英语经典语录、格言选(中级)

楼主:信天优 时间:2009-02-06 10:23:00 点击:21262 回复:259
脱水 打赏 看楼主 设置

字体:

边距:

背景:

还原:

上页 1 2 3 下页  到页 
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-04-30 09:48:05
  Here I am.
作者:蛋蛋郡主 时间:2009-04-30 10:30:37
  谢谢啦 好帖!
楼主信天优 时间:2009-04-30 10:42:05
  Lesson Twenty-seven The Lord Ready to Deliver His People 耶和华要解救他的民
  
  9 And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me, and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them. 10 So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt." 11 But Moses said to God, "Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?" 12 And God said, "I will be with you. And this will be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you will worship God on this mountain." 13 Moses said to God, "Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them, ’The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ’What is his name?’ Then what shall I tell them?" 14 God said to Moses, "I am who I am . This is what you are to say to the Israelites: ’I AM has sent me to you.’ " 现在以色列人的哀声达到我耳中、我也看见埃及人怎样欺压他们。故此我要打发你去见法老、使你可以将我的百姓以色列人从埃及领出来。 摩西对 神说、我是甚么人、竟能去见法老、将以色列人从埃及领出来呢。神说、我必与你同在、你将百姓从埃及领出来之后、你们必在这山上事奉我、这就是我打发你去的证据。 摩西对 神说、我到以色列人那里、对他们说、你们祖宗的 神打发我到你们这里来.他们若问我说、他叫甚么名字、我要对他们说甚么呢。神对摩西说、我是自有永有的.又说、你要对以色列人这样说、那自有的打发我到你们这里来。出埃及记 3:9-14
  
  reach 到达,Your letter has reached me. 我已经收到了你的信。
  way 道路,方法
  oppress 欺压,压榨
  the Egyptians are oppressing them 修饰前面的way,作定语从句。
  bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt 把我的民从埃及带出来
  I will be with you. 我与你同在。神与人同在也是圣经回响的一个主题,所以耶稣又叫Immanuel! 神与你同在。
  sign 牌子,征兆,这在圣经中也是极为重要的一个概念。
  worship 敬拜
  I am who I am. 我就是我。“自有永有”最能揭示神本质的翻译。
  what you are to say 是表语从句。
  
  神是自有永有,是超越,是永恒,是创造,但他也深入到人间,他了解人间疾苦,当犹太人哀号时,神便听到了。所以这位神不像是寺庙里的菩萨。那些菩萨有耳不能听,有眼不能看,有口不能说,所以无法与人交往,圣经把这类无法与人交往的神统统都归于一类:就是偶像(Idol)。佛教许多高僧也意识到了偶像问题,提出了挑战,但大部分佛教徒还是宁愿拜偶像。
  
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-01 04:42:20
  Here I am, again.
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-01 09:08:44
  Lesson Twenty-eight Moses Returns and Meets Aaron 摩西返回遇亚伦
  
  The LORD said to Aaron, "Go into the desert to meet Moses." So he met Moses at the mountain of God and kissed him. Then Moses told Aaron everything the LORD had sent him to say, and also about all the miraculous signs he had commanded him to perform. Moses and Aaron brought together all the elders of the Israelites, and Aaron told them everything the LORD had said to Moses. He also performed the signs before the people, and they believed. And when they heard that the LORD was concerned about them and had seen their misery, they bowed down and worshiped. 耶和华对亚伦说、你往旷野去迎接摩西、他就去、在 神的山遇见摩西和他亲嘴。摩西将耶和华打发他所说的言语、和嘱咐他所行的神迹、都告诉了亚伦。摩西亚伦就去招聚以色列的众长老。亚伦将耶和华对摩西所说的一切话、述说了一遍、又在百姓眼前行了那些神迹。百姓就信了.以色列人听见耶和华眷顾他们、鉴察他们的困苦、就低头下拜。出埃及记 4:27-31
  
  meet 遇见,迎接,Can you meet me in the airport? 你能来机场接我吗?You need set goals and make plans to meet those goals. 你当确立目标,作出计划达到目标。
  the Lord had sent him to say 修饰everything;had sent过去完成时。
  about all the miraculous signs 前面省略了everything;miraculous signs 神迹
  command 命令、叮嘱;When the Lord Commands, just do it. 耶和华发命令,你就做好!
  perform = do, make 行,perform这个词比较正规一点。
  bring together 把大家召集起来
  elder 长老,比较older, The elder is older than me. 长老比我要年长。
  misery 悲惨,miserable 悲惨的,They are living a miserable life. 他们的生活很悲惨。
  bow down 低头,I want to bow down before thy feet. 我要在你脚前敬拜。
  
  摩西经过四十年旷野的磨练,终于准备就绪,要动身去作神的器皿拯救自己的人民。但是不管摩西有多大的能耐,一个人毕竟有限,他必须有助手。这个助手就是亚伦以及一大批愿意献身的长老和信徒。在服事神的道路上,每个人都必须充分意识到自己的局限性,而愿意与他人合作,否则服事起来会困难重重,不会有任何成就。
  
作者:xiaoyang307 时间:2009-05-01 15:39:36
  这个适合学习 从头开始学习
作者:爱君如梦521 时间:2009-05-02 14:36:52
  谢谢您辛苦的劳动!!!
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-04 08:24:29
  Lesson Twenty-nine The Pharaoh Rejects the Lord 法老拒绝耶和华
  Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, "This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: 'Let my people go, so that they may hold a festival to me in the desert.' " Pharaoh said, "Who is the LORD, that I should obey him and let Israel go? I do not know the LORD and I will not let Israel go." Then they said, "The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Now let us take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the LORD our God, or he may strike us with plagues or with the sword." But the king of Egypt said, "Moses and Aaron, why are you taking the people away from their labor? Get back to your work!" Then Pharaoh said, "Look, the people of the land are now numerous, and you are stopping them from working." 6 That same day Pharaoh gave this order to the slave drivers and foremen in charge of the people: 7 "You are no longer to supply the people with straw for making bricks; let them go and gather their own straw. 8 But require them to make the same number of bricks as before; don't reduce the quota. They are lazy; that is why they are crying out, 'Let us go and sacrifice to our God.' 9 Make the work harder for the men so that they keep working and pay no attention to lies."后来摩西亚伦去对法老说、耶和华以色列的 神这样说、容我的百姓去、在旷野向我守节。法老说、耶和华是谁、使我听他的话、容以色列人去呢、我不认识耶和华、也不容以色列人去。他们说、希伯来人的 神遇见了我们、求你容我们往旷野去、走三天的路程、祭祀耶和华我们的 神、免得他用瘟疫、刀兵、攻击我们。埃及王对他们说、摩西亚伦你们为甚么叫百姓旷工呢.你们去担你们的担子吧。又说、看哪、这地的以色列人、如今众多、你们竟叫他们歇下担子。当天,法老吩咐督工的和官长说,你们不可照常把草给百姓作砖,叫他们自己去捡草。他们素常作砖的数目,你们仍旧向他们要,一点不可减少,因为他们是懒惰的,所以呼求说,容我们去祭祀我们的神。你们要把更重的工夫加在这些人身上,叫他们劳碌,不听虚谎的言语。出埃及记 5:1-9
  
  what the LORD, the God of Israel, says 是This is 的从句,其中the God of Israel 是the Lord的同位语。the Lord 耶和华,这词只有以色列人懂,所以要加一个解释。
  so that, 表示目的,接一个从句。
  hold a festival, 庆祝一个节日,If you have a challenge, you can hold a prayer meeting. This costs you nothing. 如果你们遇见了挑战,就举行一个祷告会好了,这不会给你任何破费。
  meet 与meet with 都是“相遇”的意思。Are you afraid to meet God? The first step to meet with God is to be quiet in your heart.
  offer sacrifices 献祭,We need to offer ourselves as living sacrifices. 我们当把自己献上作活祭。
  strike with 用什么来攻击,plague 瘟疫,sword 刀剑,比喻为一切都兵器。
  take the people away from their labor, 把他们带走,不让他们干活。
  stop sb from doing sth, 让某人不干某事,Nothing can stop us from praying and from being immersed into the ocean of God's love. 无论世上发生什么,我们都会祷告,都会沉浸在上帝那深似海洋的大爱里。
  slave driver 奴隶监工 foremen 工头,in charge of 管理
  supply sb. with sth. 向谁提供东西,straw 草,稻草, making bricks 制造砖头,
  require 要求,
  the same … as before 与以前一样多,reduce the quota 减少份额,
  harder 比较式,更难,
  keep working 注意keep后面接动名词,pay no attention to 是 pay attention to 的否定,“注意”。
  
  法老认为以色列人去拜神会影响政府的工程进度。所以要对他们进行处罚。今天农村很多的干部领导指责教会,也是说他们在农忙是组织聚会,影响生产。类似法老的言论才是真正的谎言。值得注意的是,摩西说如果不去的话,灾可能会降到他们身上,他并没有说,会降到法老身上。可见,从一开始,摩西还是很愿意配合法老的。只是法老不识趣。今天也一样,许多基督徒都是愿意配合政府,没有要影响政府的工程,可是,下面的许多干部不识趣。“容我的百姓去”,这的确是叫法老感到胆战心惊的要求,因为他们在要求自由。
  
作者:xiaoyang307 时间:2009-05-04 12:54:47
  从此开始信耶稣
作者:lzg0928 时间:2009-05-06 22:58:05
  楼主,这段时间后面的小议有点敷衍了.呵呵…有点力不从心了?累的话歇一段时间再写。顶!
作者:lzg0928 时间:2009-05-06 23:02:15
  楼主,这段时间后面的小议有点敷衍了.呵呵…有点力不从心了?累的话歇一段时间再写。顶!
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-07 18:38:43
  
  第三十课 Neither the Israelites Nor Pharaoh Would Listen to Moses 以色列人和法老都不买摩西的帐
  
   Therefore, say to the Israelites: 'I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment. I will take you as my own people, and I will be your God. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God, who brought you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. And I will bring you to the land I swore with uplifted hand to give to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob. I will give it to you as a possession. I am the LORD.' Moses reported this to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him because of their discouragement and cruel bondage. Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the Israelites go out of his country." But Moses said to the LORD, "If the Israelites will not listen to me, why would Pharaoh listen to me, since I speak with faltering lips?" 所以你要对以色列人说、我是耶和华、我要用伸出来的膀臂重重地刑罚埃及人、救赎你们脱离他们的重担、不作他们的苦工。我要以你们为我的百姓.我也要作你们的 神、你们要知道我是耶和华你们的 神、是救你们脱离埃及人之重担的。我起誓应许给亚伯拉罕、以撒、雅各的那地、我要把你们领进去将那地赐给你们为业、我是耶和华。摩西将这话告诉以色列人、只是他们因苦工愁烦、不肯听他的话。耶和华晓谕摩西说、你进去对埃及王法老说、要容以色列人出他的地。摩西在耶和华面前说、以色列人尚且不听我的话、法老怎肯听我这拙口笨舌的人呢。出埃及记 6:6-12
  
  bring sb. … out from 把某人从什么境地中解救出来
  yoke 轭,重担,For my yoke is easy and my burden is light. Mat.11:30因为我的轭是容易的,我的担子是轻省的。11:30
  free 可作动词也可作名词:to free a country, 解救一个国家,a free country 一个自由的国家
  free… from 从一种境况解救出来,The Lord Jesus is able to free us from sin because he himself was sinless. 因为耶稣无罪,所以能把我们从罪中拯救出来。
  redeem 救赎,I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death.我必救赎他们脱离阴间,救赎他们脱离死亡。何西阿书13:14
  outstretched 伸展的,
  with mighty acts of judgment 有力的审判,
  uplifted 与outstretched 同一个意思。His message is quite uplifting. 他的信息使人振奋。
  give it to you as a possession 此句中的it指允许之地,possession 财产
  faltering lips 口齿不清,
  
  摩西总是有畏惧,怕成不了事,而他的畏惧是源于他的误解,就是他以为神是叫他以他的能力,他的口才,去与掌权者面对面交锋。神始终是要教导他明白一个真理,不是人在做,而是神他自己在做,他说,我是耶和华、我要救赎你们。摩西需要做的只有一件事,就是凭信心把自己摆上。新一代跟随耶稣的人都该如此,或许我们会畏首畏脚,但是只要知道一件事就够了,是主耶稣在做,我们只要把自己摆上。
  
作者:khamda 时间:2009-05-07 20:57:58
  楼主勤奋
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-09 11:52:16
  第三十一课 Moses and Aaron Speak for the Lord 摩西与亚伦替神代言
  
  Then the LORD said to Moses, "See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet. 2 You are to say everything I command you, and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh to let the Israelites go out of his country. 3 But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my miraculous signs and wonders in Egypt, 4 he will not listen to you. Then I will lay my hand on Egypt and with mighty acts of judgment I will bring out my divisions, my people the Israelites. 5 And the Egyptians will know that I am the LORD when I stretch out my hand against Egypt and bring the Israelites out of it." 6 Moses and Aaron did just as the LORD commanded them. 耶和华对摩西说、我使你在法老面前代替 神、你的哥哥亚伦是替你说话的。凡我所吩咐你的、你都要说、你的哥哥亚伦要对法老说、容以色列人出他的地。我要使法老的心刚硬、也要在埃及地多行神迹奇事。但法老必不听你们、我要伸手重重地刑罚埃及、将我的军队以色列民从埃及地领出来。我伸手攻击埃及、将以色列人从他们中间领出来的时候、埃及人就要知道我是耶和华。摩西亚伦这样行、耶和华怎样吩咐他们、他们就照样行了。出埃及记 7:1-6
  
  prophet 先知,
  harden 是hard的动词形式,使什么刚硬,
  I multiply 我会要多次地使用,行使
  lay one’s hand on 这里作责罚解释,但是很多时候,是按手祷告的意思(一般复数)lay hands on the sick, 给病人按手祷告
  division 军队
  stretch out 伸展出
  
