[个人收藏]Idioms in Toefl

楼主:Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:33:00 点击:3367 回复:10
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  1. a beach person
  M: Jennifer is going to the shore again this weekend.
  W: Well, she’s always been a beach person.
  a person who likes to go to the beach
  2. a bunch of
  A bunch of us are getting together to go to the basketball game on Saturday afternoon.
  a group of
  3. abound in
  New Jercy abounds in colonial architecture, battlefields of the revolution, and other historical sites important in the early history.
  be rich in
  4. adhere to
  We will adhere to our plan.
  carry out a plan or an operation without deviation:
  5. a host of
  A host of terms came into use.
  a group of
  6. a household word
  Pearl S. Buck was almost a household word throughout much of her lifetime.
  A widely known saying, name, person, or thing
  7. a large amount of jjj
  a large quantity of
  Using many symbols makes it possible to put a large amount of information on a single map.
  8. a needle in a haystack
  something impossible to do(大海捞针)
  W: We are supposed to meet John here at the train station.
  M: That’s like looking for a needle in a haystack(干草堆).
  9. a nest egg
  A sum of money put by as a reserve
  Today the simple piggy bank is seen everywhere as the symbol of saving and frugality, for putting away funds for a rainy day, or building a nest egg (money saved for emergencies) for life’s sudden money needs.
  10. a rainy day jjj
  A time of need or trouble
  they put away funds for a rainy day, or building a nest egg (money saved for emergencies) for life’s sudden money needs.
  11. a range of
  She created a range of广泛的)sculptures in different styles in the 1940’s.
  12. a rare treat
  M: This casserole砂锅菜) really tastes good. I guess that’s because the vegetables in it are fresh instead of canned.
  M: I know. Kind of a rare treat in this cafeteria.
  13. a rule of thumb
  A useful principle having wide application but not intended to be strictly accurate or reliable in every situation.
  This basic chemical knowledge, which was applied in most cases as a rule of thumb, was nevertheless dependent on previous experiment.
  14. a scorcher
  a hot day
  Hew! It’s a real scorcher today.
  15. a selection of
  The jewelry store doesn’t have a good selection of watches.
  16. a series of
  Reversals of the field give rise to a series of magnetic stripes(条纹地带) running parallel to the axis轴) of the rift裂口).
  A number of objects or events arranged or coming one after the other in succession.
  17. a suite of
  Their fossilization required a suite (套) of factors.
  18. a torrent of
  They brought a torrent of criticism on the experimenter.
  19. a trace of
  Scientists believe that when the oceans were young they contained only a trace of salt and their level of salinity含盐量)has been growing gradually.
  20. a variety of
  We organize tours to a variety of places nearly every weekend.
  21. a wealth of
  Modern dance gave up a wealth of exotic华丽动人的 color.
  22. a while back
  He hurt his knee pretty badly a while back.
  23. account for
  This then accounts for why there is little iron but lots of other minerals on the moon.
  24. account for
  This tough, armored shell accounts for about sixteen percent of its body weight
  25. act as
  Often very annoying weeds, goldenrods crowd out less hardy plants and act as hosts to many insect pests.
  26. adapt to
  One of the keys to the survival of any animal is its ability to adapt to changes in the environment.
  27. add to
  His untimely death in 1955 only added to his legendary stature.
  28. add up
  The three angles of any triangle always add up to 180 degrees.
  29. in addition to
  In addition to having to be a generalist while specializing in what may seem to be a narrow field, the researcher is faced with the problem of primary materials that have little or no documentation.
  30. address to
  Why is it that whenever I opened my mailbox lately, I pulled out letters addressed to you?
  31. adjust to
  Industries had to adjust to peacetime conditions: factories had to be retooled for civilian needs.
  32. affiliate with
  The share比例) of voters regarding themselves as political independents, that is, people not affiliated with either of the major parties, rose.
  33. against one’s will
  Poverty forced others to leave their native lands for the New World against their will.
  34. aim at
  瞄准, 针对
  Applied research aims at some specific objective, such as the development of a new produce, process, or material.
  35. aim for
  determine a course for
  That is what I aim for in my dances
  36. all at once
  Can you manage that many labs all at once?
  37. all but
  The slow-breeding mammals of the sea have been all but wiped out消灭) by humans.
  38. all over
  The basic design is two triangles. In fact there are triangles all over.
  39. allocated for
  a lot of money was allocated (划拨) for a soils study.
  40. amount to
  The purchases amounted to 50 dollars.
  In 1987 the sales of ice cream in the United States amounted to fifteen quarts per year for every persons in the country.
  add up in quantity
  41. an array of
  An impressively large number, as of persons or objects
  The ecosystems生态系统of the Earth provide a vast array of free public services that are essential for the support of civilizations.
  42. And how
  W: The concert pianist was fantastic.
  M: And how!
  43. appeal to
  Nylon brushes appeal to many people because they are inexpensive and they produce an acceptable effect on paper.
  44. apply for
  请求, 申请
  The man will have to apply for his birth certificate in writing.
  45. apply sth to somewhere
  He could apply the techniques to应用于) principles of composition, color and design.
  46. apply to
  use for
  The same point applies to any encounter with unfamiliar dialects or styles within a single language.
  47. around the corner
  The theater’s just around the corner.
  48. as a rule
  In general; for the most part
  I didn’t care much for喜欢) horror movies as a rule.
  49. as good as
  M: Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to the post office?
  W: Your guess is as good as mine. I’m new around here.
  50. as long as
  Some friends of my parents’ live out there. And they invited me for as long as I wanted to stay.
  51. as luck would have it
  As luck would have it there was no one home so I had to wait another 45 minutes for the next bus.
  52. as sth go
  Often called the wanderer流浪者), it is tough and powerful as butterflies go and is capable of long flights at speeds of 20 miles per hour or more.
  53. aside from
  Aside from this course, I’m taking modern Asian politics and advanced Japanese.
  54. ask for
  ask for a loan
  borrow money from
  55. assume sth to be true
  56. at an angle / remain rigid and still
  有一定角度 /僵硬不动
  The worm stretches its body away from the branch at an angle and remains rigid and still, until the danger has passed.
  57. at hand
  near in place or time
  58. at home
  I certainly hope that most of you will soon feel right at home with our group.
  59. at intervals
  Homer worked on画) Breezing Up 微风习习) at intervals over a period of three years.
  60. at one’s pleasure
  These advisers serve at the President’s pleasure and can be fired at any time.
  61. at sb’s service
  willing to help sb
  W: Phil, could you give me a hand with this file cabinet帮我搬文件柜)? It belongs against the wall应该靠墙放) next to the bulletin board.
  M: At your service.
  62. at the crack of dawn
  I’m getting up at the crack of dawn (破晓).
  63. at the dedication of
  Abraham Lincoln delivered his most famous address at the dedication of the soldiers cemetery in Gettysburg.
  64. at the mercy of
  Without any protection against; helpless before
  They are drifting in an open boat, at the mercy of the elements.
  65. at the spanking rate
  As the Sun grows older, and uses up its hydrogen fuel氢燃料)-which it is now doing at the spanking rate of half a billion tons a second-it will become steadily colder and redder.
  66. at the suggestion of sb
  It was at the suggestion of her acting coach表演教练) that the youngster, who was, by her own admission, clumsy笨拙), shapeless无体形), and on the heavy side, enrolled被收入) in a dancing class.
  67. at the tip of
  at the pointed end of
  68. at the top of
  We’re almost at the top of the hill.
  69. at times
  The planning function may at times be less comprehensive.
  70. at will
  On the contrary, individuals move about at will, alone or in small groups best described as bands伙), which sometimes form into large aggregations (groups).
  71. attach to
  tie, connect; fasten
  The virus replicates by attaching to a cell and injecting its nucleic acid.
  We have to cover ourselves up so that baby cranes will not become attached to us.
  72. attribute sth to sb
  consider as resulting from, proper to, or belonging to a person or thing
  Soldiers rarely hold the ideals that movies attribute to them, nor do ordinary citizens devote their lives to unselfish service of humanity.
  73. back and forth
  Mostly I’ll just be using the bike to get me back and forth from work.
  74. back up
  To cause to accumulate or undergo accumulation 使聚集引起堆积或经过积累
  The accident backed the traffic up for blocks. Traffic backed up in the tunnel.
  75. be … short
  W: I found the perfect book bag, but I am about 20 dollars short (缺20元).
  76. be absolved in sth
  I spent the whole weekend totally absolved in this biography.
  77. be accessible to sb
  Easily approached or entered
  The national park is accessible to everyone.
  78. be accountable to sb
  Powerful railroad barons (大王) made fortunes without having to be accountable to the public or considerate (关心) of customers.
  79. be accustomed to
  To familiarize, as by constant practice, use, or habit
  I have accustomed myself to working long hours.
  80. be adapted to
  Bloodhounds are biologically adapted to trailing their prey.
  81. be adept at
  be good at
  Crows are adept at avoiding researchers.
  82. be allergic to sth
  Having a dislike; averse
  Dan is allergic to cats.
  83. be around
  M: Is Sally still around? I was going to ask her if she wanted to walk to class with me.
  84. be associated with
  The process is associated with the formation and melting融化) of sea ice.
  85. be at risk
  Pains are sure sign that your hearing is at risk.
  86. be available to
  Their reports of the climate, the animals and birds, the trees and plants, and the Indians of the West were made available to scientists.
  87. be aware
  I’m sure you are aware that one-third of your final grade is based on your lab work.
  88. be bare of
  Written to be performed on a stage bare of scenery, Thornton Wilder’s play Our Town depicts life in a small New England community.
  89. be beat
  be very tired精疲力尽
  M: It’s almost midnight. Why don’t we leave those dishes until tomorrow?
  W: Good idea! I’m beat.
  90. be behind in sth
  延迟, 落后
  M: Hey, Larry. Wanna (= Want to ) meet a few of us for coffee in a little while?
  W: Hmm, I would if I weren’t so far behind in this reading I’m doing for history.
  91. be behind time
  M: Boy, how quickly technology changes! So many people have a computer in their home nowadays.
  W: I know. I feel so behind the time.
  92. be beset with
  To trouble persistently; harass
  By 1970, the rail industry was beset with problems.
  93. be better off doing sth
  Wouldn’t she be better off getting a good night’s sleep so she’ll feel fresh in the morning?
  94. be blessed with
  I am blessed with a good memory.
  95. be bound to do sth
  be certain to do sth
  It’s bound to rain soon.
  Without a plentiful and convenient supply of some suitable writing medium, development of the arithmetic process was bound to be hampered.
  96. be brought up
  Mercy Warren was brought up with the values of gentility在上流社会的价值观影响下长大.
  97. be capable of
  Snakes are capable of graceful motion throughout the entire length of their rubbery bodies.
  98. be characteristic of
  Geologists find it useful to identify fossils in a rock sample because certain assemblages of species are characteristic of specific geologic time periods.
  99. be clogged with
  be crowded with
  The roads are clogged with the traffic between the suburbs and the cities every morning and evening.
  100. come into its own
  At a time when Canada was coming into its own, they felt that a major factor因素) in the development of a strong and healthy nation was a vital有生气的) and relevant实质性的) art.


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楼主Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:33:40
  101. be concerned with
  Langston Hughes, a prolific writer of the 1920’s, was concerned with the depicting the experience of urban Black people in the United States.
  102. be confined to
  But this delivery service was at first confined to cities.
  103. be confused about sth
  He was confused about the date of the appointment.
  104. be crawling with
  be covered with or full of things that crawl
  105. be credited with
  King Oliver, who is also credited with having discovered Armstrong when they were both in New Orleans.
  106. be critical of sb
  挑剔的, 对...表示不满意的
  You know, every time I talk to Mary, I get a feeling she’s being critical of me.
  107. be dedicated to
  James Farmer helped establish the Congress of Racial Equality, an organization that is dedicated to the principle of nonviolence.
  The greatest natural resource of the state of North Dakota is their fertile farmland.
  108. be deft at
  Quick and skillful; adroit
  Small-billed crossbill交喙鸟) are more deft at removing the seeds from small, thin-scaled cones.
  109. be depleted of
  After several weeks, the mother is depleted of all nutrients and she dies.
  110. be derived from
  The energy needed for animal growth is derived primarily from carbohydrates and fats.
  111. be destined to
  To determine beforehand; preordain
  Whether as statesman, scientist, and philosopher, Benjamin Franklin was destined to gain lasting honor throughout much of the world.
  112. be dirt cheap
  I found some used furniture that was dirt cheap.
  113. be down
  The reason I’ve been so down (沮丧) is all this work I have to do.
  114. be drawn to
  Nineteenth-century writers in the United States were powerfully drawn to the railroad in its golden years.
  115. be due
  Your lab notebooks for the semester are due on Thursday.
  116. be engaged in
  In fact, major gourmet coffee merchants (商) from other cities are engaged in (卷入) a kind of coffee war with Boston’s merchants.
  117. be equal to
  Wildlife conservationists say the cover that foliage provides for animals is equal in importance to
  118. be equipped with
  His laboratory was equipped with a rich variety多种多样) of scientific instruments仪器).
  119. be exempt from
  Freed from an obligation, a duty, or a liability to which others are subject; excused
  In New York City, the only rental units being built are luxury units, which are exempt from controls.
  120. be exposed to
  If our bodies are not exposed to ultraviolet rays from the sun, we cannot convert vitamin D to its active form.
  121. be gifted with
  Endowed with great natural ability, intelligence, or talent
  Some homing pigeon experts claim that this bird is gifted with a form of built-in radar that helps it find its own loft after hours of flight.
  122. be good with sth
  W: Do you know what year Thomas was born?
  M: Don’t ask me. I’m not good with dates.
  123. be hazardous to
  The lead is hazardous (危险) to the neurological (神经) system.
  124. be headed
  Where are you headed (going) next?
  125. be immune from
  be free from, secure, safe, unaffected
  The criminal was told he would be immune from punishment if he helped the police.
  126. be in a … mood
  I’m in a terrible mood (情绪). My boss didn’t like the report I wrote.
  127. be in a mood for
  I’m not sure what I am in a mood for? Pizza or a hamburger? They are both really good here.
  128. be in competition with
  However, electric cars will be in competition with gas powered cars.
  129. be in contact with sb
  Have you been in contact with the Student Health Services?
  130. be in danger of
  I thought they were in danger of becoming extinct (灭绝).
  131. be in existence
  The company was in existence from 1887 to 1893.
  132. be in for sth
  Now you’re in for a treat.
  133. be in harmony with
  She believed movement of dance should be in harmony with the movements of the Earth.
  134. be in luck
  Enjoying success; fortunate
  You are in luck. I’ve just cashed the check.
  135. be in search of
  Many artists late in the last century were in search of a means to express their individuality个性).
  136. be in shock
  I am in shock-It’s going to be 65 bucks (= dollars)!
