get the hatchet.Instead ,he "gets the ax"
  
  The word "hatchetman"like many other new words ,found its way into politics.But here the meaning is just a little different.
  
  In the political sense, a "hatchetman" is one who sets out to destroy the good name of another .The hatchetman may be a militant newspaperman. Or he may work for a political candidate or even an office holder. He is a destroyer-a deadly individual if he is good at his job.
  
  明天出差,停更一天,写点别的东西吧,呵呵
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-11 13:38:39
  to talk turkey 有点王顾左右而言他的意思吧
  
  It is not always easy to learn how some expressions become part of the language ,or where they come from .Those writers who try to tell us often do so with few hard facts ,but with a lot of imagination.And so , what comes down to us is often questionable .
  
  This is especially true of the American expression,"to talk turkey"which has nothing to do with the situation in Cyprus."to talk turkey "means to talk straight, poenly and honestly ,without hiding anything.
  
  There was a time when the phrase meant to talk pleasantly.In 1864,for example, a Connecticut newspaper complained that many people were "talking turkey"to returning soldiers and robbing them at the same time .
  
  In time ,this meaning changed .How and why is not known ,although writers tell the following story :
  
  A white man and an Indian went hunting together one day ,after agreeing to share what they brought back.
  
  At day’s end ,they came back with just two birds in their bag. One was a turkey weighing more than twenty pounds.The other was apartridge, no bigger than one’s hand
  
  The white man had his eye on the turkey and thought he could trick the Indian into giving away his claim to the big bird .
  
  This how he would do it :he would show what a nice guy he was .And the Indian ,therefore ,would show what the whiteman thought .
  
  And so , in a great show of fairness and generosity, the white man said to the Indian : "Now ,you can take the turkey if you wish ,and I will be happy to take the partridge.Or ,you can take the partidge, if you want to ,and I’ll take the turkey ."
  
  But the Indian was not as stupid as the white man and his phony offer .
  
  "Ah!"said the Indian,"all the time you talk turkey to me .Now ,let me talk turkey to you."
  
  And that is how "to talk turkey "came to mean to talk openly ,to get down to business ,to get the facts.
  
  If you do not believe that story ,here is another one.This one comes down to us from an earlier time.
  
  We are told how the early settlers in America acted when they first saw turkeys .They could not take their eyes off the big birds.Thousands of them filled the dields with their throaty noise .
  
  The size and appearance of the turkeys surprised the men.So did their behavior,especially during mating season.The turkeys were direct and aggressive in their demands.There could be no mistake about what they wanted .Their mating calls left no room for doubt.
  
  This ,the men felt ,was indeed talking turkey.The settlers even learned how to make the turkey mating call so they could catch one of them for dinner.
  
  Be that as it may,this sounds like a tall tale ,a story much larger than life. There are other stories about "talking turkey"that are even larger.But that is the way it is with the history of many expressions.They come down to us through time,changing now and then by the imagination of men ,only to end up firmly in the language with their own special flavor ,or perhaps ,to die as suddenly as they were born.
作者:这个马甲厚实 时间:2008-12-11 14:27:58
  i understand what you mean,but i think you will give up~like me,i always tell myself:you shoulde learn english more hard working ,but i always give up them,and always say:i am so busy ,i have no time,there are a lot of things i must to do .so hahah so now my english always so bad~ 哈哈,我说的都是中式英语,为什么我永远不能说的很地道呢或者俚语?
作者:702室 时间:2008-12-12 17:16:39
  坚持
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-12 23:55:53
  thanks a lot
  or thank you for your watching
  
  继续了,所以选择立贴明志,自我鼓励,顺便也会有朋友来监督捧场的吧
  
  我其实自己一直也在看新概念,但是往往不能坚持下去,最后流于形式。
  
  我有淘旧书的爱好,这本《美国词语的掌故》当年好像是两块钱收回来的吧,呵呵。84年第一版的,那个时侯的治学态度还是很严谨!!!
  
  
  说几句题外的话了,关于提高打字速度的。多练就好了,那是当然的,但是有好的软件确实可以事半功倍。原来学习无比的时候,才知道小键盘的数字键也可以联系,那时候觉得银行的人单手盲打数字键还是很帅的么。所以练会了,现在炒股的时候,用的钱龙软件,大部分的时候都是数字小键盘操作的,也是那时侯的一点积累吧
  
  我习惯用的一个软件“宝葫芦新概念英语”,其实也是很不错的一个,至少我觉得帮助我提高打字速度,有很大的帮助
  
  
   CAUCUS
  
  Where the word "caucus" comes from is a mystery.There is a Greek word ."kaukos",but this is a drinking cup.Our word "caucus "means a meeting where political candidates are chosen,usually in private.
  
  Some say it could have come from the Algonquin Indians of North America.They had what they called "cau-cau-su"-old,wise men who advised the tribes.
  
  "Cau-cau-su"was probably picked up by the early European settlers and changed to "caucus",which was often used by the settlers ;the earliest recorded use of it came in 1763.It appeared in the private papers of John Adams ,before he became the second President of the United States .
  
  Mr. Adams described a groud of men who met in the house of Tom dawes, a mikitary officer .They called themselves"The Caucus Club"They somked ,drank and chose the town leaders.
  
  Tom dawes and his "Caucus Club"made history years later, when in 1800 John Adams decided to campaign for a second term as President.
  
  Thomas Jefferson,Adams’ most powerful opponent decided to form another party, the Jeffersonian Republicans led the Jefferson This created a problem.Who would choose the vice presidential candidates?
  
  Jefferson turned to those members in Congress who had joined his party .And this is where the caucus got started in national politics .These congreesmen met secretly to decide on a vice presidential candidate,and came up with the name of Aaron Burr.
  
  Adams did the same ,He turned to the Federalist members of Congress and they held a "caucus"choosing Charles C.Pinckney.
  
  then for the next 20 years ,candidates for high political office were chosen "in caucus"by Congress.Of course ,once this system was used by the national parties,the state political parties did the same. They used the caucus to choose governors and other state officials.
  
  This system became known as "King Caucus"becase candidates were chosen by a few powerful men.Many members of congress often rebelled,they did not like the chosen candidates, because the men they wanted did not have a chance .And so ,many rebelling congressmen took their fight to the people .let the people decide who should run for the presidency they demanded
  
  the caucus system in time broke down and was replaced by national conventions.every four years ,republicans and democrats hold separate conventions. delegates from all 50 states attend .the delegates are chosen by the people
  
  these delegates vote for the party’s presidential and vice presidential candidates. how will they do it ?by caucus of course.yet even today ,major decisions are made in small ,smoke-filled rooms .but the results of these decisions quickly reach the people who closely watch the convention on television.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-13 14:52:27
  独立分子
  
  MUGWUMP
  
  Wherever you go in the United States ,you will discover something left behind by the American Indians. They left a permanent mark on the land .And they gave many beautiful words to American English
  
  One of these is "mugwump" If you keep repeating it, the word sounds as if it had been taken from the language of bullfrogs. That is what makes it sound so strange and exciting.
  
  A mugwump is a political independent .He will not support his political party just out of loyalty.If he does not agree with its programs he will bolt his party that is ,leave it -and , if necessary ,support the opposition .
  
  In one of the Indian languages, a mugwump is a chieftain ,a wise man ,an important person.In 1832 ,a newspaper used the word to make fun of a man who wanted people to think he was something special, important .The newspaper was trying to picture him as someone who was trying to act too big for his size and so cakked him a mugwump.
  
  The word really came alive about 50 years later .It was used to attack a group of independent Republicans who refused to support the Republican candidate for President -James G.Blaine-in the national campaign of 1884.Many in the group were wealthy .socially important and influential.Loyal Republicans called them mugwumps-men who thought too highly of themselves.
  And so ,they began to call themselves mugwumps.But they used it to describe a man who had principles and did not support a party out of blind loyalty
  
  The mugwumps brought something fresh and exciting to American politics of the 1880’s .It was a time of crisis.The economy was in trouble .There was widespread suspicion of corruption in high places.This led to a congressional investigation
  
  James G.Blaine,the Republican choice for President in 1884 ,was one of those who came under suspicion.He had been Speaker of the House from 1896 to 1875.He was accused of using his influence in getting a land grant for a railroad in Arkansas ,and selling its bonds at a profit .But Blaine’s accusers could not get the evidence to prove his guilt.
  
  Still ,the charges left a stain on Blaine’s honor.The mugwumps opposed him and supported the Democratic camdidate ,Grover Cleveland.
  
  Blaine ,the Republican candidate ,was defeated.The Democratic choice,Grover Cleveland ,became the 22nd President of the Union States .And the mugwumps helped defeat their own party.
  
  Party independence comes from a long American traditon that is still alive .Mugwumps cannot last long where there is one-party rule .They can exist only where there is no government repression .They make the party loyalists unhappy but the people secure in their freedoms .In the words of the great American writer,Ralph Waldo Emerson,,"what is a man born for but to ba reformer, a remaker of what man has made ...a restorer of truth and good?"
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-14 12:23:28
  又要临时出差,估计要停更两天吧
  
  GERRYMANDER
  
  Politics has given the American language some of its most exciting words :"mugwumps""filibusterers ""locofocos""dark horse ""muckrakers"and a great many others
  
  "Gerrymander "is one of them .To "gerrymander"is to divvide a state or county into tricky and unfair election districts .thereby giving one political party more strength than its opponents
  
  There is a simple method of doing this .You take an area where you have mos of your supporters and make many electoral districts out of it.But you make sure you have a maiority in every newly organized district .Every district gives you one more electoral vote.
  
  On the other hand ,you take those areas where the opponents show a maiority, and you organize them into the fewest possible electoral districts.
  
  Your opponents may have more individual voters throughout the state or county than your own party ,but they will be cut up into fewer electoral distrcts .As a result ,this will weaken their total political strength.
  
  The word "gerrymander"is more than 150 years old.It has been kept alive by tricky politicians who continue to find gerrymandering a good ,if dishonest, way of getting elected to office.
  
  The word comes from the name of Elbridge Gerry, one of the signers of the American Declaration of Independence.He was later a member of the House of Representatives and twice governor of the state of Massachussets.At the time of his death, he was Vice President of the United States.
  
  While trying to get elected a third time as governor of Massachussets ,he permitted the state legislature to reorganize the state’s electoral districts.
  
  The new districts were shown on a map of the state.Afamous American painter,Gilbert Stuart ,saw the map with the new districts marked on it.Stuart said they looked like the drawing of an animal.And he tok a pen and added a head ,claws and wings.Then turned to his friend ,a newspaper editor and said,"There ,you have a salamander."A salamander is a kind of lizard .The newspaper editor answered ,"Why not call it a gerrymander?"And so that name became part of the language.
  
  It was in 1812 that Elbridge Gerry ’s party,the Democrats ,gerrymandered the county of Essex,Massachusetts.The opposing Federalist party,raised a hue and cry .They made a picture of the gerrymandered district and its lizard-like shape and published it as a campaign document.
  
  The outcry against gerrymandering was heard again and again in late times.For example ,a newspaper in 1872 complained that "the legislature of Ohio intends to prove itself a veritable master in the gerrymandering business"And in 1891,there wasa similar complaint.A magazine said ,"The Democrats of Michigan have carried the art of gerrymandering to such an extent that they have thoroughly disgusted their opponents"
  
  Some people have deplored the fact that the name of Elbridge Gerry became permanently tied to a piece of tricky political busness known as gerrymandering.Mr.Gerry had been a fine and honorable political leader,But he became involved in one political episode considered dishonest, and that left a lasting stain on his name.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-17 22:45:02
  今天回来了,中午忙的顾不上了
  
  在路上跟同行的朋友交流,外语的用处大么!
  
  答案是肯定的,大
  
  曾经有一家很好的外企在他的面前,如果他会熟练使用外语的话,他就会被先送到瑞士培训了。呵呵
  
  我深受刺激-更坚定我坚持下去的决心。
  
  BITE THE BULLET 咬住子弹
  
  For some time now ,nobody seems to have a solution for inflation.Not one that is satisfactory to everybody .But during the administration of President Ford he offered one on national television.He used the phrase, "to bite the bullet "The word were not new ,but they spread across the country .
  
  Mr. Ford called on Americans "to bite the bullet"and make personal sacrifices .This ,he said ,would help to halt inflation.
  
  He urged them to eat less ,use less gasoline, to spend less and save more .He appealed to them to do whatever was necessary to fight inflation, no matter how unpleasant
  
  Such is the meaning of "to bite the bullet "-to do something quickly,with no further delay ,nomatter how painful the action may be.
  
  But what does biting the bullet have to do with all this?As we all know ,people in great pain sometimes tighten their fists ,or clench their teeth ,or bite down hard on a finger.It seems to ease their pain .Years ago ,on the gattlefield,one did not find pain-killing drugs.And it is said that during emergency operations, soldiers would bite a bullet ,to ease their suffering .
  
  This old phrase came back to life in the 1960’s .Former President Nixon used it in 1968.He asked Congress "to bite the bullet "and approve his proposal for a tax increase, a ten-percent surcharge on income taxes.
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-18 00:30:15
  婚姻哲学
  
  
  女人结婚因为她们相信男人总有一天会改变。
  
  男人结婚因为他们相信女人永远不会改变。
  
  两者皆错!
  
  原文:
  
  Women marry because they believe that he will change one day.
  
  Men marry because they believe that she will never change.
  
