新概念第一册笔记73-98课(转载)

楼主:xoud 时间:2008-11-24 20:36:00 浙江 点击:2001 回复:17
脱水 打赏 看楼主 设置

字体:

边距:

背景:

还原:

Lesson 73 The way to King Street
  
  
  
  [词汇](13)
  
  week n. 周
  
  London n. 伦敦
  
  suddenly adv. 突然地
  
  bus stop 公共汽车站
  
  smile v. 微笑
  
  pleasantly adv. 愉快地
  
  understand (understood) v. 懂,明白
  
  speak (spoke) v. 讲,说(说话的动作;讲某种语言)
  
  hand n. 手
  
  pocket n. 衣袋
  
  phrasebook n. 短语手册,常用语手册
  
  phrase n. 短语
  
  slowly adv. 缓慢地
  
  
  
  ★week n. 周
  
  this week, last week等,前面不能加介词
  
  the week before last 上上周
  
  the week after next 下下周
  
  
  
  ★understand (understood) v. 懂,明白
  
  ① v. 理解;懂
  
  I don’t understand what you mean.
  
  ② v. 明了;了解;得知
  
  Only today have I begun to understand the political situation in Northern Ireland.
  
  直到今天我才了解了北爱尔兰的政治局势。
  
  How the machine works is still not fully understood.
  
  
  
  ★hand n. 手
  
  finger 手指
  
  thumb:大拇指
  
  index finger/forefinger:食指
  
  middle finger:中指
  
  ring finger:无名指
  
  little finger:小指
  
  
  
  raise your hand:举手
  
  wave (one's) hand:挥手
  
  give sb. a (big) hand:(热烈的)给某人鼓掌;帮助某人,帮帮我
  
  read one's hand:看手相
  
  on the other hand:另一方面
  
  have over 支出
  
  hand in/out 上交作业,发作业
  
  Ask the monitor to hand out the homework.
  
  This is your homework for today, you must hand in your homework.
  
  
  
  ★phrasebook n. 短语手册,常用语手册
  
  Put your hand into your pocket. Take out your phrasebook.
  
  
  
  ★lose v. (使)迷路
  
  ① v. 迷失;(使)迷路
  
  lose one’s way 迷路
  
  It’s very easy to lose your way in a strange city.
  
  ② v. 失去;丧失
  
  He lost his sight in a car accident. 他在一起汽车交通事故中失明了。
  
  She has just lost her job because of carelessness.
  
  ③ v. 遗失;丢失
  
  We lost her in the crowd.
  
  I can’t enter my house because I’ve lost my key on my way home.
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  Last week Mrs. Mills went to London. She does not know London very well, and she lost her way.
  
  Suddenly, she saw a man near a bus stop. 'I can ask him the way.' she said to herself.
  
  'Excuse me,' she said. 'Can you tell me the way to King Street, please?'
  
  The man smiled pleasantly. He did not understand English! He spoke German. He was a tourist.
  
  Then he put his hand into pocket, and took out a phrasebook.
  
  He opened the book and found a phrase. He read the phrase slowly. 'I am sorry,' he said. 'I do not speak English.'
  
  
  
  [课文注释]
  
  1、She does not know London very well.
  
  know …well“对……了解”。
  
  I don’t know him very well.
  
  2、ask (sb.) the way (向某人)问路。
  
  lost one’s way 迷路
  
  
  
  3、say to oneself 心中暗想
  
  talk to oneself 自言自语地说
  
  
  
  4、Can you tell me the way to King Street, please?
  
  tell sb. the way (to) 告诉某人(去……的)路
  
  

打赏

0 点赞

主帖获得的天涯分:0
举报 | 楼主 | 埋红包
楼主发言:1次 发图:0张 | 添加到话题 |
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 20:37:24 浙江
  Lesson 74 What did they do?
  
  
  
  [词汇](5)
  
  hurriedly adv. 匆忙地
  
  cut(cut) v. 割,切
  
  thirstily adv. 口渴地
  
  go(went) v. 走
  
  greet v. 问候,打招呼
  
  
  
  ★cut(cut) v. 割,切
  
  cut himself = cut his face
  
  以整体代替部分是英语中的一种修辞格,叫提喻(merism)。
  
  
  
  [语法]
  
  副词的用法
  
  副词可以通过修饰动词说明句中的某个动词的情况,说明某事是如何、何时、何地等发生或进行的。
  
  1、时间副词:yesterday, tomorrow, next …, three days …, before,today,the day after tomorrow,the day before yesterday
  
  2、地点副词:home, abroad, downtown, upstairs, downstairs,there,here
  
  时间和地点副词前面都不能加介词。
  
  3、程度副词:so, very, quite, rather
  
  程度副词一般加在形容词或副词前面,加强一种程度。
  
  pretty: (adj.)漂亮的; (adv.)非常,很
  
  enough:足够
  
  good enough
  
  so good, very good
  
  4、频率副词:always, sometimes, usually, often, ever, never
  
  放在be动词之后,行为动词之前;助动词和行为动词之间。表示强调则可放在句首或句末。
  
  5、方式副词:
  
  形容词的作用:放在名词前面起修饰限定的作用;放在be动词后面起叙述作用。
  
  副词的作用:起修饰动词的作用。
  
  S+ vi. +方式副词
  
  S+ vt. +O(宾语)+方式副词
  
  
  
  副词的构成:
  
  1、adj.+ -ly
  
  2、以辅音字母+y结尾的形容词,变y为i,再加y
  
  3、形容词和副词同形
  
  late——late well——well hard——hard
  
  lately 最近
  
  She is always late. (adj.)
  