  137. be in the dark
  I am as much in the dark as you are!
  138. be in the middle of things
  M: Could I talk to you for a minute about the discrepancy (差错) I’ve found in this graph?
  W: I’m kind of in the middle of things right now.
  139. be in the minority
  W: Joe, I thought your article on the school newspaper was right on target. You certainly convinced me anyway.
  M: Thanks, Mary. Unfortunately, based on the general response, you and I are definitely in the minority.
  140. be in the red
  W: So far, the club’s about 300 dollars in the red (赤字), and we still have four months to go before membership renewal.
  M: Well, we may have to raise our dues (会费).
  141. be in the same boat
  Everybody’s pretty much in the same boat (处境相同).
  142. be indicative of
  World trade patterns are indicative of the important economic issues that confront the world today.
  143. be inferior to
  we found that some of its structural properties make it inferior to (次于) ordinary steel in other ways.
  144. be left behind on the back roads
  If the buddies look after each other, we can be sure that no one will be left behind on the back roads.
  145. be liable to
  At risk of or subject to experiencing or suffering something unpleasant.
  What of the Southern leaders, all of whom were liable to charges可能被提起刑事起诉的 of treason?
  146. be mixed up
  I’m all mixed up.
  147. be native to
  Existing in or belonging to one by nature; innate
  Although it is native to Europe, the daisy (雏菊) has now spread throughout most of North America.
  148. be next to
  Eggs are supposed to be one of the most healthful foods. But actually, it is next to potatoes.
  Life without a car is next to impossible.
  149. be noted for
  be famous for
  O. Henry’s short stories are noted for their carefully plotting, ironic coincidences, and surprise endings.
  150. be obsessed
  To have the mind excessively preoccupied with a single emotion or topic
  be attracted, be fascinated, be preoccupied
  151. be of
  Professors were hired for their knowledge of a subject专业, not because they were of the proper faith and had a strong arm for disciplining约束 students.
  152. be off sth
  M: Would you like to come with us for coffee a little later?
  W: I am off caffein (咖啡因).
  153. be off
  W: Fred’s off to the gulf course again.
  M: He thinks he was practicing for the championship (锦标赛).
  154. be on duty
  In the national park, park rangers are on duty at all times to answer questions and help visitors in any difficulty.
  155. be on loan to sb
  An act of lending:
  My camera is already on loan to someone.
  156. be on one’s way
  W: Tom, I need someone to return this book to the library for me.
  M: That’s no bother at all. I’m on my way there now.
  157. be on reserve
  I’d like to look at some articles that are on reserve in the library for Anthropology 311.
  158. be on sale
  W: I just saw an ad (广告) on television that said men’s suits were on sale (大减价) today and tomorrow at Conrad’s Men’s Wear (服装店).
  159. be on the right track
  You are on the right track (思路正确). I just think you need to narrow the topic down (缩小论题范围).
  160. be on to something
  How’s your work going?
  I think this time I am really on to something.
  161. be on
  If I’d known you were interested in bald eagles, I’d have told you when the TV documentary was going to be on.
  162. be out of earshot
  M: Hey, John. John.
  W: Save your breath (省口气吧)! He’s out of earshot.
  163. be out of it
  M: Pete’s really out of it (魂不守舍) these days.
  W: Yeah, I know. Ever since he met Ann, he’s been in another world.
  164. be out of one’s mind
  He’s got to be out of his mind失去理智.
  165. be out of this world
  W: Have you tried Susan’s apple pie?
  M: I got the last piece. And it was out of this world (此 味 只应天上有).
  166. be out of tune
  His violin is out of tune now.
  167. be outfitted for
  Fully outfitted for work on the range牧场, a cowboy, in the days时期 of the western frontier, was covered from head to foot in a protective costume着装.
  168. be parallel to
  In its new position, the backbone is parallel to the floor.
  169. be paved with
  The sky paved with clouds as seen from an airplane also became one of her favorite motifs and the subject of her largest work作品, a 24-foot mural壁画 that she began in 1966.
  170. be quite a person
  I hear your older sister is on the Olympics team and on the honor’s list. She must be quite a person (了不起的人物).
  171. be related to
  The development of the boiler is closely related to those of the steam engine, to which it is a necessary adjunct.
  172. be responsive to
  Elements and facilities are located on the land in functional relationships and in a manner fully responsive to the characteristics of the site and its region.
  173. be restricted to
  During the next three weeks admission will be restricted to限于 engineering students.
  174. be second to none
  During the American Revolution, Mary Goddard continued to publish Baltimore’s only newspaper, which one historian claimed was second to none among the colonies.
  175. be set
  =be okay
  What are you worried about? Just ask your professors to write letters of recommendation for you, and you’ll be set.
  176. be silhouetted against
  The boy beside him, silhouetted against the sky, holds onto抓住 the coaming舱口栏板.
  177. be sold out
  sell all of
  178. be subject to
  be under the influence of
  The knee is more likely to be damage than most other joints because it is subject to tremendous forces during vigorous activity.
  Water isn’t subject to sudden temperature changes.
  179. be suited to
  Engines built in the West were of a distinctive western design specially suited to western needs.
  180. be swamped with
  You bet! The paper will be swamped with (陷在...中) letters.
  181. be synonymous with
  Martha Graham and the school she has founded are virtually synonymous with the modern dance.
  182. be taken away
  They are taught to enter the loft through a trap and to exercise above and around the loft and gradually they are taken away for short distances in wicker baskets and released.
  183. be taken by
  Many writers so taken感动 by what they saw that they adopted接受 it as their home.
  184. be that
  no matter whether that is
  For some students, these part time jobs could lead to full time work after graduation, as they may offer experience in their own field, be that finance, marketing, or even management.
  185. be the case
  However, such has not been the case, at least not for the last 150 years.
  186. be the rage
  By the 1930’s, big dance bands were the rage.
  187. be through
  be done
  M: I just have to type this last page. Then I am through.
  W: By then I’ll be done, too.
  188. be tied up
  I’ve been tied up (困住) in committee meetings all week.
  189. be tied up
  Three-quarters of the Earth’s fresh water supply is still tied up in glacial ice
  190. be tired of doing
  I’m tired of eating at home.
  191. be traced to
  The origins of our highest accomplishments can be traced to a play impulse.
  192. be trusted with
  But in the animal world, the homing pigeon alone can be trusted with its freedom and trained to carry out the missions that people demand.
  193. be typical of
  From its innermost core to its corona, the Sun has a structure typical of most star of its kind.
  194. be typical of
  Typical of the Vallero blankets are the five stars, reminiscent of the Saltillo blanket design.
  195. be under way
  By the mid-century sweeping (急剧的) changes in agriculture were well under way (正在进行) as farmers began to specialize in (专于) the raising (种植) of crops such as cotton or corn or wheat.
  196. be united into
  By the time that Upper and Lower Canada were united into the Province of Canada in 1841, the public debt债务 for canals was more than one hundred dollars per capita人均, an enormous sum数目for the time相对当时来说.
  197. be up to sb
  It will be up to you 由你自己to find those rooms yourself.
  198. be up
  I’m going to be up不睡觉 all night studying for my exam.
  199. be with sb
  I’ll be with you (接待你) in just a minute.
  200. be worth sth
  M: We are thinking of taking the kids to the new aquarium (水族馆) this weekend. Do you think it’s worth the trip?
  201. beat doing sth
  M: Did you get traveler’s checks (旅行支票) to take on you vacation?
  W: Yeah, they sure beat (胜过) carrying around a wallet for big bills.
楼主Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:35:18
  202. become of
  To be the fate of; happen to
  The driver returned the next spring to see what had become of his cargo.
  203. believe it or not
  Is that math course really as hard as everybody says?
  Worse, believe it or not信不信由你.
  204. benefit from
  Three developments in United States higher education that you are benefiting from today started more than a century ago following the civil war.
  205. beyond sb
  Why he’s so irresponsible is beyond me
  206. big sale
  Did you go to the big sale at Spencer’s店名 yesterday?
  207. blend with
  Since flounders have markings that blend with their surroundings.
  208. be in bloom
  The gardens are all in bloom.
  with the flowers fully open.
  209. boil down to
  They said the train won’t arrive until nine.
  Well, what that boils down to is yet another hour’s delay in our schedule.
  210. book up
  W: I think I’ll take my mother to that French restaurant on Main Street for her birthday.
  M: I hope it’s not any time soon. They are usually booked up weeks in advance.
  211. border on
  Biologists long regarded it as an example of adaptation by natural selection, but for physicists it bordered on the miraculous.
  212. bother with
  为...而费心, 以...而烦扰
  Don’t bother with sleeping pills安眠药. They can actually cause worse insomnia later.
  213. bounce about
  Bacteria often bounce about in the water.
  214. break away from
  As glaciers reach the sea, huge chunks of ice break away from them.
  215. break down sth into sth
  To decompose or cause to decompose chemically
  You also break down the oil into droplets minute enough to remain temporarily suspended in the vinegar.
  216. break down
  Registration ought to be easier than ever this year. Unless the computer breaks down.
  217. break even
  打成平局, 不盈不亏, 得失相当
  W: I’m worried about my jewelry business. I really thought I’d do better.
  M: At least you broke even.
  218. break in
  To loosen or soften with use
  The walk-a-thon(竞走) sounds like a perfect opportunity for me to break in my new pair of sports shoes.
  219. break off
  To separate or become separated, as by twisting or tearing.
  To stop suddenly, as in speaking.
  To discontinue (a relationship).
  To cease to be friendly.
  220. break one’s word
  She won’t break her word (食言).
  221. break out of sth
  The new university broke completely out of the old, constricted狭窄的curriculum课程.
  222. break out
  To develop suddenly and forcefully
  The war chief led the men in fighting during occasional conflicts that broke out with neighboring villages.
  223. break up
  To bring or come to an end
  Could a few discontented individuals arbitrarily break up the government and put an end to free government on earth?
  224. break up
  To separate into pieces
  When comets collide with the atmosphere, they break up.
  225. bring about
  Christopher, inventor of the typewriter, was gratified to witness the social revolution brought about by his invention
  226. bring forth
  To give rise to; produce
  plants bringing forth fruit.
  227. bring on
  To cause to appear
  brought on the dessert.
  228. bring sb up to date on
  I’ll try to bring you up to date on (帮你赶上) what we’ve done.
  229. bring an end to
  Progress quickly brought an end to (使…结束) the cowhand era.
  230. brush away
  Satires 讽刺文学brush away illusions and secondhand opinions with commonsense briskness.
  231. build out
  Animals usually prepare for hibernation by eating large amounts of food to build out stored fat in their bodies.
  232. build up
  To develop or increase in stages or by degrees
  Building up your computer skills is a good preparation for lots of jobs.
  233. bump into
  strike, collide, meet unexpectedly
  I often bump into him at the supermarket.
  234. bump into
  You know my car hasn’t been the same since I bumped into that telephone pole (电话亭).
  235. bunch up
  When muscle tissue shortens, it also bunches up.
  236. By 1863 the Northern war economy was rumbling轰鸣 along in high gear.
  237. by contrast
  By contrast, a popular culture is a large heterogeneous group, often highly individualistic and constantly changing.
  238. by far
  To the most extreme or evident degree
  One of the largest in the world, the pipeline is by far the biggest and most expensive construction project ever undertaken by private industry.
  239. by leaps and bounds
  Very quickly
  Your little nephew (侄儿) is growing by leaps and bounds.
  240. by means of
  With the use of; owing to
  By means of this invention, messages could be sent between moving trains, and from a moving train to a railroad station and back.
  241. call for
  To require; demand
  The partner calls for resource-managing agencies to work together.
  242. call it a day
  Now that we’ve gone through all the numbers on our list now, I guess we can call it a day.
  243. call off
  I was told tomorrow’s meeting has been called off.
  244. call upon
  To order; require
  Sometimes muscles are called upon to do more than simply pull in one direction.
  245. came into its own
  First 初期的settlers from the eastern United States arrived in what is now Texas that the cowhand phenomenon 现象really came into its own.
  246. care for
  Care for some more dessert? There is plenty of cake left.
  247. carry on
  To conduct; maintain
  I don’t know whether I should time计时 my speech now or keep on revising my notes. What do you think?
  I’d carry on with what you’re doing.
  248. carry sth to the extreme
  If this is carried to the extreme, white crystals晶体 of salt would be left behind.
  249. carry weight
  If more people join us, that would carry more weight.
  250. cast off
  remove, drop
  The sea cucumber海参also casts off attached structures such as tentacles(动物)触须.
  251. cast up
  Dickinson, whose group of Quakers教友派信徒 was cast up on the coast.
  252. catch my breath
  I can’t even climb the stairs without having to stop and catch my breath.
  253. catch on
  become popular; prevail
  Skateboarding caught on quickly.
  254. catch on
  To understand; perceive
  M: I’m thinking of dropping (放弃) my swimming class. I am just not catching on (不得要领).
  255. catch up on
  弥补, 得到.的消息
  I just hope I can catch up on all the work I’ve missed.
  256. cater to
  To attend to the wants or needs of
  Moreover, as colleges ceased停止 to cater to candidates待录取的学生 for the religious ministry牧师职位.
  257. change of pace
  What a change of pace (步速)!
  258. check on
  I’m calling to check on the status状况 of my TV.
  259. check out
  M: I think I’ll add that information to my paper.
  M: You really should check it out (核对) in a reference book.
  260. check out sth
  To withdraw (an item) after recording the withdrawal
  It seems to me I’ve seen that dark-haired man before.
  Sure you have, he checked out our books at the circulation desk 流通部柜台yesterday.
  261. check with
  M: Do you know anyone who has a spare bookshelf?
  W: Have you checked with Marsha?
  262. check with
  The woman should check with the school.
  263. cheer sb up
  Why don’t we go see a movie tonight? A good comedy (戏剧) might cheer you up.
  264. clean out
  clean the inside of sth thoroughly
  265. clean out
  Well, you cleaned out the refrigerator this time. You must have been really hungry.
  266. clean sb out
  To deprive completely of money or material wealth
  The robbery cleaned us out.
  267. clear off sth
  Let’s get this desk in order.
  Yes, it’s about time we cleared it off.
  268. clear up
  To become clear
  It’s been pouring for three days now. If it doesn’t clear up, I’ll just have to forget about going to the beach.
  269. clear out of
  You must also make sure that all of your personal property财产 has been cleared out of your room.
  270. cling to
  To hold fast or adhere to something, as by grasping, sticking, embracing, or entwining
  Rubbing a glass rod with silk will cause small pieces of dries paper to jump to the rod and cling to it.
  271. close down
  stop functioning or operating; shut down
  272. close in
  To seem to be gathering in on all sides
  The problems closed in.
  273. coincide with
  The study area usually coincides with a natural physiographic region.