  Both are mistaken!
作者:astoundedme 时间:2008-12-18 06:47:45
  过几天我也来开个帖子跟进度
  没人鞭策不行啊
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-18 22:55:02
  回复楼上的,习惯的力量最可怕
  
  我现在感觉到,钟道隆教授的逆向英语学习法,肯定是就见效最快,而且效果相对会很好的适应大多数人的学习方法,但是不是所有的人都能坚持下来,才是最让人觉得可悲的
  
  “20%”的定律一定是起作用的,我先坚持更新,一点一点养成习惯吧
  
   STUMP 树桩
  
  Much has been said about the early settlers of America- the men who moved westward and opened up new territory.Who were these men , or pioneers ,as they were called?
  
  Many were farmers , men who wanted a new home, a piece of land , some crops and cattle. And so they moved on ,cutting their way westward ,searching for a good place to live.And when they found one ,they took out their steel axes and started to cut down the trees ,to clear the land ,to let the sun in.
  
  This was hard work .But it was much harder to pull tp tree stumps from the ground .In fact ,the early American farmers often said that it was not the Indians that slowed down the movement west.
  
  And it was not the wild animals ,or the British ,or the deep winter snows .It was what they called the "damntree stumps"
  
  Yes ,the lowly tree stump was a great problem for these early farmers .Some stumps were so big that two and three horses were needed to pull them out .Stumps became part of the farmers’s life ,part of his language.And if one of them was ever asked if he had cleared all of his land ,he might answer ,"No ,I’m still stumped,"meaning he did not know what to do ,how to get rid of his stumps.
  
  Even today ,this meaning of the word is the same.To be stumped is to be blocked ,confused ,not knowing what to do or say.It is well known among students that they can easily "stump" their science teacher by simply asking him which came first ,the chicken or the egg.
  
  During the early days of America,the trees fell fast;the stumps remained for years .Stump farms ,stump towns and even stump cities could be seen in many new areas.
  
  Stories have been written about tree stumps .One day ,in the year 1716,a visitor named Ann Maury left the east coast to cisit a stump town."I went into the middle of the town,"she wrote ,"and there right in the center,surrounded by wooden buildings was a great stump of a tree.Iasked wh this stump had not been pulled up.’Oh , we just never thought of it,’was the answer.’Besides ,we use it .Whenever one of the town chiefs has something to say he stands upon this stump and is raised higher than the others.In this way he can be heard better.’"
  
  And so "stump"took on another meaning .In time anyone who stood upon a stump and spoke to people became a "stump speaker."Of course ,sooner or later the word entered politics.Perhaps this started when George Washington became commander of all Colonial troops in 1775 .One day he stood on a stump and spoke to his men .Later a song was written about this ,"Great Washington did he ,upon a stump place himself to speak ..."
  
  Ever since that day,200 years ago ,the lowly tree stump was given a high place in American politics.Today ,any political candidate, even one for the residency ,"takes to the stumps "when he goes to small towns and cities to speak to the people.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-19 23:23:34
  Nothing is more powerful than habit
  
  今天的工作不顺心,晚上洗澡的时候没有热水了,剩的只够洗脚
  
  躺在床上刚准备看电影的时候,突然想起来英文还没有更新。
  
  坚持
  
  LAME DUCK
  
  The expression."lame duck,"can be heard in almost any American town or city ,especially where people disciuss politics .Most often ,they use it to describe a politician who has come to the end of his power -a Congreeman ,for example ,who has a few more weeks in office and will then be out of a job.
  
  There are a number of ideas as to where "lame duck,"came from ,although the picture is clear enough -a duck that has its wings clipped, or its web feet injured ,and can no longer walk or waddle like a healthy one .
  
  The term seems to have crept into the American language some time after the Civil War of 1861-1865.One explanation is that it came from the language of hunters who felt that it was foolish to waste powder or time on a dead duck.And a lame duck-even a sitting duck-is close to being a dead duck.
  
  Another explanation, however ,says that the experssion came from England .There it was used to discribe a man who lost all his money is stocks ,was cleaned out and could not pay his debts.He could do nothing but waddle off like a lame duck.And-so the story goes-people showed little mercy for the poor fellow.
  
  But in the United States people took the phrase to describe a congressman who failed to get reelected but still had a little time left in office until his successor was sworn in.
  
  In time ,the expression was used in a broader sense ,generally describing any man whose days of power were coming to an end.It has often been used to describe the position of an American president in the last two years or so of his second term. It is a difficult time for him ,when Congress is ready to oppose him at every turn .
  
  It may refuse to work with him simply because his days in the White House are numbered .His sun is setting,It is not a happy time .It is like old age comingon.And people ,like animals ,are crule to lame ducks, ready to drive them out.Their eyes are already turned toward the new leader ,the new man in command.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-20 17:27:42
  今天是周末,但是还要跟加班一样,抑郁啊
  
  作业报表一堆东西一个下午还没有整理完,自己的工作方法有问题了
  
  休息一下,提前把晚上的更新了
  
  BOGUS 冒牌 不知道“冒牌天神”里面是不是这个词
  
  Anything that is "bagus "is not real .It tries to be real and may even look so ,but it is not .The only thing real about "bogus" is that it is pure American,born in the early 1800’s.
  
  No one is sure where the word came from .The first time ,police found a group of men who were coining fake money.Alarge crowd gathered around to look at the strange machine that was used to make the counterfeit money .Someone is the crowedsaid that the machine looked like a "bogus ".The next day the local newspaper used the word and it became part of the language.
  
  The machine used by counterfeiters was called a bogus press.And counterfeit or false money was soon called bogus money.As the years passed any article that was not the real thing was called bogus.
  
  But that is only one story about the birth of "bogus ."The Boston Courier,a newspaper that died a long time ago ,said that the word came from a famous swindler with the Italian name of Borghese
  
  Borghese,the paper said ,became famous by writing bad checks ,cashing them at banks and stores, then leaving town in a hurry .In 1837 ,Borghese was known throughout the South and the Weat for his worthless checks, bills of exchange and notes .In time ,the newspaper said ,the name Borghese was shortened to "bogus "
  
  Today we have bogus money,bogus mines,bogus hair ,bogus diamonds and so on.
作者:糖果小翻译 时间:2008-12-20 17:31:39
  加油!加油!一起进步
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-21 15:21:22
  今天大风降温,冬天的感觉越来越浓了
  
  还有几天就是洋节,耶诞节了。这个是台湾的译法,呵呵,我觉得更好一点。
  
  基督教给世界做了什么贡献,暴力扩张吧,不信我教,直接灭你
  
  呵呵
  
  MAVERICK 自行其事的人
  
  More than 130 years ago ,the huge southweastern territory called Texas joined the United States as its 28th state .
  
  Texas was open-range prairie land with rich soil and cattle .Texas and the land north ,all the way to the Canadian border, became known as the "breadbasket" states because they supplied the country’s food.
  
  Early in the 1800’s ,a man named Samuel Augustus Maverick moved to Texas from the eastern state of Virginia.Maverick ,fresh from law school ,settled down to become a leading statesman and landowner.
  
  He became a fighter for Texan independence from Mexico and finally ,the mayor of San Antonio.
  
  As the years passed ,Samuel Maverick added to his landholdings in Texas.Before long he owned vast lands.But he had no cattle .He was not a rancher.
  
  One day ,however ,in the year 1845,a man came to Maverick to pay him an old debt ,But instead of paying him with money,he offered four head of cattle .Maverick took them even though he did not want to .
  
  He turned the cattle loose on his land to graze and care for themselves ,and forgot them .As time passed the cows had calves.These grew and also had calves.The herd doubled and doubled again .In time ,hundreds of cows roamed freely,even across the land of nearby ranch owners.
  
  It was a tradition among ranch owners in the weat to brand their new born calves with a mark of ownership .They burned an owner’s name into the flesh of an animal with a hot iron.This made a clear mark ,or brand .
  
  Each cattle owner, therefore,could tell his own young cows from those of the others.
  
  Sam Maverick ,however, refused to brand his calves .Why should he ?If all the other cattle owners branded theirs ,then those without a brand belonged to him ,Sam Maverick.
  
  And this is how the word "maverick "got into the language.It mean a cow without a brand.
  
  As time passed,however ,the word took on a broader meaing .It came to mean a person who was too independent to follow his group.
  
  So ,Sam Maveick became a maverick in more than name ,refuseing to brand his cattle as the other cowboys did .
  
  Sam’s grandson also was a maverick .He was Maury Maverick ,who became a congressman in Washington in 1935.
  
  The young Maverick was a Democrat.But he was also an independent thinker. While in Washington he refused to folow his party on every issue .And he led a group of progressive Democrats who also disagreed with the party leaders .This group was called "the mavericks "because they refused to wer the Democratic brand.
  
  And so ,this is the story of how a man’s name became part of the American language ,A story that began more than 100 years ago when a cowboy found one of Sam Maverick’s lost calves and called it a maverick .But today, it describes one who will only go his own merry way .
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-22 11:40:12
  今天是周一,决定这两天早早的更新,晚上的事情可能比较多一点
  
  GOBBLEDEGOOK 装腔作势的啰嗦文章
  
  “Gobbledegook”sounds like the name of a monsterin a fairy tale.But in reality it was created by Maury Maverick ,who was a memeber of the House of Representatives from 1935 to 1939.
  
  Congressman Maverick came from the state of Texas.There ,Texas say, men come right to the point.They say what they mean in a few quick words.
  
  As time passed ,government reports and announcements flowed over Maverick ’s desk like a river of mud. Each morning ,he spent a great deal of time reading these reports and trying to find out what they meant.They had to be studied.Time after time, he read such sentences as :"Please cause an investigation to ba made with a view to ascertaining the truth ."Fourteen words when only three -"please find out "-were needed.Another was ,"please extinguish the illumination,"instead of "Turn off the lights"
  
  And why ,Congressman Maverick wondered,were goverment people always asking for his opinion?
  
  These big-sounding,pompous phrases drove hin out of his mind .One day ,deeling hopeless ,he went to his secretary in the next room with a hundred papers in his hand ."These damn papers ,"he shouted ,"are nothing but...but...gobbble-de-gook!"
  
  Maverick could not explain how he made up the word.But it was picked up by others ,and it remains an American word today.
  
  Experts have an explanation for the creation of the word .They say it is the joining of two sounds ,the selfimprtant,meaningless "gobble"of a turkey cock ,and the "gook,"a sticky muck that makes the unhappy reader sink with a bubbling cry.
  
  Of course ,it would not be correct to end this story without a recent example of gobbledegook.A few years ago ,the government wrote the following answer to a war veteran’s quertion about a pension:"The noncompensable evaluation geretofore assigned to you for your service-connected disability is confirmed and continued "
  
  In other words ,the veteran was told that he was still out of luvk-he could get no pension money.
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-23 23:15:50
  推卸责任 这一篇一定要好好学习
  
  TO PASS THE BUCK
  
  An expression used by Americans for about 100years is "to pass the buck ."It means refusing to take responsibility, letting others decide and act for you
  
  President Gerald Ford dramatized the phrase after taking Richard Nixon’s place in the White House .Ford announced in a special television broadcast that he had decided to pardon Nixon for any crimes he may have committed as President .Ford said such a decision had to be made by him alone, that he could not let others do it for him."The buck stops here,"said Ford.
  
  He remembered another President-Harry S.Truman-who made that expression famous more than 25 years ago. Truman had a sign on his desk which said :"The buck stops here ."The message was clear :if the President of the United States could not act and make the final decision on important national matters ,who else could ?A president who refused to take the responsibility and "passed the buck "to someone else would soon find himself in serious trouble.
  
  Where did the expression come from ?It seems to have come from the card game of poker where the players ,one after the other ,mix and pass out the cards.
  
  The phrase seems to have come to life in the gambling houses of the West .There ,a silver dollar was put in front of a player to show that he would be the next dealer to pass out the cards.A dollar ,silver or paper, was called a "buck "It still is .Why ,nobody seems to know.
  
  Forceful leaders ,of course , make decisions ,take risks and responsibility .The risks can be great .Every choice at times may lead to disaster.In business, financial failure ,loss of a job.
  
  Therefore ,it is easier to pass the responsibility and let others take the risks.Nobody ,however, likes a man who passes the buck.He is soon found out and given an unpleasant name-"buck-passer"
  
  Nevertheless,buck-passers are found among us everywhere .Perhaos,the most famous buck-passer in history haas been the devil.That is the picture we get of him from the ancient myths.The only time he seems to have acted for himself was when he rebelled and tried to seize God’ throne.But God threw him out .Since then ,he has spent most of his energy in passing the buck ,let ting others do his work for him.
作者:南风也冷 时间:2008-12-24 13:01:05
  go go go ................
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-24 14:22:06
   JAWBONING 动嘴
  
  Times of crisis give birth to new phrases .Recent years have seen the slow development throughout the world of serious economic conditions-inflation and unemployment.
  
  The pressure on government leaders to take strong action becomes heavier and heavier.In the United States ,such pressure comes in the demand for wage and price controls.This was also true in the administration of Richard Nixon ,who was forced to start some quick action to stop priced from rising.
  
  Mr. Nixon got all sorts of advice on halting the inflation.Some proposed wage and price guidelines.They would establish some general rules for both labor and industry to follow .Labor would keep down its demands for wage increases andindustry would keep its prices from rising above a fixed point .Both labor and industry would be expected to do this willingly ,without any threat of force.
  
  This was not completely successful.
  
  In flation got worse ,It was one of the most serious problems that faced the administration of Gerald Ford .It still faces the administration of Jimmy Carter.
  
  Again ,one hears the cry of wage and price controls.The President has refused to accept this method .His critics have warned him that "jawboning "is not the way to cure inflation.
  
  "Jawboning"is a new word .It has only come to the political surface within the past 30 to 40 years.
  