  She arrives home late. (adv.)
  
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 20:39:58 浙江
  Lesson 75 Uncomfortable shoes
  
  
  
  [词汇](6)
  
  ago adv. 以前
  
  buy(bough) v. 买
  
  pair n. 双,对
  
  fashion n. (服装的)流行式样
  
  uncomfortable adj. 不舒服的
  
  wear(wore) v. 穿着
  
  
  
  ★ago adv. 以前
  
  ago 用于一般过去时;从现在的以前
  
  I went to London three days ago.
  
  She left 30 minutes ago.
  
  Long long ago, there lived a king.
  
  before 只能用于过去完成式;是从过去的某一点算起
  
  Before I arrived at the station yesterday, the train had already left.
  
  
  
  ★buy v. 买
  
  buy——buys——bought
  
  I buy a new book every week.
  
  My sister buys a new dress every week.
  
  I bought a coat in Paris last month.
  
  sell 卖
  
  retail 零售
  
  purchase 正式的购买,大宗购物
  
  market n. 市场,v. 销售
  
  marketing manager 市场经理、销售经理
  
  get 得到(口语)
  
  
  
  ★fashion n. (服装的)流行式样
  
  fashionable 时尚
  
  be in fashion 是流行的
  
  They are not in fashion this year.
  
  be out of fashion 不流行
  
  smart 巧妙,时髦
  
  
  
  ★uncomfortable adj. 不舒服的
  
  ① adj. 不舒服的
  
  She feels uncomfortable in tight boots.
  
  ② adj. 不安的;不自在的
  
  You’ll have an uncomfortable feeling if you sit there alone.
  
  He often feels uncomfortable with strangers.
  
  ③ adj. 令人不舒服的,不舒适的
  
  This pair of shoes look very uncomfortable.
  
  
  
  comfort 安慰,舒适
  
  comfortable adj. 舒服的、舒适的
  
  
  
  ★wear v. 穿着
  
  wear/wears/wore/wearing
  
  I wear the same coats every day.
  
  He wears a tie every day.
  
  The lady is wearing a beautiful dress.
  
  ① v. 穿着;戴着;佩带着
  
  Look at the beautiful silk scarf she’s wearing!
  
  She never wears perfume. 她从不用香水。
  
  ② v. 面带;呈现;保持
  
  He’s wearing a cheerful smile.
  
  He wears his dignity even in great adversity.
  
  他即使身处逆境也仍保持着自己的尊严。
  
  
  
  wear 表穿着的状态
  
   That girl wears a pink shirt every day.
  
  put on 表穿上的动作
  
  Please put on your coat.
  
  be dressed in 穿着……衣服,侧重打扮的意味
  
  dress sb. 给某人打扮,穿衣服
  
  My mother must dress my brother every day.
  
  The lady was dressed in a funny coat and a large hat at the party last night.
  
  in+ 颜色 穿……颜色的衣服
  
  a girl in white
  
  have…on 表状态
  
  The emperor has nothing on.
  
  
  
  [语法]
  
  宾语从句
  
  名词性从句分为三种:表语从句、主语从句、宾语从句。
  
  宾语从句是名词性从句的一类,在主从复合句中,由一个句子来充当宾语,就是宾语从句。
  
  一般是名词或代词做宾语,宾语一般是跟在动词或介词后
  
  I want an apple.
  
  in front of the window;some of them
  
  主从复合句:主语从句,表语从句,定语从句,状语从句,宾语从句
  
  
  
  宾语从句跟在两类词后:
  
  1、 表示人的情感或心理活动的形容词
  
  S+ be+ adj. + 宾语从句
  
  afraid/ sure/ sorry/ glad/ anxious/ confident/ proud
  
  主句和宾语从句中有that连接,后边加句子。当主句是一般现在时,从句可以用任何时态。
  
  I am afraid that I can't come tomorrow.
  
  I am sorry that I didn't go yesterday.
  
  I am glad that you can help them.
  
  2、S+ v. +that +从句
  
  think/ know/ believe/ say/ hope/ understand
  
  主语(人)+这类动词+that+从句
  
  She knows that you will come.
  
  I believe I can fly.
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  LADY: Do you have any shoes like these?
  
  SHOP ASSISTANT: What size?
  
  LADY: Size five.
  
  SHOP ASSISTANT: What colour?
  
  LADY: Black.
  
  SHOP ASSISTANT: I'm sorry. We don't have any.
  
  LADY: But my sister bought this pair last month.
  
  SHOP ASSISTANT: Did she buy them here?
  
  LADY: No, she bought them in the U.S.
  
  SHOP ASSISTANT: We had some shoes like those a month ago, but we don't have any now.
  
  LADY: Can you get a pair for me, please?
  
  SHOP ASSISTANT: I'm afraid that I can't.
  
   They were in fashion last year and the year before last.
  
   But they're not in fashion this year.
  
   These shoes are in fashion now.
  
  LADY: They look very uncomfortable.
  
  SHOP ASSISTANT: They are very uncomfortable.
  
   But women always wear uncomfortable shoes!
  
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 20:41:40 浙江
  Lesson 77 Terrible toothache
  
  
  
  [词汇](3)
  
  appointment n. 约会,预约
  
  urgent adj. 紧急的,急迫的
  
  till prep. 直至…为止
  
  
  
  ★appointment[E5pCintEmEnt] n. 约会,预约
  
  have an appointment (with sb.) (与某人)有约会
  
  Once you’ve make an appointment, you should try to keep it.
  