  274. collide with
  To come together with violent, direct impact
  Bacteria collide with the water molecules and are pushed this way and that (way).
  275. come across
  To meet or find by chance
  I happened to be looking through some of my roommate’s science magazines and I came across an article on phrenology (颅相学).
  276. come along
  make progress; grow; improve
  Things are coming along fine.
  To show up; appear
  But he never wants to come along (出现), does he?
  To go with someone else
  I’ve got two tickets to today’s game. Do you want to come along?
  How’s your paper coming along?
  277. come back
  To return to or regain past success after a period of misfortune
  278. come down with
  To become sick with (an illness)
  Every year around the holidays, like clockwork有规则地, I’ll come down with something.
  279. come in handy
  That extra money will really come in handy管用.
  280. come in
  Sea cucumbers come in a variety of colors.
  281. come into existence
  开始存在, 成立
  The relative location of a city occasionally change during the course of human history as civilizations crumble瓦解;灭亡or come into existence.
  282. come into sth
  He came into conflict with railroad owners.
  283. come into use
  Before barbed wire came into general use, fencing was often made from serrated.
  284. come out ahead of sb
  Trains come out ahead of trucks on environmental grounds (理由).
  285. come out
  M: How clumsy of me! And all of your white table cloth.
  W: Hey, it will come out with soap and water.
  286. come right out
  Did you ever think of just coming right out and asking her?
  287. come to a close
  end up
  By the end of the 19th century, the era of Jefferson’s independent farmer had come to a close.
  288. come to
  Finally people simply forgot about it and that’s how it came to be lost.
  They came to perceive the war as a kind of democratic crusade against southern society.
  289. come up with
  You know, last year my department did a survey (调查) and they found out that 80% of all psychology majors were employed. That’s why they came up with the program.
  I’m going to be up all night trying to come up with something by tomorrow.
  No one has come up with a good name for the stadium yet.
  No one has come up with想出,提出 a good name for the stadium yet.
  290. come up
  appear unexpectedly
  M: Last Monday when I was at Dr. Smith’s office, I spent over an hour in the waiting room.
  W: Really? Something must’ve come up that day.
  come close
  W: I am way (= far) behind my letter writing. I’ve got to get started.
  M: Who’s got time to write letters. Exams are coming up, remember?
  291. commit oneself to
  Cather had committed herself to the high calling of art at least twenty years before she achieved success!
  292. common sight
  Sun-bronzed晒成铜色的boys in their weather-beaten饱经风霜的 clothes were a common sight常见的景物 in New England
  293. compare to
  In fact researching the deep ocean has been compared to flying an airplane overland, throwing down the net (撒网), and seeing what you get.
  294. confer sth upon sb
  To bestow (an honor)
  Americans could more easily confer upon machinery a status and function similar to that of the fine arts.
  295. consider sb sth
  Jackson Pollock’s art has been considered the pivotal manifestation of Abstract Expressionism
  296. considering
  W: I’m sorry I forgot to return your physics book last night.
  M: I’ll forgive you, considering (=since) the test isn’t until Friday.
  297. contrast with
  To show differences when compared
  a color that contrasted clearly with the dark background.
  298. contribute handsomely to
  They contributed handsomely to the progress of aviation.
  299. contribute to
  You may also have some bad habits that contribute to the problem.
  300. converge upon
  Procedures and traditions can contain conflict冲突 and channel疏导 the political energies that converge upon the lawmaking process.
  301. convert A into B
  Solar cells convert sunlight direct into electricity.
楼主Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:40:18
  302. cool off
  M: I feel horrible. Deborah was furious that I lost her notes. Do you think I should apologize again?
  W: If I were you I’d let her cool off for a few days before I talked to her.
  303. cool off
  It gets hot during the day, but it cools off very quickly at night.
  304. cope with
  Do you have any suggestions for coping with (处理) anxiety (焦虑)?
  305. corresponding to
  According to one, the camera was always fixed at a viewpoint观看位置 corresponding to that of the spectator观众 in a theater.
  306. corresponds to
  As many cells are specialized for generating electricity, and the strength of the shock电 it can deliver corresponds roughly to the length of its body.
  307. cost a fortune
  Good watercolor brushes cost a fortune, especially the larger sizes.
  308. cost sb an arm and a leg
  M: Did you see the diamond ring (钻介) Bill gave to Linda?
  M: I sure did. It must have cost him an arm and a leg .
  309. count for
  The final will count for 50% of your grade in the course. The research project will count for 20%, and the mid-term 30%.
  310. count on
  To be confident of; anticipate
  I should take them seriously about the cold, but not count too much on 信a lot of extra snow?
  311. count sb in
  M: I got an invitation to a financial planning seminar (研讨会). And I don’t want to go alone.
  W: Count me in (算上我一个). I need all the help I can get managing my money.
  312. cram for sth
  I stayed up all night cramming (埋头攻读) for my history exam.
  313. cut back on
  Look, I’ll be working three days a week next semester and it was either cut back on my classes or try this out (试出结果).
  314. cut back
  The university has cut back (削减) the number of courses.
  315. cut down on sth
  M: Looks like I’ll have to get some new jeans.
  W: Well, you wouldn’t have to do that if you just cut down on what you eat.
  316. cut to length
  The wire to make the barbs is fed into the machine from the sides and cut to length by knives that cut diagonally through the wire to produce a sharp point.
  317. dart around
  Your eyes will begin to dart around乱窜 under your closed eyelids眼帘.
  318. dash off
  An artist could dash off an idea in a fit of spontaneous inspiration.
  319. date back to
  The development of professional sports in the United States dates back to nineteenth century.
  320. date from
  Before the 1850’s the United States had a number of small colleges, most of them dating from colonial days殖民地时期.
  321. day and night
  I am working on my thesis论文 day and night日夜不停.
  322. day in and day out
  I don’t know. He’s been working on it day in and day out (没日没夜地).
  323. depart from
  Desert mammals also depart from the normal mammalian practice of maintaining a constant body temperature.
  324. depend on sb to do sth
  Exploitation of the powers of computers depend on one’s ability to load information into them.
  325. depend on
  Industries depend on our government agency to monitor (监控) the accuracy of scales.
  326. deprive sb of sth
  Don’t you know that people who are deprived of caffeine suffer with drug symptoms (吸毒症状), especially headaches?
  327. derive from
  得自, 由来, 衍生
  The expansion derived from a trend toward earlier marriages and an increase in the average size of families.
  328. derive sth from sb
  Stars derive their energy from thermonuclear reactions that take place in their heat interiors.
  329. determine to do
  I’m determined to start exercising regularly.
  330. devote to
  The Phillips Collection in Washington, D.C., was the first museum in the United States devoted to modern art.
  331. die away
  grow slowly less or weaker; wither
  Almost as quickly as they appeared, these small plants die away.
  332. die hard
  To take a long time in passing out of existence
  Indeed, old attitudes died hard.
  333. die of sth
  More buffalo are dying of disease.
  334. differ from
  To be dissimilar or unlike in nature, quality, amount, or form
  Stars differ fundamental from planets.
  These early forms differ from adult starfish.
  Nitrogen then diffuses from the lungs to the blood, and from the blood to body tissues.
  335. distinguish A from B
  To perceive as being different or distinct
  It is difficult to distinguish one crow from another.
  336. distinguish between A and B
  A major application of the science of logic is to help distinguish between correct and incorrect reasoning.
  337. do a story on sth
  report an event
  Did you see the college newspaper? They did a story on our voter registration campaign (选民登记运动).
  338. do a trial run
  A test, as of performance or acceptance
  M: Would you like to try the new seafood (海鲜) restaurant tonight?
  W: I’ll have to give a presentation (演讲) tomorrow and I need to do a trial run.
  339. do good
  Diets have to be combined with exercise to do any good.
  340. do one’s best
  Thousands of ordinary citizens living on fixed incomes did their best to cope with rising prices.
  341. do sb a favor
  My boss just did me a favor by putting me on evenings.
  342. do sth over
  do again
  They did it over in aluminum so it wouldn’t come crashing down on someone’s head.
  343. do the dishes
  Have you asked your brother to do the dishes?
  344. down the drain
  To or into the condition of being wasted or lost
  That’s more than fifty dollars worth of meal tickets down the drain.
  All of our best laid plans are down the drain.
  345. drag through the day
  To pull along with difficulty the whole day
  Most insomniacs (失眠者) somehow manage to drag themselves through the day.
  346. drift away
  As icebergs drift away from the polar region, icebergs sometimes move mysteriously in a direction to the wind.
  347. drift off
  Nobody knows where these balloons will drift off to (飘向何方).
  348. drive sb crazy
  They seem nice enough, but they have a son who’s driven me crazy.
  349. drive sb out his mind
  The sound of all that traffic is driving me out of my mind.
  350. drop by
  I’ll drop by again on Monday or Tuesday.
  W: I’m at school right now and I realized I forgot my keys at home.
  M: I can just drop by your class later.
  351. drop in on sb
  Why don’t we drop in on her and find out how she is doing?
  352. drop off
  M: I heard that Partro-Electronics is going to be holding interviews on campus next week.
  W: Yeah? What day? I’d like to talk to them and drop off my resúmé.
  Mary, did you drop off the roll of film (胶卷) for developing (冲印)?
  One of the special features of the starfish is that it can drop off arms as a defensive reaction, to get away from an attacker.
  353. drop sb off
  allow sb to get out of a car
  Well, how about if I’ll plan on dropping her off (开车送) at your place on my way to work, around eleven?
  Where do you want me to drop you off?
  354. dry up
  To make or become unproductive, especially to do so gradually
  The inclusion of more state employees under civil service protection dried up some of the old wells of patronage.
  355. due date
  until the last minute
  I can’t remember the due date for our final paper.
  356. due to
  because of
  Abrasion due to daily wear alters the surface features of beads.
  Painting wooden buildings helps to protect them from damage due to weather.
  357. earn one’s living
  Murray’s Gleaner essays published in the 1790’s transcended the boundaries超越界限of her world in recognizing the need for training women to earn their own living.
  358. easier said than done
  Listen, Joe, you’ve already taken the exam, just forget about it.
  That’s easier said than done.
  359. easy come, easy go
  something you get quickly and easily may be lost or spent just as easily.
  The general practice is best described as easy come, easy go, although there are certain group-forming tendencies倾向.
  360. eat sb alive
  During the spring and summer, the mosquitoes were just about to eat you alive.
  361. embark on
  To set out on a venture; commence
  Only four years after this revelation, Mark Twain embarked on the writing of Huck Finn’s utobiography.
  362. en route
  on the way
  Dickinson’s group of Quakers教友派信徒 was cast up被抛弃 on the coast near Palm Beach after they were wrecked沉船 en route from Jamaica to Pennsylvania.
  363. encroach on
  To take another’s possessions or rights gradually or stealthily
  The panda becoming an endangered species because humans have encroached on the wilderness that is essential to the animal’s survival.
  364. end up
  finish (in a particular way or place), wind up
  I’m usually miserable (难受) for a week and it ends up ruining my holiday.
  365. engage in
  involve, take part
  366. enroll in
  To place one’s name on a roll or register; sign up
  An old friend of my uncle’s runs a chemical engineering department there, so I’m hoping he can help me enroll in some interesting courses.
  367. entitle sb to sth
  To furnish with a right or claim to something
  Since there are only a few small kitchens in the dorms (=dormitories), most students buy meal contracts包伙 which entitle them to twenty meals per week at any of the cafeterias.
  368. every once in a while
  From time to time; occasionally
  Come to the movies with us. Everybody needs to take a break every once in a while (不时地).
  369. every so often
  At intervals; occasionally
  W: Do you have to work overtime加班 on you job?
  M: Every so often I do.
  370. every walk of life
  371. exert a …effect
  To put to use or effect; put forth
  Under these pressures helium does not exert a similar narcotic麻醉性的effect.
  372. fall asleep
  My leg’s fallen asleep!.
  373. fall back on
  I did pretty well, but I had to fall back on my dictionary occasionally.
  374. fall in step with
  To take one’s place in a military formation
  It appeared that Canada was once more falling in step with the trend toward smaller families that had occurred all through the Western world.
  375. fall into
  Eventually the road fell into disuse (不用) as a major railway was completed.
  belong to
  The common broadleaf (阔叶) trees we have on campus fall into this category (类别).
  376. far from
  not at all
  W: I see a new bookstore has just opened on Main Street.
  M: It may be a new store, but the books are far from new.
  377. far from it
  378. fatten up
  To make plump or fat
  The mother fattens herself up on this extra prey (猎物), and stores the nutrients (营养) in her extra unfertilized (未孵化的) eggs.
  379. feed on
  live on
  But then how do the young get nourishment? They start to feed on one another.
  Ordinarily tigers feed only on other wildlife, but in rare instances, they attack humans.
  The grasslands of all continents support populations of grazing animals feed on the grasses.
  380. feel disgusted with
  Profound aversion excited by something offensive
  I just felt disgusted with myself for wasting so much time.
  381. feel like doing sth
  She doesn’t feel like going out.
  382. feel under the weather
  Somewhat indisposed; slightly ill
  M: It’s good to see you, Mary. How’ve you been?
  W: Actually, I’ve been feeling under the weather recently.
  383. feel up to
  Roger was feverish yesterday. I’m not sure if he feels up to attending today’s meeting.
  384. figure out
  come to understand by thinking
  But if there’s a blizzard (大风雪), I’ll give you a call and see if we can figure something else out.
  385. fill in for sb
  To act as a substitute; stand in
  Roger was feverish yesterday. Can someone fill in for him?
  386. fill out
  Children should have their knowledge filled out by examining the complex environment in which these creatures动物 actually live.
  Fill out their knowledge by examining the complex environment.
  387. fill one’s shoes
  To assume someone’s position or duties
  M: Have you heard that Professor Jones is retiring.
  W: Yes, the faculty (学院) won’t find anyone to fill her shoes.
  To complete a form by providing required information
  Fine, just fill out this form. Someone will be with you in a moment.
  Fill out their knowledge by examining the complex environment.
  388. fill sb in
  Can you fill me in on what we’re doing for art history?
  389. fill the vacancy
  He is trying to help the woman find someone to fill the vacancy.
  390. fill up
  Enough rain couldn’t have reached the earth to fill up the ocean.
  The class is filled up.
  391. find application in
  Statistical methods have found wide application in the psychological testing field and in the studied of human behavior.
  392. find one’s way to some place
  In their training flights or in actual races, the birds are taken to prearranged distant points and released to find their way back to their own lofts.
  393. find out about
  To ascertain (something), as through examination or inquiry
   Well, perhaps I should find out more about this stress management course.
  The woman should find out if she can reserve a table.t
  I probably should have found out if you like spicy (辛辣的) food.
  394. finish up
  What’s happening with the new library building?
  The work crew is just finishing it up.