  The expression,"to jawbone," however ,is old ,meaning to talk ,to argue,to complain.These all demand the use of one’s jaws.But there is a slight difference in how "jawbong "is now used.
  
  Today ,it is used to describe one of several choices to stop business from increasing its prices.You can force business to do so by passing laws against it .Or you can establish certain guidelines, showing what the limits are .Or you can lawbone,appealing to the patriotism of business or labor leaders;or threatening them with government action ,or promising them special consideration in the future .This all part of jawboning them with government action,or promising them special consideration in the future .This is all part of jawboning,exercising the laws whem a government cannot,or does not want to ,take stronger action.
  
  sometimes ,jawboning has proved successful.It did during the administration of John F. Kennedy .In 1961 ,President Kennedy was worried about rising prices.Therefore ,he asked the heads of the steel companies not to increase the price of steel
  
  At first ,this helped.But a lettle later the largest ateel company announced an increase in steel prices of six percent .Other steel companies soon followed with an increase in their prices.
  
  President Kennedy accepted this as a test of his strength .He organized strong pressure against the steel industry .He made all sorts of appeals to its leader.He pleaded and urged .He had some of his top advisers meet with them privately, to do more of the same.he threatened them with anti-trust actions,and with wageprice laws .It was jawboning at its most effective .The steel companies finally gave in and agreed to withdraw their demand for a price increase.
  
  Today ,President Carter is faced with the same serious situation.Solutions are not easy to find .Some economists -not many -are porposing wage -and -price control legislation.But the President is against it .he says it will not work .What will ?some asl .One commentator said that the jawbone may be all right for some time but ,if prices continue to go up ,then it may have to be the teeth
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-25 16:43:18
  Play Possum 装负鼠
  
  "To play possum"means to deceive ,to hide the truth.
  
  That men have learned much from the behavior of animals is hardly news.As we all know ,the actions of many animals ,when threatened ,are most interesting to watch .Especially ,the smaller ones.The monkey runs for the trees,the turtle retreats into its shell ,the armadillo rolls up into a ball .And the fox ,the smartest of small creatures ,can get lost; thus ,the expression "to outfox"somebody
  
  But the opossum ,or possum ,as it is often called ,has its own special defense.It turns over and plays dead ,in a manner of speaking.
  
  The possum does this in the belief that its hunter is not interested in a dead possum ,but only in a live one.This ,however ,is not always true,as many a possum has discovered.
  
  The possum was one of the first wild animals the American colonists in Virginia got to know .They did not know what to call this small animal and asked the Indians for its name.
  
  The colonists had some difficulty in pronouncing the Indian word and came up with "opossum"which then became possum,,The Indians gave it their name becaouse of the creature’s color.The Indain word meant "white animal,"although most possums are grayish in color
  
  The early colonists quickly became interested in the imaginative behavior of the possum when it was attacked .The creature put on a good show ,cating as if it were dead .It dell to the ground and shut its eyes ,sticking its tongue out of a half-open mouth.The possumcontinued to play dead even while being kicked andbeaten or shaken by a dog .Once the danger passed,up he jumped and ran off ,to go through the same cat somewhere else,some other day.
  
  And so was born the saying ,"to play possum,"although it took some time to creep into the language .Not until the early 1820’s did the expression find its way into print ,with these words :"One who counterfeits sickness, or dissembles strongly for a particular purpose ,is said to be possuming."
  
  Some years later,in 1855 ,it was used this way:"I will play possum with these folksand take a rise out of them that will astonishtheir weak nerves "
  
  In time ,the expression found its way into politics ,as so many colorful American sayings do .By the very nature of their trade ,politicians often find that the only way to escape a tight or critical situation is to "play possum "-act as if they are going one way ,whereas reallly they mean to go in the opposite direction.
  
  It is always possum-time in politics,but more so when the time arrives to think of choosing party nomiees for the presidency.
  
  These are days that test a politician.How good is he at playing possum?Everybody knows he is a candidate -how can he hide the fact?Of course,by rolling over and playing dead ,showing no interest whatsoever in the great prize ,while the other candidates go by and disappear .One traditional way to do this is byissuing statements:"I am not a candidate""I will not run ""I do not seek the office"
  
  Even if nobody believes the accuracy of the statements, many enjoy the show .It is a good one ."Playing possum "always is .
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-26 20:47:29
  你不能改变生活的时候,就是这改变自己去适应生活吧!
  
  工作不出状态,不能总是等到下周吧
  
  呵呵,继续为了我的欧洲企业继续努力吧-看见的就轻轻笑两声好了
  
  TO LOGROLL 滚木头
  
  American speech owes much to the kind of life found in the new World ,populated by Indians.The Indians enriched American speech.So did life in the new wilderness.It was a frontier life ,far removed from cicilization.
  
  This wilderness gave to the men of the frontier a speech that had the roughness of desert plants, like the cactus ,or the flavor of wild fruit.It helped in the creation of many new phrases ,such as "to logroll "
  
  Today ,it has lost its first meaning .It is now used to describe political deals.Two legislators, for example ,make an agreement to vote for each other’s legislative proposals.They agree to do this even if the legislation is bad and they are against it in principle.They have amde a deal:"You scratch my back, and I will screatch yours."That is how critics have described it.That is "logrolling"
  
  There was a time,however, however,when it meant something different,In the early days,it meant helping each other for a good purpose.
  
  The early settler’s first task was to find shelter from the weather ,from hostile Indians and from wild animals.Trees had to be cut down .A place had to be cleared .Then ,a man could build his log cabin .The trees had to be cut into logs,and these had to be pulled to the place where the house was to be built.
  
  The logs were geavy ,Clearly ,this was a job that was much for one man.Therefore ,when a man had cut his logs he would call on his neighbors for help.They came and helped him to roll the logs to where he planned to build his house.He in turn was ever ready to help others in rolling their logs.
  
  Many years later ,however ,the meaning of the phrase changed ,just as the practice of logrolling changed.When this happened is not known.It seems to have first become part of politics.
  
  Someone also used the word to describe the behavior of a number of book reviewers and literary critics.They were accused of praising the books of friends or writers that they liked,even if these werer not good .They were accused of "logrolling "for their frieds.
  
  But the expression began to be more freely used in politics ,perhaps because logrolling became more common among legislative bodies, both national and state .
  
  Some say there is nothing really wrong about logrolling.True ,if for a good purpose .But time and again ,over the years ,logrolling has produced some shady deals and questionable legislation.Many ,therefore ,do not trust logrolling and often condemn it .
  
  In recent years ,this mistrust has increased ,as Americans have grown more suspicious of politicians.There is a feeling among people that logrollers help only special groups-the rich and the powerful.The common people would ,perhaps ,complain less if just a few more logs were rolled their way.
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-27 21:12:17
  今天周末,还要出去考试。真是那句,少校不努力老大徒伤悲
  
  SUCKER 吃奶的人
  
  Asucker is one who is easily fooled ,easily tricked and cheated .His history is a long one because suckers are as old as mankind .There are several ideas as to how the word came into use .One goes back to the early European settlers in America.
  
  The story is told that they found in the lakes and rivers of the new land strange fish ,kinds that they had never before seen.One kind was especially strange-a small fish that swam in deep waterand sucked up food from the river bottom .It could do this because of the shape of its mouth .The settlers began to call this fish a "sucker "After a time .they discovered many other kinds of fish that got food by sucking it into their mouths.They ,also ,were called suckers.So , suckers were found everywhere,and the worst fisherman could catch a sucker of some kind .In time ,the word was used to describe any easy victim.
  
  Another explanation,however,is that the word came from the idea of someone being sucked into something without knowing it ,as a person is sucked into some tricky business or scheme and fooled and cheated.
  
  As far back as 1842 ,for example ,there was a newspaper story about a coach driver who told a would-be passenger:"I do not have to drive anybody in the middle of the night,so don’t try to suck me in."And there was a newspaper report about a sermon in church .The preacher said:"I can’t help but say it ,life is all moonshine ,a monstrous humbug ,a grand suck-in"
  
  A third, and more recent explanation ,is that "sucker "was coined to describe someone as trusting and innocent as a suckling-a young creature still sucking at its mother’s breast.Of course,it would not be difficult to fool such a person.
  
  The word was given popular fame by an American showman,P.T. Barnum .He said that there was a sucker born every minute.Nobody knew better than he .After all ,he built his success on that idea.Millions of people paid money to see his circus freaks and fakes.Barnim should have said kinder words about these people .They may have been suckers ,but they made him succcessful.
  
  That can also be said of the man who wrote the line made famous by a Hollywood movie-that one should never give a sucker an even break ,that one should ,in other words ,bleed him dry.
  
  Strange as it may seem ,this is a universal feeling.Nobody likes a sucker.Throughout history ,everywhere in the world ,people have been cruel to suckers. Psychiatrists,perhaps,can tell us why.Possibly,to risk a guess,people look upon suckers as they do upon people with leprosy ,fearful of getting the disease.
  
  Modern society has discovered a new kind of sucker,sometimes called an "angel" Such is one who can be talkked or sucked into giving money to support some project ,,It may be a political campaign ,a cause or an organization.Or it may be a new paly.
  
  There are as many projects as there are suckers to support them .Specialists and staffs work hard to develop what has become known as "sucker lists,"with the names of people who may have money to give away .One newspaper,The Philadelphia Bulletin,said at one time,"The telephone directory is not intended to be a sucker list ,byt a smart operator can use it for one "
  
  This is a frightening thought .Millionsof us have telephones and each one of us is a promising candidate for some sucker list.We cannot ,therefore ,be too hard on suckers.They -and we -are part of modern life.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-28 16:36:32
   扯掉,RIPOFF 扯掉什么呢?
  
  The magazine,American Speech ,published a story about a new word -"ripoof"
  
  The writer of te story said he first saw the word in 1971.He was on the campus of the University of Florida.A group of students was carrying a signn.The sign said,"Come to the Ripoff Rally! Come and see how many ways you are getting ripped off ."
  
  It was clear from the sign that "ripped off "meant to be cheated ,or at least treated unfairly. And a ripoff rally was a meeting to protest such treatment.
  
  The word quickly spread aross the university campus.Then it appeared in the university newspaper.A student complained of being "ripped off ."She had lost her job for no reason.She felt she had been cheated.
  
  Another student prt up a sign on a university building that said,"I’ve been ripped off ."He advised students to lock their doors.Someone was stealing things.
  
  The university police-a group of young men -started a campaign against stealing.They published a warning in the newspaper:"Been ripped off lately? Watch out ,thefts are increasing!"
  
  Soon, "ripoff" began to take on other meanings.A young studet got angry because she waited for a professor for one hou. When she talked to him,he refused her request.She said to another student ,"I’m ripped off at that prodessor because he ripped me off!"
  
  By th end of the school year, however ,the word settled down .now its meanings were clear."Ripoff" was a theft or a thief."Ripped off" meant robbed or cheated.It was taking the place of the old slang word,“gyp”
  
  Although the students at the Uiversity of Florida seem to have invented this word, it began to broaden ts meanings elsewhere.
  
  The word reached the University of California at the opposite end of the country.Professor Thomas King, an expert on ancient burial sites and old bones, used the word this way :"The burial sites of the acients are being ripped off at an amazing speed by home builders and their bulldozers."To the professor, "ripped off" meant destroyed.
  
  Some time later, a television sports announcer, covering a tennis match, said:"This is the longest tennis match in recent history.Usually a match is ripped off in 40 to 50 minutes."
  
  The announcer had added another meaning-to complete quickly.
  
  As the word spread to the press it took on other meanings.Today "ripoff "means thief, theft, cheat, grab, destroy and complete quickly.
  
  Some say "ripoff" comes from the word "rip".... to tear off or apart, to cut quickly ,to slit open ,and so on. The Florida students simply added the word "off,"and a new word was born.
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-29 21:52:12
  Today is Monday. I’m working so hardly this morning .
  
  随便写两句,也不知道对不对了
  
  OVER A BARREL 趴在桶上
  
  Every human struggle-political,military, social or economic-often ends with some of the competitors"over a barrel." Once they have been put "over a barrel," there is not much more that they can do .They are in a tight spot,under the control of others ,at their mercy.Surrender is often the most advisable thing to do.
  
  The phrase comes from a time-strangely enough-when a barrel was used to save the life of a person who had almost drowned .You brought him back to life by putting him over a barrel, with his face down ,and gently rolling the barrel to get the water out of his lungs.
  
  Of course ,that was a critical situation to be in .The man lying flat on his stomach over a barrel could do little for himself; he was at the mercy of those trying to pull him through.
  
  Barrels, as we all know ,come in many different sizes ,depending on what you keep in them -beer, whiskey ,dry crackers,biscuits,or other foodstuffs.
  
  The cracker-barrelthat one always saw in old-time grocery stores gave us an American character known as a "cracker-barrel philosopher."
  
  You used to find him in small village stores, sitting around a big pot-bellied stove close by the cracker-barrels,smoking a pipe and exchanging jokes, gossip,stories and words of wisdom with his friends.
  
  More often than not,their words of wisdom added little to man’s knowledge or understanding of life and the world .But they thought otherwise,and never stoped offering their opinions as if they came straight from the mouth of Plato or Aristotle.
  
  these "cracker-barrel philosophers" were as deep,as profound as a village elder described in a very old story.
  
  It tells of the old man’s last hours among his people.He lay on his deathbed ,surrounded by his closest followers.The people of the nearby towns considered him a propht, with a new revelation, a new message from above .They could not accept his death.
  