  以色列人与埃及人的冲突并不是表面上看上去的是一场民族矛盾,是一个被压迫民族争自由的运动,但真实的情况是,是人在与神较量。法老的心刚硬,是因为他要与神斗。而以色列人出埃及只是表面的自由,真正的自由是要认识耶和华是他们的神。
  
作者:xiaoyang307 时间:2009-05-10 13:16:49
  我倒是觉得小议结论很独特呢 支持楼主
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-10 19:18:44
  
  Lesson Thirty-two Pharaoh Continues to Fight the Lord 法老继续与耶和华为敌
  
  We must take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the LORD our God, as he commands us." Pharaoh said, "I will let you go to offer sacrifices to the LORD your God in the desert, but you must not go very far. Now pray for me." Moses answered, "As soon as I leave you, I will pray to the LORD, and tomorrow the flies will leave Pharaoh and his officials and his people. Only be sure that Pharaoh does not act deceitfully again by not letting the people go to offer sacrifices to the LORD." Then Moses left Pharaoh and prayed to the LORD, and the LORD did what Moses asked: The flies left Pharaoh and his officials and his people; not a fly remained. But this time also Pharaoh hardened his heart and would not let the people go.我们要往旷野去、走三天的路程、照着耶和华我们 神所要吩咐我们的、祭祀他。法老说、我容你们去在旷野祭祀耶和华你们的 神、只是不要走得很远.求你们为我祈祷。摩西说、我要出去求耶和华、使成群的苍蝇明天离开法老、和法老的臣仆、并法老的百姓、法老却不可再行诡诈、不容百姓去祭祀耶和华。于是摩西离开法老去求耶和华。耶和华就照摩西的话行、叫成群的苍蝇离开法老、和他的臣仆、并他的百姓、一个也没有留下。这一次法老又硬着心、不容百姓去。出埃及记 8:27-32
  
  journey 旅行,
  desert 旷野,荒漠,Spring in the Desert. 荒漠甘泉
  offer sacrifices to the LORD 向耶和华献祭
  far 远 We need preach the Gospel, whether near or far away. 不管远近,我们宣扬福音。
  official 官员,Everyone, including Chinese officials, need to repent. 每个人,包括政府官员,都得认罪悔改。
  deceitfully,由deceitful,deceit而来,欺骗,act deceitfully 行骗
  act deceitfully again by, 由by带出行骗的方式,
  We show our love to the Lord by serving Him. 服事主就是我们对他的爱的表现。
  fly 苍蝇,动词:飞 Flies fly everywhere. 到处都是飞舞的苍蝇。
  
  摩西带领的信徒一心一意只想敬拜耶和华,他们的基本权利却被执政者践踏,法老一而再再而三地行鬼诈。看起来很简单的事,但在法老那里却是个很大的问题,因为,法老从根本上不相信以色列人,怕他们不爱国,怕有一天法老与其他势力发生冲突时,以色列人会与其他人结盟。法老最终当心的是自己的政权。但法老不知道,他这样行,效果适得其反。法老没有办法控制上帝。自始至终,耶和华并没有要废除法老的意思。但法老老是跟神过不去,拿起石头砸自己的脚。
  
作者:xiaoyang307 时间:2009-05-11 07:20:27
  中级的比高级的好学多了,看来我英语水平只停留在低级了
作者:渊邈岳峙 时间:2009-05-12 16:54:48
  顶一个
作者:雪樱漫天 时间:2009-05-12 17:28:57
  学习~
作者:彼年豆蔻 时间:2009-05-12 23:15:22
  谢谢楼主~受教了~
作者:无聊撞墙 时间:2009-05-13 00:02:58
  ddddddddddddd
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-14 02:59:38
  Lesson Thirty-two The Passover and Exodus
  
  12 "On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn—both men and animals—and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the LORD. 13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt. 14 "This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the LORD -a lasting ordinance. 15 For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel. 16 On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do not work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat—that is all you may do.
  
  Passover 逾越节;pass over 逾越,越过
  pass through 穿过
  strike down 击倒
  bring judgment on 审判
  destructive plague 毁灭性的灾害,destructive strike, 破坏性的攻击、罢工
  commemorate 纪念 We commemorate the resurrection of the Lord. a day of commemoration
  a lasting ordinance 一项永久性的措施,
  bread made without yeast 没有酵的饼,无酵饼
  remove 除掉,
  anything with yeast 只要是带酵的东西
  be cut off, 剪除掉
  a sacred assembly 圣会, sacred 神圣的,assembly 集会,
  at all 根本
  except 除开
  to prepare food 预备食物
  
  逾越节是犹太人最重要的节日。对于基督徒来说,也是耶稣的象征。耶稣就是神的羔羊,要除去人的罪。如果有耶稣的血涂抹在我们罪人身上,神的审判就会逾越过去,从而我们得以幸免。所以基督徒相信,耶稣的血是为一切愿意悔改的人流的。
  
  逾越节与出埃及 “因为那夜我要巡行埃及地、把埃及地一切头生的、无论是人是牲畜、都击杀了.又要败坏埃及一切的神、我是耶和华。这血要在你们所住的房屋上作记号、我一见这血、就越过你们去、我击杀埃及地头生的时候、灾殃必不临到你们身上灭你们。你们要记念这日、守为耶和华的节、作为你们世世代代永远的定例。你们要吃无酵饼七日.头一日要把酵从你们各家中除去、因为从头一日起、到第七日为止、凡吃有酵之饼的、必从以色列中剪除。头一日你们当有圣会、第七日也当有圣会、这两日之内、除了预备各人所要吃的以外、无论何工、都不可作。”出埃及记 12:12-16
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-15 07:53:34
  Lesson Thirty-three 两百万人走向自由之路
  
  37 The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Succoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children. 38 Many other people went up with them, as well as large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds. 39 With the dough they had brought from Egypt, they baked cakes of unleavened bread. The dough was without yeast because they had been driven out of Egypt and did not have time to prepare food for themselves. 40 Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt [a] was 430 years. 41 At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the LORD's divisions left Egypt. 42 Because the LORD kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the LORD for the generations to come.
  journey 此处作动词,很多时候为名词。a long journey
  six hundred thousand men 六十万
  besides 除开,women and children.
  droves of livestock, 一群一群的牲畜,both flocks and herds 羊和牛
   dough 面,
  divisions 军队,一个师
  the length of time (总共的)时间
  keep vigil 守夜,纪念,
  honor 荣耀,
  the generations to come 后代
  
  这一段中提到了我们当注意的一些细节:男人六十万,这里指的是成年男人。可以这么估计,每一个男人相应地就有一个妇人和一个孩子,也就是差不多有200万人口。要组织200万人逃难,这是难以想象的工程。许多闲杂人员:这包括也在埃及当奴役的很多其他民族。例如民数记中就提到,摩西娶了一个埃塞俄比亚的妇人为妻。(12章)埃及是当时中东的政治文化中心,去那里讨生活的人很多。无酵饼,单从食物保鲜的角度来看,无酵饼更容易携带保鲜。 不管埃及多好,那里终究不是耶和华允许给他们的住居之地。在那里滞留、作奴隶430年,他们终于启程了。以色列人之所以能够顺利出埃及,是因为那一夜有耶和华的看顾。今天有些基督徒还滞留在埃及,在那里讨生活,并乐此不疲。我们要问,现在是不是出来的时候了?甚至富丽堂皇的教堂也可能并非我们要逗留的地方,只有直接进入到耶和华的允许之地才能得享安息。
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-15 07:56:14
  关注此帖的朋友,请到关天茶社读我的近作:进化论者黔驴技穷。
  
  以及到我的博客:agape.blog.tom.com
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-15 08:57:19
  老师勤奋,弟子自愧不如。
作者:a_ling0 时间:2009-05-15 19:32:03
  very good!
  Thank you very much!
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-16 08:10:29
  马太福音 7:6 不要把圣物给狗,也不要把珍珠丢在猪前,恐怕它践踏了珍珠,转过咬你们。
  老师忘了耶稣的教训了?
  还是来给学生上课吧。一天一课。
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-16 11:55:42
  Lesson Thirty-four The Pillar of Cloud and the Pillar of Fire 云柱与火柱
  
  17 When Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them on the road through the Philistine country, though that was shorter. For God said, "If they face war, they might change their minds and return to Egypt." 18 So God led the people around by the desert road toward the Red Sea. The Israelites went up out of Egypt armed for battle. 19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him because Joseph had made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He had said, "God will surely come to your aid, and then you must carry my bones up with you from this place." 20 After leaving Succoth they camped at Etham on the edge of the desert. 21 By day the LORD went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night. 22 Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night left its place in front of the people.
  
  lead them on the road, 带领他们行路,(没有带领他们走非利士地)
  face war, 面临战争,face作动词用,面对:Face reality and tackle each hurdle to changing your life one step and one day at a time. 你得面对现实,采取行动,一天一步地来解决你生命中的难题。
  change one’s mind 改变主意,相反的说法是make up one's mind
  lead the people around, 带领他们包了一个圈
  the desert road towards the Red Sea, 通向红海的旷野路
  armed for battle, 这里是个分词结果,修饰went,表示,他们走路的同时,时刻都准备着战斗。
  swear an oath, 起誓,另一个起誓的说法:vow
  camp 营地,安营,summer camp 夏令营
  had made, had said, 过去完成时
  edge 边缘,
  ahead of 在 前面 The Spirit is with us now, but also ahead of us. 圣灵此刻就与我们同在,同时也在前面带领我们。
  by day, or by night, 在白天,或在夜晚
  neither….. nor 没有。。。也没有 God is neither here nor there, God is in your heart. 神既不在这里,也不在那里,神在你心里。
  in front of 与 ahead of 的意思差不多,在什么的前面。
  leave 离开,God is hoping for us to never leave Him again. 神希望我们再也不要离开他。
  
  这一段甚为经典。云柱火柱一直是神带领我们前进的象征。在旷野行走很容易迷路,但有神指引,就没有什么可怕的了。所以大卫说:耶和华是我的亮光,是我的拯救。我还怕谁呢?耶和华是我性命的保障(保障或作力量),我还惧谁呢?诗篇27:1
  有意思的是,神似乎在带领他们走弯路,而事实是因为神已经知道,这些奴性十足的以色列人,遇见困难就想着要回到从前的状态去。每一位为神所用的人,都要经过一段属灵的历程,我们属灵的生命没有什么捷径可走。
  约瑟的生命非同一般。他已经做到了宰相,但是他知道,梁园虽好,不是久恋之家。他坚信,终有一天,他的后代会要回到神的允许之地。
  中国的基督徒要做好准备,我们要达到允许之地或许需要几代人的努力。
  
  法老容百姓去的时候、非利士地的道路虽近、 神却不领他们从那里走、因为 神说、恐怕百姓遇见打仗后悔、就回埃及去。 13:18所以 神领百姓绕道而行、走红海旷野的路.以色列人出埃及地、都带着兵器上去。 13:19摩西把约瑟的骸骨一同带去、因为约瑟曾叫以色列人严严的起誓、对他们说、 神必眷顾你们、你们要把我的骸骨从这里一同带上去。 13:20他们从疏割起行、在旷野边的以倘安营。 13:21日间耶和华在云柱中领他们的路、夜间在火柱中光照他们、使他们日夜都可以行走. 13:22日间云柱、夜间火柱、总不离开百姓的面前。出埃及记13:17-22
  
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-16 23:25:25
  谢谢老师。
  Face reality and tackle each hurdle to changing your life one step and one day at a time.
  这里的change为什么用ing形式呢?
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-17 06:50:57
  Lesson Thirty-six Crossing the Red Sea
  
  21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and all that night the LORD drove the sea back with a strong east wind and turned it into dry land. The waters were divided, 22 and the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground, with a wall of water on their right and on their left.
   23 The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh's horses and chariots and horsemen followed them into the sea. 24 During the last watch of the night the LORD looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion. 25 He made the wheels of their chariots come off [a] so that they had difficulty driving. And the Egyptians said, "Let's get away from the Israelites! The LORD is fighting for them against Egypt."
  31 And when the Israelites saw the great power the LORD displayed against the Egyptians, the people feared the LORD and put their trust in him and in Moses his servant.
  
  stretched out his hand 伸出手,
  drive the sea back 把海给推回,
  with a strong east wind 用一股强烈的东方
  The waters were divided 海水被分开了,注意,这里的海水用复数,说明海水浩瀚。
  with a wall of water 说明他们走过去时的情形,旁边是一道水墙
   The Egyptians pursued them, pursue 追赶,追求。We pursue happiness. 我们追求幸福。
  throw it into confusion it指埃及军队,throw 让 …陷入混乱
  wheels come off 轮子脱落,
  have difficulty doing, 很难做,I have difficulties understanding him. 很难弄懂他。
   Let's get away 走开,逃跑,
  fight against….与…..战争,开战
  displayed, 相当于that was displayed, 展现出来,
  put one’s trust in sb. 相信某人,In the Lord, put your trust.
  
  以色列人要逃离埃及看上去是不可能的事,法老有强大的,训练有素的军队,而以色列人几乎是手无寸铁,一盘散沙。摩西只做了一件事,就是照神的话,把手伸向了大海。摩西的手与每个人的手实际上是一样,没有任何特别,摩西的特别之处乃是他对神的依赖。主耶稣说,在人这是不能的,在神凡事都能。-马太19:26
  
  第三十六课 过红海
  摩西向海伸杖、耶和华便用大东风、使海水一夜退去、水便分开、海就成了干地。以色列人下海中走干地、水在他们的左右作了墙垣。埃及人追赶他们、法老一切的马匹、车辆、和马兵、都跟着下到海中。到了晨更的时候、耶和华从云火柱中向埃及的军兵观看、使埃及的军兵混乱了。又使他们的车轮脱落、难以行走、以致埃及人说、我们从以色列人面前逃跑吧、因耶和华为他们攻击我们了。出埃及记14:21-25
  以色列人看见耶和华向埃及人所行的大事、就敬畏耶和华、又信服他和他的仆人摩西。14:31
  
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-17 06:55:55
  这里的to 是介词,不是动词不定式,就像这一句一样:I look forward to seeing you.
  
