成语翻译(转载)

楼主:chenfangabc 时间:2009-01-07 12:52:00 点击:1003 回复:6
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阿谀逢迎
  flatter and toady to; fawn upon
  爱不释手
  fondle admiringly;to be so delighted with it that one could hardly bear to put it down
  爱莫能助
  be unable to help even for the sake of love;love but have no ability to help;willing to help but unable to do so
  爱屋及乌
  Love me, love my dog.
  爱憎分明
  understand what to love and what to hate; know whom to love and whom to hate
  按兵不动
  not throw the troops into battle;take no action;be kept imobilized;bide one’s time
  安步当车
  go leisurely on foot is as good as riding in a chariot;on foot’s horse;go by walker’s bus;walk rather than ride
  按部就班
  follow the prescribed order;act according to old conventions
  安分守己
  abide by the law and behave oneself;act proper to one’s status;behave discreetly
  暗箭伤人
  secret activities designed to hurt someone
  安居乐业
  dwell under one’s vine and fig tree;live and work in peace and contentment
  安然无恙
  get off with a whole skin;keep a whole skin;come unscathed out of the battle;safe and sound
  安如泰山
  as stable as Mount Tai
  按图索骥
  look for a noble steed with the aidof its picture;look for sth.according to information at one’s disposal;look for sth.by a plan chart;lacking originality;initiative or imagination in doing a job
  暗无天日
  complete darkness;total a bsence of justice
  安营扎寨
  pitch a camp
  昂首阔步
  affect a strut;make great strides with head up;strut about
  傲然屹立
  lofty and proud-looking;unyielding

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楼主chenfangabc 时间:2009-01-07 13:02:21
  八面玲珑
  be smooth and slick in establishing social relations;cover all sides smoothly
  拔苗助长
  pull up the rice shoots with the intention of helping them to grow;try to help the shoots grow by pulling them upward跋山涉水
  scale mountains and ford streams;make a difficult journey
  八仙过海,各显神通
  like the Eight Immortals crossing the sea,each one showing his or her special feats;Each tries to outwit the other
  白璧微瑕
  slight flaw in a white jade—blemish
  白璧无瑕
  faultless;perfect;flawless white jade;impeccable moral integrity;no flaw in the white jade
  百步穿杨
  shoot an arrow through a willow leaf a hundred pass away,shoot with great precision
  百尺竿头,更进一步
  make still further progress;make another step at the top of a pole hundred feet high
  百川归海
  all things tend in one direction;all the rivers run into [to] the sea
  百发百中
  (1)every shot hits the target(2)certainly
  百废俱兴
  all neglected tasks are being undertaken
  白驹过隙
  fleet as a white pony’s shadow flashing past a crevice;the swiftness of the lapse of time
  百孔千疮
  be afficted with all ills;be full of sores and ulcers;be heavily damaged;riddled with gaping wounds
  百炼成钢
  expertise is the result of long and hard practice
  百年大计
  question of fundamental importance for a hundred years;fundamental task crucial for generations to come
  百思不解
  remain perplexed despite much thought
  百闻不如一见
  Seeing is believing.
  百战百胜
  gain every battle;victorious in every battle
  百折不挠
  indomitable
  半斤八两
  half a pound of one and eight ounces of the other;tweedledum and tweedledee
  半路出家
  (1)adopt a profession [trade] rather late in one’s life;become a monk or nun late in life(2)start midway
  班门弄斧
  display one’s slight skill before an expert
  半途而废
  do sth.by halves;leave off sth.halfway;give up halfway
  报仇雪恨
  revenge
  暴风骤雨
  violent storm and gusty rain
  饱经风霜
  (1)weather-beaten(2)hardened
  包罗万象
  all-inclusive;all-embracing;catch-all
  抱头鼠窜
  flee helter-skelter;scurry off like a frightened rat
  抱薪救火
  carry faggots to put out a fire;take oil to extinguish the fire
  背道而驰
  go[run] in the opposite direction;run counter to
  卑躬屈膝
  bow and scrape;cringe
  杯弓蛇影
  extremely suspicious;have imaginary fears as one who mistakes the reflection of a bow in the wine cup for the shadow of a snake
  悲欢离合
  vicissitudes of life
  背井离乡
  leave one’s native place [esp.against one’s will]
  杯盘狼藉
  dishes and wine cups from dinner cluttered up the table
  杯水车薪
  a cup of water can’t put out the fire on a carload of wood;try to put out a burning cartload of faggots with a cup of water—an utterly inadequate measure
  背水一战
  conduct a desperate fight;fight to the last ditch;fight to the death
  悲天悯人
  bemoan the state of the universe and pity the fate of humankind
  背信弃义
  break faith with sb.;go back on one’s word
  本末倒置
  put the cart before the horse
  笨鸟先飞
  Clumsy birds have to start flying early; the slow need to start early.