  The old man began to get weaker and weaker,and so did his mind ,which started to wander.The people demanded a last word from him before he departed, some last statement that might show them the way to a more fruitful,more glorious life.
  
  At his bedside ,two men lifted the dying elder’s head,so that he could make a last declaration.He whispered slowly,"The word is like a barrel."One of the two men put his ears close to the dying elder’s mouth."What did you say ,Master?""The world is like a barrel!"Everybody was stunned.Heaven seemed to have opened.Was this God’s secret,at last?
  
  The words quickly spread to all the nearby villages.People kept repeating the words to one another, again and again.Finally, somenoe said,"The world is like a barrel!Tremendous!But what is its mystery-what does it mean?"
  
  Soon ,everybody was asking the same questioin.From mouth to mouth,village to village,the question was passed back to where the old man lay dying.Again ,his friends lifted his head and whispered to him:"Master,the people want to know ,what do your words mean-the world is like a barrel?"
  
  At first ,the old man remained silent .He did not understand what was said.But then ,he slowly opened his eyes,slowly looked around ,and said ,slowly ,painfully,"So the world is not like a barrle!"
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-30 16:39:18
   TO BARNSTORM 四处游说
  
  Before television ,American presidents found it difficult to reach the people of the small towns and villages for political suppert-"grassroots support," as it is called .
  
  At first political leaders ,or candidates for office, had to travel by train to small out -of -the-way places.They were called "whistle-stops"because trains did not usually stop there .You had to use a special whistle to make them do so .
  
  With the arrival of the train ,a small group of country people would gather around the back of the last car of the train .On the open platform, the candidate would speak directly to those who came to hear him.It was an event to be remembered.
  
  Whistle-stop campaigning was an old political tradition that came from the earliest days of American independence.
  
  Of course,train-travel was slow.Then travel by air came into use.This was faster and a candidate could cover much more ground .
  
  But train travel was "barnstorming"in the old sense of the word . And many candidates were very successful because they showed a special skill in being able to talk to "grassroots "groups-to the farmers and agricultural workers of the nation ,and to the industrial workers of small towns.
  
  Some modern presidents went "barnstorming"when they could not get the approval of Congress for important programs,or failed to get legislative support in the field of foreign policy.
  
  The phrase,"to barnstorm," was taken from the theater.It goes far back to the time when there were few theaters or halls for traveling actors or entertainers .
  
  They produced their play in the barns of country villages.Many of these traveling players were ham actors. That is how many people felt about them. They seemed to overact and spoke their lines like amateurs and badly trained actors.
  
  But they thought their acting was so effective that they took audiences by storm.Thus ,the phrase,"to barnstorm."Some of these village-barn audiences, however, liked this noisy style of acting and speaking, and groups of ham actors took the varns by storm like soldiers.
  
  Some time around the middle 1800’s "barnstorming "became part of American political language,to describe quick wisits by political speakers to small country towns.Some may have made speeches in barns,but usually they were made in the village square,out in the open.
  
  Barnstorming,as we have long known it ,is slowly disappearing.In most out -of -the -way willages,people canlisten to the president or political candidates on television.
  
  Still ,many political candidates like meeting people face to face and talking directly to them.Moreover,television is very costly and many candidates do not have the money to campaign by TV .So ,the old methods of campaigning are not completely dead.There is more life to "barnstorming"than in the cold ,stagy image of a television screen.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2008-12-31 14:37:51
  It’s the last day of the year.I wish everybody happy new year.
  
  TO STONEWALL 顶住 (说实话,看表面字意是石墙的意思么)
  
  The phrase ,"to stonewall"suddenly burst into new life at the height of the Watergate investigation.It was given its new birth by President Richard M. Nixon.
  
  He made the phrase nationally famous .Millions of Americans heard on television or read in the newspapers how he had advised his aides "to stonewall it, "so that federal investigators could not discover the whole truth about some of their activities.
  
  These men, close to the President,were suspected of being involved in the Watergate affair.
  
  They were accused of planning or trying to cover up illegal activities before and during the 1972Presidential election.These included breaking into the Democratic Party’s national committee headquarters at the Watergate Apartments.
  
  The White House effort "to stonewall" it was not successful. It finally led to President Nixon’s resignation and jail sentences for some of his aides.
  
  "Stonewall "can be found in any American dictionary ,although it has not often been used in this country .The word comes from the game of cricket .to describe a man who has decided to keep his play defensive ,just blocking balls without trying to score runs.
  
  The phrase somehow slipped into political use by Australian and British politicians.This happened some time around the 1880’s.
  
  Some Australian politicians were bitterly criticized for making long speeches just to block or delay parliamentary businesss. "He is great at stonewalling tactics,"said one member of parliament about another."He can talk against time by the hour."
  
  One angry parliamentarian pointed his finger toward a fellow member and asked if the six men sitting beside himmade up the "stonewall "what was organized to oppose all progress.
  
  Clearly ,the phrase was not meant to be pleasant .Then ,few politicians like to be called."stonewallers"just as today few politicians enjoy being described as filibusterers.Although different,still they are closely related.
  
  There was a time,however, when "stonewall "had an honorable name.During the American Civil War one of the greatmilitary leaders of the South was called "Stonewall Jackson" This name was given to him because of his great courage .He was a man who refused to retreat under pressure, but stood firm, like a stonewall,against the advancing troops of the North.
  
  The Watergate affair, however ,has left a permanent stain on the meaning of "stonewall it "and "the cover-up."And in the future both,it seems, will be used mostly to describe something dishonorable.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-01 13:50:31
  MUCKRAKER 专接丑事的人
  
  Theodore Roosevelt,the 26th President of the United States ,coined the word ,"muckraker."in 1906.Roosevelt was not only an exciting politician, but also a writer with a talent for lively speech.When hewas aroused, he let you know it ,and his words were as strong as his temper.And in his 1906 speech,his anger was strong indeed.It fired his imagination and made his words ring. It was in his furnace of anger that "muckraker"was born.
  
  Why was he so worked up?A group of journalists had been making searching investigations of corruuption in business and politics.The early years of the 1900’s gave them a rich field for such investigations.Their reports shocked the people.
  
  As the nation’s chief leader at this time, President Roosevelt felt that the investigators had gone too far .He feared that their reports might lead to dangerous dissent.
  
  And so he lashed out at the investigators.He declared that they were like the man in "Pilgrim’s Progress,"a book by the English writer, John Bunyan. The man was offered the crown of heaven for his muckrake.He would not even look at the crown he was offered.He could look no way but downwards with a muckrake in his hands.
  
  Rooseveltfelt that the investigators of his time were just like this man, raking the muck with wild ,irresponsible charges against leading business companies and their control ober politicians.
  
  The men President Roosevelt called muckrakers were not unhappy about it.They knew that Roosebelt himself was a reformer and was really one of them.And they accepted the name with pride.Their writings in time created nation-wide concern over the proucms they investigated .As a resul, many changes were made in the conditions described by muckrakers .New laws were passed by Congress.Greater government control was begun over national evils that had existed for many years .
  
  Today ,"muckraker"is not always used to criticize-certainly not by an honest investigating journalist .The muckrakers have left a crusading tradition, and there is always a need for the more responsible of them in most industrial societies.So ,the crown of heaven can still be offered to a responsible ma nwho keeps his eyes on his muckrake.
作者:咋这么没意思呢 时间:2009-02-02 13:56:08
  作者:轩尼狮 回复日期:2008-12-29 21:52:12 
    Today is Monday. I’m working so hardly this morning .
    
    随便写两句,也不知道对不对了
  ==============================================
  hardly 意思是几乎不,简直不。这么用不对。用hard
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-02 14:54:03
  谢谢楼上的,应该是hard,那样念着更顺口
  
  元旦假期又是感冒又是发烧的
  
  PHILADELPHIA LAWYER 费城律师
  
  Men have often been praised by being told that they were as smart as a Philadelphia lawyer.No one knows why there is something special about Philadelphia lawyers.But the expression"smart as a Philadelphia lawyer" seems to have come from a famous trial early in the eighteenth century.
  
  An Englishman ,William S. Cosby ,arrived in New York as the royal governor of the province .He was a tyrant .He wanted to make money quickly , and he ruled the province with no thought for the law or the rights of the people.
  
  Among those who opposed his rule was John Peter Zenger,who came to Ameridan from Germany.Zenger started a newspaper which praised liberty,and sharply criticized the governor.He also published poems which made fun of the governor.
  
  Governor Cosby arrested Zenger,charged him with libel ,and kept him in prison for nine months.
  
  Zenger could not find a New York lawyer to defend him because of the governor’s power.But a leading lawyer from Philadelphia agreed to defend him.He was Andrew Hamilton, white haired and almost eighty years old.
  
  The trial opened, the jury was chosen ,and the charges were read.At the time ,the law on libel said that the jury could decide only if the person accused published the newspaper named in the charges.The question of whether the words published were true or not was to be decided by the judge.
  
  Zenger told the court he was innocent .Then the lawyer from Philadelphia rose and admitted that Zenger did publish the newspaper, as charged .But ,Hamilton continued, the publishing of a newspaper did not make a person guilty of slander.He said that the words ,themselves, must be proved false and slanderous;otherwise,Zenger was innocent.
  
  The judge reminded Hamilton that he could not try to prove ,as his defense, the truth of the alleged libel.
  
  Hamilton then turned to the jury, and asked them to decide the facts in the case .H said it was their right to decide whether the alleged libel was ,in fact ,the truth.
  
  In his final statement to the jury,Hamilton said the question was much bigger than the charges against Zenger.He said the question was liberty and the right of a people to oppose dishonesty and tyranny by speaking and writing the truth.
  
  After a brief discussion, the jury declared tht Zenger was not guilty ,and cheers broke out in the courtroom.
  
  The decision established the principle of freedom of the press in the American colonies.Hamilton was praised as a hero.
  
  Through the years ,the fame of the Zenger trial and the praise for Hamilon has spread throughout the country.
  
  And so it was believed that the expression,"as smart as a Philadelphia lawyer ," honors the man from Philadelphia who successfully defended the freedom of the press to print the truth.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-03 19:57:30
  今天的状态还不是很好。下午还去家具市场转了半天,终于选了一套实木的餐桌和餐椅
  
  HAIR OF THE DOG 从狗身上拔根毛
  
  There is an old supestition that a hair of a dog that bites you will help to cure you . This is believed by many heavy drinkers.It is easy to understand why.For them, "the hair of the dog "means another drink of whiskey-the same whiskey that got them drunk and gave them a sick hangover the next morning.
  
  The British dramatist Ben Jonson, in 1614 wrot:"It was a hot night with some of us last night,John .Shall we pluck a hair of the same wolf today?"
  
  "Put a good face upon it ," says Charles Dickens in his novel"Barnaby Rudge","and drink again another hair of the dog that bit you."
  
  And there is this exchange that appeared in the Detroit Free Press in 1888:
  
  "Hello, Smith.You’re looking better than Iexpected .I understand that you were completely crushed by that love affair.How did you recover?"
  
  And Smith answers:"Hair of the dog that bit me.I fell in love with another girl."
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-04 21:55:30
  小道消息 BY THE GRAPEVINE
  
  Some of the most exciting information comes by way of "the grapevine ."That is so because reports received through "the grapevine "are supposed to be secret;the information is all"hush hush."It is whispered into your ear, with the understanding that you will not pass it on to others.You feel homored and excited -you are one ofthe special few to get this information.You cannot wait .You must quickly find other ears to pour the information into.And so ,the information, secret as it is ,begins to spread .Nobody knows how far.
  
  The expression,"by the grapevine,"is more than 100 years old,but it has lost nothing of its youth.It remains one of the most widely used phrases in the American language.
  
  The American inventor,Samuel F. B. Morse, is largely responsible for the birth of the expression.Among others,he experimented with the idea of telegraphy,sending messages over a wire by electricity.When Morse finally completed his telegraphic instrument ,he went before Congress to show that it worked .He sent a message over a wire from Washington to Baltimore.The message was :"What God hath wrought ."This was on May 24,1844.
  
  And so ,telegraphy was born. Everybody heard the news with great excitement .Everybody,it seems, but the author of "Walden,"Henry David Thoreau.He wondered if men had anything to say that was worth sending byelectricity.But Thoreau was a loner, a dreamer.Few shared his ideas.
  
  Quickly,companies began to build telegraph lines from one place to another.Men everywhere seemed to be putting up poles with strings of wire for carrying telegraphic messages.The workmanship was poor and the wires were not often put up straight.
  
  One was so badly built that people joked about it.They said it looked like a grapevine.A large nimber of the telegraph lines looked just as funny,going in all directions ,as crooked as a grapevine.And so was born the expression, "by the grapevine."
  
  Some writers believe that the phrase would soon have disappeared ,were it not for the American Civil War.Soon after the war began, military commanders started to send battlefield reports by telegraph.
  
  Then something strange happened.Beside these true reports,all sorts of wild rumors and false stories were being received in different places.These false reports spread quickly.They spread so fast that people believed there were "grapevine telegraphs" sending messages from a number of different places.
  
  One soon heard the phrase,"by the grapevine,"to describe false as well as true reports from the battlefield.There was a mystery about these reports.People wondered where much of the secret information came from.It was like a game:Was it true?Who says so ?
  
  Now ,as in those far off Civil WAr days ,getting information by the grapevineremains something a game .Afriend brings you a bit of strage news may be shocking."No!"you say,"It just can’t be true.who told you?"Comes the answer,"Shush.The grapevine."
  