  395. first thing first
  other things must wait until the most important and necessary things are done.
  M: We’d better make sure we do a good job on our experiment first.
  W: Yeah. First thing first.
  396. fit into
  适应; 协调
  The highest terrestrial地上的 mountain, Mount Everest would fit into the deepest part of the ocean, the Mariana Trench.
  397. fit in with
  People found ways to improve their lives by trying to make nature fit in with their way of life.
  398. fit in
  find a time to do sth
  M: When are you going to have your eyes checked?
  W: I had to cancel my appointment. I couldn’t fit it in.
  I’m having trouble fitting into my jeans.
  399. fit sb in
  Hello, could you fit me in for an appointment today?
  400. fit the bill=fill the bill
  to be just what is needed; be just right
  The boss was worried about hiring a deaf boy, but after he tried Tom out for a few weeks, he said that Tom filled the bill.
  401. flock to
  So many spectators观众 flocked to the farm to catch a glimpse of Mrs. Stowe.
楼主Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:41:57
  402. fly sb out to some place
  send sb by plane
  My company is flying me out to Hawaii on business next week.
  403. catch a glimpse of
  Many spectators flocked to拥到the farm to catch a glimpse of Mrs. Stowe.
  404. follow one’s lead
  Following his lead, musicians dusted off long-abandoned accordions to perform and record traditional-style Cajun music.
  405. follow suit
  To do as another has done; follow an example
  In Canada, Queen’s University was the first to admit women into degree programs学位课程, and the University of Toronto followed suit eight years later in 1884.
  406. for a change
  I think I’d like a cup of tea for a change (换换口味).
  W: I’m really looking forward to the picnic tomorrow.
  M: If we are lucky, we’ll have some sun this year for a change.
  407. for good measure
  in addition to the required amount
  408. for one thing
  To tell you the truth, I’ve been very worried about our final examinations next month. For one thing, I can’t sleep.222
  409. for the life of sb
  I can’t for the life of me get that washing machine downstairs to work.
  410. for the sake of
  So you’ll be taking courses just for the sake of learning.
  411. for the time being
  Well, how about if, for the time being, I’ll plan on dropping her off (开车送) at your place on my way to work, around eleven?
  412. from afar
  from a great distance
  413. from place to place
  The salinity含盐量 of ocean waters is found to vary only slightly from place to place.
  414. frown upon
  To express (disapproval, for example) by wrinkling the brow, disapprove of
  Mary frowned on the use of so much salt in the food.
  415. fuse A with B
  The Waste Land fused poetic traditions with elements of modern music and language.
  416. gather one’s wits
  Well, we’ve still got 20 minutes to gather our wits定神together.
  417. gear to
  Tomorrow you’ll begin training in a first aid system that gears specifically to (适合于) the outdoors.
  418. get a good feel
  Also, beginning students can get a good feel 感觉for what they can do with textures 质感by working with acrylic paints.
  419. get a lift
  M: Your cousins just called. They’re stranded (搁浅) at the beach (沙滩).
  W: So they didn’t manage to get a lift (搭便车) after all.
  420. get a ride with sb
  Could I get a ride with you (搭你的便车) to the concert tonight?
  421. get along
  M: Can you believe the way Larry was talking to his roommate? No wonder they don’t get along.
  422. get around
  To travel from place to place
  It is hard to get around without a car.
  It’s really tough getting around without a car when you live off campus.
  423. get around to doing sth
  I haven’t gotten around to sharpening your knife yet.
  424. get away with sth
   To break free; escape punishment
  He can’t get away with that!
  425. get by
  I stayed up all night熬夜 studying for the test.
  How do you get by with so little rest is a mystery神秘 to me.
  426. get in shape
  be in a good state of health
  You can’t just start climbing without any training. You have to get in shape, learn how to use the ropes, the belts, the buckles (扣)-there’s a lot of preparation first.
  427. get in touch with sb
  I’ll ask Ken to get in touch with you later today.
  428. get in
  M: Hey, Lisa. Has Professor Smith returned my call yet?
  W: I just got in a little while ago myself.
  429. get it made
  make it, succeed
  M: If you could, would you trade places with your sister?
  W: Yeah, she’s got it made
  430. get it straight
  Make sure you get it straight now.
  431. get lost
  lose one’s way
  I hear you got lost on your way to the meeting at the hotel.
  432. get moving
  Yeah, but we’d better get moving.
  433. get nowhere with
  To make no progress
  I’m getting absolutely nowhere with these physics problems.
  434. get off on the wrong foot
  to make a bad start
  We haven’t really met them, yet, except to say a quick hello. I hate to get off on the wrong foot.
  435. get off the ground
  to make successful beginning
  How did your talk with Henry go?
  It never really got off the ground.
  436. get on one’s nerves
  to make you nervous
  My roommate has a very short memory (记性不好), and it really gets on my nerves (让我生气) sometimes.
  437. get over
  M: Weren’t you going to find out from the registrar登记员 if you have enough credits to graduate next semester?
  W: You’re right. I’d better get over there.
  438. get rid of
  To free from
  I’m amazed that you are still driving that old car of yours. I thought you would have gotten rid of it years ago.
  439. get round to
  I’ve been meaning to get my eyes checked. I just haven’t gotten round to it yet.
  440. get settled
  Just remember how hectic (忙乱) your freshman year was. Give him a chance to get settled.
  441. get started
  Before we get started, I’d like to thank everyone for coming down to the lake today.
  I wanted to get started as soon as possible.
  442. get sth out of the way
  I’d love to, if I can get this reading out of the way.
  443. get sth under control
  M: Look at all the pollution going into the air from those factories. Do you think they’ll ever get that under control?
  444. get sth up
  Don’t get your hopes up.
  445. get stuck
  To be at or come to a standstill
  If you get really stuck, remember: I’m only a phone call away (我不过一个电话之遥).
  It’s raining hard outside, and I am stuck without an umbrella.
  446. get the light
  turn off the light
  Would someone get the light, please?
  447. get through
  I had a hard time getting through this novel.
  448. get time off from sth
  Ron was able to get time off from work to send the postcard.
  449. get to sb
  To influence or affect, especially adversely
  M: That leaking (漏水的) faucet (龙头) is starting to get to me.
  450. give birth to
  Every thousand women aged fifteen to forty-four gave birth to about 118 live children in 1920.
  Some snakes lay eggs, but others give birth to live offspring.
  451. Give sb a break
  give a chance to sb
  Give me a break. I am just so nervous
  452. give off
  To send forth; emit
  A radio telescope is an instrument that collects and measured faint radio waves given off by objects in space.
  Leaves give off oxygen.
  To protect themselves from this competition, some shrubs give off a substance释放出一种物质 that kills young plants that sprout发芽 too close to them.
  Trains give off (排放) only one tenth to one third the pollution that is emitted (排放) by trucks.
  453. give out
  To stop functioning; fail
  M: I hear you did some serious shopping this past weekend.
  W: Yep. The speakers (喇叭) from my old stereo (音响) finally gave out and there was no way to repair them.
  454. give rise to
  The dependence on motor vehicles has given rise to major environmental problems.
  455. give sb a hand
  help sb
  David, can I give you a hand with one of those grocery (菜) bags?
  Let me give you a hand.
  You could ask Mary to give you a hand.
  456. give sb a ride
  take sb by one’s car
  Do you think you could give me a ride to the library tonight?
  I forgot to ask if you could give me a ride to school tomorrow.
  457. give sb a ring
  call sb
  W: You know, Sally was supposed to meet us here an hour ago. Maybe we should give her a ring.
  458. give the benefit of the doubt
  to believe one person is innocent rather than guilty when you are not sure.
   Over the decades Peary was given the benefit of the doubt.
  459. give up on doing sth
  cease to do or perform
  I’d almost given up on finding it until I checked it at the lost-and-found at the information desk.
  Don’t give up yet. The forecast said the clouds should clear up by mid-morning.
  I’d never give up my apartment.
  460. give way
  The pipeline would give way under the pressure.
  461. give way to
  fall, breakdown, be replaced by, disappear, yield
  As her focus changed, the love poetry that Edna St. Vincent Millay produced in the 1920’s increasingly gave way to poetry dealing with social injustice.
  Beyond a depth of around 2,900 kilometers, a great change takes place and the mantle gives way to the core.
  Folk-made objects give way to their popular equivalent, usually because the popular item is more quickly or cheaply produced.
  The original intent had to give way to other considerations.
  462. given sth
  Given these factors some areas have become a treasury (宝库) of well-preserved ichthyosaur fossils.
  463. glide along
  To move in a smooth, effortless manner
  Many bacteria can glide along over surfaces by some little-understood mechanism不详机制.
  464. go about
  To set about to do; undertake
  Anthropologists face complex problems of analysis and synthesis when they go about the task of decrypting the culture of a group of people.
  As they go about their daily business, these bacteria release volatile substances.
  465. go across
  I need to go across town, but the traffic is so heavy this time of day.
  466. go against grains
  so as to annoy or trouble, or to cause anger or dislike. Lejeune went against the grain to perform in the old, traditional style long forced underground.
  467. go all out
  do one’s level best
  However, there are certain times, especially around Thanksgiving and Christmas when the dining hall staff goes all out preparing seasonal specialties特色菜.
  468. go as follows
  As will be stated next
  The argument for this view goes as follows.
  469. go broke
  to lose all of one’s money.
  After starting Baltimore’s first newspaper, The Maryland Journal, in 1773, her brother went broke trying to organize a colonial postal service.
  470. go by
  act according to, judge by
  W: Well, if you go by (依照) the forecast that I heard, you shouldn’t put your coat and hat away quite yet.
  My doctor told me I needed to go for (去做) some expensive treatment (治疗) for my injured knee (受伤的膝盖).
  471. go into
  to start to talk about
  We’ll talk about the dead mouse after dinner, Billy. Let’s not go into it now.
  You know the article went into that in detail.
  472. go into business
  deal with business
  W: I’ve decided to apply to grad school in engineering for next year.
  M: More school (还要读书)? I’m going into business for myself.
  473. go on a trip
  Do you want to go on a trip with us to Florida this spring?
  474. go on and on about sth
  I just read an article that went on and on about the cost.
  475. go on sale
  A special disposal of goods at lowered prices
  M: The tickets for that rock concert finally go on sale next Saturday at 5 o’clock.
  476. go on
  To continue
  The practice of making excellent films based in rather obscure novels has been going on so long in the United States as to constitute a tradition.
  477. go out of one’s way to do sth/ for sb
  to make an extra effort, do more than usual
  Mrs. Smith really goes out of her way for others.
  478. go out of
  close down
  The Variety Theatre finally went out of business.
  479. go out on dates
  He doesn’t like to go out on dates.
  480. go over
  I’ve got to go over my notes for tomorrow’s midterm.
  Please follow along with me as I go over each point.
  W: Would you have some time this week to go over these questions for me?
  481. go through
  A policeman saw you go through that red light闯红灯.
  Tim really seems to go through a lot of money, doesn’t he?
  482. go to one’s head
  to make one dizzy; to make someone too proud; make a person think he is too important
  M: Have you noticed how John’s changed since he became student government president?
  W: I think the whole thing’s gone to his head, and he used to be so sociable (友善的) and open.
  483. go up
  rise, increase
  M: I notice that you don’t buy your lunch in the cafeteria any more.
  W: When prices went up, I decided to bring my own.
  484. go with
  to match; to look good with
  He thinks any color would go well with the jacket.
  True. It took me several hours to figure it out. I decided to go with the ten meal plan.
  485. got (have) a lot on one’s mind
  To feel uneasy or concerned about something
  He’s just got a lot on his mind these days.
  I know you have a lot on your minds with finals期末考试 coming up.
  486. got mixed up with
  To combine or join
  You’ve got me mixed up with somebody else。
  487. got one’s hands full
  I’ve got my hands full (=busy) right now.
  488. get over
  To recover from
  She was upset at first, but she got over it pretty quickly.
  489. Got the time?
  what time?
  490. grant sth to sb
  Countries grant certain rights to their residents and requires certain duties from them.
  491. grope about
  To reach about uncertainly
  When there is a power failure停电, people grope about in flickering摇曳 candlelight.
  492. grow attached to sth
  depend on
  I’ve actually grown quite attached to my old car.
  493. hand in
  M: Hi, Sue. Where have you been?
  W: Oh. Hi, Dan. I was just at the library. I have to hand in my biology paper tomorrow.
  494. hand out
  The calendars were handed out free to customers to thank them for their business.
  495. has a way with sth
  What did you think of that letter John sent us about the woman?
  It was fascinating. He really has a way with words.
  496. have a shot
  give or take an injection
  You mean after you have a shot of novocaine (奴佛卡因) to deaden the nerve?
  497. have concerns
  Interested and involved
  Raise your hand if you have any concerns.
  498. have had it
  To have endured all that one can
  W: I’ve had itwith being sick in bed.
  499. have one eye on
  The lecture this morning was so boring乏味.
  I’ll say. I had one eye on the clock the whole time.
  500. have one’s heart set on sth
  determine to do
  W: I really want to see the play at the outdoor theater tonight. Will you come with me?
  M: You know I hate badly all those mosquitoes (蚊子), but if you have your heart set on it.
  501. have sb over
  Well, I didn’t intend to (打算) buy a lot, but I am having some people over.
  502. have sth due
  at term
  W: Alice’s been spending a lot of time in the library lately.
  M: Well, she’s got a paper due and two final exams next week.
楼主Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:43:11
  503. have sth in common
  Music performed for Broadway theater in the heart of New York City has little in common with music that developed outside the western tradition of Europe and America.
  504. have sth on one’s mind
  M: Tom’s house is a mess (混乱). Doesn’t he ever clean it?
  W: I guess he just has too much else on his mind (心里有太多其他事) with that new job of his.
  505. have sth out of the way
  I want to have my presentation out of the way.
  506. have sth to do with
  be related to
  Doesn’t the relative humidity湿度 have anything to do with the shapes?
  Much of her best work has nothing to do with the south at all.
  The first key discovery had to do with seismic waves (震波).
  507. hear about
  be told by others
  Did you hear about Jim?
  508. help build up
  increase in stages or by degrees
  The ice that forms keeps the cave cool, and that helps build up still more ice.
  509. help oneself to
  Students simply present their meal tickets at the door and go through the line helping themselves to取用 as much food as they want.
  510. help sth
  To change for the better; improve
  M: Will you be living in the dormitory (学生宿舍) this year?
  W: Not if I can help it.
  511. hide from sb
  They hid from their enemies in caves.
  512. hike up
  M: You must be looking forward to your trip back to Colorado. It should be fun to hike up (徒步旅行) into those mountains again.
  513. hit it off
  To get along well together
  W: Our little brothers are so different I was afraid they wouldn’t like each other at first.
  M: They really hit it off right away, didn’t they?