  比比皆是
  ubiquitous;can be found everywhere
  必恭必敬
  very deferentially;reverent and respectful
  闭关自守
  close the country to international intercourse
  壁垒森严
  closely guarded;strongly fortified
  闭门造车
  make a cart behind closed doors;divorce oneself from reality and act blindlly
  闭目塞听
  be out of touch with reality;shut one’s eyes and stop[stuff] one’s ears
  比上不足,比下有余
  Fall short of the best, but be better than the worst; to pass muster.
  逼上梁山
  be driven to revolt
  碧血丹心
  loyalty unto death
  变本加厉
  be further intensified;become aggravated;be further intensified
  鞭长莫及
  although the whip is long,it does not reach the horse’s belly——cannot do it much as one would like do;too far away to be able to help
  变幻莫测
  unpredictable;capricious;fickle
  表里如一
  act and think in one and the same way
  别出心裁
  try to be unique;try to be different;adopt an original approach
  别具一格
  having a unique style;with a special pattern;have a style of one’s own
  别开生面
  in a novel way;break a new path
  别有用心
  have ulterior motives;have an axe to grind
  彬彬有礼
  refined and courteous;urbane;have good manners;be well-behaved
  兵贵神速
  speed is too important in war
  兵荒马乱
  turmoil of war;confusion and disorder brought about by war
  并驾齐驱
  run neck and neck;keep pace with;keep up with;keep abreast of
  病入膏肓
  the disease is not curable;sick beyond cure;past all hopes
  博古通今
  erudite and informed;have both ancient and modern knowledge;be crudite and informed
  波澜壮阔
  surge forward in billowy [powerful] wares
  博闻强记
  have wide learning and a retentive memory
  不白之冤
  injustice;unredressed injustice;unrighted wrong
  不卑不亢
  be neither humble nor arrogant;show neither inferiority nor superiority
  不耻下问
  feel not ashamed to learn from one’s subordinates;do not feel ashamed to ask and learn from the rank and file;be modest enough to consult one’s inferiors
  不打不成交
  No discord, no concord.
  捕风捉影
  speak or act on hearsay evidence;catch at shadows;run after a shadow;make accusations on hearsay
  不共戴天
  absolutely irreconcilable;will not live under the same sky with one’s enemy;be deadly fend with sb.
  不寒而栗
  shudder;tremble with fear;shudder with fear;tremble with fear
  不欢而散
  part on bad terms;end in discord
  不骄不躁
  not conceited or rash; free from arrogance and rashness
  不堪设想
  be deadful to contemplate;be most disastrous;a inconceivable
  不可救药
  at the point of death;be a gone [hopeless] case with sb.;beyond [past] cure [hope];be past praying for;beyond redemption
  不劳而获
  reap where one has not sown;profit by other people’s toil;reap without sowing
  不露声色
  not show one’s feelings;show one’s feelings neither in voices nor in facial expressions;not betray one’s feeling or intentions
  不伦不类
  nondescript;nondescript;neither ass nor horse;neither fish nor fowl
  不毛之地
  poor soil;sterile land
  不眠之夜
  white night.
  不谋而合
  happen to have the same view;happen to coincide;agree without previous consultation
  不偏不倚
  even-handed;impartial;unbiased;do not make fish of one and flesh of another;even-handed;impartial
  不期而遇
  meet by chance;meet by chance;unexpected encounter
  不求甚解
  content with superficial understanding;
  步人后尘
  follow the trail of
  不三不四
  do not seek to understand things thoroughly;have but little knowledge {understanding}
  不胜枚举
  too numerous to mention one by one;too numerous to be counted;can be multiplied indefinitely
  不速之客
  crasher;uninvited guest;unexpected guest;chance comer
  不务正业
  not attend to one’s proper works or duties;do not attend to one’s proper business [duties];neglect one’s main job
  不屑一顾
  disdain to cast a look at
  不学无术
  ignorant;have neither learning nor skill;be ignorant and incompetent
  不翼而飞
  [1]disappear without trace;spread fast;vanish all of a sudden;[2]spread like wildfire;
  不以物喜,不以己悲
  Not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses.
  不遗余力
  Spare no pains; go all out; do one’s best.