  You really have to be something of a genius to know how much,if any ,of the information that comes to you "by the grapevine"is true -or false.Still, in the words of an old American saying ,the man who keeps pulling the grapevine shakes down at least a few grapes.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-06 20:30:23
  昨天回父母家了,屋子里面还没有装宽带,手机不知道为什么不能登录天涯,少更新了一天
  
  HANDWRITING ON THE WALL 墙上的字
  
  The expression,"the handwriting on the wall,"tells one that he is finished.It is a warning that one’s nimber is up.It has passed into many languages from the Bible.As the Bible tells it,a mysterious hand suddenly appeared out of now here before King Belshazzar while he was busy feasting and drinking in triumph in one of the palace rooms.The hand wrot four strange words on the wall of the banquet room .Only the prophet Daniel understood the meaning of the words on the wall meant that he faced disaster.And the words soom came true.King Belshazzar was defeated and killed.
  
  Most prizefighters,football and baseball players,and other athletes, see the handwriting on the wall every time they compete after they reach the age of thirty-five.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-06 22:03:56
  WEDDED WORDS (NIP AND TUCK;HEM AND HAW) 组合词组(势均力敌;哼哼哈哈)
  
  One may well ask:What is language if it is not speech?And what is speech , if it is not idioms?
  
  Idioms are not easy to explain.They obey no rules.They just pop up out of nowhere.
  
  Idioms come in single words,or in groups of words.There are many idioms that come locked together in a permanent union, like nip and tuck;hem and haw;hue and cry; rack and ruin;tweedledee and tweedledum-there are many of them.
  
  They are joined together in a kind of happy marriage.You cannot use"nip"without"tuck;"or "hem"without "haw."It would make no sense.
  
  Most of these phrases are very old.Some ,perhaps,came down off Noah’s Ark.As the Bible story says:Noah brought onto the Ark all living creatures.He took them aboard two by two-one female,one male.
  
  Which of the two,"nip"or "tuck,"is the mother,is debatable,though tuck sounds more masculine.This ,however ,does not in any way change their meaning.Together they mean close :tow horses,for example,that are running neck and neck are in a race that is nip and tuck.
  
  There is nothing "nip and tuck,"however ,about a man who "hems and haws." He wants to tell you something but can’t .He keeps clearing his throat and making hem and haw sounds while you wait, but not a word comes forth.He just cannot make up his mind.
  
  Hem and haw are not really unpleasant fellows.They are just a weak pair.One poet,Bliss Carman,described them this way:
  
  Hem and Haw were the sons of sin,
  Created to shally and shirk;
  Hem lay around and Haw looked on
  While God did all the work.
  
  Now, as for "hue and cry"-there is something oldfashioned about those two.They go back to a gentler time when people shouted loudly while chasing a criminal."Stop thief!Stop thief!"That is a hue and cry-noise ,tumult,and pursuit.But this is no longer done;it is too dangerous.Nowadays,your criminal carries a gun ,or a rocket or a bomb.People now run the other way,a wise thing to do.
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-06 23:30:25
  It takes many kinds to make up a world.So it has often been said.This is also true of our special words so happily joined together .Many ,at least, sound happy , such as "beer and skittles,"all play and no worries .Or"ducks and drakes,"throwing their money away,just for the fun of it.
  
  These are the merry ones.But many are deplorable,such as "storm and stress"-tension, tension ,nothing but tension.And "tooth and nail"-two brutish,uncivilized creatures.And how can we forget those ugly giants, Gog and Magog; and that mournful couple ,"sackcloth and ashes."
  
  Away with these! They are too depressing. Let us talk about those two jolly gentlemen,tweedledee and tweedledum. They are a godsend.As a voter,for instance, you may find yourself in a tight squeeze.You must vote for one of two candidates.Both are bad,equally so .Their speeches give you the miseries.Still,you musst vote.All you can say is ,"I must choose between tweedledee and tweedledum."In other owrds,no choice at all.But the mere thought of those two makes you smile,and you feel better.You soon recognize that life is full of such choices-either tweedledee or tweedledu.They try to make life a little more pleasant for everybody as did Tweedledee in writing this poem for Wonderland’s Alice:
  
  The Sun was shining on the sea,
  Shining with all his might:
  He did his best to make
  The billows smooth and bright-
  And this was odd,because it was
  The middle of the night .
  
  In closing ,it must be said again that tweedledee without tweedledum is nothing .That is also true of all the others.So ,let us heed the warning of Saint Matthew,"What God has joined together,let not man pull apart."
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-07 10:07:05
  今天事情比较多,早点更新了
  
  
  COME HAT IN HAND 手持帽子求人
  
  We have all heard people compain that if you are too soft-hearted and give a persona finger, he will soon want your whole hand.But that does not trouble us.We have given you some expressions about the thumb ,the first finger,and now we are only too happy to give you some about the whole hand .So ,here are out hands .Take them,and together we will explore some of the special expressions that the hand has given to the English language.
  
  There is the expression,"to come hat in hand ."This is one thing that a pround ,independent man with a feeling for his own personal value,will not do -not if he can help it .
  
  The phrase means to beg ,to ask for a "handout ,"for something that you cannot claim as your own .You ask for it as an act of charity.
  
  But there are people who refuse to give you what rightfully belongs to you .They will do so only if you beg for it like a dog that stands up on its hind legs and barks for a piece of meat. Such people are called "high-handed ,"too sure of themselves,arrogant and over -proud.
  
  Just the opposite is the man who gives with a glad and willing hand ,not only what is rightfully yours ,but even more ,something extra .There is an old saying to describe such a person.He is a man who "does not let his left hand know what his right hand is doing."He gives freely,without thinking about it too much.
  
  The phrase ,"hand over fist,"means quickly .A man who is making money"hand-over-fist"is getting rich so fast that he himself cannot believe it .This expression comes from the sea .Seamen climbed ropes or raised the boat’s sails by quickly putting one hand on top of the other.Generally, anything you pulled toward you was done"hand by hand".Then ,oe of the hands became fist.And ,instead of "hand over hand "for "hand by hand"it became "hand over fist."
  
  Nothing ,of course,can be closer than a hand inside a glove.That is just what "hand in glove "means.Two or more people working very closely together, ether in a conspiracy, or in any joint effort ,are working "hand in glove."At first ,about 300 years ago,the phrase used was "hand and glove ."Later,to describe an even closer partnership,the hand was put inside the glove and it became "hand in glove."
  
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-07 22:25:43
  8-10日出差,尽量不停吧
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-11 19:39:35
  今天在家里跟儿子斗争了一下午。呵呵,与人斗其乐无穷啊
  
  今天更新两章
  
  CORN,CLICHES AND BROMIDES 庸俗语言和陈词滥调
  
  As we said in many of these pages,idioms bring life to human speech,but only if they themselves remain fresh and alive.Many do not.They become"cliches"or "bromides"and sound "corny."
  
  "Cliche" is a French word meaning a stereotype-something that produces a great many similar copies.So, phrases that are copied too often ,and are heard again and again, lose their freshness and become cliches.
  
  An example is the expression,"cool as a cucumber."It is true that nothing feels as cool as a cucumber and put slices of its skin on their foreheads.The skin sticks and gives you a cool feeling.But "cool as a cucumber"has become an empty sound,with no meaning."Blood sweat and tears"was an exciting phrase when Churchill spoke those words in the early days of the second world war .But all three have dried up.
  
  People who make speeches seem tolove cliches even if their listeners do not.This adds up to a great many cliches,because somewhere in the United States,every minute of the day ,somebody is making a speech.He is either running for office; or trying to sell something nobody wants; or he is on some other kind of campaign.No one has made anaccurate study,but it seems that there are more speeches borneveryinute than babies.
  
  Many speechmakers have professionals or semiprofessionals write their speeches.Speeches.Speechwriters are trained in the art of cliches.When they cannot create their own cliches, they borrow from other cliche-makers.
  
  Some speechwriters have lists of cliches for emergencies,when they run out of fresh ideas,which is quite often.
  
  Your speechmaker thus has his cliches well organized,and can now stand before a group and talk about "passing the torch ,"after "heeding the clarion call."He raises one hand to start "beating swords into plowshares."Of course ,speechmakers are always"on the horns of a dilemma,"but must "hold the line "or "break saunder."
  
  These are just a few cliches..There are thousands of them .Now and then, one hears a listener say-"Lord, how corny can he get!"You quickly agree with this feeling,especially when the speechmaker declares that something "warms the cockles of his heart."
  
  Ths is "pure corn,"and the speaker is a "cornball."That is how Americans describe something cheap,sentimental, emotionally phony and dull."Corny"comes from the idea that so-called rustics-people who live in the country where the corn grows-have limited taste or judgment.
  
  This belief,however,is a thing of the past.Much of the "corn,"as we use the word,comes from television and radio advertisements-commercials,as they are called.They ooze with corn juice.And they are produced by city slickers,not by country folk.
  
  "Bromide "is a close relation to corn.A speech or statement that is so worn-out and dull that it puts you to sleep is said to be full of bromides.Here are some examples:"Life is full of woe";"Give until it hurts";"Make hay while the sun shines";"One step at a time is a giant step forward,"etc.etc.
  
  Clickes,corn and bromides are three powerful forces in modern life.One cannot escape them.They show no mercy.They come at you in a hundred ways -in musical jingles;messages of love;televisioncommercials;and in soap operas .There is an old,cory saying,"If you can’t defeat them ,you might as well join them."
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-12 09:40:48
  全是拇指 ALL THUMBS
  
  The human thumb made man.Its development was as important an event in man’s growth as his success in learning to walk upright.
  
  The thumb shaped the human hand.Without it ,man might not have survived .Luckily,the hand developed only one thumb .Two thumbs on the hand would be like having tow or more cooks in a small kitchen.They would get in each other’s way .As one English writer said almost five 500 years ago,"Ah,each finger today is a thumb,I think."
  
  That is how we stil describe a man who cannot get anything right .We say he is "all thumbs."
  
  There are days when this happens to all of us, days when everything we do seems to go wrong.We cannot even get the right shoe on .The typist cannot hit the right key .The carpenter’s hammer misses the nail and hits his finger. Nothing can be done but throw up one’s hands and moan,"God ,Iam all thumbs today!"
  
  Clearly,the hand can have just one master-the thumb.It gives the hand a freedom and control of movements of Polynesian and Asian dacers.
  
  We have a special phrase to express this mastery of the thumb.When one is ruled by another ,completely controlled by him, we say the person is "under the other’s thumb."A sick man ,for example, often finds himself"under his doctor’s thumb."Tenants have often complained about being "under the thumb of landlord."
  
  there was a time ,very long ago ,when such tenants might in anger "bite their thumbs "at the landlord.Such a gesture was an insult that could not be accepted lightly.
  
  People no longer do this .But they do something as childish and as offensive and ugly.They "thumb their noses "at somebody they want to defy or insult.
  
  No doubt ,there are wiser uses for the thumb.You might one day find yourself stuck on the road ,far from help,because you are out of gasoline.You look down the lonely road,hoping a car will soon come along ,so that you can "thumv a ride ."At last you hear a car coming and you get ready to "wave your thumb "at the driver.Good luck ,ler’s hope he is not afraid of hitchhikers.
  
  For a long time ,the thumb has been used as a sign of rejection.And we have a special phrase for it -"thumbs down."The sign is as clear as it is cruel.
  
  The phrase is often used when a man cannot get the support he seeks.A candidate for political office,for example ,ma have lost the support of those who voted for him in the past .They have now "turned thumbs down on him."
  
  The expression comes from ancient Rome when gladiators fought for their lives in the public arena.The crowd decided if the fighter was to live or die.Adefeated gladiator would lower his arms as a sign of surrender.If the crowd turned up their thumbs he would be given his life.But if it "turn thumbs down "he would be killed
  
  In closing, let us ask if you are one of those who can make things grow .If so ,then we say that you have a "green thumb."
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-12 23:15:13
  好不容易养成的习惯,这回要去南京开会,一周的时间,还是坚持更新吧
  
  COME HAT IN HAND 手持帽子求人
  
  We have all heard people complain that if you are too soft-hearted and give a person a finger,he will soon want your whole hand.But that does not trouble us.We have given you some expressions about the thumb,the first finger, and now we are only too happy to give you some about the whole hand .So ,here are our hands.Take them,and together we will explore some of the special expressions that the hand has given to the English language.
  
  There is the expression,"to come hat in hand."This is one thing that a proud ,independent man with a feeling for his own personal value,will not do -not if he can help it.
  
  The phrase means to beg, to ask for a "handout,"for something that you cannot claim as your own. You ask for it as anact of charity.
  
  But there are people who refuse to give you what rightfully belongs to you .They will do so only if you beg for it like a dog that stands up on its hind legs and barks for a piece of meat.Such people are called "high-handed,"too sure of themselves,arrogant and over-proud.
  
  Just the opposite is the man who gives with a glad and willing hand, not only what is rightfully yours,but even more,something extra.There is an old saying to describe such a person.He is a man who "does not let his left hand know what his right hand is doing."He gives freely ,without thinking about it too much.
  
  The phrase, "hand over fist,"means quickly .A man who is making money "hand-over-fist"is getting rich so fast that he himself cannot believe it .This expression comes from the sea .Seamen climbed ropes or raised the boat;s sails by quickly putting one hand on top of the other.Generally,anything you pulled toward you was done"han d by hand" Then one of the hands became fist.And instead of "hand over hand "for "handby hand" it became"hand over fist."
  
  Nothing ,of course ,can be closer than a hand inside a glove.That is just what "hand in glove "means .Two or nore people working very closely together,either in a conspiracy, or in any joint effort,are working "hand in glove."At first ,about 300 years ago,the phrase used was "hand and glove."Later,to describe an even closer partnership,the hand was put inside the glove and it became "hand in glove."
作者:金蛙 时间:2009-01-13 14:04:10
  楼上到这个贴子来捣什么乱啊,想让楼主看着欧美成人片练习听力?
  