  514. hit the ceiling
  have a mad on
  My boss will hit the ceiling if I ask to change again.
  515. hold a stake
  Holding a large stake in the community, they exercised power to make it prosper.
  516. hold back
  hinder the progress of
  517. hold on
  M: If I don’t find my wallet pretty soon, I’m going to have to report it stolen.
  W: Hold on (且慢). Before you call campus security office, have you checked your car, all your jacket pockets, everywhere?
  518. hold sb over
  M: Don’t you want to have dinner before you go to your evening class? W: I’ll grab抓a snack (小吃) at the break. That should hold me over (支撑) until I get back.
  519. hold sth in place
  The roots of shrubs and trees help to hold the desert soil in place.
  520. hold sth up
  Have the parts we need for the copier arrived yet?
  I ordered them last week, but something’s holding them up .
  521. hold up
  It looks nice, but it hasn’t held up 持续,耐久well.
  522. hold up sth
  M: I’m really sorry my article didn’t make the deadline (赶上截止期). I guess I held up (耽误) everything, uh?
  523. hold up
  They called at 9 to say that they’d been held up.
  524. hold up
  Today these giant patriarchs巨大的长老 seems remote and inaccessible远不可及 as the rocks and mountain cliffs断崖 on which they grow, like cathedral columns教堂大柱 holding up擎 the sky.
  525. hollow out
  Water from the surface drips滴水down through cracks缝隙, hollowing out the tunnels and decorating装饰 the caves with crystal晶体icicles垂冰.
  526. how does sth go?
  How did the game go the other night?
  527. how does sth sound
  How does tomorrow sound?
  528. huddle together
  Horses and cows always seem to go to a protected area and huddle together.
  529. I am no sth
  I’m no doctor (我不懂医), but it’s not black and blue (遍体鳞伤的) or anything. Maybe you just need to rest it for a few days.
  I’m no expert, but that fridge doesn’t sound right.
  530. I bet
  I’m sure; I’m certain
  531. in … sense
  in some ways but not in all; somewhat
  In this sense, she was an important forerunner to the realistic movement that became popular later in the 19th century.
  532. in a … degree
  Life resembles in only a slight degree the popular image of it.
  533. in a flash
  I see you’ve already read the manual—you should be done in a flash.
  534. in a nutshell
  in brief
  We are in a hurry, so I’ll give you the story in a nutshell.
  535. in accord with
  As the cat rotates the front of its body clockwise, the rear and tail twist counterclockwise, so that the total spin remains zero, in perfect accord with Newton’s laws.
  536. in addition to
  In addition to pleasure, games provide excitement, challenge, and relaxation.
  537. In addition
  In addition, our counselors (顾问) will give you hints (提示) about successful interviewing.
  538. in advance
  It’s a really nice apartment. But the owners want two months’ rent in advance, and I just don’t have it.
  539. in an attempt to
  In the Middle Ages, books called bestiaries were prepared in an attempt to describe animals that exemplified human traits.
  540. in any event
  I’m going in any event (无论如何).
  541. in case
  The exam will be held next Thursday, remember to bring along two or three pens in case you run out of 用完ink.
  542. in conflict with
  The steady state theory is in direct conflict with the big bang theory.
  543. in conjunction with
  Viruses cannot be detected through their biological activity, except as it occurs in conjunction with other organisms有机体.
  544. in contrast to
  different from
  While still growing, crops belonged to the men who, in contrast to most other Native American groups.
  545. in cooperation
  You try to play in cooperation (合作) with your partner.
  546. in depth
  During our Wednesday seminar, we will discuss in depth the movie we saw the night before.
  547. in diameter
  The pipe is 4 feet in diameter.
  548. in earnest
  adv.认真地, 诚挚地
  Their play, and ours, appears to serve no other purpose than to remove us temporarily from the anguish of life in earnest.
  549. in equilibrium
  The birthrate and the death rate are in equilibrium (平衡).
  550. in essence
  If sport is, in essence, play, the claim might be made that sport is much older than humankind.
  551. in extent
  Somewhere in its wilds (荒野处) was a mountain of rock salt 80 by 45 miles in extent (= size).
  552. in favor of
  In support of; approving;To the advantage of
  However, by the late 1940’s, commercially recorded Cajun music had begun to lose its individual character in favor of new sounds heavily influenced by hillbilly南部山区 music and western swing摇摆音乐.
  553. in general
  Sandstone in general is more easily cut and shaped than are hard rocks such as granite.
  554. in half
  When a pearl is cut in half and examined under a microscope, but its layers can be seen.
  555. in hand
  In this heavily wooded area logs were the material in hand (垂手可得的).
  556. in high gear
  557. in keeping with
  This neurotic and unhappy artist is strangely modern, oddly in keeping with our own neurotic and unhappy age.
  558. in no time
  soon, immediately
  559. in no way
  It in no way interfered with the ordinary use of the telegraph wires.
  560. in one’s power
  Those who could bought war bonds战争债券; others knitted编织, sewed缝制, nursed护理, or lent any other assistance出力 in their power.
  561. in one’s honor
  The decision was made to redesign the one-cent piece in his honor (为纪念他).
  562. in opposition to
  These two sets of muscles are said to act in opposition to each other.
  563. in person
  If you don’t have questions, we will go in now and see some of these creatures in person.
  564. in place of
  In place of the usual Wednesday class, I’ve arranged an optional (自由参加的) review session (复习课).
  565. in proportion to
  The high-pressure engine was far lighter in proportion to horsepower.
  566. in question
  adv.正被讨论, 可怀疑
  To simulate natural sounds in music, composers often use the orchestral instrument that they feel most nearly approximates the sound in question.
  567. in relation to
  You can see their size in relation to the hands holding them.
  The bee scout tells the other workers what direction to fly in relation to the Sun.
  568. in response to
  Colleges in the newly formed United States inaugurated a broad curriculum in response of social demands.
  The evolutionary adaptation of a particular species of animal over time occurs in response to environmental conditions, including others animals.
  569. in season
  adv.当令, 及时, 及早
  Before the mid-nineteenth century, people in the United States ate most foods only in season.
  570. in short
  In short, a personalized relationship evolves between client and employee.
  571. in tandem with
  In tandem with staff resources机构资源, this specialization allows Congress to compete with the executive branch行政部门 in assembling收集 information.
  572. in terms of
  Think of the environmental damage it could do, simply in terms of (在...方面) wildlife.
  In terms of (就什么而言) its content, the review was much different.
  573. in that case
  In that case, I’d also suggest you get married.
  574. in the … sense
  从 … 意义上说
   Viruses are not living agents生物 in the strictest sense.
  575. in the form of
  Modern-day prospectors (采矿者) in the form of (以...形式出现的) mining corporations have headed back to the same area.
  576. in the long run
  after enough time, in the end
  Good equipment will perform more reliably (可靠性) and safely for you in the long run (从长远看).
  In the longer run, too, American hotels made other national conventions not only possible but pleasant and convivial.
  577. in the mood
  I’m in the mood to go to a museum today.
  I’m in the mood (心情) to go to a museum today.
  578. in the red
  owe money
  579. in the same boat
  I think everybody’s pretty much in the same boat.
  580. in their own right
  Archaeological data are historical documents in their own right, not mere illustrations图解 to written texts.
  581. in time
  M: I really enjoyed that TV special about whales last night. Did you get home in time to see it?
  582. in touch with
  When you find something that interests you, we’ll put you in touch with (接触) the person offering it.
  583. in trust
  In the possession or care of a trustee
  A sunken ship lies in trust, preserved in the airless environment of the sea, and those in deep water are especially well protected.
  584. in tune
  Singers and instrumentalists have to be able to get every note音符 perfectly in tune.
  585. in turn
  A heater is using convection when it warms the air in the room. And the air, in turn (反过来), warms the people and objects in the room.
  The agent reduces the water’s surface tension, which, in turn, reduces the water’s ability to repulse oil.
  586. inside out
  You’re wearing your sweater inside out.
  587. interact with
  Faculty members interact with students.
  These environmental sculptures were created expressly明确地 to be outside and to interact with their surroundings四周环境.
  588. it follows that
  Photography came into existence in 1839, it follows that it has taken more than one hundred years for the camera to reach its present condition of technical refinement成熟.
  589. It never fails
  It never fails. It’s raining hard outside, and I am stuck without an umbrella.
  590. jar sb out of A into B
  Satire jars us out of complacence into a pleasantly shocked realization that many of the values we unquestioningly accept are false. .
  591. jibe with
  Chimpanzees are more human than baboons, or rather they jibe better with the way we like to picture ourselves.
  592. Just as much as
  Just as much as any other historian, an archaeologist studies and tries to reconstitute重构 the process that has created the human world in which we live-and us ourselves in so far as we are each creatures所造之物 of our age and social environment.
  593. keep (time) open
  W: Sounds good! Meantime, I’ll keep Saturday open (星期六不作安排).
  594. keep an appointment with sb
  He must keep an appointment with his doctor.
  595. keep an eye on sth
  Could I leave my suitcase here until it’s time for my train?
  Yes, of course. I’ll keep an eye 留意on it.
  596. keep an eye out
  watch, stay alert
  597. keep an eye out for sb
  But I’ll certainly keep an eye out (留意) for you.
  598. keep away from sb
  The birds won’t learn to keep away from people.
  599. keep count of
  Because it was inconvenient to carry anything in pants pockets while riding, the cowboy usually had on穿 a vest背心 with deep pockets where he kept his tobacco烟草 and perhaps a tally book记帐本 for keeping count of记帐 the cattle.
  600. keep from doing
  M: What a boring speaker! I could hardly keep from falling asleep.
  601. keep informed
  W: Are you keeping current on the news from home since you’ve been here?
  602. keep on
  How are you going to be able to fall asleep later if you keep on like this.
楼主Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:44:19
  603. keep sth in mind
  Now, keep in mind that a theory of the moon’s origin has to be consistent (一致) with two important facts.
  604. keep to oneself
  W: I am amazed that you still haven’t gotten to know your neighbors.
  M: They tend to keep to themselves (自我封闭).
  605. keep track of
  My family gave them to me because I have trouble keeping track of the time.
  606. keep up with
  He gets more news than he can keep up with.
  607. keep up with
  I could never keep up with that kind of pace.
  608. keep up with
  The rags supply couldn’t keep up with (赶上) the growing demand for paper.
  A new source of fiber was needed to keep up with the demand for paper.
  609. keep up
  It’s pouring now. And it’s supposed to keep up持续 all day tomorrow.
  610. keep with
  You should really keep this with you for the first couple of weeks.
  611. kind of
  slightly; to some extent
  612. kind of
  I kind of have my hands full.
  613. kind of
  I feel kind of (有点) responsible. She won’t know her way around and I want her to have a good time.
  614. kind of
  I heard that the turnout (参加人数) for the opening of the new sculpture exhibit was kind of disappointing.
  615. know better than to do sth
  be wise or sensible enough not to do it
  W: I thought Pam said the math test wasn’t till Monday.
  M: Helen, you should know better than to take Pam’s words for anything.
  616. know better
  Louisiana who carried his accordion手风琴 in a flour sack面口袋 didn’t know better (水平有限), but crowds rushed to hear his highly emotional music.
  617. know it all along
  I knew it all along. He was the obvious choice.
  618. lag behind
  One of the problems of United States agriculture that has persisted during the 1920’s until the present day is the tendency of farm income to lag behind the costs of production.
  619. lag behind
  Harvard and John Hopkin universities quickly took the lead in this field, but the state universities didn’t lag far behind.
  620. lay down
  design, put down, prescribe
  621. lay off
  dismiss (employee)
  622. lay off
  I got some bad news today. The store where I work is laying off staff.
  623. lead to
  bring about, cause
  624. lead to
  Any or all these factors might be leading to your insomnia失眠 by disrupting打乱 your body’s natural rhythm自然节奏.
  625. lead to
  For some students, these part time jobs could lead to full time work after graduation.
  626. lead to
  It might lead to导致 something with them after graduation.
  627. lean toward
  have a tendency toward
  It sounds to me that you are leaning toward White Stone College.
  628. learn by rote
  Drilling机械练习 and learning by rote死记硬背 were replaced by the German method of lecturing.
  629. leave behind
  That’s because paleontologist (古生物学家) realized they could find no evidence of a heavy dragging tail, which would have left behind marks in the earth.
  630. leave much to be desired
  Many students claim声称 that the dorm food leaves much to be desired.
  631. leave over sth
  They still have some candy left over.
  632. leave sth to sb
  They wrote into the Constitution宪法 the powers of the legislature as they understood them and left the details to future generations.
  633. leave sth up to sb
  Do you think we should urge催促 Bob to study Spanish?
  We’ll have to leave that decision up to (留给…处理) him.
  634. lie in
  The answer lay in a resource that unknowing Americans had trampled underfoot in their haste to cross the Great American Desert to reach lands that sometimes proved barren.
  635. lie in
  Her second contribution lies in dance costume服装.
  636. lie in在于
  Her second contribution lies in在于 dance costume服装.
  637. life expectancy
  an age most people hope to live to average life span
  638. lift the ban on sth
  M: Dan’s talking about getting a cat from one of his relatives.
  W: Yeah, I hear his apartment building is about to lift the ban (取消禁令) on pets.
  639. listen for
  Can you listen for my telephone守电话?
  Sure, I’m planning to be here all day.
  640. live up to
  Psychologists claim that people tend to live up to the expectations of others.
  641. lived on
  Denis lived on继续活着 in America like whales on the beach像海滩上的鲸.
  642. look after
  My cousin’s coming on Thursday. I promised my aunt I’d look after her.
  643. look for sth
  I have to look for a room to rent找间房租用.
  644. look forward to
  I was really looking forward to it.
  645. look into
  investigate or examine
  646. look into sth
  Yeah, I think I’ll look into that.
  647. look into
  W: You’d better have your car looked into (检查) before you drive to Florida.
  648. look on
  That’s OK, I looked on (共看) with a friend.
  649. look over
  Do you always look over your own papers for typing mistakes打印错误?
  650. look up to
  651. look up to sb
  I’ve always looked up to (仰慕) her.
  652. looked down on
  Some of California’s sequoias红衫 have for four thousand years looked down on俯瞰 the changes in the landscape大地风貌.
  653. loose count
  W: How many trips a week do you make anyway?
  M: I have lost count. But I can do it with my eyes closed.
  654. loose track of
  M: Doctor, I haven’t been able to get to sleep lately, and I’m too tired to concentrate during classes.
  W: Well, you know spending too much time indoors with all that artificial lighting can do that to you. Your body loses track of whether it’s day or night.
  655. loose weight
  I must have lost some weight瘦了. Look how baggy (松垮,象bag) my pants裤子 are.
  656. lost his voice
  Don asked me to call you because he has lost his voice, and he can’t talk to you himself.
  657. lost track of
  Why were you late for the meeting this afternoon?