  不择手段
  hit below the belt;unscrupulously;by any kind of means;by hook or crook;by fair means or foul
  不足挂齿
  nothing to speak of;not worth mentioning;of no importance
楼主chenfangabc 时间:2009-01-07 13:13:22
  惨淡经营
  keep an enterprise going by painstaking effort;keep going by painstaking effort
  餐风宿露
  hardship of traveling without shelter
  蚕食鲸吞
  nibble away like a silkworm or swallow like a whale; seize another country’s territory by piecemeal encroachment or wholesale annexation
  惨无人道
  be brutal and inhuman
  藏垢纳污
  shelter evil people and countenance evil practices
  沧海桑田
  time brings a great change to the worlds;the swift changes of the world;great changes are seen in the course of time;the evanescence of the worldly affairs is like the sea turned into a mulberry field [orchid]
  沧海一粟
  a drop in the bucket;a drop in the ocean
  草菅人命
  act as if human life is not worth a straw;slaughter people and treat human life as if it were not worth a straw;act with utter disregard for human life;treat human life as grass
  草木皆兵
  a state of extreme nervousness;every bush and tree looks like an enemy—a state of extreme nervousness,as if surrounded by enemies;apprehend danger in every sound
  操之过急
  act precipitately;act with undue haste;carry sth.too far
  差强人意
  be barely satisfactory;be satisfactory in a manner;just passable
  差之毫厘,谬以千里
  a minimal error or deviation results in wide divergence;a small error can lead to a serious result
  拆东墙补西墙
  Rob Peter to pay Paul; resort to a makeshift solution.
  豺狼当道
  great robbers are at work;high officials like wolves are blocking things;wicked persons in power
  常备不懈
  be ever prepared;be always on the alert
  畅所欲言
  say one’s say;express with zest and gust; get sth. off one’s chest
  朝三暮四
  Play fast and loose
  车水马龙
  heavy traffic;heavy traffic;endless stream of horses and carriages
  陈陈相因
  follow a set routine;do sth in a conventional way
  陈词滥调
  hackneyed and stereotyped expressions;bromide;stale and trite phraseology
  陈规陋习
  outmoded conventions and customs
  趁火打劫
  loot a burning house;try to profit from another’s misfortune;rob the owner while his house is on fire
  趁热打铁
  strike while iron is hot;Hold a wolf the iron is hot;
  称王称霸
  domineer;lord it over
  称心如意
  satisfactory;to one’s heart’s content
  乘风破浪
  brave the wind and the waves;have a high ambition as riding the waves
  城门失火,殃及池鱼
  in a disturbance innocent bystanders get into trouble
  盛气凌人
  lift up one’s horn; take on;overbearing;carry an arrogant air;bully others arrogantly
  惩前毖后
  learn a lesson from the past to avoid future mistakes
  承前启后
  inherit the past and usher in the future;to carry on the past heritage and open up the future
  承上启下
  a connecting link between the preceding and the following
  惩一儆百
  punish one to warn others;make an example of sb.
  赤膊上阵
  go into battle stripped to the waist
  赤胆忠心
  utter devotion
  赤手空拳
  bare-handed
  痴心妄想
  wishful thinking;fond dream
  吃一堑,长一智
  a fall into the pit,a gain in your wit
  赤子之心
  the innocence of childhood;utter purity
  重蹈覆辙
  follow the same old disastrous road;follow the same old disastrous road—recommit the same error
  充耳不闻
  turn a deaf ear to
  冲锋陷阵
  [1]charge forward;charge the enemy lines;charge and shatter enemy positions;[2]fight bravely for a just cause
  重见天日
  once more see the light of day [fig] be delivered from oppression or persecution
  丑态百出
  act like a buffoon
  初出茅庐
  young and inexperienced;at the beginning of one’s casees;young and inexperienced
  除恶务尽
  evil must be completely eradicated;Evils must be pulled up by the roots.One must be thorough in exterminating an evil
  出尔反尔
  back and fill;go back on one’s words;contradict oneself
  出奇制胜
  defeat sb. by a surprise action; defeat one’s opponent by a surprise move
  触景生情
  the sight stirs up one’s feelings; scene which recalls past memories;the sight strikes a chord in one’s heart
  出类拔萃
  fill the bill; supereminence; outstanding; be out of the common run
  触类旁通
  comprehend by analogy;
  触目惊心
  shocking by the sight
  锄强扶弱
  root out the daring and protect the weak
  出生入死
  go through fire and water;
  初生之犊不怕虎
  New-born calves are not afraid of tigers;Fools rush in where angels fear to tread
  处心积虑
  deliberately plan;deliberately planning; incessantlyscheme; rack one’s brains about with;set one’s heart mind on
  出言不逊
  speak rudely;speak insolently
  川流不息
  flow; flowing past in an endless stream;never-ending
  穿凿附会
  give strained interpretations and draw farfetched analogies吹毛求疵
  find a quarrel in straw;nitpick;find fault
  垂头丧气
  down in the mouth;lose one’s spirits; with the tail between the legs; dejected
  垂涎三尺
  spittle three feet long; drool with envy
  蠢蠢欲动
  ready to do sth.;move busily in preparation for action
  春风得意
  ride on the crest of success
  唇枪舌剑
  cross verbal swords;heated verbal exchange or debate
  唇亡齿寒
  mutual dependency of neighboring countries when confronted with a powerful and aggressive enemy;share a common lot
  绰绰有余
  more than sufficient;it’s more than enough
  此地无银三百两
  a guilty person conspicuously protests his innocence; no 300 taels of silver buried here—a guilty person gives himself away by conspicuously protesting his innocence
  辞旧迎新
  Bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; Ring out the old year and ring in the new.