  一旦你定好约会的事情,那么你应努力守约。
  
  make an appointment
  
  change an appointment
  
  When will it be conveniet for you?
  
  
  
  appoint v. 分配;认命
  
  appointed 被任命的
  
  appointer 委派者,任命者
  
  appointee 被任命者
  
  appointment 约会,任命,普通约会
  
  have a appointment with sb. 和某人有个预约
  
  date 男女情人之间的约会
  
  
  
  ★urgent adj. 紧急的,急迫的
  
  ① adj. 紧迫的;急迫的
  
  The children in that area are in urgent need of medical attention.
  
  那个地区的孩子们急需得到医疗方面的关注。
  
  ② adj. 催促的;坚持要求的
  
  The cries and shouts became louder and more urgent.
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  NURSE: Good morning, Mr. Croft.
  
  MR. CROFT: Good morning, nurse.
  
   I want to see the dentist, please.
  
  NURSE: Do you have an appointment?
  
  MR. CROFT: No, I don't.
  
  NURSE: Is it urgent?
  
  MR. CROFT: Yes, it is. It's very urgent.
  
   I feel awful. I have a terrible toothache.
  
  NURSE: Can you come at 10 a.m. on Monday, April 24th?
  
  MR. CROFT: I must see the dentist now, nurse.
  
  NURSE: The dentist is very busy at the moment.
  
   Can you come at 2 p.m.?
  
  MR. CROFT: That's very late.
  
   Can the dentist see me now?
  
  NURSE: I'm afraid that he can't, Mr. Croft.
  
   Can't you wait till this afternoon?
  
  MR. CROFT: I can wait, but my toothache can't!
  
  
  
  
  
  [课文注释]
  
  1、I want to see the dentist, please.
  
  I want to see sb. , please这一句式是表示想见某人时常用的句式之一。
  
  
  
  2、Can you come at 10 a.m. on Monday, April 24th?
  
  Can you come at…? 这一句式通常用来约定见面时间。英语中的时间次序一般是从小到大。a.m.(=ante meridiem)上午,有时写成A.M.或AM;下午则是p.m.(=post meridiem),有时写成P.M.或PM。
  
  
  
  3、Can't you wait till this afternoon?
  
  情态动词的否定疑问句,表示请求。
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 20:43:38 浙江
  Lesson 79 Carol's shopping list
  
  
  
  [词汇](7)
  
  shopping n. 购物
  
  list n. 单子
  
  vegetable n. 蔬菜
  
  need v. 需要
  
  hope v. 希望
  
  thing n. 事情
  
  money n. 钱
  
  
  
  ★shopping n. 购物
  
  go shopping
  
  do some shopping
  
  shopping center 购物中心
  
  shopping mall 商业街区
  
  make a shopping list 制作购物清单
  
  
  
  ★need v. 需要
  
  ① v. 需要
  
  Does he need to know?
  
  ② n. 需要(物);必要
  
  There is no need of worrying. 不必担心。
  
  There’s a growing need of new housing in many cities.
  
  许多城市正面临着对新建房屋的不断增长的需求。
  
  We don’t have any urgent need for money.
  
  
  
  ★hope v. 希望
  
  ① v. 希望;盼望;期待
  
  hope to do sth.
  
  I hope to study abroad next year.
  
  hope that
  
  I hope that I/you study abroad next year.
  
  ② n. 希望,期望;指望
  
  We are full of hope for the future.
  
  Where there is life, there is hope.[留得青山在,不怕没柴烧。]
  
  ③ n. 期望着的事;被寄予希望的人
  
  His hope is that his son will get married and settle down soon.
  
  他所希望的是他儿子能早点结婚,安顿下来。
  
  He is a young man of genius, the hope of Russian poetry.
  
  他是一位年轻的天才,是俄罗斯诗歌的希望所在。
  
  
  
  wish 不真实的一些东西,只是一些希望
  
  Best wishes.
  
  
  
  ★have got= have
  
  I have got some friends.
  
  I haven’t got any friends.
  
  
  
  [语法]
  
  Must与Need
  
  must表示“必须,应当”
  
   You mustn’t make a noise! 你不该弄出噪音来!
  
   Must I call the doctor? 我必须请大夫吗?
  
  need 做情态动词时,need表示“需要”、“必须”,作助动词时多用于疑问句和否定句,没有时态,人称、数格的变化,可以直接加否定形式。不能单独做谓语,后边加动词原形。
  
  need + 动词原形 -> need 是情态动词
  
   Need I make an appointment? 我需要约一下时间吗?
  
   You need not hurry. 你不必太匆忙。
  
  need 做实义动词时,就有人称、数格及时态上的变化,疑问句中也需用助动词do;
  
  need + to + 动词原形 -> need 是实义动词
  
  在肯定句中,need不可以象 I can go home.中的can的用法一样在肯定句中直接做情态动词,而是做实义动词。
  
  I need to go home.
  
  在肯定句中,need后只跟动词不定式,不跟动词原形。而在否定句和疑问句中,情况就不是这样了。
  
  I needn't study. (need 情态动词)
  
  I don't need to study. (need 实义动词)
  
  Need you study? (need 情态动词)
  
  Do you need to study? (need 实义动词)
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  TOM: What are you doing, Carol?
  