  ------------------------------------------------------
  Face reality and tackle each hurdle to changing your life one step and one day at a time.
    这里的change为什么用ing形式呢?
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-17 07:56:14
  I'm bewildered by "to do" and "to doing".
  face ...to doing or tackle ...to doing?
  In "I look forward to seeing you.", the verb "look" has no direct object.
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-17 08:20:08
  查到了一段包含这个例句的文字。
  Take action- If you feel like you can change something around you, do not hesitate from doing so! Picturing it in your mind for a little while when you are not sure about how to go about doing things is alright, but not taking any action to change your life and just day-dreaming about it won't change a thing. Face reality and tackle each hurdle to changing your life one step and one day at a time. Even if changing certain things in your life may be hard, it is better to try to fix them and make happiness for yourself than picturing it in your mind and getting nowhere at all.
  我猜"hurdle to doing"跟"approach to doing"是一样的用法?
  也就是说,这个“障碍”是“改变生活”这件事的障碍?
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-17 20:58:41
  Lesson Thirty-seven Manna and Quail
  
  11 The LORD said to Moses, 12 "I have heard the grumbling of the Israelites. Tell them, 'At twilight you will eat meat, and in the morning you will be filled with bread. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God.' " 13 That evening quail came and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. 14 When the dew was gone, thin flakes like frost on the ground appeared on the desert floor. 15 When the Israelites saw it, they said to each other, "What is it?" For they did not know what it was. Moses said to them, "It is the bread the LORD has given you to eat.
  31 The people of Israel called the bread manna. It was white like coriander seed and tasted like wafers made with honey.
  
  grumble 嘀嘀咕咕,发牢骚 grumbling 是动名词形式。
  twilight 黎明,黄昏,同义词:dawn,
  be filled with 装满
  quail 鹌鹑
  a layer 一层 A layer of fog hovers over the valley. 一层薄雾环绕山谷。
  dew 露水Morning dew refreshes the grass (参看何西阿书14:5)
  flake 薄皮,snow flakes 雪花
  frost 霜,desert floor, 旷野地面上
  say to each other 彼此询问,
  For they did not know what it was. for 因为,what it was是know的从句。
  It is the bread the LORD has given you to eat. bread 后面省略了一个that。
  The people of Israel called the bread manna. manna 是bread的表语。
   coriander seed 芫荽子
  taste 味道,吃起来有什么样的味道,wafer 薄饼,honey 蜜,
  
  以色列人离开埃及时向埃及人索取了不少银器金器,但是他们却没有预备食物(12:35-39),只是在匆忙中,带了一点点无酵饼。可见他们并不知道以后旅途的艰辛。所以在16章3节,我们看到以色列人开始抱怨,没有饭吃,宁愿回埃及作奴隶。中国教会今天急需要祷告,这个国家道德堕落得无以复加,求神带领我们出精神的奴役之地,而我们要做好长期在旷野受苦的准备,如果我们的眼睛钉在银器金器之上,我们的教会也会堕落到宁愿作法老的奴隶的地步。(大教会的牧师们其实也就是为了银器金器而沦落为法老的奴隶。)如果我们专心仰望神,那么我们必会有源源不断的吗哪。
  
  第三十七课 吗哪与鹌鹑
  耶和华晓谕摩西说、我已经听见以色列人的怨言.你告诉他们说、到黄昏的时候、你们要吃肉、早晨必有食物得饱、你们就知道我是耶和华你们的 神。到了晚上、有鹌鹑飞来、遮满了营.早晨在营四围的地上有露水、露水上升之后、不料、野地面上有如白霜的小圆物。以色列人看见、不知道是甚么、就彼此对问说、这是甚么呢.摩西对他们说、这就是耶和华给你们吃的食物。出埃及记16:11-15
  这食物、以色列家叫吗哪.样子像芫荽子、颜色是白的、滋味如同搀蜜的薄饼。16:31
  
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-17 22:34:25
  一天两课?太好了!
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-18 07:23:00
  
  芫荽子 (yuan sui zi)
  芫荽子,别名胡荽子,为伞形科植物芫荽的果实。双悬果呈圆球形,直径3~5mm,表面淡黄棕色至黄棕色,较粗糙,顶端可见极短的柱头残迹及5个萼齿残痕,有不甚明显而呈波浪形弯曲的初生棱脊10条及较为明显而纵直的次生棱脊10条,主棱脊与次生棱脊相间排列,有时可见长约1.5cm的小果柄或果柄痕。果实较坚硬。气香,味微辣。有发表、透疹、开胃功能。用于感冒鼻塞,痘疹透发不畅,饮食乏味,齿痛。
作者:惊雷 时间:2009-05-18 08:18:26
  http://www.fasttrackenglish.com/DailyQuiz/View-2852.shtml
  一些slang
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-19 10:54:01
  
  Lesson Thirty-eight Water From the Rock
  
  3 But the people were thirsty for water there, and they grumbled against Moses. They said, "Why did you bring us up out of Egypt to make us and our children and livestock die of thirst?" 4 Then Moses cried out to the LORD, "What am I to do with these people? They are almost ready to stone me." 5 The LORD answered Moses, "Walk on ahead of the people. Take with you some of the elders of Israel and take in your hand the staff with which you struck the Nile, and go. 6 I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb. Strike the rock, and water will come out of it for the people to drink." So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7 And he called the place Massah [a] and Meribah [b] because the Israelites quarreled and because they tested the LORD saying, "Is the LORD among us or not?"
  
  thirsty for 渴望得到 I am thirsty for Jesus. 我渴望得到耶稣。
  die of thirst 死于饥渴
  What am I to do with these people? 我要怎样处理这些人呢?I have nothing to do with them. 我与他们毫无关系。
  stone 石头,可名词可动词。They want to stone that woman to death. 他们想要用石头打死那个妇人。
  the staff 杖,the shepherd’s staff, 牧人的杖,Our staff is our prayers. 我们的杖就是祷告。
  in the sight of the elders 在长老眼前,
   quarrel 争吵,或者说,fight, quarrel主要是用言语争吵,fight可能会动手。
  test 试探,考试,考验 With the help from God, we can stand the test. 有神的帮助,我们能经受住考验。
  
  好人必得好报吗?未见得。摩西帮助自己的同胞,打死了逼迫以色列人的埃及残暴的监工,他的犹太同胞却要出卖他,他带了同胞脱离了陷阱,现在他的同胞却要用石头打死他。耶稣为犹太人流血,犹太人却要钉他的十字架。在中国服事神,要特别做好准备,就是你所服事的对象有天会要攻击你,出卖你,背叛你。这就是神给我们的功课,要我们通过这些考验,成为一个灵命成熟的人。
  
  百姓在那里甚渴、要喝水、就向摩西发怨言、说、你为甚么将我们从埃及领出来、使我们和我们的儿女并牲畜、都渴死呢。摩西就呼求耶和华说、我向这百姓怎样行呢、他们几乎要拿石头打死我。耶和华对摩西说、你手里拿着你先前击打河水的杖、带领以色列的几个长老、从百姓面前走过去。我必在何烈的磐石那里站在你面前.你要击打磐石、从磐石里必有水流出来、使百姓可以喝。摩西就在以色列的长老眼前这样行了。他给那地方起名叫玛撒、〔就是试探的意思〕又叫米利巴、〔就是争闹的意思〕因以色列人争闹、又因他们试探耶和华说、耶和华是在我们中间不是。出埃及记17:3-7
  
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-19 17:15:56
  Thank you Mr.Xin.
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-20 19:03:32
  Lesson Thirty-nine Jethro’s Proposal
  
  Moses' father-in-law replied, "What you are doing is not good. You and these people who come to you will only wear yourselves out. The work is too heavy for you; you cannot handle it alone. Listen now to me and I will give you some advice, and may God be with you. You must be the people's representative before God and bring their disputes to him. Teach them the decrees and laws, and show them the way to live and the duties they are to perform. But select capable men from all the people—men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain—and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens. Have them serve as judges for the people at all times, but have them bring every difficult case to you; the simple cases they can decide themselves. That will make your load lighter, because they will share it with you.
  
   father-in-law 岳父,mother-in-law 岳母,sister-in-law 嫂子
  What you are doing is not good. What you are doing 是主语从句。你做的事,
  wear sb. out 把人给累坏,worn-out sandals and clothes 旧鞋旧衣
  handle 办理 to handle the spiritual problems, 处理属灵的问题
  advice 主意,忠告,这是个不可数名词。We need to learn and accept God’s advice through life. 我们应该学会接受神透过生活给我们的教诲。
  representative 代表
  dispute 纷争,
  the decrees 法令 与covenant, law, 都是近似词
  to perform duties, 实行责任
  select 选择 capable men 能干的人,fear God 敬畏神,
  trustworthy 值得信赖,
  dishonest gain 不义之财appoint 委任,official 做官,
  Have them serve as judges 任命他们做法官,
  difficult case 疑难案件 simple cases 简单案子
  load 工作量, lighter 更轻一点,lighter的比较级
  
  神通过圣经对我们说法,很多时候,也透过生活、我们周遭的人来向我们说话。叶忒罗给摩西的提议就是这样的例子。从叶忒罗的提议中,我们能看到这样一些有益的属灵功课:第一,要培养同工,这里指的是那种带有专职的负责同工。第二,教会要由很多的小组组成。教会或许有一天会遭到取缔,但是只要你的小组稳固,就没有人能够摧毁一个教会。第三,现代政府管理也是一级一级,法院一般有三到四极,这些摩西时代也都很完善了。这对我们了解社会的演变有帮助。第四,对于同工,要抓紧培训。第五,同工的选择,从旧约到新约,都是强调人的属灵品格,要求是敬畏神、诚实、不贪。
  
  经文中文:
  摩西的岳父说、你这作的不好。你和这些百姓必都疲惫、因为这事太重、你独自一人办理不了。现在你要听我的话、我为你出个主意、愿 神与你同在.你要替百姓到 神面前、将案件奏告 神.又要将律例和法度教训他们、指示他们当行的道、当作的事。并要从百姓中拣选有才能的人、就是敬畏 神、诚实无妄、恨不义之财的人、派他们作千夫长、百夫长、五十夫长、十夫长、管理百姓.叫他们随时审判百姓、大事都要呈到你这里、小事他们自己可以审判.这样、你就轻省些、他们也可以同当此任。出埃及记18:17-22
  
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-21 07:23:31
  摩西的岳父,一个外邦的米甸人是管理学的鼻祖。
  约瑟和摩西娶的都是外邦女子,这是神所喜悦的还是不喜悦的?
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-21 20:22:06
  Lesson Forty The Ten Commandments Part One
  
   And God spoke all these words: "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. "You shall have no other gods before me. "You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand {generations} of those who love me and keep my commandments. "You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name. "Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.
  
  out of the land of slavery, 走出了奴役之地,这是对out of Egypt的进一步的解释。
  an idol 是make 的宾语,但因为for yourself, 而放在后面了一点。
  in the form of 用。。。方式,He writes to us in the form of a letter. 他用信的方式给我们写东西。
  in heaven above, above 修饰heaven;on the earth beneath, beneath修饰earth,
  bow down to 向 。。。鞠躬,敬拜,We should not bow down to a foreign power. 我们绝不屈服于外国势力。
  jealous 嫉妒,Why is God a jealous God? 神为什么会嫉妒呢?
  punish 惩罚, punish sb. for sth. 因某事而惩罚某人,Does God punish you for every sin you commit? 神会因你的每次犯罪都惩罚你吗?
  show love to
  keep my commandments, 尊守我的命令,
   misuse 误用,滥用
  hold someone guiltless 不责怪某人
  remember the Sabbath day 纪念安息日,by keeping it holy 使这日子为神圣的一天
  
  很多同胞说,基督教不错,帮中国兴建了第一批学校,第一批医院,培养出第一批科学家,但就是基督教太霸道,你信了这个神就不能信别的神了。这样一来,你把孔夫子、佛教的神摆在什么地方?人要是不接受神总是能找出理由的。而所有的理由都不过是为自己的罪进行辩护。这里的关键问题是,这位神是不是他自己所说的,是创造宇宙万物的唯一真神,而其他的神根本就是人的想像物。如果真是如此,那只拜一位真神有何不妥呢?只接受真理,拒绝伪真理难道有错吗?十戒分为两部分,第一部分阐明人与神的关系,第二部分阐明人与人之间的关系。今天读的是第一部分。
  
  神吩咐这一切的话、说、我是耶和华你的 神、曾将你从埃及地为奴之家领出来。除了我以外、你不可有别的神。不可为自己雕刻偶像、也不可作甚么形像、彷彿上天、下地、和地底下、水中的百物.不可跪拜那些像、也不可事奉他、因为我耶和华你的 神是忌邪的 神、恨我的、我必追讨他的罪、自父及子、直到三四代.爱我守我诫命的、我必向他们发慈爱、直到千代。不可妄称耶和华你 神的名、因为妄称耶和华名的、耶和华必不以他为无罪。 20:8当记念安息日、守为圣日。出埃及记20:1-8
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-22 05:02:16
  有教会带领人说,基督徒生病了不要跟那不信的人一样去医院看病,应该要祷告信靠神,相信神能医治,“因他的鞭伤,我们就得医治”。这时候我就想,如果祷告的确能医治,那为什么来华的天主教基督教宣教士要建医院呢?他们多建些教堂不就行了吗?如果祷告就能医治,那些从事医生职业的基督徒是不是应该改行去当牧师呢?
  当然,出于不想冒犯我很尊重的这位带领人,我只是把疑问藏在心里。
  希望也没有冒犯您,信老师。
  