  此起彼落
  as one falls,another rises;rise one after another
  从容不迫
  go easy;unhurried;take one’s time
  从容就义
  go to one’s death unflinchingly; meet one’s death like a hero
  促膝谈心
  have a heart-to-heart talk;sit side by side and talk intimately
  粗心大意
  in caution;negligence;carelessness;neligent
  粗枝大叶
  crude and careless; sloppy;rough outline; careless; slapdash; sloppy;
  粗制滥造
  manufacture in a rough way; manufacture sth.in a rough and slipshod way
  摧枯拉朽
  [as easy as] crushing dry weeds and smashing rotten wood;destroy sth.already in a state of ruin
  寸步难行
  walk with difficulty
  措手不及
  unaware;unprepared;be caught unawares
楼主chenfangabc 时间:2009-01-07 13:22:49
  大材小用
  waste one’s talent on a petty job;assign talented people for trivial tasks
  打草惊蛇
  act rashly and alert the enemy;beat the grass and frighten away the snake;[fig] act rashly and alert the enemy
  大吹大擂
  [1]make a great fanfare;make a great fanfare;to brag and blare; [2]ballyhoo
  大刀阔斧
  bold and resolute;decisive and bold
  大动干戈
  [1]stage a war;[2]make a big fuss over; [3]take effort to do; [4]attack brutally; strike violently
  大发雷霆
  be furious; fly into a rage; storm;be furious;be torn by rage
  大放厥词
  talk a lot of nonsense;
  大公无私
  [1]selfless;[2]fair-minded; impartical; [3]great merit; [4]extraordinary service
  大海捞针
  look for a needle in a bottle of hay;fish for a needle in the ocean;look for a needle in a haystack
  大惊小怪
  make a fuss;be unnecessarily startled;get surprised at sth. perfectly normal;a storm in a teacup;foofaraw;fuss;like a hen with one chicken
  大开眼界
  Open one’s eyes; broaden one’s horizon; be an eye-opener.
  大快人心
  affording general satisfaction
  大名鼎鼎
  well-known;celebrated;famous
  大逆不道
  treason and heresy;worst offcnse
  大事化小,小事化了
  Turn big problems into small problems and small problems into no problem at all.