  CAROL: I'm making a shopping list, Tom.
  
  TOM: What do we need?
  
  CAROL: We need a lot of thing this week.
  
  CAROL: I must go to the grocer's.
  
   We haven't got much tea or coffee, and we haven't got any sugar or jam.
  
  TOM: What about vegetables?
  
  CAROL: I must go to the greengrocer's.
  
   We haven't got many tomatoes, but we've got a lot of potatoes.
  
  CAROL: I must go to the butcher's, too.
  
   We need some meat.
  
   We haven't got any meat at all.
  
  TOM: Have we got any beer and wine?
  
   And I'm not going to get any!
  
  TOM: I hope that you've got some money.
  
  CAROL: I haven't got much.
  
  TOM: Well, I haven't got much either!
  
  
  
  [课文注释]
  
  many和much均可译成“许多”,但用法不同:many主要用于疑问句和否定句中,放在可数名词之前;much用于疑问句和否定句中,放在不可数名词之前。
  
  a lot of可用于可数名词前,又可用在不可数名词前,一般用于肯定句。
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 20:45:44 浙江
  Lesson 80 I must go to the …
  
  
  
  [词汇](5)
  
  groceries n. 食品杂货
  
  fruit n. 水果
  
  stationery n. 文具
  
  newsagent n. 报刊零售人
  
  chemist n. 药剂师,化学家
  
  
  
  
  
  Lesson 81 Roast beef and potatoes
  
  
  
  [词汇](6)
  
  bath n. 洗澡
  
  nearly adv. 几乎,将近
  
  ready adj. 准备好的,完好的
  
  dinner n. 正餐,晚餐
  
  restaurant n. 饭馆,餐馆
  
  roast adj. 烤的
  
  
  
  ★bath n. 洗澡
  
  have(take) a bath 洗澡
  
  
  
  ★nearly adv. 几乎,将近
  
  ① v. 几乎;差不多;差点儿
  
  I nearly missed the train.
  
  ② v. 极;密切地
  
  He resembles a film star nearly.
  
  The matter concerns us nearly. 这事与我们有切身关系。
  
  
  
  ★ready adj. 准备好的,完好的
  
  ① adj. 准备就绪的
  
  Dinner will be ready in 20 minutes.
  
  Are you ready to leave?
  
  ② adj. 预先准备好的;立即可得到的
  
  The apples are ripe and ready to eat.
  
  We must get the house ready for our guests.
  
  我们必须把房子收拾停当,以期我们的客人随时入住。
  
  ③ adj. 快的,立即的
  
  He gave a ready consent. 他立即爽快地表示同意。
  
  This new system gives users readier access to the data.
  
  这个新系统可以使用户们更快捷地进入数据库。
  
  
  
  ★dinner n. 正餐,晚餐
  
  three meals a day 一日三餐
  
  breakfast 早饭 lunch 午餐 tea 下午茶
  
  supper 晚饭 dinner 正餐 meal 一顿饭
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  SAM: Hi, Carol! Where's Tom?
  
  CAROL: He's upstairs.
  
   He's having a bath.
  
  CAROL: Tom!
  
  TOM: Yes?
  
  CAROL: Sam's here.
  
  TOM: I'm nearly ready.
  
   Hello, Sam. Have a cigarette.
  
  SAM: No, thanks, Tom.
  
  TOM: Have a glass of whisky then.
  
  SAM: OK. Thanks.
  
  TOM: Is dinner ready, Carol?
  
  CAROL: It's nearly ready.
  
   We can have dinner at seven o'clock.
  
  TOM: Sam and I had lunch together today.
  
   We went to a restaurant.
  
  CAROL: What did you have?
  
  TOM: We had roast beef and potatoes.
  
  CAROL: Oh!
  
  TOM: What's the matter, Carol?
  
  CAROL: Well, you're going to have roast beef and potatoes again tonight!
  
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 20:49:25 浙江
  Lesson 82 I had …
  
  
  
  [词汇](5)
  
  breakfast n. 早饭
  
  haircut n. 理发
  
  party n. 聚会
  
  holiday n. 假日
  
  
  
  Lesson 83 Going on holiday
  
  
  
  [词汇](5)
  
  mess n. 杂乱,凌乱
  
  pack v. 包装,打包,装箱
  
  suitcase n. 手提箱
  
  leave v. 离开
  
  already adv. 已经
  
  
  
  ★mess n. 杂乱,凌乱
  
  Excuse the mess. 乱七八糟,请原谅。
  
  
  
  ★pack v. 包装,打包,装箱
  
  ① v. 打包,装箱
  
  pack one’s suitcase 打包
  
  pack one’s suitcases 收拾行李。
  
  ② v. 挤满,塞满
  
  The movie fans packed the hall. 大厅里挤满了影迷。
  
  The bus was packed with people. 公共汽车里挤满了人。
  
  
  
  ★leave v. 离开
  
  ① v. 离开,出发
  
  The train is going to leave in 5 minutes.
  
  ② v. 舍弃;脱离
  
  John’s wife left him for another man.
  
  约翰的妻子舍他而去,投入另一个男子的怀抱。
  
  ③ v. 留给,遗留;委托
  
  ‘Leave it to me,’he said. “这事交给我来办吧,”他说道。
  
  The famous actress left all her money to charity.
  