作者:不想再勇敢 时间:2009-05-22 11:31:02
  喜欢,终于可以补补课了
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-22 19:07:23
  Lesson Forty-one Ten Commandments Part Two
  
  Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. "Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you. "You shall not murder. "You shall not commit adultery. "You shall not steal. "You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. "You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor."
  
  labor 劳作,work 工作, 这两个词意思相近,labor更侧重于抽象概念。
  Sabbath 安息日 On it,it指前面的安息日
   manservant 男仆, maidservant,女仆 alien 外籍劳仆
  within your gates 在你的大门内,就是你家里的意思。
  bless 祝福 God bless all who seek truth. 神祝福所有寻求真理的人。
  make it holy 立定这一天为圣,holy covenant 圣约
  honor 尊敬 You need to honor your teacher. 你应该尊敬你的老师。
   murder 谋杀 People should not forget the mass murder in Tian An Men Square twenty years ago. 人们不要忘了20年前的那场大规模屠杀。
  commit adultery 犯奸淫
   steal 偷窃 When you take office supplies home, you are stealing. 你把办公室的用品拿回家,你就在偷窃了。
  give false testimony against 作假见证去攻击
  neighbor 邻居 Love God and love your neighbors. 爱神与爱邻居。
   covet 对。。起贪心 Consumerism makes people covet everything. 消费主义使人想要一切。
  ox 牛 表示牛还有几个词:cow, buffalo, 牛肉则是beef,
  驴子donkey,
  belong 属于 I belong to God and He loves me. 我属于神,神爱我。
  
  此处从“六日”到“定为圣日”都还是属于上一部分,只因怕上一课太多,而放在了这里,所以十戒的第二部分是从当“孝敬”父母开始。中国人只有过年才能休息一下,而每周都休息则是从犹太人开始。休息的重点不是体力,二是灵力。这一天我们要专门来敬拜神,来让自己省察自己有什么过犯(就是不圣洁)。这里把寄住在犹太人中的外国人也视为与犹太人一样平等,甚至动物也有权利休息。今天的基督徒在礼拜日崇拜神、崇拜耶稣,这是一周中最为重要的日子,所以任何情况下都不能停止聚会。十戒有划时代意义,当好好背诵。
  
  六日要劳碌作你一切的工.但第七日是向耶和华你 神当守的安息日.这一日你和你的儿女、仆婢、牲畜、并你城里寄居的客旅、无论何工都不可作.因为六日之内、耶和华造天、地、海、和其中的万物、第七日便安息.所以耶和华赐福与安息日、定为圣日。当孝敬父母、使你的日子在耶和华你 神所赐你的地上、得以长久。不可杀人。不可奸淫。不可偷盗。不可作假见证陷害人。不可贪恋人的房屋、也不可贪恋人的妻子、仆婢、牛驴、并他一切所有的。出20:9-17
  
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-22 19:26:06
  妻子与仆婢、牛驴、并他一切所有的一并列举。可见旧约时代,妻子属于丈夫的私有财产,而不具独立人格。到了新约时代这种现象并没有多少好转:林后14:34~35妇 女 在 会 中 要 闭 口 不 言 , 像 在 圣 徒 的 众 教 会 一 样 , 因 为 不 准 他 们 说 话 。 他 们 总 要 顺 服 , 正 如 律 法 所 说 的 。她们若要学什么,可以在家里问自己的丈夫,因为妇女在会中说话原是可耻的。
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-22 20:27:25
  凡事相信。不仅是医治。但是神赐人智慧还是有独特作用的。医术以及其他一切的术都是神赐人智慧的结果。都当珍惜,但都不能作为我们的最后依靠。
  
  就是医生也肯定地说,祷告有好处,因为病与罪有很重要的因果关系。
  
  比起其他社会,妇女在犹太人的社会里还是算有一定地位的。关于妇女在教会中不能说话这一段,有些解经书上有比较详细的解释。
  
  作者:I_Love_Jesus 回复日期:2009-05-22 05:02:16 
  
    有教会带领人说,基督徒生病了不要跟那不信的人一样去医院看病,应该要祷告信靠神,相信神能医治,“因他的鞭伤,我们就得医治”。
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-23 07:24:36
  谢谢老师!
  我想问,您生病的时候是单单祷告呢,还是同时去医院看医生或去药店买药呢?既然医术是上帝所赐人类的智慧,那就不能说去看医生就是跟不信的人一样了。
  妇女在犹太社会比同时代的其他社会的妇女高一些,并不能改变旧约时代犹太妇女地位比犹太男性低得多的事实。就算耶稣时代也是如此。“妇女在教会中不能说话”,无论怎么解释都不能说明当时妇女的地位已经上升到与男性一样。
  不过我倒是认为《圣经》里记载了历史上曾有很长时间妇女地位比男性低的事实,并不能贬损圣经的神圣,反而更能说明它的可贵。
  所幸的是当代基督徒强调的是在上帝面前人人(包括男人和女人)生而平等。基督徒通常不再三妻四妾,而是被要求一夫一妻,夫妻彼此忠诚。妇女拥有与男性一样的教育、经济、政治、法律等权利和地位。
  非常感谢老师专门回答学生的疑问。真是难得的学习机会!
  
  
作者:desiny1121 时间:2009-05-23 08:35:43
  p 这是英文版的圣经吗?这最近看了中文版的,学到很多,呵呵
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-23 18:04:54
  Lesson Forty-two The Way to Treat the Poor
  
   Do not mistreat an alien or oppress him, for you were aliens in Egypt. Do not take advantage of a widow or an orphan. If you do and they cry out to me, I will certainly hear their cry. My anger will be aroused, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives will become widows and your children fatherless. If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not be like a moneylender; charge him no interest. If you take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge, return it to him by sunset, because his cloak is the only covering he has for his body. What else will he sleep in? When he cries out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate.
  
  mistreat 虐待,对。。。不公,treat 对待,mis- 前缀,表示错误,不好,例如:misunderstanding 误会,mistake, 错误
  oppress 压迫 Christians are oppressed sometimes in this country. 基督徒有时候在这个国家会受逼迫。
  take advantage of 占便宜,也是一种压迫。a widow 寡妇 an orphan 孤儿
  anger 愤怒For his anger lasts only a moment, but his favor lasts a lifetime. 因为,他的怒气不过是转眼之间;他的恩典乃是一生之久。
  arouse 兴起,叫醒,
  fatherless 无父的,less-后缀,表示“没有”,I am penniless. 我一文钱都没有。
  lend 借给别人,比较borrow, 向别人借,
  needy 有需要的
  moneylender 债主,
  charge interest 收利息
  cloak 外衣,pledge 保证,抵押品,
  by sunset 在日落时,Maybe we can see the moon today after sunset. 或许日落后我们可以看到月亮。The sun sets. 日落。
  the only covering 唯一的衣服,唯一的遮盖,
  compassionate 同情的,名词为compassion: God is full of compassion and mercy. 上帝满有慈爱与怜悯。
  
  
  寄住的,寡妇,孤儿,用今天的话就是弱势群体。我们汉人在这方面罪行特别恶劣,需要深深悔改。首先是文化上的,大城市的人欺负外来人,一般城市的人又欺负农村人。制度上,那更是臭名昭著,有如同以前南非、纳粹的那种种族隔离政策,就是暂住证。中国人只要别人的口音与我不一样,我都会去欺负别人,例如卖东西立马就把价格提高。当然,还有最大的罪恶就是以你的政治观点来歧视,如果你不是某个党的党员,你就会被拒绝参与这个国家的任何事物。我们汉人虐待藏人,维吾尔族人等等许多少数民族。或许你个人没有这方面的罪,但是我们的同胞制定了这方面的罪恶政策,我们的同胞犯了这方面的罪,我们依旧有责任为此祷告,求神宽恕。
  
  不可亏负寄居的、也不可欺压他、因为你们在埃及地也作过寄居的。不可苦待寡妇和孤儿.若是苦待他们一点、他们向我一哀求、我总要听他们的哀声。并要发烈怒、用刀杀你们、使你们的妻子为寡妇、儿女为孤儿。我民中有贫穷人与你同住、你若借钱给他、不可如放债的向他取利。你即或拿邻舍的衣服作当头、必在日落以先归还他。因他只有这一件当盖头、是他盖身的衣服、若是没有、他拿甚么睡觉呢.他哀求我、我就应允、因为我是有恩惠的。出埃及记22:21-27
  
作者:Vvo0 时间:2009-05-23 18:14:00
  留名了
作者:Vvo0 时间:2009-05-23 18:24:03
  第一个二页沙发,祝贺下,楼主继续啊
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-24 06:41:49
  alien好像也指寄居的外国人。如果这外国人是洋人,无论官员还是百姓对他们还是非常客气的,以至于到了献媚的程度。所以一般西方人到中国来,会觉得中国人很好客。
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-24 09:04:37
  官员媚外原因有三,一是他可以把与洋人的合影放到年终的工作总结报告里,所为他改革开放的政绩。二是如果洋人投诉,那他吃不了就得兜着走了。三是,找洋人把儿子搞到海外去留学。这样贪来的钱才好洗了。
  老百姓对洋人客气,那是真好客。
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-24 09:05:32
  Lesson Forty-three The Golden Calf 金牛犊
  
  So all the people took off their earrings and brought them to Aaron. He took what they handed him and made it into an idol cast in the shape of a calf, fashioning it with a tool. Then they said, "These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt." When Aaron saw this, he built an altar in front of the calf and announced, "Tomorrow there will be a festival to the LORD." So the next day the people rose early and sacrificed burnt offerings and presented fellowship offerings. Afterward they sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in revelry. Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go down, because your people, whom you brought up out of Egypt, have become corrupt. They have been quick to turn away from what I commanded them and have made themselves an idol cast in the shape of a calf. They have bowed down to it and sacrificed to it and have said, ’These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt.’
  
  take off 摘下,脱下 We need to take off all those labels and put on Jesus only. 我们要扔掉那些标志,只披戴耶稣。(标志指的是,我是属保罗的,你是属亚波罗的等等。)
  earring 耳环,另外有ring,
  what they handed him 宾语从句 it 指金子。
  an idol cast 偶像 in the shape of 与前面学的in the form of 一个意思。
  a calf, 一只牛犊 fashion 打造,
  who brought you up out of Egypt 从句,指前面的god。
  altar 坛, festival 节日,
   rise early 一大早就起来了
  sacrifice 献祭Are you really willing to sacrifice yourselves for God? 你真的愿意为了上帝牺牲自己吗?
  burnt offerings 燔祭,fellowship offerings平安祭
  indulge 沉溺于 revelry 欢乐,庆祝
  corrupt 腐败
  quick to 很快就 turn away from 违背 what I commanded them 宾语从句,做介词from的宾语,我给他们的命令。
  
  百姓献祭真有点意思,一是他们舍得做出牺牲,把自己的金环都献了出来,二是,他们献祭也是照神的要求献的,有燔祭,平安祭。甚至他们的出发点都是好的,亚伦说,明天给主献祭。但他们这样做却惹得神很生气。因为他们偏离了神的道。神的道只有一个,敬拜的方式神也规定得很清楚,不能更改,并不是条条道路通罗马。只有一位神,只有一条道路。而耶稣就是这条道路,耶稣就是这位神。
  
  百姓就都摘下他们耳上的金环、拿来给亚伦。亚伦从他们手里接过来、铸了一只牛犊、用雕刻的器具作成.他们就说、以色列阿、这是领你出埃及地的神。亚伦看见、就在牛犊面前筑坛、且宣告说、明日要向耶和华守节。次日清早、百姓起来献燔祭、和平安祭、就坐下吃喝、起来玩耍。耶和华吩咐摩西说、下去吧、因为你的百姓、就是你从埃及地领出来的、已经败坏了。他们快快偏离了我所吩咐的道、为自己铸了一只牛犊、向他下拜献祭、说、以色列阿、这就是领你出埃及地的神。出埃及记32:3-8
  
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-24 19:41:06
  谢谢老师。
作者:荒草连天 时间:2009-05-25 16:08:16
  顶
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-25 22:25:28
  圣经转眼间已读完了两本书了,创世纪与出埃及记都是十分重要的文献,需要多读。现在我们进入利未记。这是摩西五经(Pentateuch)中的第三本书。因为这本书很大一部分涉及献祭与诫命,而献祭及带领以色列人遵守诫命是利未人的职责,所以这本书叫利未记。这一本书对于了解以色列人的习俗和思维很重要。前面花了不少篇幅介绍圣经的基础,考虑到圣经内容很丰富,所以利未记只能用三节课的功夫来介绍,请大家这几天一定把利未记通读一边。
  
  Lesson Forty-four The Death of Nadab and Abihu
  1 Aaron’s sons Nadab and Abihu took their censers, put fire in them and added incense; and they offered unauthorized fire before the LORD, contrary to his command. 2 So fire came out from the presence of the LORD and consumed them, and they died before the LORD. 3 Moses then said to Aaron, "This is what the LORD spoke of when he said: " ’Among those who approach me I will show myself holy; in the sight of all the people I will be honored.’ " Aaron remained silent. 4 Moses summoned Mishael and Elzaphan, sons of Aaron’s uncle Uzziel, and said to them, "Come here; carry your cousins outside the camp, away from the front of the sanctuary." 5 So they came and carried them, still in their tunics, outside the camp, as Moses ordered. 6 Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons Eleazar and Ithamar, "Do not let your hair become unkempt, [a] and do not tear your clothes, or you will die and the LORD will be angry with the whole community. But your relatives, all the house of Israel, may mourn for those the LORD has destroyed by fire. 7 Do not leave the entrance to the Tent of Meeting or you will die, because the LORD’s anointing oil is on you." So they did as Moses said.
  
  
  censer 香炉 a vessel with which people burn incense 用于烧香用的器皿
  incense 烧香,香
  unauthorized 未经许可,有译本用alien,
  contrary to his command,与耶和华的命令相反,直接违背,
  the presence of the LORD 耶和华的面前,
  consume 烧尽,The disciples asked Jesus to call down fire from heaven to consume some people. (Luke 9:55). 门徒要求耶稣降下火把那些人都烧得一干二净。
  approach 接近,
  in the sight of all the people 在所有人的面前,
  summon 招来,God summons His people to the church. 神将他的民都叫到教会来。
  sanctuary 营外,教会, tunics 袍子,
  unkempt 乱七八糟, tear 撕裂,名词:眼泪
  mourn 悲伤Do you mourn over the sins of the heart? 你为心灵的罪悲伤吗?
  destroy 毁灭 The flood almost destroyed the whole world. 大洪水几乎把整个世界都给灭了。
  入口entrance How do you gain the entrance to heaven? 你怎样才能进入天堂?
  the Tent of Meeting 会幕 anointing oil 膏油
  
  
  读旧约,有时候我们会感到神会发一些无名火。我们要知道,圣经叙事很简略,中间有点细节圣经没有提,所以我们现代人很难知道这两个人究竟犯了什么样的罪。当然,很多人得出结论说,敬拜神也要照神所立的规矩,这点没有错。但是,这两个家伙究竟在哪方面违规呢?我个人的揣测是,有人可能犯了罪,偷偷地要这两个家伙献祭消灾,这两个家伙接受了一点贿赂,私自去献祭。而神是圣洁的。这本书的主题就是圣洁:You shall be holy, For I the Lord your God am holy. 你们要圣洁,因为我耶和华你们的神是圣洁的。(19:2),你接受贿赂去献祭,知法犯法,焉能怪神不客气?
  