  I just lost track of time.
  658. made a mess of sth
  Larry certainly made a mess of that paint job.
  659. made out of
  It was made out of soapstone (皂石) by an Inuit (一个印第安部落) artist from Northern Canada.
  660. made their way to
  Early marine水 species made their way to freshwater淡水 and eventually最终 to dry land, sodium钠 remained a key ingredient关键成分 of their interior体内的.
  661. make a comeback
  The election is not over yet. I think she will make a comeback (扭转局势).
  662. make a contribution to
  They hoped that their works would make a significant contribution to the evolution of a truly Canadian art tradition.
  663. make a copy of
  They need to make a copy of the budget.
  664. make a fuss
  Homeowners don’t want to make a fuss (惹事). But if the homeowner reported it, then the housesitter wouldn’t be able to get another job.
  665. make a point of doing sth
  Hmm, next time it snows, I’ll make a point of特意 taking a closer look.
  666. make a shift
  One of the most important social developments that helped to make possible a shift in thinking about the role of public education was the effect of the baby boom of the 1950’s and 1960’s on the schools.
  667. make an appoinment
  Why didn’t you make an appointment to see Dr. Hansen last week when you first twisted扭伤 your foot?
  668. make an appointment
  I just made an appointment for you.
  669. make do with
  M: I don’t think we have nearly enough information for our financial plan. At this point, we will just have to make do with what we’ve got.
  670. make ends meet
  live within one’s means
  671. make ends meet
  earn enough money to live without getting into debt
  672. make ends meet
  Of course, artists were not the only ones who had to leave their fields in order to make ends meet.
  673. make ends meet
  W: Did you hear that Michelle turned down (拒绝) that job?
  M: Yes, the hours were convenient, but she wouldn’t have been able to make ends meet (收支平衡)?
  674. make ends meet
  They understand how difficult it is to make ends meet when you are a student.
  675. make heads or tails out of sth
  I couldn’t make heads or tails out of (弄明白) it.
  676. make it to
  I don’t know if I can make it to (赶上) the graduation ceremony.
  677. make it to
  I’m sorry I’m late. This morning has been a real mess一团糟. I didn’t think I was going to make it here赶到这里at all.
  678. make it to
  Here I am. I’m lucky I make it to the exam on time.
  679. make it
  At the rate of its being used (照这个速度用下去), the copier (复印机) is not going to make it through (熬过) the rest of the year.
  680. make it
  I’ll try to make it (及时抵达) in the afternoon.
  681. make it
  I’m going to try to make it赶赴 tonight. Can I give you a ride over there?
  682. make oneself at home
  Make yourself at home.
  683. make out
  684. make out
  M: Could you lend me your biology notes?
  W: Do you think you’ll be able to make out (弄明白) my handwriting?
  685. make out
  There was so much static (静电噪音) I couldn’t make out what he was saying.
  686. make out
  One cannot make out anything of their structure.
  687. make sense
  be meaningful, be sensible, be wise
  688. make sense
  It would make little sense to talk to him.
  689. make sense
  I’m having a lot of trouble with calculus (微积分) and my professor can’t seem to explain it in a way that makes sense to (使某人明白) me.
  690. make sense
  It sounds pretty nontraditional to me, but I guess it makes sense.
  691. make sense
  W: I have this great summer job that I really hated to leave. I worked at the Wildlife Research Center in Maryland.
  M: That makes sense (有道理) for a genetics major (遗传学的学生).
  692. make sense
  All these things make sense.
  693. make the most of sth
  You’re right. Let’s make the most of it.
  694. make up one’s mind
  695. make up one’s mind
  I think you’ve helped me make up my mind.
  696. make up
  Considered together, all bodies of water and ice make up a part of the Earth called the hydrosphere.
  697. make up
  Crystalline ice makes up glaciers.
  698. make up
  The chief goal of biochemistry is to understand the structure and behavior of the carbon-containing compounds that make up various components of a living cell.
  699. make up
  The continental shelf and slope make up the continental terrace.
  700. make up
  The nitrogen makes up over 78 percent of the Earth’s atmosphere.
  701. make up
  Worldwide there are approximately 270 species of carnivorous birds that make up the order Falconiformes, the scientifically name for hawks.
  702. makeup n.
  composition, formation
楼主Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:45:25
  703. making a tribute
  It took 16 years for workers with pickaxes镐 and shovels铲 to move 5 million cubic立方 feet of earth and rock, and to plant half a million trees and shrubs灌木, making a tribute to nature.
  704. mark down
  To mark for sale at a lower price
  We have some very nice ones marked down.
  705. meet each other half way
  You should try to meet each other half way.
  706. meet one’s goal
  Without more volunteers (志愿者), we’ll never meet our goal.
  707. meet the standard
  California is a huge market for the automobile companies. So they are working hard to meet the standard.
  708. meet with
  v.偶遇, 遭受
  She meets with her supervisor regularly.
  709. melt one’s way through
  Water from a faucet水龙头 melts its way through融化穿过 an ice cube冰块.
  710. men’s suits
  Are men’s suits男士服装部 on the seventh floor?
  711. mess up
  搞糟, 陷入困境, 粗暴地处理
  He doesn’t want to mess up the clean room绝对无尘室.
  I just can’t believe you still want to work with me after I messed up (弄糟) last time.
  712. might as well
  I’ve hardly seen her since the beginning of the term. She might as well (倒不如) move her bed over to the office.
  When you’re talking about what’s going to happen three months later, you might as well just pick a forecast 抽签问卦out of a hat (意象算命一样).
  713. more or less
  Blushing is more or less a learned behavior.
  714. move on to
  I think we should move on to the next item.
  715. move on
  Let’s leave behind these technical concerns and move on to consider some of the design elements that have come to characterize the age of the skyscraper.
  716. negotiate one’s way
  However, don’t do this unless you have a very good sense of direction and can negotiate your way through tall grass.
  717. no end in sight
  W: Hew! It’s a real scorcher (大热天) today.
  M: And the forecasters (预报员) are saying there is no end in sight.
  718. no way
  W: Shall I cut your hair for you?
  M: No way. Last time you almost made me bald (秃顶的).
  719. No wonder
  No wonder these trees became symbols象征 of strength, fruitfulness, and everlasting life永生.
  720. not much I don’t
  W: Surely you don’t want to eat at that expensive restaurant.
  M: Not much I don’t (双重否定=肯定Yes, I do, and very much).
  721. not much of a sth
  I’ve never been in a canoe and I’m not much of a swimmer (不太会游泳) either.
  722. not to mention
  It must really help with their schedules. Not to mention (更不必说) how it’ll cut down on (减少) traffic.
  I would be working in the clothing store, not to mention the discount I could get on clothes there.
  723. nothing less than
  不亚于, 完全
  Our reenactment (重演行动) promises to be nothing less than spectacular (非常壮观).
  724. now and then
  I only see him every now and then (=occasionally).
  725. now that
  since, considering that
  Now that we’ve gone through all the numbers on our list now, I guess we can call it a day.
  726. object to
  Chivalry was suspect before Cervantes, humanists objected to the claims of pure science before Aldous Huxley.
  727. occur to sb
  Something interesting just occurred to me (我突然想到...).
  728. of the day
  But Americans of the day typically thought of Edison as认为是 the practical, unschooled没有上过学的 inventor who needed no science.
  729. off campus
  I’ve been thinking of renting an apartment off campus (校外) with some friends of mine.
  730. on and off
  from time to time; occasionally
  I just heard there’re gonna be showers on and off (断断续续) all weekend.
  731. on and on
  Without stopping; continuously
  732. on average
  The nonagricultural Native Americans sustained population densities, on average, of perhaps 41 persons per 100 square miles.
  733. on behalf of
  On behalf of (代表) the modern dance club, I’d like to welcome you to tonight’s program.
  734. on display
  We are fortunate to have a few samples of these fossil (化石) remains on display on the second floor.
  735. on earth
  W: What on earth (到底) did you do to your eye?
  736. on end
  continuously (or successively)
  737. on end
  竖着, 连续地
  W: Did Linda ever finish that introductory chapter.
  M: I’m not sure. She spends hours on end rewriting it.
  738. on one’s way
  W: Hey, don’t forget to drop that book off at the library on your way home.
  M: Oh, thanks for reminding me. I am on my way.
  739. on one’s own
  I’m planning to take a short leave of absence from school, so I can go there on my own.
  740. on one’s own terms
  Newcomers to the Capitol国会山 confront not an undeveloped, pliable可随意性很强的 organization, but a traditional one that must be accepted on its own terms必须接受的现状.
  741. on sale
  Did you buy any of the sweaters毛衣 that are on sale?
  Well, not as much as you might think. I got it on sale for 50% off.
  742. on schedule
  He isn’t on schedule with his painting.
  743. on short notice
  Do you know anyone who would do some typing on short notice.
  744. on the … scene
  The biggest stars on the music scene (音乐界) appear here.
  745. on the dot
  W: Did you and Amanda really meet at exactly five minutes to two in front of the theater?
  M: Yes, we were both there on the dot.
  746. on the other hand
  A hot water radiator (散热器), a stove (炉子), and a forced air furnace (火炉) are all convection heaters. A quartz heater, on the other hand, heats the objects and people in the room without heating the air.
  747. on the right track
  She has to talk with you to make sure everything is on the right track.
  748. on the strength of
  On the basis of
  Today, largely on the strength of evidence gathered during the voyage, nearly all earth scientists agree on the theories of plate tectonics and continental drift that explain many of the geological processes that shape the Earth.
  749. once and for all
  断然地, 坚决地; now and for the last time
  750. once in a lifetime
  This tour is a once in a lifetime experience.
  751. once in a while
  Do you ever think of changing your major to art?
  Every once in a while (=sometimes).
  752. one step at a time
  I’m just taking it one step at a time一点一点地做.
  753. open up
  How about the stationery place (文具店) that just opened up downtown?
  754. order of priorities
  It reflects这是反映很糟的 badly on the order of priorities in our society
  755. originate in
  The skyscraper is an architectural form that originated in the United States.
  756. originate with
  The art of sand painting originated with neighboring Pueblo Indians.
  757. out of date
  It’s been a long time since I’ve used my schedule and I’m sure it’s out of date (过时).
  758. out of existence
  If it were not for this faculty, they would devour all the food available in a short time and would probably starve themselves out of existence.
  759. out of it
  not oneself
  760. out of one’s wits
   out of one’s mind; being crazy
  The fishermen were frightened out of their wits, according to reports from that time.
  761. out of order
  This projector (放映机) is out of order and I need it for my presentation.
  762. out of stock
  W: I expected to receive the package several days ago.
  M: They could be temporarily out of stock (缺货).
  763. out of this world
  absolutely wonderful
  764. over a cup of coffee
  How about reviewing the notes from class now over a cup of coffee边喝咖啡边…?
  765. over one’s head
  It’s over my head (=I don’t understand it)
  766. Over the years
  Over the years, rains have worn away消磨掉the rocky mantle (= layer) of the continents大陆.
  767. over time
  Over time, the client develops a high level of confidence信任 in this employee.
  768. over-the-counter
  Haven’t you ever noticed that many over-the-counter (非处方的) headache remedies (药) use caffeine as one of their ingredients (成分)?
  769. owe sb one
  Anyway, I really appreciate your help. I owe you one (欠你一个人情)!
  770. pack up
  Winter’s over at last. Time to pack up my gloves and boots.
  771. pass around
  After I discuss each one, I’ll pass it around (传递) so that you could look at it more closely.
  772. pass out
  I’ve already passed out (派发) yellow papers.
  773. pass sth on
  The new principle was that a university was to create knowledge as well as pass it on传授.
  774. pass up
  let slip; miss
  775. pass up
  I’m sure my advisor wouldn’t want me to pass up (放过) this opportunity.
  776. pay off
  M: What a wonderful performance! The marching band has never sounded better.
  W: Thanks. I guess all those hours of practice are finally paying off.
  777. pay off
  The writers wanted a strong central government that would promote trade, protect private property, and perhaps most of all, collect taxes to pay off the United States’ large war debt.
  778. pay tribute to
  The National Cowboy Hall of Fame pays tribute to everyone associated with the Old West.
  779. per se
  Of, in, or by itself or oneself; intrinsically
  There’s nothing wrong with diets per se.
  780. persuade sb (not) to do sth
  To induce to undertake a course of action or embrace a point of view by means of argument, reasoning, or entreaty
  Persuade the other council members not to quit.
  781. pick up sth
  To acquire (knowledge) by learning or experience
  M: I knew Laurie played the piano, but I didn’t know she plays the guitar.
  W: Neither did I. It seems she just picked it up on her own over this summer.
  782. pick up
  To buy
  I’m going out to pick up a sandwich.
  783. pick up
  Janet said she’d pick up (取) the tickets for us.
  784. pick up
  To take on passengers or freight
  M: We’ve got a whole hour before the Browns come by to pick us up (接).
  785. piece together
  Anthropologists人类学家have pieced together the little they know about the history of left-handedness左撇子现象.
  786. plan on doing sth
  M: How about going on a camping trip next week with us? We’re planning on hiking (徒步) and canoeing (划独木舟) in the State Park.
  787. play a part in
  Barbed wire, first patented in the United States in 1867, played an important part in the development of American farming.
  788. play a role
  Prof. Parker, maybe you’d better find another actor to play this role. The lines are so long. Sometimes I just completely forget them.
  Technology will play a key role in shaping future life-styles.
  789. play bridge
  I’m going over to the student recreation center to play some bridge (桥牌).
  790. play any part
  It is hard to imagine them playing any part起作用 in the lives of mere humans or being in any way affected by影响 the creatures that pass at their feet.
  791. plough through
  W: That’s a pretty big book. Are you sure Fram will want to plough (耕耘=读) through that?
  M: Are you kidding? She’ll be through it in two days.
  792. pop up
  to appear suddenly or unexpectedly
  It didn’t take long for other magazines to start popping up.
  793. pore over sth
  注视, 凝视
  Every time I see you, you’re here in the library, poring over
  794. prepare sb for sth
  W: This wildlife center breeds (培育) endangered species (濒危物种) and tries to prepare them for life in the wild.
  795. prior to
  Preceding, before
  796. prod sb into sth
  To jab or poke, as with a pointed object;
  To goad to action; incite
  Satire serves to prod people into an awareness of truth, though rarely to any action on behalf of truth.
  797. prospect for
  In Nevada and California, Twain prospected for silver and gold without much luck, but did succeed as a writer.
  798. pull everything tog6ether
  To regain one’s composure
  Well, there’s still quite a bit to do, but I’ll be able to pull everything together.
  799. push one’s luck=press one’s luck
  to depend too much on luck; expect to continue to be luck
  If Prof Thomason was willing to give us a three day extension延期 to finish this project作业, maybe he’ll give us a few more days.