  [语法]
  
  现在完成时
  
  表示在过去一个不确定的时间里发生的并与现在有着某种联系的动词;或者表示的开始于过去并持续到现在的动作。
  
  肯定句: has/have + 动词的过去分词
  
  否定形式:hasn't/haven't + 动词的过去分词
  
  疑问形式:把 has/have 提前
  
  规则动词的过去分词与过去式相同,而不规则动词的过去分词则无统一的规律可言,需特别加以记忆。
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  CAROL: Hello, Sam. Come in.
  
  TOM: Hi, Sam. We're having lunch.
  
   Do you want to have lunch with us?
  
  SAM: No, thank you, Tom.
  
   I've already had lunch.
  
   I had at half past twelve.
  
  CAROL: Have a cup of coffee then.
  
  SAM: I've just had a cup, thank you.
  
   I had one after my lunch.
  
  TOM: Let's go into the living room, Carol.
  
   We can have our coffee there.
  
  CAROL: Excuse the mess, Sam.
  
   This room's very untidy. We're packing our suitcases.
  
   We're going to leave tomorrow.
  
  CAROL: Tom and I are going to have a holiday.
  
  SAM: Aren't you lucky!
  
  TOM: When are you going to have a holiday, Sam?
  
  SAM: I don't know.
  
   I've already had my holiday this year.
  
  CAROL: Where did you go?
  
  SAM: I stayed at home!
  
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 20:52:18 浙江
  Lesson 85 Paris in the spring
  
  
  
  [词汇](7)
  
  Paris n. 巴黎
  
  cinema n. 电影院
  
  film n. 电影;胶卷
  
  beautiful adj. 漂亮的
  
  city n. 城市
  
  never adv. 从来没有
  
  ever adv. 在任何时候
  
  ★film n. 电影
  
  film 艺术影片
  
  movie 好莱坞商业片
  
  
  
  ★beautiful adj. 漂亮的
  
  ① adj. 美丽的,使生美感的
  
  She was even more beautiful than I had expected.
  
  她甚至比我预期的还要美。
  
  ② adj. 出色的,完美的;令人愉悦的
  
  He did a beautiful job of painting the desk.
  
  他油漆了书桌,活干得很漂亮。
  
  
  
  beauty n. 美人,美景,美好的东西
  
  beauty contest 选美
  
  beautify v. 美化
  
  
  
  beautiful 风景的美丽,形容女性和儿童
  
  pretty 漂亮的,迷人的
  
  handsome adj. 英俊的
  
  charming adj. 迷人的,有魅力的
  
  
  
  [语法]
  
  现在完成时的特殊结构
  
  have/has been to a place 曾经去过某地,但现在不在那个地方了
  
  have been there 到过那里
  
  My father is only 45 years old. But he has already been to nearly every country in the world.
  
  have/has gone to a place 已经去那个地方或正在去的路上,到达与否不确定
  
  They have gone to Paris.
  
  My father has gone to H.K..
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  GEORGE: Hello, Ken.
  
  KEN: Hi, George.
  
  GEORGE: Have you just been to the cinema?
  
  KEN: Yes, I have.
  
  GEORGE: What's on?
  
  KEN: 'Paris in the spring'.
  
  GEORGE: Oh, I've already seen it.
  
   I saw it on television last year.
  
   It's an old film, but it's very good.
  
  KEN: Paris is a beautiful city.
  
  GEORGE: I've never been there.
  
   Have you ever been there, Ken?
  
  KEN: Yes, I have.
  
   I was there in April.
  
  GEORGE: Pairs in the spring, eh?
  
  KEN: It was spring, but the weather was awful.
  
   It rained all the time.
  
  GEORGE: Just like London!
  
  
  
  [课文注解]
  
  1、Have you ever been there, Ken?
  
  have been to…到过……。have been there到过那里,have been to school/ work/ church之前不加the。
  
  ever常用于否定句、疑问句以及表示条件的从句中表示“以往任何时候”、“曾经”、“在任何时候”、“从来”这类的意思。
  
  2、What’s on? 上演什么电影?
  
  be on 上演
  
  3、all the time 一直,始终
  
  4、Just like London!
  
  just是“正好”,“恰恰是”的意思。
  
  Have you just been on…(just是指时间,有“刚才”的意思)
  
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 21:09:43 浙江
  Lesson 87 A car crash
  
  
  
  [词汇](7)
  
  attendant n. 接待员
  
  bring (brought/brought) v. 带来,送来
  
  garage n. 车库,汽车修理厂
  
  crash n. 碰撞
  
  lamp-post 灯杆
  
  repair v. 修理
  
  try v. 努力,设法
  
  
  
  ★attendant n. 接待员
  
  attend 参加
  
  attend school 上学= go to school
  
  attend a meeting 出席会议 attend a wedding 参加婚礼
  
  attend a lecture 参加演讲 attend a funeral 参加葬礼
  
  attend a ceremony 参加仪式 attend church 去教堂
  
  join 参加某个组织,成为其成员
  
  join in 使……成为成员,参加,加入;与某人一道参加某种活动
  
  Would you like to join in us? 一块做某事
  
  take part in 参加,强调参加人的作用,与某人一道参加某种活动,强调在其中起了作用
  
  
  
  ★bring (brought/brought) v. 带来,送来
  
  bring 带来;take 带走;fetch 去拿来;get 拿,常用于口语中
  
  go into the garage
  
  let sb.do sth.
  
  Let's go into the garage.
  
  
  
  ★crash n. 碰撞
  
  have a crash 碰车
  
  They have a crash every week.
  