  拿答、亚比户之死
  亚伦的儿子拿答、亚比户、各拿自己的香炉、盛上火、加上香、在耶和华面前献上凡火、是耶和华没有吩咐他们的。就有火从耶和华面前出来、把他们烧灭、他们就死在耶和华面前。于是摩西对亚伦说、这就是耶和华所说、我在亲近我的人中、要显为圣、在众民面前、我要得荣耀.亚伦就默默不言。摩西召了亚伦叔父乌薛的儿子米沙利、以利撒反来、对他们说、上前来把你们的亲属从圣所前抬到营外。于是二人上前来、把他们穿着袍子抬到营外.是照摩西所吩咐的。摩西对亚伦和他儿子以利亚撒、以他玛、说、不可蓬头散发、也不可撕裂衣裳、免得你们死亡、又免得耶和华向会众发怒、只要你们的弟兄以色列全家、为耶和华所发的火哀哭。你们也不可出会幕的门、恐怕你们死亡、因为耶和华的膏油在你们的身上。他们就照摩西的话行了。利未记10:1-7
  
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-26 20:04:24
  利未记故事性没有创世纪和出埃及记可读性强,不过还是要勉励自己努力再读一遍吧。
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-27 11:53:59
  老师啊,看来只有等到20周年这个坎儿过了,你那个tom博客网站才会再开了。
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-30 00:55:07
  老师怎么不来上课了?贴子翻了一页,是不是以为没有学生在学了呢?
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-30 01:56:03
  Lesson Forty-five Unacceptable Sacrifices
  
  The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites and say to them: ’If any of you—either an Israelite or an alien living in Israel—presents a gift for a burnt offering to the LORD, either to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering, you must present a male without defect from the cattle, sheep or goats in order that it may be accepted on your behalf. Do not bring anything with a defect, because it will not be accepted on your behalf. When anyone brings from the herd or flock a fellowship offering to the LORD to fulfill a special vow or as a freewill offering, it must be without defect or blemish to be acceptable.
  When you sacrifice a thank offering to the LORD, sacrifice it in such a way that it will be accepted on your behalf.
  "Keep my commands and follow them. I am the LORD.
  
  an alien 一个外国人,alien 外来人,space alien 外星人,
  present 献祭,呈献,记得,这个词有两个读音,一个是形容词,一个是动词。
  a gift 一件礼物God has a gift for you. Do you accept it? 神有件礼物给你,你接受吗?
  either or 要不然,要不然 You either love the Lord or love the world. We will either serve God or the world. 你要不然就爱主,要不然就爱世界。我们要不然服事神,要不然服事世界。
  fulfill a vow 实现愿望 Christians should fulfill their vow before God. 基督徒应该实现在神面前的许愿。
  a freewill offering,随意奉献
  without defect 没有残缺,
  blemish 缺陷 a man without blemish, 或者 a man without blame,
  acceptable 可接受的, Your excuse is not acceptable. 无法接受你的借口.
  on your behalf 以你的名义,
  
  最近我们终于建立起了属于自己的家庭教会。我们租了一个三室一厅的房子(公寓),我请大家为教会的需要祷告。很快有人捐来各种各样的东西,有个弟兄捐来一部手提电脑,是他用了五六年的心爱之物,他说,信老师,我最近更新了手提电脑,就把这台奉献给教会。我差点感动得鼻涕眼泪都流了出来。我一打开,电池也坏了,这里不好使,那里有毛病。我大声在神面前说,神啊,中国的基督徒什么时候可以把最好的献给你呀?就是没有残疾的电脑,不会东倒西歪的桌子。这些破玩意我悦纳,但不知道你悦不悦纳呀。
  
  
  耶和华对摩西说、 你晓谕亚伦和他子孙、并以色列众人说、以色列家中的人、或在以色列中寄居的、凡献供物、无论是所许的愿、是甘心献的、就是献给耶和华作燔祭的.要将没有残疾的公牛、或是绵羊、或是山羊献上、如此方蒙悦纳。凡有残疾的、你们不可献上、因为这不蒙悦纳。凡从牛群、或是羊群中、将平安祭献给耶和华、为要还特许的愿、或是作甘心献的、所献的必纯全无残疾的、才蒙悦纳。利未记22:17-21
  22:29你们献感谢祭给耶和华、要献得可蒙悦纳。
  22:31你们要谨守遵行我的诫命.我是耶和华
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-30 05:10:22
  Lesson Forty-six Confession
  
  40 " ’But if they will confess their sins and the sins of their fathers—their treachery against me and their hostility toward me, 41 which made me hostile toward them so that I sent them into the land of their enemies—then when their uncircumcised hearts are humbled and they pay for their sin, 42 I will remember my covenant with Jacob and my covenant with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land. 43 For the land will be deserted by them and will enjoy its sabbaths while it lies desolate without them. They will pay for their sins because they rejected my laws and abhorred my decrees. 44 Yet in spite of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them or abhor them so as to destroy them completely, breaking my covenant with them. I am the LORD their God.
  
  confess 承认,Confess sins to one another. 彼此认罪。
  sins of their fathers 父辈的罪,祖先的罪
  treachery 欺骗,出卖,
  hostility 敌意,
  hostile 敌意,形容词,Our government sometimes is still hostile toward Christianity. 我们的政府有时候对基督教仍充满敌意。
  uncircumcised hearts 没有悔改的心,circumcise 割礼,uncircumcised 没有受割礼
  humbled 谦卑下来,
  pay for 为某事付出代价,
  covenant 立约,the old covenant, 旧约,the new covenant 新约
  desert 抛弃,这个词也有两个意思,另一个意思是沙漠,旷野,They deserted God. 他们离弃了神。find God in the desert, 在旷野找到神
  lie desolate 荒废无人照料的日子,
  reject 拒绝,Do you reject sin? Do you reject Satan? 你拒绝罪恶? 你拒绝撒旦吗?
  abhor 厌恶 We need to abhor sin, but love sinners. 我们应该厌恶罪,但是爱罪人。
  Decrees 与law是同义词,典章
  in spite of 尽管 In spite of our sinful nature, God accepts us. 尽管我们罪性根深蒂固,神依然接纳我们。
  so as to 结果会,
  destroy 摧毁,
  completely 完完全全地,
  breaking my covenant 打破我的约,
  
  认识圣经真道与英语学习都贵在坚持。今天的课程虽然只有短短四节,但生词不少,不要气馁,你一定学得好,记得牢。同时,这四节经文的含义十分丰富。第一,我们不仅要认自己的罪,还要认祖先的罪。我们会说,古人的罪与我何干耶?因为我们有祖先的血液,我们继承了祖先的罪。所以我们要为从孔子以降的人认罪,要为你父辈那些无神论者、共产党员们认罪。(他们自己是不会认的。)第二,以色列人常常处在四面受敌的境况原来是神早就命定的。因为这个民族犯了敌挡神的罪。我们的先辈杀了那么多的宣教士,中国基督徒,所以我们今天受点苦是理所当然的。第三,你受苦时,实际上是在安息,神这个时候在暗中牧羊你。第四,一切苦难都会过去,行过死荫,尽头有神为我们预备的宴席。
  
  他们要承认自己的罪、和他们祖宗的罪、就是干犯我的那罪、并且承认自己行事与我反对、 我所以行事与他们反对、把他们带到仇敌之地.那时他们未受割礼的心、若谦卑了、他们也服了罪孽的刑罚、 我就要记念我与雅各所立的约、与以撒所立的约、与亚伯拉罕所立的约.并要记念这地。 他们离开这地、地在荒废无人的时候、就要享受安息.并且他们要服罪孽的刑罚、因为他们厌弃了我的典章、心中厌恶了我的律例。 虽是这样、他们在仇敌之地、我却不厌弃他们、也不厌恶他们、将他们尽行灭绝、也不背弃我与他们所立的约、因为我是耶和华他们的 神.利未记26:40-44
  
作者:AresBarton 时间:2009-05-30 05:34:17
  每天学一点,每天进步一点。
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-30 08:18:43
  我为你们的房东祷告。要知道如果他知道你们租房的用途,仍然愿意租房给你们是需要一些勇气的。
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-31 05:08:14
  Lesson Forty-seven The Responsibility of the Tribe of Levi
  
  45 All the Israelites twenty years old or more who were able to serve in Israel’s army were counted according to their families. The total number was 603,550. 47 The families of the tribe of Levi, however, were not counted along with the others. 48 The LORD had said to Moses: 49 "You must not count the tribe of Levi or include them in the census of the other Israelites. 50 Instead, appoint the Levites to be in charge of the tabernacle of the Testimony—over all its furnishings and everything belonging to it. They are to carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings; they are to take care of it and encamp around it. 51 Whenever the tabernacle is to move, the Levites are to take it down, and whenever the tabernacle is to be set up, the Levites shall do it. Anyone else who goes near it shall be put to death.
  
  第一句句子比较长,但结构并不复杂。主句是:all the Israelites were counted. Twenty years old or more 修饰the Israelites,who带出一个从句修饰the Israelites,according to their families 是状语,修饰count。
  serve 在军队服役,在教会服事,
  according to 根据,According to the Bible, we are all sinners. 根据圣经的教导,我们都是罪人。
  along with 与其他人一起
  the tribe of Levi, 利未族,tribe 少数民族,山地人
  census 人口普查,
  appoint 指派,It is sad that many western churches appoint gay ministers. 很多西方教会任命同性恋作为牧师,这真是太让人感到悲哀。
  be in charge of 负责,
  the tabernacle 会幕,
  furnishing 家具,装饰,
  take care of 料理,照顾,Take care of your brother. 照顾好你的兄弟。
  encamp 这个词由en + camp 组成,前缀en让后面的名词或形容词成为一个动词。
  be set up, 竖起,设立 A church is set up to glorify God. 建立教会是为了荣耀神。
  be put to death 被处死,The Party put this pastor to death in 1952. 这个党将那位牧师在1952年判处了死刑。
  
  利未人在以色列人中的地位很高,因为他们是一批全时间的服事神的人。利未人的工作看起来很简单,就是搬动一下帐幕,然而这项服事十分的神圣。有些非基督徒对教会不了解,问一个教会为什么要有全时间的同工,他们是不是一个礼拜就上半天的班(主日半天),而且教会内部的信徒对这项神圣的服事也不重视,觉得是教会内走投无路的人才会全时间去服事。任何服事神的人,一定要圣洁、专心致志,不要想着还去做什么生意。
  
  利未族的责任
  这样凡以色列人中被数的、照着宗族从二十岁以外、能出去打仗被数的、共有六十万零三千五百五十名。利未人却没有按着支派数在其中、 因为耶和华晓谕摩西说、 惟独利未支派你不可数点、也不可在以色列人中计算他们的总数。只要派利未人管法柜的帐幕和其中的器具、并属乎帐幕的、他们要抬〔抬或作搬运〕帐幕和其中的器具、并要办理帐幕的事.在帐幕的四围安营。帐幕将往前行的时候、利未人要拆卸、将支搭的时候、利未人要竖起.近前来的外人必被治死。民数记1:46-51
  
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-31 07:36:33
  对于规模大的家庭教会,比方说人数超过4,50人甚至上百人,的确需要专职“牧师”或“同工”。
  不过我有点担心,如果家庭教会的牧师只拿微薄的仅够基本生活费的补贴,而没有其他合法收入,加上教会的监督机制缺乏或不合理,他们会很容易受到诱惑而贪心于教友的奉献款。
  如果以奉献款的固定百分比来拿补贴,结果就会造成,在牧师的眼里,到教会里来的每个新面孔都会变异为钱。
  相当一部分天真可爱的教友认为,对奉献款的监督使用并不重要,因为如果有人贪了属神的钱,神一定会惩罚他。这种态度实际上是纵容了奉献款的滥用。
楼主信天优 时间:2009-05-31 14:24:26
  