  中午在学新概念,同事老女人说我不要是三分钟热度,我也要努力不要三分钟热度!
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-13 21:10:25
  吃饱了撑的么
  
  TIGHT-FIATED 手攥得紧紧的
  
  At a certain time in its early development, a baby has little difficultyin picking something up and holding it in its hand.But ,doctors tell us ,it is much mote difficult for the young infant to open its hand and release what it is holding .When it can do this ,the child has taken a long step forward in its development.
  
  If that is true ,as we are told by experts,then there are growing up .We are quick in learning how to be grasping ,but terribly slow in learning how to let go.Some of us will hold on to everything we can reach with our hands ,no matter what the cost to others.The phrase to describe this kind of greed and selfishness is "to be tight-fisted,"or "close-fisted."Other phrases are "cheapskate "or "tightwad."A "wad "is a bundle of money,large or small ,and a man who holds it in a tight fist is therefore a "tightwad."
  
  People ,of course,can be emotional and unfair about money .There are those who have money.They like it well enough to keep it for themselves.But there are those who have none and would be happy to share with those who do .It is an unequal and endless struggle.So , if you call a man "tight-fisted,"you may be "tipping your hand "that you are among the "have-nots."The expression,"tipping your hand ,"means to "give yourself away,"to show what you are secretly thinking.
  
  There are a great number of phrases and sayings that the human hand has given to many languages.Here are a few:
  
  To be "caught redhanded "is to be found doing a bad thing ,like having a stolen watch found in your coat pocket.
  
  "To be a handful "is to be a big problem, like six lively children running wild in the kitchen.
  
  An "underhanded" person is dishonest, tricky, not to be trusted.
  
  "Don’t bite the hand that feeds you."This is similar to the ancient saying,"Don’t kill the goose that lays the golden egg."
  
  "Hand-me-downs"-used clothing passed on from the person who bought them new.
  
  "A good hand"-a fine handwriting;or winning cards in a card game.A lucky hand is sometimes called a "hot hand."
  
  "To lend a hand "is to help.
  
  "To get the upper hand "is to gain the advantage, to take control.
  
  "To get out of hand"-to get out of control.
  
  "You must hand it to him"-give him credit for something.
  
  And among these expressions is a phrase that describes something that is as old as mankind ,a bribe.When you bribe somebody for something you want him to do-or not do -we say you are "greasing his palm,"the soft side of the hand.Often ,this kind of grease, or oily substance,has opened up a smooth path to success.But it is a slippery one .Many have gone to jail for bribing officials.They were permanently ruined.For these ,there are the words of Lady Macbeth:"All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand."
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-14 22:44:31
  PAY THROUGH THE NOSE 用鼻子偿付
  
  The expression,"to papy through the nose"-meaning to pay too high a price for something ,to pay far more than the thing is worth -got started,it is believed,in Europe.
  
  Nobody knows exactly how this phrase began,although is Sweden hundreds of years ago there was a tax that was called a nose-tax ,a tax of one penny per nose.There is also a story showing that the phrase came from Ireland when it was invaded by the Danes in the ninth century .The Danish conquerors-so says this story-made the Irish,both peasants and nobles,pay heavily.Those who refused or could not pay tribute had their noses split.
  
  One writer,Charles Earle Funk,questions the story .He says there is no historical proof of it, at least none that can be found.And ,he says ,there is no record before the 1600’s or 1700’s among thieves who forced their victims to give up their money.
  
  At one time ,a spy was called "a nose ."In Hamlet,Shakespeare writes:"You shall nose him as you go up the stairs into the lobby."The phrase was so used far into the 1800’s .The British Cornhill Magazine gave this explanation in 1862:"There are a few men and women among thieves called ’nosers.’They are so called because they are in the secret pay of the police,giving information when it will not lead to an accusation against themselves."
  
  For hundreds of years ,the human nose has given many of the languages of the world a rich collection of sayings and folk expressioins.
  
  These can easily be found if you just "follow your nse ,"which is an expression that can be heard whereversomeone is trying to find his way to a well-known place."To follow your nose "means ,of course,to go straight ahead.
  
  One expression that seems right to report at almost any time is "a nose to light candles at ,"which is used to describe a heavy drinker’s nose.This phrase,however,is disappearing.There is no doubt but that a heavy drinker’s love for whiskey is as "clear and plain as the nose on his face,"a phrase that is still widely used.
  
  A person does not like to be told that something is as the nose on his face .It makes him feel stupid ;the man saying it shows little respect.
  
  This is also true when you are told that you are "nosey,"and must stop sticking you nose into other people’s business.
  
  The great Spanish writer,Cervantes,must have been highly sensitive about such an accusation,for he said,"I never thrust my nose into other men’s porridge.It is no bread and butter of mine; every man for himself,and God for us all,"which is a good note to end on.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-15 20:43:14
  鼻子拧了 NOSE OUT OF JOINT
  
  The human nose -as we said before -has given to the languages of the world some of their most imaginative expressions.This of course is not surprising.Without it ,how could we breathe or smell?And does any part of a person’s face give it more of its special character than the nose,large or small?Cyrano de Bergerac said that a great nose showed a great man ,courageous,courteous,manly and intellectual.He ,however ,was a fanatic on the subject of noses.But how true the words of the poet who said that when she smelled roses she felt it was a great pity that she had only one nose.
  
  And one French philosopher,Blaise Pascal,said that Cleopatra’s nose ,if it had been shorter ,would have changed the whole face of the world.
  
  Clearly ,the nose has had a major role in man’s imagination and in the expresses of many different kinds of emotion-weakness, anger ,pride,jealousy and revenge.For example ,the phrase "to hold up noe’s nose "expresses one of the most basic of human feelings-pride.On the other hand ,the snob who thinks he is better than others ,that he is something special,will"turn up his nose."
  
  Then, we have phrases that show man’s weakness,as in one who permits himself"to be led by the nose ,"ketting others conttrol him.There are many who,as Shakespeare said,are often "led by the nose ."
  
  There are many expressions to show a man’s skill ,as in a newspaper reporter who has "a nose for news ,"or in a leader who has "a nose for trouble. "
  
  For those who feel rejected,with pride deeply hurt, torn by jealousy,we say their noses have been "put out of joint."This is said of those who have bee turned aside because of another-a conpetitor.
  
  We have all seen the behavior of an older child when its mother holds a new-born baby in her arms.The child puckers up its nose because of what we call sibling rivalry .The child deels rejected -its nose has been "out of joint."Grownups feel the same way when not invited to special dinners or parties.The phrase is about 500 years old.It was used by Erasmus in 1542.
  
  For the most powerful of human emotions-revenge,spite-we have the expression,"to cut off your nose to spite your face."A man who will injure himself to get the satisfaction of revenge against another is "cutting off his nose to spite his face,"like the man who purposely hit the automobile that pushed in front of him just before a stop light .The man’s anger was satisfied, but his car was damaged.
  
  Here are just a few other brief expressions inspired by the human nose:
  
  "To keep one’s nose to the grindstone "-that is ,to keep one at a disadvantage,from getting ahead.
  
  "One the nose "-on time ,on the button,exactly
  
  "To take a nosedive "-the phrase speaks for itself-to go down like a plane .And so do these expressions -"to snap one’s nose off"-"under your very nose"-"to count noses,"a phrase often used to list supporters or opponents.
  
  In closing ,this must be said :It is as plain and clear as the nose on the human face that God was not only a master architect, but also a master sculptor.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-17 02:43:54
  今天单位聚餐,吃散伙饭,明天就可以回家了,现在说起来应该是中午就可以回家了
  
  
  幸运儿 WHITE -HAIRED BOY
  
  Everywhere ,you will always find "the white-haired boy,"sonetimes called "the fair-haired boy ."He gets special treatment ,as if he were above everybody else.You will find him in school,in college ,at home ,or where you work.
  
  In school, he is teacher’s pet,her darling who can do nothing wrong .Sometimes she lets him do little jobs for her.He comes to class in the morning ,all shiny and clean .He is always raising his hand ,ready with an answer to teacher’s questions.And he knows all the answers.He "gets into your hair,"especially if you are at the bottom of the class and teacher thinks you are stupid .How you hate the brat!
  
  At college,he walks-more often strides-across the school grounds as if he owned them.Sometimes he wears a colorful football or basketball shirt or sweater,with a bright red,or green or yellow college letter proudly worn on the front of it -as a big B,for Bullfinch University.What broad shoulders,what muscles he has! He makes the girls happy by just smiling at them. He has the mark of success on him.
  
  At home ,"the fair-haired boy "is mother’s choice,her favorite.Sometimes ,he is the oldest son-at times, the youngest .If you are in between,you are out of luck.
  
  On the job,you meet another one of these"white-haired boys ";you can;t escape them.For some strange reason,he is the man who is always moved ahead .He gets better and better hobs ,with more and more money.But you stand still,wondering why ,and trying to explain to yourself why you hate him so much.
  
  Then,you discover that there are others who share your feelings ,ready to “let theri hair down”-to tell you their private thoughts.One of them asks :"what does he have that I haven’t got?"You ask yourself the same question.
  
  Finally ,there comes a day when you decide to stop hating him.Is it perhaps because he has been made boss and you find yourself working for him?
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-17 19:45:28
  该死的机场现在也是那么多的人,都要提前两个小时出发才够保险
  
  眼睛及其有关的习语 THE EYE AND ITS HRASE
  
  Poets tell us that the eye is "the windows of the soul ."If so ,the soul looks out upon a strange world .And the world looks in up on something equally strange.
  
  As we all konw ,the eyes show a great deal about a person.Every good portrait painter knows this simple truth .Words cannot tell us much about a man as a picture but many special phrases have been created to show a man’s personality by his eyes.
  
  We have ,for example,such phrases as "beady-eyed"and "fishy-eyed"to describe unp;easant people.
  
  Then there are the expressions,"glassy-eyed,""lynx-eyed,"and"owl-eyed"-to name a few among many.These too do not speak well for a person.But there are many that do ,such as "stern-eyed"-meaning strong and self-controlled.And a"cool-eyed" person is one who keeps him a little more than you can with a "stern-eyed" one .
  
  One man was said to have an "eye like Mars ,"to threaten and command.Poets have had a field-day,a festival with the human eye.They speak of "eyes that never quail,that remember,that roam,that weep,that weep,that smile,that sparkle fire."The English writer John Galsworthy said,"One’s eyes are what one is ."
  
  We have special phrases to express the importance of a steady eye.One is ,"Keep your eye on the ball."This comes from tennis,football and other sports.
  
  But it has gone beyond and means to watch carefully,to be alert,"on your toes."
  
  A similar expression is "to keep your eyes peeled,"that is ,keep them uncovered, keep a sharp lookout.
  
  This warning comes from a suspicion that there is always somebody,somewhere,who will try to "pull the wool over your eyes."Either that ,or "throw dust "into them .
  
  One writer believes that the generals of ancient armies found that dust storms helped them to hide the movement of their troops.
  
  The first reported use of "to throw dust in one’s eyes,"was in the 1500’s .A writer said,"They do nothing but raise a dust to do out their own eyes."
  
  It is common knowledge that there are people who do nothing but talk just for the purpose of blinding you to the truth.And they do so ,"without batting an eyelash."That phrase means to do something without giving it any thought ,not caring if it is right or wrong .And if such a person began to think about what he was doing and decidedit was wrong,then that would bedescribed as an "eyeopener,"something surprising,unexpected.It also means a drink of whiskey.There are times when one "eyeopener"leads to another,until one finds himself becoming "pie-eyed,"or"hanging on by his eyelashes."
  
  Such a man does not have much support .His situation is doubtful,possibly becoming a disaste.The continual drinker,however,has been in the same situation many times before ,and it seems almost impossible to make him understand what may happen to him.Whiskey has become "the apple of his eye ."This expression is thousands of years old ,going back to the ancient Israelites.The round shape of the pupil of the eye made them think of apples,and they called anything that they especially loved,"the apple of my eye."The phrase is still alive ,which is surprising when you think of all the trouble that the apple has brought mankind.
  
  As the Bible tells us ,it was because of the apple that God drove us from paradise and made us earn our daily bread "by the sweat of ourbrow."
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-19 12:25:51
  昨天晚上,坏了习惯。少更新了一篇。今天下午补上
  
  像苹果饼一样整齐 APPLE PIE ORDER
  
  "Apple pie order"-meaning in perfect order ,very well organized -is claimed by many .
  
  Some claim New England ,while others say that Scottish and English writers used the phrase a long time ago.
  
  As one writer said ,the women of New England loved order ,everything in the right place.This ,perhaps ,explains why it is generally believed that "apple pie order "came out of New England.
  
  Then there is an old expression that describes wild disorder.The phrase is "apple of discord."It comes from Greek mythology.
  
  All the gods and goddesses sat around the table to celebrate the marriage of Thetis and Peleus.Discord,who was a troublemaker,threw a golden apple on the table,to be given as a prize to the most beautiful .It was not an easy decison to make .How could one choose among Juno,Minerva and Venus?So ,it was left to Paris to decide.He chose Venus.Juno and Minerva were furious and threatened to settle matters with him.And this brought on the long Trojan war .
  
  The apple is older than history .It is celebrated in the folk stories of ancient countries as one of the best-loved fruits.
  