  
  
  ★repair v. 修理
  
  ① v. 修理;修复;修补
  
  I’ll have to get the bicycle repaired.
  
  She looked into the mirror and began to repair her face.
  
  她向镜中望去,开始往脸上重敷脂粉。
  
  ② v. 弥补;修复;赔偿
  
  How can I repair the mistake I have made?
  
  It will take a while to repair the confidence of the general public.
  
  要恢复公众的信心尚需要一些时间。
  
  
  
  repair 用一定的技能修理什么东西
  
  fix 同上,一般美语中用的较多
  
  mend 修理打破或打碎的东西,一般指结构较为简单的,不需要特殊技能
  
  do up 修理小东西,renovate翻新,结构比较简单
  
  patch 打补丁,衣服或车胎坏了,修补一下
  
  
  
  ★try v. 努力,设法
  
  ① v. 试图;设法,努力
  
  He is trying to move the book shelf. 他正试图搬动那个书架。
  
  They tried hard to repair the damaged car.
  
  他们竭尽全力修理那辆被损坏了的汽车。
  
  ② v. 尝试,试用;试验
  
  I’ll try that Italian restaurant next time.
  
  下次我要到那家意大利餐馆去尝尝他们的菜。
  
  
  
  have a try 尝试
  
  It's a good try. 很好的尝试
  
  try one's best/do one's best 尽某人最大的努力
  
  Do your best!
  
  Try your best!
  
  I want to try my best.
  
  I have already tried my best.
  
  try to do sth. 试着去做某事
  
  Can your mechanics repair my car?
  
  They are still working on it.
  
  They're trying to repair it.
  
  manage to do sth. 设法做成了某事
  
  I managed to repair my car yesterday.
  
  try one's luck 试试某人的运气
  
  try one’s hard at 尝试着做某事
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  MR. WOOD: Is my car ready yet?
  
  ATTENDANT: I don't know. sir.
  
   What's the number of your car?
  
  MR. WOOD: It's LFZ 312G.
  
  ATTENDANT: When did you bring it to us?
  
  MR. WOOD: I brought it here three days ago.
  
  ATTENDANT: Ah, yes, I remember now.
  
  MR. WOOD: Have your mechanics finished yet?
  
  ATTENDANT: No, they're still working on it.
  
   Let's go into the garage and have a look at it.
  
  ATTENDANT: Isn't that your car?
  
  MR. WOOD: Well, it was my car.
  
  ATTENDANT: Didn't you have a crash?
  
  MR. WOOD: That's right.
  
   I drove it into a lamp-post.
  
   Can your mechanics repair it?
  
  ATTENDANT: Well, they're trying to repair it, sir.
  
   But to tell you the truth. you need a new car!
  
  [课文注释]
  
  1、When did you bring it to us?
  
  bring表示“送来”、“带来”和“拿来”的意思,在方位上多指朝说话人而来。
  
  2、…they’re still working on it.
  
  work on表示“从事”、“干(某事)”
  
  3、在英文中可用一般疑问句的否定形式来表示期待、请求或希望得到肯定的答复。
  
  Isn’t that your car?
  
  Didn’t you have a crash?
  
  4、drive into 撞倒……
  
  5、they’re trying to repair it 他们正在设法修理
  
  they后面接to+动词不定式
  
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 21:29:27 浙江
  Lesson 90 Have you…yet?
  
  
  
  cut—cut—cut come—came—come rise—rose—risen
  
  put—put—put give—gave—given see—saw—seen
  
  read—read—read swim—swam—swam speak—spoke—spoken
  
  set—set—set take—took—taken shut—shut—shut
  
  eat—ate—eaten do—did—done go—went—gone
  
  
  
  
  
  Lesson 91 Poor Ian!
  
  
  
  [词汇](7)
  
  still adv. 还,仍旧
  
  move v. 搬家
  
  miss v. 想念,思念
  
  neighbour n. 邻居
  
  person n. 人
  
  people n. 人们
  
  poor adj. 可怜的
  
  
  
  ★still adv. 还,仍旧
  
  ① adv. 还是,仍然
  
  I still don’t understand what he meant.
  
  ② adv. 还要,甚至更
  
  She looked very ill last week and this week looks still worse.
  
  ③ adv. 静止地;安静地
  
  He is sitting still. 他一动不动地坐着。
  
  The patient is lying still. 病人安静地躺着。
  
  
  
  ★move v. 搬家;感动
  
  The story moves me.
  
  move to 搬到……地方
  
  move in 搬进
  
  move out 搬出来
  
  move away 搬走
  
  move into 搬进(由外到内的过程)
  
  ★miss v. 想念,思念
  
  ① v. 想念,惦念
  
  ② v. 错过;未做到
  
  He overslept and missed his train. 他睡过了头,错过了他那班火车。
  
  I missed an opportunity of realizing my dream.
  
  我错过了一个可能实现自己梦想的机会。
  
  
  
  ★person n. 人
  
  personal adj. 个人的
  
  personality 人格
  
  personality manager 人事管理者
  
  HR=Human Resource 人力资源部
  
  
  
  ★people n. 人们
  
  ten people 十个人
  
  the peoples of China and USA(指两国人民,用复数形式)
  
  
  
  [语法]
  
  一般将来时
  
  概念:打算或将来要发生(做)的事情
  
  结构:
  
  S+ will +V原
  
  S+ won’t +V原
  
  Will +S +V原
  
  Yes, S +will.
  
  No, S +won’t.
  