  Lesson Forty-eight Moses Not Happy to Be a Shepherd
  
  10 Moses heard the people of every family wailing, each at the entrance to his tent. The LORD became exceedingly angry, and Moses was troubled. 11 He asked the LORD, "Why have you brought this trouble on your servant? What have I done to displease you that you put the burden of all these people on me? 12 Did I conceive all these people? Did I give them birth? Why do you tell me to carry them in my arms, as a nurse carries an infant, to the land you promised on oath to their forefathers? 13 Where can I get meat for all these people? They keep wailing to me, ’Give us meat to eat!’ 14 I cannot carry all these people by myself; the burden is too heavy for me
  
  hear someone speaking/ wailing 听到某人讲/ 哭;wail 哭泣
  exceedingly 见出埃及记,exceedingly angry 非常愤怒
  Moses was troubled 摩西备受困扰。 Now my heart is troubled, and what shall I say? ’Father, save me from this hour’? No, it was for this very reason I came to this hour. John 12:27 this trouble 名词
  displease 让人 不高兴,记住这些前缀:dis-; en-; un-;
  put the burden of all these people on me 把这些人的重担都加在我身上。
  conceive 孕育
  give them birth, birth 是直接宾语,them 为间接宾语。
  to carry them in my arms, 用双手怀抱着这些人。
  nurse 保姆,KJV 为a nursing father, 所以和合本译为“养育之父”。
  infant 婴孩,比baby还要小一点。
  on oath 依照誓言,
  forefathers 祖先
  meat 肉食
  the burden is too heavy for me 担子太重,我无力担当。
  
  摩西也是性情中人。面对这样一大群刁民,摩西也没有那种宰相肚里能撑船的气度,而是很生气、很失望。他本来在埃及做王子做得好好的,结果神把他带到了旷野;本来他做羊官郎做得好好的,结果神又把他带回去解救这些奴性十足的同胞。摩西肯定更愿意放旷野里的羊,而不愿意放这些刁民羊。今天蒙召做牧者的人,或者牧羊的过程中,要学会有足够的心理准备,你的羊可能不会比摩西的羊好多少。还是主耶稣有爱心:“我多次願意聚集你的儿女、好像母雞把小雞聚集在翅膀底下、只是你們不願意。”(路加福音13:34)耶稣为了这些偏行己路的羊,最后走向了十字架。
  
  摩西听见百姓、各在各家的帐棚门口哭号。耶和华的怒气便大发作、摩西就不喜悦。摩西对耶和华说、你为何苦待仆人、我为何不在你眼前蒙恩、竟把这管理百姓的重任加在我身上呢.这百姓岂是我怀的胎、岂是我生下来的呢。你竟对我说、把他们抱在怀里、如养育之父抱吃奶的孩子、直抱到你起誓应许给他们祖宗的地去。我从哪里得肉给这百姓吃呢、他们都向我哭号说、你给我们肉吃吧。 管理这百姓的责任太重了、我独自担当不起。民数记11:10-14
  
作者:I_Love_Jesus 时间:2009-05-31 15:14:47
  cry,sob,weep,wail哪个伤心的程度最大,哪个最轻呢?
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-05-31 21:17:25
  佩服
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-01 05:35:26
  Lesson Forty-nine Ten Unfaithful Men
  
  30 Then Caleb silenced the people before Moses and said, "We should go up and take possession of the land, for we can certainly do it." 31 But the men who had gone up with him said, "We can’t attack those people; they are stronger than we are." 32 And they spread among the Israelites a bad report about the land they had explored. They said, "The land we explored devours those living in it. All the people we saw there are of great size. 33 We saw the Nephilim there (the descendants of Anak come from the Nephilim). We seemed like grasshoppers in our own eyes, and we looked the same to them."1 That night all the people of the community raised their voices and wept aloud. 2 All the Israelites grumbled against Moses and Aaron, and the whole assembly said to them, "If only we had died in Egypt! Or in this desert! 3 Why is the LORD bringing us to this land only to let us fall by the sword? Our wives and children will be taken as plunder. Wouldn’t it be better for us to go back to Egypt?" 4 And they said to each other, "We should choose a leader and go back to Egypt."
  
  silence 此词一般为名词,例如:We are guilty of the sin of silence when we don’t condemn corruption. 如果我们不谴责腐败的话,我们就犯了沉默的罪。但在这里是动词。A lot of times, fear will silence Christians. 基督徒常常因为惧怕而沉默。
  take possession of 占领,取得,The state cannot turn the private possessions into the public property by force. 国家不能强行将私有财产变为国有。
  who had gone up 这是个从句,who修饰前面的men,had gone 过去完成时
  stronger than 比某人强壮,比较级,单音节形容词后面加er便构成了比较级。
  spread 扩散,传播,The purpose of our life is to spread the Gospel. 我们生命的目的就是为了传播福音。
  a bad report 一个很坏的报告
  they had explored,从句,省略了which,explore 发掘,探路,探险
  devour 吞吃,
  those living in it,living in it 这个短语修饰前面those, 可以看为省略了who were,
  of great size 尺寸很大,体形巨大,
  descendant 后代
  grasshopper 蚱蜢,
  in our own eyes 在我们自己眼中,
  community 社区,全体成员,
  raise their voices 提高了声音,
  weep aloud 大声哭泣,英语中表示哭泣的词汇有好些,最常用的为cry, 是那种声音很大的哭,含有抗议的意思,我们已经看到了以色列人常常cry out to God; 这里的weep强调的是眼泪直流,而且很伤心;She wept the death of her baby. 她为死去的孩子恸哭。sob 哭得无法控制, As Hagar sat there nearby, she began to sob. wail 常表示低声的哭泣,Cry out and wail, son of man; Her eyes welled up with tears. 她热泪盈眶。Her tears will not stop falling. 她一直泪流不止。以后还会学一个词lament。学习语言一个很好的方法就是归类,将同义词、近义词、反义词一起学习。
  grumble 嘀嘀咕咕
  the whole assembly 全会众
  If only 但愿,这是表示一种虚拟语气,后面动词要用过去完成时。
  fall by the sword 死在刀剑之下,fall是倒下,这里意思就是死亡。
  plunder 被掳成为奴隶
  choose a leader 选一位领导,
  
  见证的真实性很重要。神的子民常常做很多夸张的见证,如同大跃进时代放卫星。本段中的夸张是强调困难,现代的夸张多是某一项神迹。教会有一两百人,就夸口说有一千人,有安徽教会几个人在那里胡诌说他们有一千万人云云,天上人胡诌说他在牢里禁食祷告74天。很多人喜欢听大数字,老毛如此,老外也是如此。实质上,夸张的见证都是假见证。
  “立一个首领”,英语是choose a leader,也就是民主选举一位领袖。相对于独裁,民主选举的确要优越得多,但是在神面前,民主选举就只能说明悖逆神的人很多,甚至是全社会。耶稣就是经过民主被送上了十字架。在神面前、在耶稣面前,我们只能顺服。真可谓,不听上帝言,吃亏在眼前。
  
  迦勒在摩西面前安抚百姓、说、我们立刻上去得那地吧、我们足能得胜。但那些和他同去的人说、我们不能上去攻击那民、因为他们比我们强壮。探子中有人论到所窥探之地、向以色列人报恶信、说、我们所窥探经过之地、是吞吃居民之地、我们在那里所看见的人民、都身量高大。我们在那里看见亚衲族人、就是伟人、他们是伟人的后裔、据我们看自己就如蚱蜢一样、据他们看我们也是如此。当下全会众大声喧嚷、那夜百姓都哭号。以色列众人向摩西亚伦发怨言、全会众对他们说、巴不得我们早死在埃及地、或是死在这旷野。耶和华为甚么把我们领到那地、使我们倒在刀下呢.我们的妻子和孩子、必被掳掠、我们回埃及去岂不好么。众人彼此说、我们不如立一个首领、回埃及去吧。民数记13:30-14:4
  
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-06-01 08:38:21
  We are gulity of the sin of silence when we don’t condemn corruption.
  
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-02 17:54:58
  Lesson Fifty Forty Years in the Exile
  
  29 In this desert your bodies will fall—every one of you twenty years old or more who was counted in the census and who has grumbled against me. 30 Not one of you will enter the land I swore with uplifted hand to make your home, except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun. 31 As for your children that you said would be taken as plunder, I will bring them in to enjoy the land you have rejected. 32 But you—your bodies will fall in this desert. 33 Your children will be shepherds here for forty years, suffering for your unfaithfulness, until the last of your bodies lies in the desert. 34 For forty years—one year for each of the forty days you explored the land—you will suffer for your sins and know what it is like to have me against you.’
  
  body 复数为bodies
  fall 倒下,失败,丧命,He fell to a bloody death. 他死得很惨。
  twenty years old or more 修饰前面的you, who was counted 也是修饰前面的you,
  not one of you = not anyone of you
  to make your home 修饰前面的land,我赐给你的地作你的家。
  except 除开,要注意这个词与besides的区别。
  as for 至于,As for me and my house we will serve the Lord. Joshua 24:15
  you have rejected 修饰前面的land,你们所拒绝的地。
  suffer 受苦,for your unfaithfulness 为你的不忠心,
  what it is like 宾语从句,你就知道这样的感受,就是我教训你的那种感受。
  
  这些以色列人真的很惨,他们自由也得到了,土地也指日可待,但是最后功亏一篑,没能进入美地。这一篑是什么,就是他们的抱怨,这抱怨的背后是他们的小信,或不信。我们是不是也常常在抱怨?你在抱怨什么?
  
  你们的尸首必倒在这旷野、并且你们中间凡被数点、从二十岁以外向我发怨言的、必不得进我起誓应许叫你们住的那地、惟有耶孚尼的儿子迦勒和嫩的儿子约书亚、才能进去。 但你们的妇人孩子、就是你们所说、要被掳掠的、我必把他们领进去、他们就得知你们所厌弃的那地。 至于你们、你们的尸首必倒在这旷野。你们的儿女必在旷野飘流四十年、担当你们淫行的罪、直到你们的尸首在旷野消灭。按你们窥探那地的四十日、一年顶一日、你们要担当罪孽四十年、就知道我与你们疏远了。民数记14:29-34
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-06-02 18:58:17
  what it is like to have me against you.
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-03 06:27:38
  Lesson Fifty-one Moses Forbidden to Cross the Jordan
  
  21 At that time I commanded Joshua: "You have seen with your own eyes all that the LORD your God has done to these two kings. The LORD will do the same to all the kingdoms over there where you are going. 22 Do not be afraid of them; the LORD your God himself will fight for you." 23 At that time I pleaded with the LORD : 24 "O Sovereign LORD, you have begun to show to your servant your greatness and your strong hand. For what god is there in heaven or on earth who can do the deeds and mighty works you do? 25 Let me go over and see the good land beyond the Jordan—that fine hill country and Lebanon." 26 But because of you the LORD was angry with me and would not listen to me. "That is enough," the LORD said. "Do not speak to me anymore about this matter. 27 Go up to the top of Pisgah and look west and north and south and east. Look at the land with your own eyes, since you are not going to cross this Jordan. 28 But commission Joshua, and encourage and strengthen him, for he will lead this people across and will cause them to inherit the land that you will see." 29 So we stayed in the valley near Beth Peor. Deuteronomy 3:21-29
  
  with your own eyes 你亲眼见到
  over there 那边, 那地
  Do not be afraid of them,不要害怕他们,be afraid of 固定搭配,
  at that time,那时,
  plead with 向某人求情,
  O Sovereign LORD 全能的主!
  show to your servant your greatness 这个词组正常的语序是:show your greatness and your strong hand to your servant,因为宾语比较长,所以放在了to your servant 的后面。
  For what god is there in heaven or on earth who can do the deeds and mighty works you do? For 因为,in heaven or on earth 修饰god, who 带出的从句也是修饰god, you do 时从句,修饰the deeds and works。
  beyond the Jordan 约旦河那一边
  —that fine hill country and Lebanon 这是一个同位语词组,修饰land。
  because of you 因为你们,
  be angry with 对谁发怒,
  commission Joshua, and encourage and strengthen him, 把责任交给约书亚,给他鼓气,给他加油
  cause 使,让 inherit 继承,
  valley 山谷,the valley of death, 死荫的幽谷,
  
  第一代移民很惨,摩西更惨,都没能过约旦河。但是摩西毕竟已经打下了一个美好的基础,他有约书亚做接班人。属灵道路的追求不是一朝一夕的事,而是好多代人,几十代人的美业。或许一整代人要付出代价,但是,我们终必得胜。中国的49年到79年那一代基督徒很有点像摩西,他们受尽逼迫、委屈、教会内的出卖,但是他们走过来了。我们这一代基督徒已经进入、但仍旧没有完全进入了应许之地,中国基督徒已经打了很美好的仗,但仍旧有许多的硬战在等待着我们。我们这一代基督徒所需要的就是承接(commission);勇气与力量。这正是摩西想要看到的。
  
  耶和华禁止摩西过约旦河
  那时我吩咐约书亚说,你亲眼看见了耶和华你神向这二王所行的。耶和华也必向你所要去的各国照样行。22你不要怕他们,因那为你争战的是耶和华你的神。23那时,我恳求耶和华说,24主耶和华啊,你已将你的大力大能显给仆人看。在天上,在地下,有什么神能像你行事,像你有大能的作为呢,25求你容我过去,看约旦河那边的美地,就是那佳美的山地和利巴嫩。26但耶和华因你们的缘故向我发怒,不应允我,对我说,罢了,你不要向我再提这事。27你且上毗斯迦山顶去,向东,西,南,北举目观望,因为你必不能过这约旦河。28你却要嘱咐约书亚,勉励他,使他胆壮。因为他必在这百姓前面过去,使他们承受你所要观看之地。29于是我们住在伯毗珥对面的谷中。申命记3:21-29
  
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-06-03 17:57:43
  command and plead
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-04 04:39:24
  
  Lesson Fifty-two The Chosen People Will Scatter Around the World
  
  26 I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you this day that you will quickly perish from the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess. You will not live there long but will certainly be destroyed. 27 The LORD will scatter you among the peoples, and only a few of you will survive among the nations to which the LORD will drive you. 28 There you will worship man-made gods of wood and stone, which cannot see or hear or eat or smell. 29 But if from there you seek the LORD your God, you will find him if you look for him with all your heart and with all your soul. 30 When you are in distress and all these things have happened to you, then in later days you will return to the LORD your God and obey him. 31 For the LORD your God is a merciful God; he will not abandon or destroy you or forget the covenant with your forefathers, which he confirmed to them by oath.
  