  As we said earlier, it has also given mankind a lot of trouble ,as the Bible tells the story.It became a symbol of good and evil and man lost God’s good will because he could not resist the pleasure of eating it.He has been having a hard time ever since and must work and sweat to eat and stay alive.
  
  There is among some a strange belief that Adam’s sin in eating the apple left a mark on the front part of his throat .It is called the "tAdam’s apple ."It can be more clearly seen on men’s than women’s throats.Beyond that nothing is certain.
  
  At one time ,the tomato was called a "love apple."But this was a mistake .This how the mistake happened.In the 16th century Spain imported the tomato from South American and exported it to Morocco.Italian traders carried it to Italy.The Italian name for it was "pomo dei Moro"-"apple of the Moors."When French growers imported it ,they thought "dei Moro"meant "d’amour,"the French word for love.And so,"pomo dei Moro"became "apple of love."In German, it is still "liebesapefel,"meaning "love apple."
  
  The growing of apples spread across the eastern United States in the 1800’s because of a strange man who became famous in American folklore as Johnny Appleseed.
  
  His real name ,however ,was Hohn Chapman.He began to plant apple seeds in the state of Pennsylvania and sold them to families moving westward.
  
  He spent 40 years traveling through Ohio,Indiana and Pennsylvania helping hundreds of settlers in developing their apple orchards.
  
  Johnny Appleseed was a deeply religious man who had little interest in anything but God and apples.Many songs and legends have been written about him after he died in 1845.
  
  The apple has been responsible for a number of strange beliefs and superstitions. One of them is that it gives a man strong masculine powers .If you like eating apples,that is fine .But if you do so for other reasons,you may be disappointed.And if you ask if it is true that an apple a day keeps the doctor away ,a reasonable answer is that an apple every day will never do anybody harm.
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-19 20:43:17
  这两天怎么跟苹果干上了
  
  擦苹果的人 APPLE POLOSHER
  
  An "apple polisher "is one who gives gifts to win friendship or special treatment.It is not exactly a bribe, but is close to it.
  
  "Apple-polishing "is as old as juman society,but the phrase itself is recent,about 50 years old.It comes from the schoolroom.For a long time ,some schoolboys would leave a shiny apple on teacher’s desk.
  
  They would rub and polish the apple to give it a bright shine,to make it look more tasty.Such a gift,the student hoped,might make teacher shut her eyes to his poor work and give him a good mark.
  
  All sorts of people are apple-polishers ,including politicians and people in high offices-just about everybody.Oliver Cromwell,the great English leader,offered many gifts to win the support of Geore Fox and his Quaker group,but failed.Cromwell said,"I see there is a people risen that I cannot win either with gifts,honors ,offices or places;but with all other sects and people I can."
  
  There are other phrases meaning the same thing as "apple-polishing"-"soft-soaping" or "buttering-up."A gift is just one way to "soft-soap"somebody,or to "butter him up ."Another that is just as effective is flattery,giving someone high praise-telling him how good he looks,or how well he speaks ,or how talented and wise he is .
  
  Endless are the ways of flattery.Who does not love to hear it ?Only an unusual man can resist the thrill of being told how wonderful he is .In truth ,flattery is good medicine for nost of us, who get so little of it.
  
  We need it to be more sure of ourselves .It cannot hurt unless we get carried away by it .But if we just lap it up for its food value and nourishment ,as a cat laps up milk ,then we can still remain true to ourselves.
  
  Flattery,of course ,is the cheapest kind of "apple-poloshing."To flatter another costs you nothing and you can give it as freely as you want.And you can always find somebody eagerly looking for it .Actors love it and can’t seem to get enough of it.They are not alone in their love of flattery.Some of the most influential members of a society grow fat on it .
  
  Sometimes ,however,flattery will get you nothing from one who has had too much of it.A good example is the famous 12th century legend of King Canute of Denmark and England .The king got tired of listening to the endless sickening flattery of his courtiers.They overpraised him to the skies,as a man of limitless might.
  
  He decided to teach them a lesson.He took them to the seashore and sat down.Then ,he ordered the waves to stopcoming in.The tide was too busy to listen to him.The King was satisfied.This might show his followers how puny and weak was his power and how empty their flattery.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-20 23:35:07
  倔强的上唇 STIFF UPPER LIP
  
  The lips, especially those of a lovely woman,have inspired poets,painters and song writers.The lips can light up the face with as much warmth as the eyes,or daraken it with grief.They can turn and curl up in scorn and contempt,or tighten with anger and silence.Or they can drop and droop in frustration and defeat.They can also open and broaden in a smile that makes the human face glow like a ray of light.They can whisper pleasant words and sounds ,and hostile ,ugly ones too.
  
  The lips are tied to anexpression of three great human qualities-dignity,pride and courage.That expression is "keeping a stiff upper lip."It means to keep oneself under control in the face of pain,grief,financial loss or any personal disaster.In the words of one writer as he described a man who lost everything he had ,"He was well-to-do in the world once,’carried a stiff upper lip’and cared for no one."
  
  In the early days of the Second World War,the civilian population of England lived through terror and destruction.Nazi bombs rained down with little mercy;London burned from end to end .But the spirit of the people never broke .They were urged by their leaders to "keep a stiff upper lip."and so they did ,and won the respect and admiration of the entire world.
  
  But there are special phrases with the word lip in them that express less desirable human qualities.One is "to give lip service"-either to some promise or belief, or to some princilpe or idea.
  
  When you give lip servie to something,you really don’t mean what you are saying about it .You say you do ,but you are not sincere Just empty words come from your lips.Throughout the world ,this hs been a complaint against some politicians who make all sorts of promises to voters .But once they are elected to office,they forget their promises.They only give lipservice to them just to wim votes.
  
  Voters, however,have faith.They feel a time will come when they will find a man of principle,one who will not give only lip service to new ideas and progress .And they wish they could find a way "to button up the lip "of the politicians who make a great noise with their promises.
  
  The phrase"to button one’s lip "means to silence someone ,to make him hild his tongue.This expression is often used to silence a fast talker.
  
  "To give lip,"means to be too militant in your speech.As one prisoner describes a personal incident in jail,"He looked out for a ’cheeky ’answer,a ’bit of lip’,and had I given it to him he would have reported me without fail."
  
  In "Hunkleberry finn,"one of Mark Twain’s characters said,"Don’t you give me none o’ your lip.I’ll take you down a peg before Iget done with you."
  
  As we have shown ,the human lips have captured the imagination of men down through the ages.They have excited desire and passion and have enlarged the language.They have been used to describe a wide reach of emotion -curelty,hatred,scorn,envy,and arrogance and defeat.but also love,sorrow,pride,beauty and courage.
  
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-21 10:39:16
  牙齿上的皮 SKIN OF MY TEETH
  
  The character of Job in the Bible will never be forgotten .People everywhere will remember him as a man who suffered every misfortune,but stood firm in his faith and belief in God .Everything ,everybody turned against him."I escaped, "says Job,"by the skin of my teeth."
  
  This expression has puzzled many people because there is no skin on one’s teeth.Skin covers a man from head to toe, but not the teeth.However, that makes little difference.The phrase used by Job is a powerful one,describing how near he was to being totally destroyed.It is close to another phrase that is often heard :"Linghtning missed me by a hair."
  
  Like "the skin of one’s teeth ,"that is indeed a close call.Just one hair came between him and disaster,saving him from death.There was no hair actually involved in the situation,but the phrase is just a figure of speech,an idiom,and it gives you a picture of a near-disaster.
  
  Another figure of speech is "It is no skin off my nose,"meaning that if you plan to do something -whatever it is -I don’t care ,it does not matter to .Or if something may happen, it is not my concern,of no interest to me.It costs me nothing -not even a little "skin off my nose."
  
  There are certain people ,however,who want more than just a little skin off your nose.These are people who operate gambling houses and are always skinning you ."To shin "means to cheat.One finds different kinds of "skin games,"where you get stripped of your money.You have little chance of ever winning .In such places you must keep your eyes "skinned "or "peeled,"that is ,remain alert,be careful.If not ,you will be "skinned out of your eyeteeth."The wisest thing ,of course ,is to take your hat and go home.
  
  There are some who may call you a "skinflint" because you seem too careful with your money.That is unjust and should not trouble you.A skinflint is a "tightfisted,"stingy person,who tries to get everything out of you but gives nothing in return.Flint is the hardest kind of stone and it is impossible to take its skin off .So that a man who will try to skin a flint is one who will stop at nothing in trying to get something extra for himself.A shinflint is the kind of man who will not give you a drop of sweat from his brow without wanting you to pay him something for it .
  
  But there is "more than one way to skin a fox"or handle a shinflint.This is an old expression which means that anybody-even one as tricky as a fox-can be outfoxed or outsmarted and trapped.
作者:鼻子大真漂亮 时间:2009-01-21 12:46:40
  LZ 你的短文是哪里找的,不错哦
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-22 12:34:22
  发自内心 FROM THE HEART
  
  As every person knows ,a man needs words ,many words ,to express what is happening to him -his thoughts and his feelings.
  
  Although everything comes from the biain ,men seem to separate their thoughts from their feelings.They place all their thinking in the brain ,and all their feelings in the geart.This can clearly be seen in the expressions describing the brain and the phrases created for the heart.
  
  The brain is too complex and mysterious ,too difficult to understand .But the heart is a simple muscle that pumps blood through our system. And today doctors have had some success in removing a man’s heart and putting another one in its place .Yet our language for the brain is limited and unimaginative when you consider the great wealth of expressions that speak for the heart .
  
  There are more words to describe a poor brain than a good one.What more can be said after saying that a man has a good brain, or a sharp one or a great one ?But just consider the large number of colorful phrases for a poor brain-pinhead,fathead,thickhead,knucklehead,noolehead ,dimwit,nitwit,idiot-there are dozens of them.Yes ,our language is very negative when we forget that everything comes from the brain ,emotion as well as thought.
  
  But we forget that fact and center all our feelings in the heart .We have created a vast wealth of special phrases to express these feelings .They cover every kind of emotion.They fill the pages of the literature of the world .
  
  What is love ,the poetas tell us ,but two hearts that beat as one .A man of courage is "stout- hearted,"and "great-hearted ."A gentel person is "tender-hearted "or "soft -hearted ."Cruelty comes from a hard heart -affection from a warm heart,never a cold one .
  
  A good man ,one who means well ,"has his heart in the right place,"while a fearful man often finds often finds "his heart in his moyth "or sinking to his feet.
  
  Well known to us are such words as "heartache,""heartbreak ,""heart-to -heart talk ,""straight from the heart ."One poet said that the heart "has two chambers ,"one for joy and one for sorrow .And the Bible advises us to give good care to the heart ,for out of it "come all the issues of life."
  
  A man’s pulse comes from the steady beat of the heart sending blood to every corner of the body .And when you say that you are getting the feel of a man’s pulse,you mean that you are learning more about him that just jis health.You are getting to konw everything about him -his intentions and purposes .
  
  Many suspect and distrust people who "wear their hearts on their sleeves,"who openly show theri feelings ,their affection and devotion.Many feel that one’s private feelings should be kept private and not be carried openly for all to see.People who carry their feelings on their sleeves-it is widely believed -do not feel deeply and are not sincere. Their feelings come too easily ,too cheaply.
作者:romeo新新 时间:2009-01-22 12:44:21
  N 啊!
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-23 14:09:43
  谢谢捧场,今天机票换的mp5送过来了。考虑安排还是听写的联系了。这本书更新完以后,考虑更新外研社的《国外风情面面观》或者西安交大的晨读系列。我其实很喜欢晨读系列那套书,但是当时囊中羞涩,没有一起把配套的磁带,全部买下来,现在在市面上再也找不见了。而且下载的,也找不见,遗憾啊
  
  脖子疼 PAIN IN THE NECK
  
  We all know what torture it is to be unable to turn your head because of a cold in the muscles of your neck ,or because an unexpected twist has made your neck stiff with a kink.Your whole body feels tight.The slightest move makes you jump with paim.Nothing could be worse than a pain in the neck.
  
  That is why we use the phrase to describe some people who give you the same feeling.We have all met such people .
  
  One is the man who always seems to be clapping his hands-often at the wrong time -during a performance inthe theater.He keeps you from hearing the actors.
  
  Even worse are those who can never arrive before the curtain goes up and the play begins .They come hurrying down to your row of seats.You are comfortably settled down,with your hat and heavy coat in your lap.You must stand up to let them pass.You are proud of your self-control agter they have settled into their seats... Well ,what now ,Good God ,one of them is up again.He forgot to go to the men’s room ,and once more you have to stand up,hanging on to your hat and coat,to let him pass.Now ,that is "a pain in the neck."
  
  Just as bad is the man who brings his chest problems ,to a concert and keeps coughing in competition with the musicaians.
  
  Another ,well-known to us all ,is the person sitting behind you in the movies.His mouth is full of popcorn; he is chewing loudly ,or talking between bites to friends nextto him .None of them remain still.Up and down ,back and forth,they go -for another bag of popcorn ,or something to drink.
  
  Then ,there is the man sitting next to you at a lunch counter smoking a smelly cigar.He wants ,you to enjoy it too ,and blows foul smoke across your food into your mouth.
  
  We must not forget the man who comes into a bus or subway car and sits down next to you ,just as close as you will let him.You are reading the newspaper and he leans over and stretches his neck so that he can read the paper with you .He may even turn the paper to the next page before you are ready for it .
  
  We also call such a person a "rubberneck,"always stretching his neck to where it does not belong ,like neighbors who watch all your visitors .We call them both "rubernecks "and "snoopers,"who enjoy invading your privacy.
  