  第一人称 I/we shall +V原
  
  shall not =shan’t
  
  will除表示纯粹的将来时间外,还表示说话人的意图和意愿,而shall除了表示将来时间外同时还表示说话人的责任或决心
  
  与一般将来时连用的时间短语:in a day’s time(一天以后),in a year’s time(一年以后),in two weeks’ time(两周后),in three months’ time(3个月后)等等。
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  CATHERING: Has Ian sold his house yet?
  
  JENNY: Yes, he has. He sold it last week.
  
  CATHERING: Has he moved to his new house yet?
  
  JENNY: No, not yet. He's still here.
  
   He's going to move tomorrow.
  
  CATHERING: When? Tomorrow afternoon.
  
  JENNY: No. Tomorrow afternoon. I'll miss him.
  
   He has always been a good neighbour.
  
  LIDA: He's a very nice person.
  
   We'll all miss him.
  
  CATHERING: When will the new people move into this house?
  
  JENNY: I think that they'll move in the day after tomorrow.
  
  LINDA: Will you see Ian today, Jenny?
  
  JENNY: Yes, I will.
  
  LINDA: Please give him my regards.
  
  CATHERING: Poor Ian!
  
   He didn't want to leave this house.
  
  JENNY: No, he didn't want to leave, but his wife did!
  
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 21:32:13 浙江
  Lesson 92 When will …?
  
  
  
  TODAY
  
  this moring
  
  this afternoon
  
  this evening
  
  tonight
  
  
  
  TOMORROW
  
  tomorrow morning
  
  tomorrow afternoon
  
  tomorrow evening
  
  tomorrow night
  
  THE DAY AFTER TOMORROW
  
  the day after tomorrow in the moring
  
  the day after tomorrow in the afternoon
  
  the day after tomorrow in the evening
  
  the night after next
  
  Lesson 93 Our new neighbour
  
  
  
  [词汇](6)
  
  pilot n. 飞行员
  
  return v. 返回
  
  New York n. 纽约
  
  Tokyo n. 东京
  
  Madrid n. 马德里
  
  fly (flew, flown) v. 飞行
  
  
  
  ★return v. 返回
  
  ① v. 回,返回
  
  He’s just returned from abroad.
  
  ② v. 回复
  
  Spring will return soon.
  
  He returned to his copy of the New York Times.
  
  他又重读起他那份《纽约时报》来。
  
  ③ v. 归还;退还
  
  I lent him my records and he never ruturned them!
  
  我把自己的唱片借给他,而他却从未归还!
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  Nigel is our new next-door neighbour. He's a pilot.
  
  He was in the R.A.F.
  
  He will fly to New York next month.
  
  The month after next he'll fly to Tokyo.
  
  At the moment, he's in Madrid. He flew to Spain a week ago.
  
  He'll return to London the week after next.
  
  He's only forty-one years old, and he has already been to nearly every country in the world.
  
  Nigel is a very lucky man. But his wife isn't very lucky. She usually stays at home!
  
  
  
  [课文注释]
  
  1、next-door 隔壁的
  
  2、the R.A.F.= the Royal Air Force 英国皇家空军
  
  3、the month after next 再下个月
  
  after next 表示“下下个”,如:the week after next下下个星期
  
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 21:36:39 浙江
  Lesson 94 When did you/will you go to …?
  
  
  
  [词汇](9)
  
  Athens [5AWinz] n. 雅典
  
  Berlin [bE:5lin] n. 柏林
  
  Bombay [bCm5bei n. 孟买]
  
  Geneva [dVi5ni:vE] n. 日内瓦
  
  Moscow [5mCskEu] n. 莫斯科
  
  Rome [rEum] n. 罗马
  
  Seoul [sEul] n. 汉城
  
  Stockholm [5stCkhEum] n. 斯德哥尔摩
  
  Sydney [5sidni] n. 悉尼
  
  
  
  Lesson 95 Tickets, please
  
  
  
  [词汇](9)
  
  return n. 往返
  
  train n. 火车
  
  platform n. 站台
  
  plenty n. 大量
  
  bar n. 酒吧
  
  station n. 车站,火车站
  
  porter n. 收票员
  
  catch(caught, caught) v. 赶上
  
  miss v. 错过
  
  ★return n. 往返
  
  return tickets 往返车票
  
  return tickets to London
  
  
  
  ★plenty n. 大量
  
  plenty of +可数或不可数名词[只能用于肯定句]
  
  We have plenty of time.
  
  enough [疑问句]
  
  Have you enough books?
  
  many [否定句中,修饰可数名词]
  
  much [否定句中,修饰不可数名词]
  
  We haven’t got much time.
  
  
  
  ★catch(caught, caught) v. 赶上
  
  ① v. 赶上;及时赶到
  
  Every morning she would catch the 7.30 train to town.
  
  ② v. 听清楚;理解
  
  I didn’t catch what you said just now. 我没听清楚你刚才所说的话。
  
  ③ v. 引起(注意等);吸引,迷住
  
  The bright colours on the wall caught our attention.
  
  The beautiful view in front of me caught and held me.
  
  我面前美丽的景色把我迷住了。
  
  
  
  [语法]
  
  had better和must
  
  had better=’d better表示“最好还是”、“最好”,表达某种忠告或建议,用于指现在和将要做的事情。must则表示“必须”、“一定”,语气比had better强烈。
  
  had better表示现在时或将来时,而不是过去时。其否定形式为had better not do sth.
  
  You had better not smoke in the classroom.
  