  Let’s not push our luck, Mary, OK?
  800. push sth too far
  However, the argument that parties have not represented代表 significant differences in policy can be pushed too far.
  801. put … into action
  In their generous conceptions, play harmlessly and experimentally permits us to put our creative forces, fantasy, and imagination into action.
  802. put an end to
  to make something end; stop
  Could a few discontented individuals arbitrarily put an end to free government on earth?
楼主Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:46:27
  803. put away
  store things no longer useful
  She put away the towels.
  804. put down
  to stop by force
  At the time, Lincoln was hopeful that the slave owners would be put down forever.
  805. put forth
  The demographic transition model (人口变化模式) was put forth by the American demographer Frank Notestein in 1945.
  806. put forward
  In ancient times, many people believed the Earth was a flat disc. Well over 2,000 years ago, the ancient Greek philosophers were able to put forward two good arguments proving that it was not.
  807. put off
  delay, postpone
  I’ve been putting it off (推迟) for days.
  W: Have you started researching your paper on computer programming languages of the future?
  M: To tell you the truth, I’ve been putting it off.
  808. put on
  to dress in
  I suggest you put on a sweater if you feel cold.
  809. put on
  I think I’ll put on放 some music now.
  810. put one’s finger on sth
  to find exactly
  You look different today, but I can’t quite put my finger on what it is.
  811. put out
  to make angry;
  I hope you are not too put out with me for stopping by Fred’s on the way over here. I had to pick up an assignment.
  812. put sb in charge of sth
  Did he put anyone in charge of the fund raising?
  813. put sth off
  M: I’m no expert (不懂行), but that noise in your refrigerator doesn’t sound good.
  W: You are right. And I suppose I’ve put it off (推迟) long enough.
  814. put together
  Everyone says that this year’s show is supposed to be more exciting than all the others put together.
  815. put up
  These buildings were usually put up against cliff, both to make construction easier and for defense against enemies.
  The city is going to tear down 拆those old houses and put up 建a new shopping center.
  816. put up sb
  to provide lodging for; furnish a room for
  Where are they putting you up when you are on business in Hawaii.
  817. put up
  They might at least put up a sign (贴告示).
  818. quite sth
  I understand it’s quite a place.
  That article should cause quite a stir (轰动).
  We have quite an assortment (分类) of both familiar and rare creatures here.
  819. raise money
  The annual年度 fair that the Riverbell puts on the first Saturday in June to raise money募捐 for the Riverbell hospital.
  820. raise the roof
  I borrowed Peter’s favorite pen, and now I’ve lost it.
  When he finds out, he will really raise the roof.
  821. range from A to B
  Electric motors range in size from the tiny mechanisms that operate sewing machine to the great engines in heavy locomotives.
  822. range from A to B
  To vary within specified limits
  The state of Georgia’s mineral resources range from the finest marble to an assortment of unusually clays.
  Major barge驳船 canals generally range from 6 to 9 feet in depth.
  823. reach a decision
  The committee finally reached a decision.
  824. read up on sth
  To study or learn by reading
  You ought to read up on TV’s first, and choose the make and model you want before you go to the store.
  825. receive credit for sth
  receive official certification or recognition
  Students receive credit for work experience.
  826. reduce sth to
  Both parties, however, have resisted抵制 reducing these tendencies in their social, economic, and moral belief systems to a rigid ideology僵化的思想.
  827. refer to sb as sth
  A second theory is sometimes referred to as the Mars (火星) Theory.
  828. refer to
   The man should refer to the instruction manual.
  829. reflect upon
  To form or express carefully considered thoughts about
  The general guidelines指导原则 for representative assemblies大会 were known from reflecting upon the British experience.
  830. regard as
  While often regarded as the small change of civilization , beads are a part of every culture.
  831. regard sb as sth
  The people who used the calendars didn’t regard them as art.
  832. rely on sb to do sth
  Bats rely on their hearing to navigate and to find food at night.
  833. rely on
  The drug companies rely on high accuracy scales to manufacture and package (包装) medicine.
  834. respond to
  Those who purchased and prepared land for residential purposes did so to create demand as much as to respond to (响应) it.
  835. revert to
  return to
  Clearly the world cannot revert to the horse-drawn wagon.
  Garden plants sometimes revert to type. 园艺植物有时会恢复其原来的野生形态。
  rise and shine
  Wake up, Eric! Time to rise and shine.
  836. roll about
  To move forward along a surface by repeatedly turning over.
  When you first drift off into slumber朦胧, your eyes will roll about a bit.
  837. roll the film
  For years the island with its tiny resort town 度假小城of Avalon has been a haven (避风港,好去处) for campers, sitters, and swimmers, and as you’ll see when we roll the film, for music lovers and dancers, too.
  838. room and board
  Lodging and meals purchased for a set fee
  With all the money we pay for room and board, the university could hire a better food service.
  They pay their internship a small stipend 补贴and give them free room and board for the summer.
  839. rough and ready
  not finished in detail; not perfected; rough but ready for use now
  We asked Mr. Brown how long it would take to drive to Chicago and his rough and ready answer was two weeks.
  840. run against
  I hear Mary isn’t getting much support in her running (竞选) against Steve in the election.
  841. run behind schedule
  The subway’s running behind schedule .
  842. run errands
  He needs to run errands during lunch.
  843. run for sth
  竞选, 赶快去请
  Shirley was the first Black woman to run for the office of President of the United States in 1972.
  844. run into
  To encounter (something)
  If you run into any problems, please feel free to drop in.
  To meet or find by chance
  Maybe the next time I run into (碰到) you again, it will be in the checkout (付款) line in the co-op.
  845. run off
  To flow off; drain away
  In many areas the slope and topography (地形) of the land do not permit excess rainfall to run off into a natural outlet.
  846. run out of steam
  tired out, exhausted
  W: Let’s jog (慢跑) for another mile.
  M: I’ll try, but I am running out of steam.
  847. run out of
  exhaust, use all of
  I am running out of coins (硬币) during my laundry (洗衣).
  848. run parallel to
  与...平行, 与...同时, 与...并联
  Ordinary lines of telegraph wires usually ran along parallel to the railroad tracks.
  849. rush hour
  Wouldn’t it be better to wait till after rush hour?
  850. rush in
  Hundreds of people rushed in (涌入), hoping to get a part of the wealth.
  851. rush off
  M: Hi, Ann, where are you rushing off (匆匆走) to?
  W: I’m on my way to pick up the text for American History.
  852. save one’s breath
  not bother to speak when it’s useless
  853. says sth
  M: It’s hard to believe that half the class couldn’t do all the exercises, isn’t it, Charlie?
  W: I’m afraid that says something about our physical fitness.
  854. scrape off
  擦去, 刮掉
  M: Uh-oh. I’ve burned your toast. I’ll put in a couple of more slices.
  W: No, don’t waste the bread. Just scrape off the burnt part, it will be fine.
  855. seal up
  After the stock exchange collapse股灾 of 1873, the subway was sealed up封起来 and forgotten.
  856. see that
  She’ll see that I get it.
  It’s our responsibility to see (确保) that all the scales measure a kilogram accurately.
  857. seek out
  搜出, 挑出, 想获得
  But by covering ourselves and by using bird puppets, the chicks are more likely to seek out other birds rather than people.
  858. sell out
  M: Hello, I’d like two seats for the evening show.
  W: Sorry, but the performance’s already sold out (卖完).
  859. separate from
  To the vitalist, there is a so called vital force, and this vital force is totally separate from that of energy.
  860. serve as
  A newspaper’s political cartoons serve as capsule versions of editorial opinion.
  861. set a record
  The concert set a record for attendance.
  862. set out
  To begin an earnest attempt
  Some investigators have observed that when the birds set out again next morning, those birds that did not feed well on the previous day appear to follow those that did.
  863. set up
  I think I’ve got this experiment set up准备 right now.
  864. set up
  Could we set up a time to talk about this project?
  865. set up
  During the flood of 1927, the Red Cross set up temporary shelters for the homeless.
  866. set up
  In Canada, the first wood pulp mill (厂) was set up in 1866.
  867. set up
  The Rodeo Association of America, formed in 1929, set up a point system for determining the national rodeo champions.
  868. settle down
  Sometimes it takes us till mid-night just to get them to settle down again.
  869. shoot up
  The national debt had shot up from a modest $65 million in 1861, the year the war started, to nearly $3 billion in 1865, the year the war ended.
  870. show off
  behave to get admiration for oneself
  871. show sb around
  I was wondering if you could show her around during the day.
  872. show up
  How would the snails show up in the photographs as they are transparent?
  873. show up
  Jane told me she’d meet me here at the library reference desk at one o’clock, but she hadn’t shown up yet.
  874. shows up
  They spent their time studying what shows up big and bright in the heavens.
  875. shut out
  But as she built her repertory宝库, her own language seemed to shut out all other kinds.
  876. sign up for
  sign one’s name to enter for sth
  877. sign up for
  I waited an hour to sign up for a distance learning (远程教育) course.
  I’d like to sign up for (报名参加) the film selection committee.
  I’m signing up for a non-credit string assemble course that meets once a week on Wednesday night (记住问题后的回答).
  878. sign up
  Each of you will be signing up (报名) individually
  879. sketch up
  M: Think you’ll be able to finish sketching up the plans for the election campaign by tomorrow or do you need some help?
  880. skimp on
  To be stingy or very thrifty
  When it comes to camping gear (设备), don’t skimp on quality.
  881. slip one’s mind
  I’ve been meaning to get back in touch with you. It just slipped my mind.
  W: Nobody told me that Bill was in the hospital.
  M: Sorry. I meant to give you a call when I found out but it slipped my mind (忘记了).
  882. slow down
  to go more slowly than usual
  If bacteria in foods are killed, decay is slowed down.
  The growth in Canada’s population had slowed down by 1966.
  883. smooth out
  消除, 使平滑
  The ability of agriculture to smooth out the seasonal scarcities of wild foodstuffs had major consequences for the sizes of Native American populations in New England.
  884. snap out of sth
  to change quickly from a bad habit; get over sth
  Harry seems to be in a bad mood today.
  He’ll snap out of it when he finishes his biology project this afternoon.
  885. sort of
  Somewhat; rather
  I’m sort of upset (不安) with my brother. He hasn’t answered either of my letters.
  She’s got some sort of conflict in her schedule.
  886. sort out
  v. arrange, divide, separate, systematize, assort
  George O’Keeffe and other famous artists sorted him out to take pictures of their work.
  887. spare no expense
  spend all the money one has
  You could see they spared no expense.
  888. speak of
  Landscape architects still speak reverently of Olmsted’s genius and foresight远见, and the sensitive敏感的 visitor can see the effects效果 he sought追求.
  889. speak too soon
  I guess I spoke too soon. Can I read that magazine article after you’re done?
  890. speed up
  Newton’s laws of motion assume that the total amount of spin of a body cannot change unless an external torque speeds it up or slows it down.
  891. spin into sth
  Fibers of hair and wool are not continuous and must normally be spun into thread if they are to be woven into textile fabrics.
  892. split open
  Earth’s crust地壳 split open during an earthquake.
  893. spread out
  During the day, parties of birds will have spread out to forage over a very large area.
  894. spring up
  New towns sprang up (涌现) one after another.
  The factory system was introduced in New Hampshire in early the 1800’s and mills sprang up where rivers furnished water power and transportation.
  Gorillas are the most terrestrial of the great apes because their bulky size makes it ill suited to dwelling in trees.
  895. stack up
  There’s room to stack up the cans of coffee.
  896. stand in the way
  Sectional jealousies stood in the way of action by the federal government.
  897. start out
  Don’t give up now. It always seems hard when you’re just starting out.
  898. stay away from
  keep a distance from; not interfere with
  899. stay in shape
  It helps her stay in shape.
  900. stay on top of sth
  W: I’ll read you the main points of the report over the phone.
  M: Great! That’ll help me stay on top of the project till I’m able to come back to work.
  901. stay up all night
  Debra says she’s going to stay up all night studying for her exam tomorrow morning.
  902. step over
  walk over
  M: Can I open a checking account (活期存折) here?
  W: I’m sorry. You’ll have to step over to the manager’s desk.
楼主Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:47:32
  903. stick with
  But I didn’t stick with (坚持) it.
  Stick with (坚持) it. I did and I learned how to swim eventually.
  W: I wonder what this new flavor (风味) of ice cream tastes like.
  M: I tried it last week. If I were you, I’d stick with (仍然坚持吃) an old favorite.
  904. stock up on
  v. lay up in store for future use
  W: The supermarket down the street is selling everything half price, because they are going out of business.
  M: Sounds like an ideal time to stock up on coffee.
  905. stop by
  I have to stop by the Lock’s, the art supply store, to get some paints (颜料) for my art class.
  To see a complete list of these and other available jobs, stop by our office.
  906. straighten out
  M: I still owe you ten dollars from the other night.
  W: Let’s just straighten it out some other time.
  907. straighten sth out
  settle or resolve sth
  908. stretch full length
  The lad (boy) stretched full length by the mast桅杆 seems oblivious不在意 to the spray扑打 of the bow船头 waves.
  909. strike a blow at sb
  Growing unionization of public employees after 1960 struck an even more serious blow at the patronage system.
  910. strike sympathetic chords
  Other early writers who followed Dickinson celebrated庆祝 the rich and various plant and animal life of the region, striking sympathetic chords in the imaginations of Ralph Waldo Emerson and the English poets.
  911. stuck to
  We scoured 擦洗these gadoda with harmless green dye染料. Since particles of the dyes stuck to (粘在...上) their tissues, the snails appeared in green outline in the photographs.
  912. sum up
  We have summed up the most important single fact about the sun.
  913. sweep around
  As the rotating spiral pattern sweeps around the galaxy it compresses gas and dust, triggering the formation of bright young stars in its arms.
  914. switch to
   Some animals use the Sun as their guide during the day, and then switch to star navigation by night.
  915. take a back seat to sb
  The role of archaeologists was to find the foundations of historic buildings and then take a back seat to architects.
  916. take a look
  Would you like to take a look?
  917. take account of
  To take into consideration
  Then, in 1950 the Census Bureau radically changed its definition of urban to take account of the new vagueness of city boundaries.
  918. take advantage of
  Nevertheless, many families could take advantage of previously unavailable fruits, vegetables, and dairy products to achieve more varied fare.
  919. take advantage of
  Watch out he doesn’t try to take advantage of you.
  920. take attendance
  Since it is optional, attendance will not be taken.
  921. take credit for sth
  One inventor that Thomas Edison can take credit for is the light bulb.
  922. take great pride in
  They took great pride in their ability to provide cures for the ailing members of their group.
  923. take into account
  This fact must be taken into account by anyone who seeks to understand Congress.
  924. take into consideration
  925. take inventory
  In the 1800’s store owners sold everything from a needle to a plow, trust everyone, and never took inventory.