  witness 见证,How should I witness to a Party member who is an atheist? 我如何向无神论的党员作见证呢?
  possess 拥有,前面学过此词的名词形式:possession,比较这一对词:belong, belonging
  第一个句子比较长,这里做个简要分析:一个主句,两个从句。主句:I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you this day. 从句一,that you will quickly perish from the land. 这是状语从句,表明call的目的,that you are crossing the Jordan to possess 从句二是修饰land。
  You will not live there long,这里的not实际上是修饰long,
  scatter 分散 According to the prophecy of the Bible, the Jews were scattered all over the world and persecuted. 按照圣经预言,犹太人要分散到世界各地受逼迫。scatter 还一个说法是“diaspora”,(διασπορά ),指一个民族被迫流亡。现在10万藏人在印度,算得上是一曲悲壮的diaspora。
  a few of you 你们中的少数人
  survive 幸存,The churches in China not only have survived, but have been thriving by leaps and bounds. 中国教会不仅幸存了下来,而且还有了飞跃的发展。 man-made gods of wood 世界上人手所做的神明
  look for 寻找
  with all your heart and with all your soul 用你们的全部身心(去寻找)
  be in distress 处于痛苦中,
  in later days 在以后的日子里,
  merciful 怜悯的,比较名词:mercy。The LORD God are merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth.
  abandon 抛弃,
  confirm 证实,保证,
  by oath 起誓,oath 誓言,Before you pledge yourself to any oath or promise, you must know what it means. 你在起誓或作出承诺前,你一定要知道你的起誓和承诺的内容。
  
  如果基督徒说,日后中国人会速速灭尽,会灭国,会流落天涯,那些愤青、那些爱国者非得立即把基督徒打入地狱不可。但是以色列人谦卑地把神的话都忠实地记录下来。一个民族敢面对自己的罪恶,就有获得拯救的希望。我们看到后面历史的发展,都没有落在圣经预言以外。以色列人几度亡国,但是耶和华最后还是搭救了他自己的选民。我们今天的基督徒,不必担心外邦人如何议论我们,我们也不必在乎我们要经历的苦难,我们始终要问的一个问题是,我们有没有“尽心尽性寻求”耶和华。
  
  选民将散住在全世界
  我今日呼天唤地向你们作见证、你们必在过约但河得为业的地上、速速灭尽。你们不能在那地上长久、必尽行除灭。耶和华必使你们分散在万民中、在他所领你们到的万国里、你们剩下的人数稀少。在那里你们必事奉人手所造的神、就是用木石造成、不能看、不能听、不能吃、不能闻的神。但你们在那里必寻求耶和华你的 神.你尽心尽性寻求他的时候、就必寻见。日后你遭遇一切患难的时候、你必归回耶和华你的 神、听从他的话。耶和华你 神原是有怜悯的 神、他总不撇下你、不灭绝你、也不忘记他起誓与你列祖所立的约。申命记4:26-31
  
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-06-04 08:18:37
  with all your heart and all your soul
  by leaps and bounds
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-07 06:05:06
  Lesson Fifty-three Love the Lord Your God 爱耶和华你的神
  
  4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. 5 Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. 6 These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. 7 Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. 8 Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. 9 Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates. 10 When the LORD your God brings you into the land he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, to give you—a land with large, flourishing cities you did not build, 11 houses filled with all kinds of good things you did not provide, wells you did not dig, and vineyards and olive groves you did not plant—then when you eat and are satisfied, 12 be careful that you do not forget the LORD, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.
  
  
  with all one’s heart,尽心 Trust in the Lord with all your heart. 完完全全相信主。
  with all one’s soul,尽意,I want to serve you with all my soul. 我要一心一意来服事你。
  strength 力量,It is not easy to know your own desires, your strength, and your limitations. 要知道自己的愿望,长处和局限不是件容易的事。
  commandments 指示 Do you think that the Ten Commandments are for us in the New Testament time? 你认为十诫对新约时代的人也管用吗?
  upon your hearts 放在你心上,
  tie 领带,结,系上,symbol 标记,
  bind 系牢,forehead 额头
  doorframes 门框,门楣
  vineyard 葡萄园,果园
  olive 橄榄,olive oil, 橄榄油,grove 小树林,小丛林
  be satisfied, 满足,
  be careful that 对 小心,Be careful with your words. 说话要谨慎。
  slavery 奴隶,Jesus frees us from the slavery of sin. 耶稣把我们从罪的奴役下拯救了出来。
  
  神对属他的人有两个基本的要求,一是不能一方面信神,一方面又拜偶像,二是追求神不能三心二意,不追则已,一追就要全力以赴,像保罗一样有一种癫狂的劲头,就是这里所说的要尽心尽意尽力。而人追求神往往是在困难时、在有所需要时才求神,一旦自己的心愿得到满足,就不再求神,或者只是出于自己的肉体去求神。追求神时要把自己属肉体的心志放下,按神的意思而不是按自己的意思去行事。这一段其实也告诉了我们学习的最佳方法,就是当我们学习一个专业时 ,要沉浸在其中。学习英语也是如此,如果你行走躺卧都在用英语思考,随身带一些记单词的卡片,你一定可以很快学好英语的。
  
  以色列阿、你要听.耶和华我们 神是独一的主。你要尽心、尽性、尽力、爱耶和华你的 神。我今日所吩咐你的话、都要记在心上.也要殷勤教训你的儿女、无论你坐在家里、行在路上、躺下、起来、都要谈论。也要系在手上为记号、戴在额上为经文。又要写在你房屋的门框上、并你的城门上。 耶和华你的 神、领你进他向你列祖亚伯拉罕、以撒、雅各、起誓应许给你的地.那里有城邑、又大又美、非你所建造的. 有房屋、装满各样美物、非你所装满的.有凿成的水井、非你所凿成的.还有葡萄园、橄榄园、非你所栽种的、你吃了而且饱足.那时你要谨慎、免得你忘记将你从埃及地为奴之家、领出来的耶和华。申命记6:4-12
  
  
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-06-07 08:07:49
  It is not easy to know your own desires,your strengths,and your limitations.
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-08 08:28:06
  Lesson Fifty-four The Purpose of the Lord Disciplining His People
  
   1 Be careful to follow every command I am giving you today, so that you may live and increase and may enter and possess the land that the LORD promised on oath to your forefathers. 2 Remember how the LORD your God led you all the way in the desert these forty years, to humble you and to test you in order to know what was in your heart, whether or not you would keep his commands. 3 He humbled you, causing you to hunger and then feeding you with manna, which neither you nor your fathers had known, to teach you that man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the LORD. 4 Your clothes did not wear out and your feet did not swell during these forty years. 5 Know then in your heart that as a man disciplines his son, so the LORD your God disciplines you.
  
  Be careful! 小心!注意后面的介词搭配:be careful with, and be careful of
  谈到be careful, 这里有段很有名的话:
  Be careful of your thoughts, for your thought become your words.
  Be careful of your words, for your words become your actions.
  Be careful of your actions, for your actions become your habits.
  Be careful of your habits, for your habits become your character.
  Be careful of your character, for your character becomes your destiny.
  留意你的思想,因为你的思想会变成言语;
  留意你的言语,因为你的言语会成为行动;
  留意你的行为,因为你的行为会成为习惯;
  留意你的习惯,因为你的习惯会成为性格;
  留意你的性格,因为你的性格会决定命运。
  follow every command 按照每一个诫命去做,command 前面学过了其动词用法。increase 增加,指人口增加
  that the LORD promised 从句,修饰the land
  all the way 整个行程,
  to humble you 让你谦卑
  to test you 考验你,
  what was in your heart, 从句,你心底的想法。
  hunger 这里是动词,很多时候是名词。He developed a hunger for God. 他对神越来越渴慕。
  and then feeding you with manna, which neither you nor your fathers had known 从句,修饰manna,
  that man does not live on bread alone 从句,是teach的宾语。
  wear out 磨破,破损,
  swell 肿起来,
  discipline 管教,让人遵守纪律
  
  
  读过新约的人一定都会记得,耶稣是如何对付撒旦的诱惑,那就是用神的话语。可见耶稣的确遵行了神的所有诫命。神一切的诫命能很好地帮助我们应付生活中的一切难题。或者说,人类社会中,没有一个问题是圣经没有提供答案的。我们之所以不能解决我们人生的问题,原因只有一个,就是我们不知道,或遵守神的诫命。有个人说得有道路:我们一生中要了解的人生道理起誓我们在幼儿园就已经学过了,只是我们不能遵守罢了。
  
  神管教选民的目的
  我今日所吩咐的一切诫命、你们要谨守遵行、好叫你们存活、人数增多、且进去得耶和华向你们列祖起誓应许的那地。你也要记念耶和华你的 神在旷野引导你、这四十年、是要苦炼你、试验你、要知道你心内如何、肯守他的诫命不肯。他苦炼你、任你饥饿、将你和你列祖所不认识的吗哪赐给你吃、使你知道人活着、不是单靠食物、乃是靠耶和华口里所出的一切话。这四十年、你的衣服没有穿破、你的脚也没有肿。你当心里思想、耶和华你 神管教你、好像人管教儿子一样。申命记8:1-5
  
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-06-08 22:20:10
  Be careful of your thoughts, for your thought become your words.
    Be careful of your words, for your words become your actions.
    Be careful of your actions, for your actions become your habits.
    Be careful of your habits, for your habits become your character.
    Be careful of your character, for your character becomes your destiny.
  是谁的话,貌似见过。
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-14 04:51:12
  If a prophet, or one who foretells by dreams, appears among you and announces to you a miraculous sign or wonder, 2 and if the sign or wonder of which he has spoken takes place, and he says, "Let us follow other gods" (gods you have not known) "and let us worship them," 3 you must not listen to the words of that prophet or dreamer. The LORD your God is testing you to find out whether you love him with all your heart and with all your soul. 4 It is the LORD your God you must follow, and him you must revere. Keep his commands and obey him; serve him and hold fast to him.
  
  prophet 一位先知,prophecy 先知、预言
  foretell 预告,预言 (fore + tell)
  appear 出现,显现,
  announce 宣布,
  miraculous sign 神迹,wonder 奇迹,
  of which he has spoken 这是个从句,修饰the sign or wonder
  take place 发生
  "Let us follow other gods" 让我们跟随其他的神。
  test 试验,考验 How do we get through tough times by faith? 我们如何依靠信心来度过艰难的日子?
  It is the LORD your God you must follow 这是个强调句型,这里省略了that, It is the Lord your God that you must follow.
  revere 敬拜
  hold fast to him 紧紧跟随他。
  
  中国很多所谓的开明人士总是对基督徒说,你们的信仰排斥性太强,不像佛教,你看佛教就融入了中国文化。的确,基督教的神不可能接纳其他的神,这是神自己规定的。在这一点上,任何想了解基督教的人都必须面对。同时,基督徒也必须面对。十诫第一条就是告诫选民只能敬拜耶和华这位真神,通本圣经都是在告诫选民一定要远离假神、偶像。这里圣经也告诉我们,很多的假先知也能行神迹奇事。我们不能仅凭一个神迹奇事来决定一个人或一件事是否出于主耶稣。我们一定要小心,假先知能用神迹奇事来迷惑人。
  
  
  
   你们中间若有先知或是做梦的起来,向你显个神迹奇事,对你说:‘我们去随从你素来所不认识的别神,事奉他吧!’他所显的神迹奇事,虽有应验,你也不可听那先知或是那做梦之人的话。因为这是耶和华你们的 神试验你们,要知道你们是尽心尽性爱耶和华你们的 神不是。你们要顺从耶和华你们的 神,敬畏他,谨守他的诫命,听从他的话,事奉他,专靠他。 申命记13:1-4
  
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-06-14 17:25:21
  Can we get through the tough time by our religious belief?
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-15 05:46:41
  Tithe
  
   22 Be sure to set aside a tenth of all that your fields produce each year. 23 Eat the tithe of your grain, new wine and oil, and the firstborn of your herds and flocks in the presence of the LORD your God at the place he will choose as a dwelling for his Name, so that you may learn to revere the LORD your God always. 24 But if that place is too distant and you have been blessed by the LORD your God and cannot carry your tithe (because the place where the LORD will choose to put his Name is so far away), 25 then exchange your tithe for silver, and take the silver with you and go to the place the LORD your God will choose. 26 Use the silver to buy whatever you like: cattle, sheep, wine or other fermented drink, or anything you wish. Then you and your household shall eat there in the presence of the LORD your God and rejoice. 27 And do not neglect the Levites living in your towns, for they have no allotment or inheritance of their own.
   28 At the end of every three years, bring all the tithes of that year’s produce and store it in your towns, 29 so that the Levites (who have no allotment or inheritance of their own) and the aliens, the fatherless and the widows who live in your towns may come and eat and be satisfied, and so that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hands.
  
  
  be sure to 你一定要这样做 Be sure to follow God no matter what. 在任何情况下都要跟随神。
  
  set aside 放在一边,保留,It is important to set aside some time in your busy life for your parents, and your family. 你生活忙碌,但是你得抽出时间与父母、与家人呆在一起,这很重要。
  
  a tenth 十分之一, 或者叫tithe
  
  your fields produce 你田里的出产
  
  firstborn 头生的
  
  your herds and flocks 你的牛羊
  
  in the presence of 在。。。的面前,当着。。。的面。We live our daily life in the presence of God.
  