  Americans ,by a long national tradition,have always had a strong dislike for rubbernecks and snoopers.They quickly rebel against being spied upon.Under a dictatorship,people learn to live with rubbernecks.But it is not acceptable in a democracy.When it comes to spying and secret police ,Americans are a "stiffnecked" people ,stubborn as mules.They will "stick their necks out,"even "risk their necks "in their opporesult,some at times "got it in the neck."They lost their jobs .But opposition to snoopers will never end.Americans feel that it would bebetter -in the words of the Bible -"to have a millstone hung around your neck and thrown into the sea."
作者:99lovelove99 时间:2009-01-23 14:51:13
  parfait
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-24 22:54:21
  楼上的留言parfait什么意思
  
  CHIP ON HIS SHOULDER 肩上搁了块碎皮
  
  There is one expression that remains a mystery-"carrying a chip on his shoulder."A person with a chip on his shoulder is a problem for anybody who must deal with him.
  
  Sometimes,he is clearly hostile,ready to defy and test you."No ,Idon’t want to ,"he seems to say."What are you going to do about it!"He is always ready to quarrel,sometimes about nothing at all .What is troubling him is often impossible to discover.Best leave him alone.
  
  A chip ,of course,is a small piece of something ,like a chip of wood .But how did this crawl up to a man’s shoulder?The expression appears to have sprung into use in this country more than 100 years ago.
  
  One writer believes that the phrase might have come from an old saying that warns against striking too high,or a chip might fall into one’s eye.
  
  In the late 1500’s ,he believes ,this warning became a challenge to some ,a test of courage.And so,a man who wanted to show that he had no fear would defy the warning.He let it be known that he was ready to strike as high as he pleased ,falling chips or no falling chips.
  
  Then ,in the United States, someone put a real chip on the shoulder as a warning and test .Who would have the courage to strike high and knockthe chip off?
  
  It may remind some of us of the days of our youth when some young bully came liiking for a fight,especially if you were smaller than he .He would place his hat on his shoulder and call on you to knock it off.
  
  "Clip"turns up in a large number of expressions,such as "chip off the old block."This means that a son is exactly like his father.This phrase goes a long way back ,at least to the early 1600’s ,and perhaps before then .The British dramatist,George Colman,wrote in 1762:"You’ll find him his father’s own son,Ibelieve; a chip off the old block,Ipromise you!"
  
  A widely used phrase is "to chip in ,"to contribute,to give money or something of value to the poor,or to a group or organization."A man who will not chip in to charity,"says an old American magazine ,"is always to be suspected."Suspected of what ?A hard heart, I suppose.
  
  "Chip" is also often used in a most threatening sense.In an investigation of some serious offense, one will often hear the phrase ,"Let the chips fall where they may."This means the investigation is going to be honest and complete,no matter who is found guilty.
  
  An old British writer once said that you can tell a carpenter by his chips .I imagine he meant that a hardworking carpenter will leave a great many chips .Or did he mean that a skillful carpenter will waste less wood and leave fewer chips?
  
  Chips are often used in card games.They represent money ,and a poker player may at any time decide to leave the game and turn in his chips in exchange for money .This was also given another meaning.When a person was finished or died,he was said to have "turned in his chips."
  
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-25 21:27:33
  BONE TO PICK 剔骨头
  
  It is a man’s bones that hold him together.When you get to the bones,you are getting down to bedrock ,to the framework of the human structure .Therefore,when you "cut a man to the bone,"or"wear him down to the bone,"you can go no farther.
  
  The first man on earth,Adam ,called Eve "the bone of my bone."It was the beginning of a relationship between man and woman that has been rich and fruitful .But it has had its ups and downs.
  
  At times ,it has led to some serious "bones of contention"-to dispute and wrangling.This "bone of centention"has never entirely ceased.It continues today with greater sharpness than ever .It has produced a sweeping and successful revolutionary movement by women .For them no more of this "bone-of -my-bone"business claimed by Adam.They mean to bring to an end this kind of enslavement.They have "a bone to pick "with society and the forces that rule it -in short,men.
  
  The expression,"to have a bone to pick,"is more than five hundred years old.It simply means to have an issue to settle,a complaint that must be answered.The Germans say "a bird to pluck"-the French ,"a knot to pick."
  
  Although women have suffered from the injustices of men more years than anyone can remember, they have often "made no bones"about speaking up and showing they were ready to rebel .This is more true today than at any time in the past .They have "boned-up "on the issue ,so that they know what has kept them down so long.
  
  They have learned to organize more effectively.They will "pull no boners,"no more mistakes in their fight for equal rights and freedom.
  
  "To pull a boner"comes from the old American minstrel shows.There were two men in these shows who were called Mr.Bones ,because they carried two small sticks of bone that they used as instruments.They were asked questions by one of the other men in the show just to get stupid but funny answers.This became known as "pulling boners."But in time the expression meant something more than getting an answer to make you laugh.It meant a bad blunder,a mistake that was costly.And a man who pulled it was often described as a "bonehead."
  
  Some of the most disastrous boners have been pulled by military leaders.Historians tell us that in the First world War allied generals "pulled boner after boner."But they did not lse the war because the German generals pulled mote serious ones.
  
  Before Hitler,one of the worst boners was pulled by the great Napoleon Bonaparte,in the campaign against Moscow.
  We all know what happened to his army in its retreat from the city.
  
  Only Hitler’s boners in his drive against Stalingrad were worse .It seems that he learned little from Napoleon’s disaster.He lost the whole German Sixth Army in the frozen wastes at the gates of Stalingrad.
  
  Hitler was many things that a civilized man cannot think about without getting sick in his stomach.But above all ,he was a pure "bonehead "-one of the worst in history.That is the picture we get from some who worked closely with him -a madman,but basically a "bonehead."And we can thank God for that.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-26 15:43:20
  只要你想,哪一天都是新的开始
  
  大年初一又有什么意义呢
  
  呵呵
  
  藏在衣橱里的骷髅 SKELETON IN THE CLOSET
  
  Lucky is the man who has no "skeleton in his closet."When a man has done something in his life that he is not proud of that he wants to hide, he is said to have a "skeleton in his closet."Some people may have more than one sleleton.And in some closets ,the skeleton rattles its bare bones loudly.
  
  As we have noted many times,it is hard to find out how these expressions gegin.Sometimes, we get some hard facts .But more often we have to depend on guesswork.And that is true of this phrase ,which came from England.
  
  Before 1832,English law did not permit a doctor to cut open a dead human body for scientific examination,unless it was the corpse of an executed criminal.
  
  But when it became legal,more and more doctors demanded skeletons for a more scientific study of anatomy.It was helping in the advance of modern medicine.The demand had become so stroong that men began to rob graves and sell skeletions to doctors at high prices.
  
  We are told that a doctor would usually buy just one skeleton for scientific study .It became very important in his work.But he had to keep it hidden because most people objected to keeping such a thing .As a rule,the doctor would keep his skeletion in sme dark corner where it could not be seen,or hide it in a closet.
  
  After a time ,people began to suspect every doctor of hiding a skeleton in the closet .From this suspicion,the phrase ,"a skkeleton in the closet"took on a broader ,more general meaning, to describe anything that a man wanted to keep others from discovering.It could be proof of a criminal act,or something much less serious.Well ,that is one theory.
  
  One writer,however,believes that the phrase might have come from something that really happened.It is his guess that a hidden closet in some old English country home may have turned up a real skeletion,clear proof of some old family shame or crime.Well ,one man’s guess is as good as another.But this souds like a story by the great French novelist,Balzac.
  
  Balzac tells us of a man who suspected his wife of having a lover. The husband comes home by surprise.But she hears him and quickly hides her lover in the closet of her bedroom.He enters her room and asks her if she is hiding her lover.He says he will not open the door to the closet if she assures him there is no one there :He will believe her.She answers firmly that she is not hiding anyone in the closet.
  
  The husband then begins to build a solid brick wall agains the closet.His wife watches,knowing that her lover will never come out alive .But she will mot change her story and admit her guilt.
  
  And so ,in the words of an American poet:
  
  If you know of a skeletion hidden away
  
  In a closet and guarded and kept from the day
  
  In the dark;and whose showing ,whose sudden display
  
  Would cause grief and sorrow and lifelong dismay
  
  It’s a pretty good plan to forget it.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-27 10:01:47
  自己调整心态吧
  
  阿呵留斯的脚跟 ACHILLES HEEL
  
  The Greek poet Homer has given us many phrases.A famous one is "Achilles heel."Everybody has his "Achilles heel."his weak spot.
  
  This is the story Homer tells in the lliad.Achilles’ mother bathed him as a baby in the River Styx to make him immortal ,deathless like a god.But she heldhim by the heel and it did not get wet.The heel therefore was the one spot where Achilles could be hurt , possibly killed.And so he was in the Trojan war.
  
  Who among us does not have his Achilles heel?Even a man made of stone sooner or later will show his weak spot.It changes as we get older.But in youth it is love.Love leaves us helpless.We soon find ourselves turning "head over heels "with it .
  
  This phrase needs no explanation.It is a clear picture of one who has fallen violently in love .He is its victim and seems to spin like a wheel,turning over and over ,as an acrobat does somersaults.
  
  A similar phrase is "turning top over tail."ou could also say "Love has me by the heels ,"or "treads upon my heels"-It pursues you ,follows you close or "snaps at my heels,"as a dog who keeps biting you around the ankles.
  
  There was a time when "to bless the world with one’s heels "meant to be hanged.The man who dreamed up that phrase must have had a strange sense of humor.The expression is hundreds of years old .In the words of an Englishwriter of the 1500’s :"And the next day the three thieves were brought forh to ’bless the world with their heels ’."The phrase,however,has gone out of use.
  
  We have some other phrases about the heel:
  
  To be "well-heeled "-to have money,lots of it.But to be "down-at -heel"means to be in bad shape,shabby,worn-out ,"down-and -out."
  
  To "kick up one’s heels"-to throw off all restraint,to have fun and excitement.
  
  To "cool one’s heels"-to be forced to wait a long time at some place,like a busy doctor’s office or at an employment agency looking for a job.As one person complained:"They left me cooling my heels while I did not know where to turn next."
  
  Some time in the early 1900’s ,the American underworld began to use "heel"to describe a sneak-thief,the lowest kind of small -type criminal.People working in the circus and carnival shows broadened its use.They began to call a scoundrel,any kind of deceitful,untrustworthy and dishonest person a "heel."
  
  In a way ,he is closely related to another kind of "heel."This one has been around in American politics for well over a hundred years.He is a "ward heeler."He was given this name because he was said to be a man who ,like a dog ,"comes to heel,"is quick to obey his master,the boss of the ward.
  
  A ’ward heeler ’is an all-around political party aide in the different election districts,or wards .He does all sorts of work for the local party.He tries to get votes and does just about everything the party boss orders him to do.
楼主轩尼狮 时间:2009-01-28 19:23:22
  跟狗有关的习语 DOG PHRASES
  
  It has been said that if a dog bites a man ,that is not news to be published on the fromt page of a newspaper...it has happened so many times before.But ,if a man bites a dog ,that might make frontpage news.
  
  Men may not bite dogs-they have done worsethings to them -and yet,they have continually praised the creature as man’s best friend.If you want to see the hostility,contempt and abuse shown for the poor animal,just examine some of the many special sayings that have come down to us through the years .
  
  You would strike a person who called you "a dog,"but would smile at him if he called you "a tiger."And you might get angry if told that you were "going to the dogs."We listen to such complaints as ,"This is a dog’s life,"and "Things are going to the dogs" One man got tired of hearing his grandfather moan that "things were going to the dogs"and had to answer,"The dogs have had a good long wait."
  
  We hear the ugliest of people described as "dogs."A bad actor, a broken-down automobile, a cheap product are all called "dogs."The poor dog-he has had to put up with much disrespect and dishonor.You can understand why one American writer said that fleas were good for a dog because they kept his mind off being a dog.Still ,things could be worse.As the Bible says ,"A living dog is better than a dead lion."
  
  If the Bible offers no hope to man’s great and loyal friend ,there is this very old expression that it may find more helpful,"Every dog has his day."Even Shakespeare’s Hamlet noted,"The cat will meow and the dog will have his day."When an oppressed man hears these words he feels lifted with hope-for himself,not the dog.He does not care much about the dog.
  
  There is one kind of behavior that especially angers us .That is when a man cannot have or enhoy something ,and will not let anybody else do so.We say he is acting like "the dog in the manger."This expression comes from Aesop,the ancient Greel writer of fables,who tells us how the dog barked at the ox and tried to bite it when it went close to the manger to get at the straw .The dog could not eat the straw ,therefore,it did not let the ox do so .
  
  A man who drinks too much will soon find himself"in the dog-house"when he faces his wife.After an all-night session with whiskey,he may find it hard to get his "his dogs"(his feet)to hold him up.He must go to work,but there is no question about it ,he is going "to dog it "-move slowly and shirk it.
  
  In such a situation men have been advised to take a drink of the same whiskey that got them feeling so poorly .This -as we have already noted -has been called "having a hair of the that bit us ."
  
  The idea comes from a very ancient belief:If a mad dog bites a person,a hair should be taken from the same dog and put on the wound .This ,it was believed,would help to cure it .
  
  For a long time people believed this .That ,however,does not necessarily make it true.We are told that Abraham Lincoln once asked a person,"If you call a tail a leg ,how many legs has a dog?Five ?No, calling a tail a leg does not make it a leg."
  
  Of course ,rejecting an old belief and established custom is to invite trouble.Sometimes it is wiser not to renew old disputes and awaken new unpleasantness and excitement.There is an expression for this -"Let sleeping dogs lie."
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