  大庭广众
  on a public occasion;before a big crowd of people
  大显身手
  strut one’s stuff;be at one’s best;cut a brilliant figure
  大言不惭
  brag unblushingly;boast with no consciousness of shame; fanfaronade; rodomontade
  大义灭亲
  place righteousness above family loyalty;place righteousness above family loyalty;punish one’s own relations in the cause of justice
  大张旗鼓
  do sth. on a large scale;on a grand scale;in a big way;with a big display of flags and drums
  呆若木鸡
  dumb as a wooden chicken;dumb struck
  石沉大海
  disappear forever;like a stone dropped into the sea that produce no reaction
  弹冠相庆
  congratulate each other
  单枪匹马
  single-handed;go it alone
  淡然处之
  indifferently;coldly
  箪食壶浆
  receive soldiers with baskets of rice and vessels of congee;welcome soldiers with food and drink
  胆小如鼠
  cannot say boh to a goose;as timid as a mouse
  胆战心惊
  horribly frightened;be panic-stricken;have one’s heart in one’s boot
  当机立断
  take a prompt decision;decide on the spot;decide promptly and opportunely
  当仁不让
  not decline to shoulder a responsibility;not decline to shoulder a responsibility;in good cause do not lag behind;take sth. as one’s obligation
  当头棒喝
  a sharp warning;a blow and a shout
  当务之急
  urgent affairs;urgent matter;pressing demand of the moment;task of top priority
  道不拾遗
  no one pockets anything found on the road;no one would keep lost articles found by the roadside
  倒打一耙
  make a false countercharge;recriminate;make false countercharges;put the blame on the victim
  倒行逆施
  retroact;retroaction;attempt to go against the tide of history;do things in a perverse way;turn back the wheel of history
  道貌岸然
  be sanctimonious;artificial outward saintliness;appearance of man of integrity;hypocratical devoteness pose as one of high morals
  刀山火海
  most dangerous places;seas of fire and a forest of knifes-an extremely dangerous place which is most difficult to get through
  道听途说
  hearsay;hearsay;what is spoken and heard in the street;pick up what has been heard on the way
  得寸进尺
  be insatiable
  德高望重
  sainted;saintlike;be of noble character and high prestige;with great virtue and high prestige
  得天独厚
  abound in gifts of nature;be rich in natural resources;be richly endowed by nature
  得心应手
  serviceable;handy;have everything under one’s perfect control;with facility;handy
  得意忘形
  get dizzy with success;bloat;slap-happy be lost in exhilaration
  登峰造极
  reach the limit;reach the peak of perfection;
  提纲挈领
  concentrate on the main points
  低三下四
  lickspittle;servile;obsequious
  低声下气
  humble;soft-spoken and submissive
  滴水成冰
  freezing cold
  颠倒是非
  confuse right and wrong;turn things upside down;confuse [reverse] right and wrong;turn right into wrong;distord facts
  颠沛流离
  drift from place to place,homeless and miserable;be homeless and miserable;welter;wander about in a desperate plight
  颠扑不破
  indisputable; irrefutable; solid; irrefutable;mconstrovertible;indisputable;unbreakable
  调虎离山
  lure the enemy away from his base; lure the tiger out of the mountains;[fig] lure the enemy away from his base
  掉以轻心
  treat sth. Lightly;treat sth.lightly;let down one’s guard;adopt a casual attitude;lower one’s guard
  喋喋不休
  never weary or saying;keep on talking;spout eloquent speeches
  铤而走险
  risk danger in desperation
  顶天立地
  of indomitable spirit;of indomitable;of gigantic stature
  丢盔弃甲
  flee helter-skelter;fly pell-mell
  东窗事发
  to be exposed;the cat is out of the bag
  东山再起
  bob up like a cork;stage a comeback;be back in the saddle;bob up again
  东施效颦
  blind imitation with ludicrous effection;play the ape;blind imitationwith ludicrous effect;look all the uglier by miimicking the beauty
  独木不成林
  one tree does not make a forest;[fig] one person alone canrot accomplish much
  短兵相接
  fight hand-in-hand;fight at close quarters;engage in hand-to-hand fight;close action;confront closely
  短小精悍
  not of imposing stature but strong and capable;short and pithy;terse and forceful
  断章取义
  unscrupulously quote out of context;garbled quotation;distort
  对牛弹琴
  whistle jigs to a milestone;Cast pearls before swine;cast pearls before swine;preach to deaf ears;talk to a post;whistle jigs to a milestone
  对症下药
  suit the remedy to the case;suit the medicine to the illness;[fig] suit the remedy to the case;prescribe the right remedy for an illness
  囤积居奇
  forestall;hoarding and cornering;corner the market
  咄咄怪事
  monstrous absurdity;
  多多益善
  the more the better;the more the better;plenty is no plague
  多事之秋
  eventful period;period of turbulence
楼主chenfangabc 时间:2009-01-07 13:24:14
  恶贯满盈
  face retribution for a life of crime;be guilty of the worst crimes;be replete with vices;be sunk is sins;face retribution for a life of crime
  恶语中伤
  calumniate;viciously slander
  耳目一新
  find everything new and fresh;refreshing
  耳濡目染
  be influenced by what one constantly sees and hears;be unconsciously influenced by what one frequently hears and sees
  耳闻目睹
  what one sees and hears
  尔虞我诈
  each trying to cheat or outwit the other
作者:fuwwjmr 时间:2009-01-07 14:16:22
  谢谢楼主,请继续努力

作者:gdnckvj 时间:2009-01-07 16:12:52
  谢谢您的辛苦发帖
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