  [课文]
  
  GEORGE: Two return tickets to London, please.
  
   What time will the next train leave?
  
  ATTENDANT: At nineteen minutes past eight.
  
  GEORGE: Which platform?
  
  ATTENDANT: Platform Two. Over the bridge.
  
  KEN: What time will the next train leave?
  
  GEORGE: At eight nineteen.
  
  KEN: We've got plenty of time.
  
  GEORGE: It's only three minutes to eight.
  
  KEN: Let's go and have a drink.
  
   There's a bar next door to the station.
  
  GEORGE: We had better go back to the station now, Ken.
  
  PORTER: Tickets, please.
  
  GEORGE: We want to catch the eight nineteen to London.
  
  PORTER: You've just missed it!
  
  GEORGE: What! It's only eight fifteen.
  
  PORTER: I'm sorry, sir.
  
   That clock's ten minutes slow.
  
  GEORGE: When's the next train?
  
  PORTER: In five hours' time!
  
  
  
  [课文注释]
  
  1、next door to… 与……相邻,在……隔壁
  
  2、in five hour’s time 5小时之后
  
  3、ten minutes slow 慢10分钟;ten minute fast 快10分钟
  
  4、When’s the next train?
  
  这个句子是用来询问火车启程时间时常见的句型。
  
楼主xoud 时间:2008-11-24 21:45:54 浙江
  Lesson 96 What's the exact time?
  
  
  
  ★exact adj. 精确的;确切的
  
  ① adj. 精确的;确切的;恰好的
  
  This vase is an exact replica. 这只花瓶是件很巧妙的复制品。
  
  It’s the exact shape I’ve been looking for.
  
  这恰好是我一直以来要寻找的形状。
  
  ② adj. 严格的;严厉的
  
  The workers must obey exact rules. 工人们必须遵守严格的规定。
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  Lesson 97 A small blue case
  
  
  
  [词汇](8)
  
  leave (left, left) v. 遗留
  
  describe v. 描述
  
  zip n. 拉链
  
  label n. 标签
  
  handle n. 提手,把手
  
  address n. 地址
  
  pence n. 便士(penny 的复数形式)
  
  belong v. 属于
  
  
  
  
  
  ★describe v. 描述
  
  ① v. 描述;形容
  
  describe 根据客观事实描述
  
  She described the woman to the police.
  
  He described the whole event in detail.
  
  portray 生动地描述人或情景
  
  ② v. 把……说成;把……称为(as)
  
  They describe him as ambitious. 他们把他称为雄心勃勃的人。
  
  
  
  ★address n. 地址
  
  address n. 地址;演讲(精心准备过的,正式的)
  
  speech:(最常见的)各种各样的演讲
  
  lecture:(学术性的)演讲
  
  
  
  ★belong v. 属于
  
  ① v.(在所有权方面)属于
  
  That pen belongs to him.
  
  belong to (不能用于进行时态)
  
  This book belongs to me. = This book is mine.
  
  This book doesn't belong to me.
  
  Does this book belong to you?
  
  ② v. 是……的成员
  
  Do you belong to the golf club?
  
  Which party does he belong to? 他是哪个党的党员?
  
  ③ v.(在关系等方面)属于
  
  We belong to the same generation. 我们属于同代人。
  
  The novel really belongs to the 19th century.
  
  这部小说其实是属于19世纪的。
  
  
  
  [课文]
  
  MR. MALL: I left a suitcase on the train to London the other day.
  
  ATTENDANT: Can you describe it, sir?
  
  MR. MALL: It's a small blue case and it's got a zip.
  
   There's a label on the handle with my name and address on it.
  
  ATTENDANT: Is this case yours?
  
  MR. MALL: No, that's not mine.
  
  ATTENDANT: What about this one? This one's got a label.
  
  MR. MALL: Let me see it.
  
  ATTENDANT: What's your name and address?
  
  MR. MALL: David Hall, 83, Bridge Street.
  
  ATTENDANT: That's right. D.N. Hall, 83, Bridge Street.
  
   Three pounds fifty pence, please.
  
  MR. MALL: Here you are.
  
  ATTENDANT: Thank you.
  
  MR. MALL: Key!
  
  ATTENDANT: What's matter?
  
  MR. MALL: This case doesn't belong to me!
  
   You've given me the wrong case!
  
  
  
  [课文注释]
  
  1、the other day 几天前(只能用于过去时)
  
  the other+表示时间的名词通常只与过去时态连用。类似的短语有:the other morning/ afternoon/evening/night,the other week/month/year。
  
  2、83, Bridge Street 大桥街83号,地址要把门牌号放在街号的前面。
  
  3、There's a label on the handle with my name and address on it.
  
  句中的with在这里可理解为“有”的意思。
  
  a girl with long hair
  
  a boy with blue eyes
  
  4、fifty pence 50便士
  
  Pence是penny的复数形式,表示币值。
  
作者:欧洲美元 时间:2008-11-24 23:36:42 贵州
  3
  
  
作者:米妮和维尼 时间:2008-11-26 15:59:16 上海
  谁有全的啊
作者:微妙微俏 时间:2008-11-26 17:16:27 北京
  没看到73课前面的
作者:小猫瑞婷 时间:2009-05-04 17:41:32 北京
  学习了
作者:myperfectworld 时间:2009-05-05 11:09:50 江苏
  小猫比赛开始了吗,我还没准备好呢。
发表回复

请遵守天涯社区公约言论规则,不得违反国家法律法规