  926. take it easy
  W: What should I do about that?
  M: Oh, just take it easy (休息) for a few days.
  Don’t work too hard. Take it easy.
  927. take it out on sb
  W: I’m in a terrible mood (情绪). My boss didn’t like the report I wrote.
  M: Well, don’t take it out on me ().
  928. take off
  To rise in flight
  After that things really took off. And the festival has gotten bigger and better every year.
  Once you’re up to around 140 decibels分贝, that’s like a jet plane taking off, then you might even feel pain in your ears.
  929. take off
  To remove, as clothing
  Do you mind if I take off my jacket?
  930. take on
  To undertake or begin to handle
  When you take on one of these jobs, the sponsor will define your duties.
  As a result of rising university costs, many students are finding it necessary to take on part time jobs.
  931. take one’s place
  do the job of sb.
  932. take one’s time doing sth
  Well, he’s really taking his time getting here.
  933. take one’s words for sth
  To be convinced of another’s sincerity and act in accord with his or her statement
  We had to take them at their word that the job would be done on time.
  934. take over
  gain control over and responsibility for
  The dean just announced that Dr. Jeffry is going to take over as chairperson of the English department.
  Like I said, he died in office in 1850, so his vice president took over (接任).
  People have no idea how to take over these activities satisfactorily.
  935. take place
  It is in the joints of the human body that movements of the bones take place.
  An auction拍卖 will take place on Saturday afternoon.
  936. take sb around
  I’ll be taking you around to a few places you’ll be visiting a lot.
  937. take shape
  In the 1950’s her mature成熟的 style started to evolve进化 and her assemblage style拼凑风格 took shape.
  938. take sth to the shop
  take to repair
  M: Hi, I see you’re walking. Where’s your bicycle today?
  W: Oh, I damaged a wheel (车轮) yesterday, so I had to take it to the shop.
  939. take the liberty
  940. take the matters up again
  But I’d like to take the matters up again at the end of the meeting .
  941. take time off from
  She doesn’t know if she can take time off from work.
  942. take to
  To become fond of or attached to
  Chimpanzees do not take readily to喜欢 any form of regimentation编组, and are frequently charming引诱.
  943. take up
  begin to spend time doing sth
  Items stored by others took up most of the space.
  944. take up
  M: I’m taking up collections (募捐) for the jazz band. Would you like to give (捐款)?
  945. takes up
  It practically takes up the entire side of the room.
  946. talk sb out of sth
  persuade sb not to do sth
  I was, but I spoke with Dean Johnson and she talked me out of it.
  W: I don’t think our classmates should confront (向...发难) Professor Simms with these issues.
  M: I know, I’m going to try to talk them out of it.
  947. talk some sense into sb
  M: I’m getting worried about Jennifer. All she talks about these days is her volleyball team and all she does is practice.
  W: Her grades will fall for sure. Let’s try to find her after dinner and talk some sense into her.
  948. team up with
  We’ll use a buddy伙伴 system throughout the ride, each new rider should team up with a more experienced rider.
  949. tear away
  To remove (oneself, for example) unwillingly or reluctantly.
  Debbie certainly enjoys computer games.
  Yes. She stays up all night. It’s hard to tear her away.
  M: Is Louis going to join us for a short break?
  W: Yes, if she can tear herself away from her studies.
  950. tear down
  In 1960, Carnegie Hall was scheduled to be torn down. It was in terrible shape状况.
  The city is going to tear down those old houses and put up 建a new shopping center.
  951. teem with
  富于, 充满
  Coral reefs are underwater landscapes that teem with an abundance of exotic sea life.
  952. tell of
  Many ancient legends tell of a great prehistoric flood that severely reduced the world’s population.
  She told of her exciting adventures in her book Adventures in Black and White.
  953. tell you what
  I’ll tell you what. I’ll play a little this evening and see how it goes.
  954. tend to
  Countries tend to specialize in the production and export of those goods and services that they can produce relatively cheaply.
  955. tend to
  Relationships tend to be impersonal, and a pronounced division of labor exists.
  Satire tends to remind people that much of what they see, hear, and read in popular media is sanctimonious, sentimental, and only partially true.
  tend to
  956. testify to
  The fact that there are over 11 thousand wild burros living in the western states today testifies to their great adaptive ability.
  Her plainspoken words testified to a universal human motivation动机.
  957. thank to
  owing to, because of
  958. thaw out
  To become warm enough for snow and ice to melt
  First, let’s see how we’re doing for time看看时间方面的情况. Two groups are still ahead of us, aren’t they? That means I’ve got about 20 minutes to thaw out.
  959. the last person
  Paul is about the last person I’d ask if I were you如果我是你,绝不去问他.
  960. the last thing
  Would you like to come mountain climbing with us?
  That’s the last thing in the world I’d ever want to do.
  961. the more the better
  M: Shouldn’t we invite more people to the dance?
  W: The more the merrier越多越热闹.
  962. the odds are against sb
  Frankly, the odds (机率) are against him at this point.
  963. the opposite of
  What it actually does is often the opposite of what’s forecast.
  964. there goes sth
  A 25-page paper in two weeks! There goes (完蛋了) my social life!
  965. there goes sth
  ... 完蛋了
  W: I have to type all this report by Monday morning.
  M: There goes your sleep this weekend!
  W: I just heard there’re gonna be showers on and off (断断续续) all weekend.
  M: There goes the picnic.
  966. think of sb as sth
  Log (木材) structures are no longer just the simple country homes that we think of as the traditional log cabin (木屋).
  967. think over sth
  Could you give me time to think it over?
  968. think unfavorably about
  969. throughout the year
  Now, most of these prehistoric people moved across the countryside throughout the year.
  970. throw sb in jail
  Now in England at the time, people could still be thrown in jail for publishing articles that were critical of the king.
  971. throw sth away
  Do I ever throw anything away?
  972. tide sb over
  Could I borrow a twenty to tide me over till payday next Thursday?
  973. tie up
  be off
  Dick, please don’t tie up the phone (煲电话粥). I need to make a call.
  974. tie with
  There is an art exhibition here on campus which ties (联系) well with discussions we’ve had about folk art.
  975. time off
  It didn’t allow the workers time off.
  976. time/ day off
  W: What’s Laura doing here today! I thought she was supposed to be out of the office on Mondays.
  M: She decided she’d rather have Fridays off (休息) instead.
  977. tinker with
  Only those who tinkered with wireless telegraphs as a hobby (爱好) owned receivers at that time.
  978. top-of-the-line
  This used computer certainly is not top-of-the-line.
  the best
  979. to … degree
  Moreover, the degree to which cones are naturally slightly open or tightly closed helps determine which bill design is the best.
  980. to some degree
  James Baldwin’s plays and short stories are to some degree autobiographical.
  981. to some extent
  Most countries depend to some extent on cereal imports to augment their own crops.
  982. to the exclusion of
  so as to leave out
  983. to the point of
  Young animals, particularly, tumble, chase, run, wrestle, mock, imitate, and laugh (or so it seems) to the point of delighted exhaustion.
  984. took over
  They really took over when it came to谈到 the issue of voting rights.
  985. took up
  She took up a problem that professional mathematicians had twice left for dead, and showed how much life was in it still.
  986. top dogs
  This suggests that these top dogs 大人物 of the ocean are prospering繁荣 and multiplying大量繁殖.
  987. trace sth to
  The rich and various cultural heritages of Pennsylvania can be traced to the influence of the many different ethnic groups who have settled there.
  988. trace to
  Historian have been able to calculate the dates of events from long ago by tracing references to eclipses that took place at the same time.
  989. trade in for a new one
  W: It’s going to cost a fortune (一大笔钱) to get my car fixed.
  M: Why don’t you just trade it in for a new one?
  990. trade sth in (for sth else)
  give a used article to a seller as part of the payment for a new article
  991. trade-in
  We have a few trade-ins (以旧换新的东西) in the back that are in good condition.
  992. transfer into
  If you are first-year nursing students, please see me after class about transferring 转into introductory course.
  993. transferring out of
  转 出
  I am thinking about transferring out of the state college into another school in the fall秋天.
  994. tread on
  These social scientists were treading on historical ground.
  995. trick sb into doing sth
  Did you know that vegetables can be tricked (唬弄) into growing in climate they are not accustomed to (习惯)?
  996. try on sth
  Someone from the audience will try on the helmet.
  997. try out
  Look, I’ll be working three days a week next semester and it was either cut back on my classes or try this out (试出结果).
  998. try out
  Where did you get it? I wouldn’t mind trying that place out (试试), too.
  999. tune in
  Thank you for tuning in (调到我们的频道,收听我们的节目) today.
  1000. turn around
  We’d better stop talking. People are turning around and looking at us.
  1001. turn down
  Look! I’m sorry to bother you about this, but could you turn that music down?
  1002. turn in
  Gary, did you turn in your locker key?
  1003. turn in
  I doubt that you will ever turn in (交) a term paper without first revising it carefully.
  You should remember to turn in your room key before you leave.
  1004. turn into
  The drawback缺点 of institutionalization is that it can turn into a kind of organizational rigidity机构性僵化 that produces paralysis瘫痪.
  1005. turn into
  Copying someone else’s work could turn into a legal problem.
  1006. turn down
  To reject or refuse
  When he had a chance to work there, he turned it down.
  1007. turn loose
  But when gold and silvermining died out, many of the gold prospectors(淘金者)turned their burros (小毛驴) loose.
  1008. turn out
  To end up; result
  The answer to this problem turned out to be paper made from wood pulp (浆).
  They’ll have to turn out in greater numbers.
  1009. turn out to be
  M: This course wasn’t supposed to be hard.
  W: But it sure turned out to be, didn’t it?
  The subtractive method has turned out to be more practical and is the basis of all modern color films胶片.
  1010. turn over
  To transfer to another
  The work was then turned over to studio assistants.
  1011. turn things around
  With the new laws and social awareness, we’ll turn things around.
  1012. turn up
  Remains遗骸 of larger edentates贫齿类动物them have turned up in different places, including Texas and Florida.
  1013. turned to
  adapted to, adjusted to, suitable to
  1014. twist around
  When you worry about needing sleep and twisting around trying to find a comfortable position, you’re probably only making matters worse.
  1015. unbeknownst to
  Our cousin had been ill for years, unbeknownst to the family.
  without the knowledge of
  1016. under the guidance of
  Under the guidance of choreographers Martha Graham and Jerome Robbins, American dance has reached new levels of artistic achievement.
  1017. under the impression
  I was under the impression that they were sold out a long time ago.
  1018. unsung hero
  The engine was the work primarily of an unsung hero of American industrial progress, Oliver Evans.
  1019. up and down
  到处, 前前后后, 来来往往
  I jogged (慢跑) up and down the beach and I played some volleyball.
  1020. up in the air
  Everything is still up in the air (未定).
  1021. up to a point
  All this is good—up to a point. But it has gone too far.
  1022. up to one’s neck in work
  W: Come swimming with me?
  M: Sorry. But I’m up to my neck in work.
  1023. up to
  As long as
  Atmospheric pressure can support a column (圆柱) of water up to 10 meters high.
  Several nutritionists营养专家 suggest that the dieters should eat up to one third of their daily calorie热卡 at breakfast time.
  1024. upside down
  adv. with the upper part underneath instead of on top
  The photos show that the cat was dropped upside down.
  M: This calculator isn’t working right?
  W: I think you’ve got the battery in (放入) upside down.
  1025. vary with
  Adhesives, such as glue, tape, and gum, vary with the purpose for which they were intended.
  1026. view sb as sth
  regard as
  The homes created by the legendary architect Frank Lloyd Wright are still viewed as unique, innovative, and valuable.
  1027. wander off
  The composition成分 of bands may change a number of times during the course of a day as individuals wander off and groups split分裂 or combine with other groups.
  1028. ward off
  To try to prevent; fend off
  So what can I do to ward off the flu.
  1029. warm up
  become ready for action by exercise
  It’s important to warm up before exercising.
  M: Are you ready to go jogging?
  W: Almost. I have to warm up first.
  1030. wear out
  Railroading does not wear out highways as trucks do.
  It is not unusual for ballet dancers to wear out more than one pair of toe shoes during an evening’s performance.
  1031. were it not for
  if it were not because of要不是因为
  Were it not for these algae the seas would still be completely sterile无生命 and the land uninhabited无人居住.
  1032. what about
  M: These are terrible light bulbs灯泡. I keep having to replace the one in this lamp灯.
  W: What about (...怎么样) checking the wiring接线in the lamp?
  1033. what if
  W: Take two of these pills three times a day. And you shouldn’t take them on an empty stomach.
  M: What if I don’t have an appetite?
  1034. what of
  And what of irregular polygons? As it turns out结果, any triangle or quadrilateral四边形, no matter how devoid缺乏 of regularity, will tile the plane.
  1035. what’s with you
  W: What’s with you? You sure don’t look like yourself.
  M: Stay away from me. I don’t know what I’ve got. But whatever it is, you don’t want to catch it.
  1036. what’s sth like
  What’s your budget (预算) like?
  1037. What’s the occasion?
  1038. what’s up with sb
  M: What’s up with Donald (Donald怎么啦)? I’ve never seen him so happy.
  1039. wind up
  end up以…收场
  That’s a long line. I guess we’ll wind up going to the second show.
  1040. wipe out
  To destroy or be destroyed completely
  Last night when I was putting the finishing touches on my paper, that electrical storm completely wiped out my computer files.
  But the slow-breeding养育 mammals of the sea have been all but (almost) wiped out by humans seeking to satisfy their wants and whims奇想.
  1041. with age
  With age, the mineral content of human bones decreases, thereby making them more fragile.
  1042. with respect to
  关于, 至于
  Because of the availability of trucks and easy access to modern highways, the locate of farms has become relatively unimportant with respect to their distance from markets.
  1043. with the advent of
  The coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important
  With the advent of power-driven machinery, home industry began toward give way to production in mills and factories.
  With the advent of high-resolution radio interferometers, part of the answer became clear.
  1044. work out
  When you ask them to work out a sum结果, they take a piece of paper, cover it with rows排 of A’s, B’s, and X’s, Y’s.
  1045. work out
  You don’t have to join a health club to work out.
  1046. wouldn’t it be easier
  Wouldn’t it be easier if we just took a taxi?
  1047. wrap up
  conclude, finish
  Do you think we can wrap up this report by five?
  Why don’t we get out of here? We can wrap it up later.
  1048. year round
  4 to 5 percent of cyclists bicycle year round.
  1049. you can say that again
  M: This room is freezing.
  W: You can say that again.
  1050. you said it
  M: I get the feeling that Sally never really listens to me.
  W: You said it. As it is (事实上), she is always using the time to rehearse (准备) what she will say next.
楼主Dr_sniffer 时间:2003-06-17 12:51:04