  he will choose 他选择,从句,修饰
  
  dwelling 居住地,动词dwell的分词。
  
  distant 距离很远 下面的far away 也是很远的意思。
  
  exchange 交换,将。。。变成
  
  fermented drink 发酵的饮料
  
  your household 你全家
  
  rejoice 欢喜快乐 = joyful
  
  neglect 忽略,不管
  
  allotment 田产
  
  inheritance of their own 属他们自己继承的产业
   at the end of 在。。。结尾,
  
  the aliens 他乡人,外国人,
  
  the fatherless 无父的儿童,孤儿
  
  the widows 寡妇
  
  all the work of your hands 你手中一切的活
  
  
  中国人普遍抱怨,中国的富人不愿意捐钱,大家会说,你看美国的首富比尔盖茨,他发了财,就把家当全部捐出来了。但是我们要问的是,如果中国人普遍都不乐意捐钱,我们有什么理由要求富人捐钱?难道捐款是富人才能做到吗?这里圣经告诉我们,任何人(当然是爱神的人),不管贫富都应该乐意奉献,乐意捐出自己的收入。十分之一只是一个参考系数,你生活实在困难,不能捐,或者只能捐百分之一,神也乐于看到,如果你得的多,奉献也理所当然得多。这里圣经也告诉了我们,十一奉献的用途:用于敬拜神、支持利未人、帮助教会内的孤寡老人、孤儿、以及教会外那些有需要的人(外乡人、外邦人)。只想富人捐钱而自己不愿捐的人实在是伪君子。
  
  
  十一奉献
  22 你要把你撒种所产的,就是你田地每年所出的,十分取一分。 23 又要把你的五谷,新酒,和油的十分之一,并牛群羊群中头生的,吃在耶和华你神面前,就是他所选择要立为他名的居所。这样,你可以学习时常敬畏耶和华你的神。 24 当耶和华你神赐福与你的时候,耶和华你神所选择要立为他名的地方若离你太远,那路也太长,使你不能把这物带到那里去, 25 你就可以换成银子,将银子包起来,拿在手中,往耶和华你神所要选择的地方去。 26 你用这银子,随心所欲,或买牛羊,或买清酒浓酒,凡你心所想的都可以买。你和你的家属在耶和华你神的面前吃喝快乐。 27 住在你城里的利未人,你不可丢弃他,因为他在你们中间无分无业。 28 每逢三年的末一年,你要将本年的土产十分之一都取出来,积存在你的城中。 29 在你城里无分无业的利未人,和你城里寄居的,并孤儿寡妇,都可以来,吃得饱足。这样,耶和华你的神必在你手里所办的一切事上赐福与你。
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-15 05:50:24
  申命记14章
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-06-15 08:22:42
  "so that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hands",it’s not the LORD bless you,but yourself, for you have done so many good things for others.
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-17 13:02:55
  Lesson Fifty-five Fear the Lord
  
  17 For the LORD your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who shows no partiality and accepts no bribes. 18 He defends the cause of the fatherless and the widow, and loves the alien, giving him food and clothing. 19 And you are to love those who are aliens, for you yourselves were aliens in Egypt. 20 Fear the LORD your God and serve him. Hold fast to him and take your oaths in his name. 21 He is your praise; he is your God, who performed for you those great and awesome wonders you saw with your own eyes. 22 Your forefathers who went down into Egypt were seventy in all, and now the LORD your God has made you as numerous as the stars in the sky.
  
  mighty 强有力的,
  awesome, 令人感到惊讶的,Awesome, you made 100 for your test. 真是了不起,你考试得了100分。
  partiality 偏爱,偏见,相当于favor, bias, 形容词是partial
  bribe 贿赂
  defend 保护
  cause 事业,生计,案例,cause of the fatherless and the widow, 孤儿寡妇的生计
  giving him food and clothing 分词结构,解释如何love,
  be to do 应该做 You are to love them. 你应该去爱他们。
  He is your praise; he is your God, who performed 从句,修饰God, for you,提前了位置,本在wonders的后面;wonders 是perform的宾语,you saw with your own eyes 从句,修饰wonders.
  forefather 祖先,了一个词是ancestor.
  as numerous as the stars in the sky 多如天上的星星
  
  人间普遍的行事为人的标准就是以貌取人,以财取人。中国当今最流行的罪恶是性贿赂以及钱财贿赂。凡贪官都有美貌的二奶。人们去庙里烧香,也不过是去贿赂菩萨,以为买柱一万元的高香,就可以消灾了。花钱消灾实际上就是贿赂消灾。而圣经中的神明确告诉我们,神是不接受贿赂的。这里也很好地解释了为什么中国所有的贪官都拜菩萨,而绝对不会来拜耶和华这位神,因为中国人都相信,菩萨保佑那些买得起高香的人,而耶和华不受贿赂。今天城市里的基督徒一定要善待从到城市打工的农民工,他们的家都被现代化给摧毁,无论是心灵还是物质生活都是处于社会的旷野,无依无靠。中国两、三亿农民工谁去关心他们?他们就是“寄住的”。
  
  敬畏耶和华
  因为耶和华你们的 神他是万神之神、万主之主、至大的 神、大有能力、大而可畏、不以貌取人、也不受贿赂。他为孤儿寡妇伸冤、又怜爱寄居的、赐给他衣食。所以你们要怜爱寄居的、因为你们在埃及地也作过寄居的。你要敬畏耶和华你的 神、事奉他、专靠他、也要指着他的名起誓。他是你所赞美的、是你的 神、为你作了那大而可畏的事、是你亲眼所看见的。你的列祖七十人下埃及、现在耶和华你的 神使你如同天上的星那样多。申命记10:17-22
  
作者:何不i 时间:2009-06-17 13:22:32
  谢谢分享
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-06-17 17:29:16
  mighty and awesome,shows no partiality and accpets no bribes.
  
作者:king_bluewood 时间:2009-06-18 00:30:32
  认真学习,楼主加油!
作者:真不想 时间:2009-06-18 02:46:27
  
  都市办`★证刻★章公司.QQ:497069761 电话:13580367568  
  我公司是最大的一家办 公司的宗旨是"价格为基.服务为核心.质量至上.诚信第一"我们真诚为成功人士奉献一把成功的钥匙.助你成功!
  本公司长期办理以下证件:全日制大学毕业证书,自学考试,成人教育,英语四、六、八级证书,会计证,计算机等级证.职称证,资格证,项目经理证,工程师,技术等级证,操作证。岗位证书(安全员,质料员,施工员,监理师).身份证,户口本,导游证,结婚证,离婚证.准生证,医学出生证明,房地产证,资质证,税务登记证,营业执照, 刻制各种公章,钢印.以及车辆上的一切证件等。
  QQ:497069761 电话:13580367568 
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-18 06:52:24
  刚才发了两次新帖,都出不来。郁闷。
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-19 07:28:28
  Lesson Fifty-seven The Lord Commands Joshua
  
  1 After the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, the LORD said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: 2 "Moses my servant is dead. Now then, you and all these people, get ready to cross the Jordan River into the land I am about to give to them—to the Israelites. 3 I will give you every place where you set your foot, as I promised Moses. 4 Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon, and from the great river, the Euphrates—all the Hittite country—to the Great Sea on the west. 5 No one will be able to stand up against you all the days of your life. As I was with Moses, so I will be with you; I will never leave you nor forsake you. 6 "Be strong and courageous, because you will lead these people to inherit the land I swore to their forefathers to give them. 7 Be strong and very courageous. Be careful to obey all the law my servant Moses gave you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left, that you may be successful wherever you go. 8 Do not let this Book of the Law depart from your mouth; meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do everything written in it. Then you will be prosperous and successful. 9 Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not be terrified; do not be discouraged, for the LORD your God will be with you wherever you go."
  
  Moses’ aide 摩西的助手
  you and all these people, get ready to,这个句子的主语与谓语中有个逗号,因为这是一个祈使句,或者叫命令句。
   cross the Jordan River into the land 渡过约旦河进入应许之地
  set your foot, 你落脚之地,注意这里foot是单数。set your best foot forward, 这个词组里也是单数。
   territory 领域
  stand up against you 与你争斗
   all the days of your life 你的一生 (直译是你生命中的所有日子)
  forsake 离弃
  be strong and courageous, 刚强壮胆
  the land I swore to their forefathers to give them, 这一句话的the land是give的直接宾语。
  do not turn from it,这里的it指前面的law
  to the right or to the left, 朝左或朝右
  this Book of the Law 就是摩西五经
  depart 就是leave的意思。
  meditate 默想
  prosperous 繁荣,
  Do not be terrified= Don’t be afraid
  do not be discouraged, 不要泄气
  The LORD your God will be with you wherever you go. 你也可以讲这句话加以改造说:May the Lord your God be with you wherever you go.愿耶和华你的神不管你去哪都与你同在。
  
  巨人摩西走后,嫩小子约书亚成为了以色列的掌门人。耶和华给新一代人只有两个指示:一是要刚强壮胆;在这短短的一段话里,神三次提到约书亚当刚强壮胆。二是要牢记、遵行神的话。至少在三种场合,我们要做到刚强壮胆,当逼迫来临时,刚强壮胆不退却。现在的迫害虽然不像多年前那么惨烈,但也常常会发生。面对世界的诱惑,我们也要刚强壮胆不妥协。这个世界告诉我们要多赚钱,这是人生价值的体现,但基督徒要说“不”。在教会服事,面对人言可畏我们刚强壮胆。教会是个罪人聚集地,这些罪人一方面追求神的爱,一方面对弟兄姐妹要评头论足,所以纠纷不断,这时同工怕得罪人而不敢宣讲神的话语。
  
  主对约书亚的吩咐
  耶和华的仆人摩西死了以后、耶和华晓谕摩西的帮手嫩的儿子约书亚、说、我的仆人摩西死了。现在你要起来、和众百姓过这约但河、往我所要赐给以色列人的地去。凡你们脚掌所踏之地、我都照着我所应许摩西的话赐给你们了。从旷野、和这利巴嫩、直到伯拉大河、赫人的全地、又到大海日落之处、都要作你们的境界。你平生的日子、必无一人能在你面前站立得住.我怎样与摩西同在、也必照样与你同在.我必不撇下你、也不丢弃你。你当刚强壮胆.因为你必使这百姓承受那地为业、就是我向他们列祖起誓应许赐给他们的地。只要刚强、大大壮胆、谨守遵行我仆人摩西所吩咐你的一切律法.不可偏离左右、使你无论往那里去、都可以顺利。这律法书不可离开你的口.总要昼夜思想、好使你谨守遵行这书上所写的一切话.如此你的道路就可以亨通、凡事顺利。我岂没有吩咐你么.你当刚强壮胆.不要惧怕、也不要惊惶、因为你无论往那里去、耶和华你的 神必与你同在。约书亚记1:1-9
  
作者:ii_ 时间:2009-06-19 08:17:58
  Be strong and courageous,the LORD your God will be with you wherever you are.
作者:fanhaixia 时间:2009-06-19 12:58:28
  收藏!
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-20 05:38:06
  
  the servant of the LORD是Moses的同位语,解释Moses的身份。
  He buried him. 神亲自安葬摩西。
  opposite 介词,在。。。对面
  but to this day no one knows where his grave is,没有人知道他的墓地在哪里,也就是补充说明,摩西是神亲自安葬的。
  his strength gone 这里中间省略了was,
  grieve 悲伤
  in the plains of Moab 摩押平原
  weeping and mourning 哀哭悲恸
  was filled with 被 充满
  the spirit of wisdom 智慧的灵
  Moses had laid his hands on him 摩西曾在他身上按手
  what the LORD had commanded Moses 是did的宾语从句.
  since then 从那以后,
  face to face 面对面
  deed 行为 And whatever you do, whether in word or deed, do it all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him. Col 3:17
  in the sight of all Israel 在全以色列面前
  
  摩西是圣经中最为杰出的人物,大概除了耶稣本人就是摩西了(施洗约翰也了不起,耶稣说没有人能超过他。)120岁时仍旧壮硕,独自一人登山。全然不像以撒,老年时连自己的两个儿子都辨认不清。在大山里,耶和华将摩西接走。旧约中还有两人与摩西的死相似,那就是以诺和以利亚(Enoch and Elijah)。摩西的死也寓意了基督徒在走完地上的旅途后,会最后回到天家。读完这一段,也标志了我们已经学习完摩西五经。摩西五经直接造就了以色列民族,并且,旧约后面的所有书籍都不过是摩西五经的注脚,同时新约也就是摩西五经在耶稣身上的全面应验。如果你跟着本课都读完了,那么恭喜你,现在你对西方文明有了一个很扎实很具体的了解。希望你能坚持,跟我一起,再接再厉,把圣经读完。
  
  摩西之死
  于是耶和华的仆人摩西死在摩押地、正如耶和华所说的。耶和华将他埋葬在摩押地、伯毗珥对面的谷中、只是到今日没有人知道他的坟墓。摩西死的时候、年一百二十岁.眼目没有昏花、精神没有衰败。以色列人在摩押平原为摩西哀哭了三十日、为摩西居丧哀哭的日子就满了。嫩的儿子约书亚、因为摩西曾按手在他头上、就被智慧的灵充满、以色列人便听从他、照着耶和华吩咐摩西的行了。 以后以色列中再没有兴起先知像摩西的.他是耶和华面对面所认识的。耶和华打发他在埃及地、向法老和他的一切臣仆、并他的全地、行各样神迹奇事。又在以色列众人眼前显大能的手、行一切大而可畏的事。申命记34:5-12
  
楼主信天优 时间:2009-06-20 05:41:31
  十分郁闷,这一课前几天发,总发不出,今一早又想补上,但还是发不出,于是想分段发,看究竟是哪一段有敏感词汇,发圣经申命记34:5-12 的英文版竟然无法发出,我仔细看了无数遍,也发现不了英文里会有什么敏感词汇,结果发下面的,倒是一下就发出来了。只好请读者自己去查原文了。抱歉。
  
使用“←”“→”快捷翻页 上页 1 2 3 下页  到页 
发表回复

请遵守天涯社区公约言论规则,不得违反国家法律法规