Key to Exercise 1
I. Multiple Choice
( d ) 1. America is the ____country in area in the world.
d) fourth largest
( a ) 2. The three branches of the federal government embody the American principles of the _____power and the check and balance system.
a) division of
( b ) 3. ____ refers to those who have high incomes and lead a comfortable life by doing mental work.
b) White-collar workers
( d ) 4.____has been called the “ Cradle of American liberty ”.
( a ) 5. On the north America shares a long land boundary with ____.
( b ) 6. There are _____states in America, and ____is the largest while ____is smallest.
b) 50, Alaska, Rhode Island
( a )7. In New York, streets running from south to north are called ____while those running from east to west are called____.
a) avenues, streets
( a ) 8. The first English permanent settlement in America was established by ____in 1607.
a) the London Company
( a ) 9. The ____ River is the most important and largest river in America.
( c )10. The famous Fifth Avenue in New York is a _____ center.
c) fashion and shopping
( b )11. The descendents of the ____ are the most powerful and influential in American social life.
( c )12. Wall Street, walled by skyscrapers, is a ____ center of the capitalist world.
( b )13. The ____ are immigrants from Latin America which was once a large colony of the Spanish Empire.
( d )14. The U.S. federal government is comprised of ____.
d) the Congress, the President and the Supreme Court
( b )15.“A melting pot” means that the United States is a nation ____.
b) of many ethnic groups
( b )16. The ____is known as “ the backbone of the (American) continent ”.
b) Rocky Mountains
( d ) 17. It was ____who discovered America in ____.
d) Columbus, 1492
( b) 18. The first group of English Puritans went to America in ____ aboard the ship Mayflower.
( b ) 19. England established ____ along the Atlantic coast which later won their independence and became the United States.
b) 13 colonies
( b ) 20. The first shot for America’s independence was first fired at ____, a small town near Boston.
( c ) 21. America’s Declaration of Independence was formally adopted on ____.
c) July 4,1776
( a ) 22. America’s Declaration of Independence raised the slogan of____.
a) human rights
( c ) 23. July the fourth is America’s_____.
( b ) 24. The first President of the United States was ____.
( c )25. The American Constitution was completed on September 17, 1787, a day which has been designed.
c) Constitutional Day
( b ) 26. The Federal government of the United States is divided into ____ branches.
( c ) 27. The U.S. President is head of the ____.
( c ) 28. Louisiana was purchased by ____ from France in the early years of the 19th century.
c) President Jefferson
( a ) 29. America’s Second War of Independence refers to the Second War with ____which broke out in 1812.
( c )30. The Munroe Doctrine was the basis of American ____ when Munroe was the president.
c) foreign policy
( b )31. Before the American Civil War most of the black slaves were in the ____.
b) Southern States
( b ) 32. The root cause of the American Civil War was the conflict over ____.
b) black slavery
( a ) 33. President Lincoln’s ____ freed all the black slaves in the rebelling states.
a) Emancipation Proclamation
( d ) 34.The American Civil War broke out in ____ and lasted ____ years.
d) 1861, four
( c )35. America’s foreign policy with China during the Ching government was once based on ____.
c) the Open Door Doctrine
( c ) 36. President Roosevelt’s policies to deal with the economics crisis in America have known as his ____.
c) New Deal
( a ) 37. After the Second World ended, the world entered its _____.
a) Cold War
( c ) 38. The Watergate Affair, the political espionage scandal, finally led to the resignation of President ____in 1974.
( a ) 39.The symbol of the Republicans is _____ while that of the Democrats is ____.
a) an elephant, a donkey
( a ) 40. ____ was the first Republican President.
( c ) 41. The general election in America is to elect the ____.
( b ) 42. The ____government is the central or national government of the government of the United States.
( a ) 43. The US ____branch, also known as the administration, is headed by the President.
( c ) 44. All the bills passed by the Congress must be signed by the ____ before becoming laws.
( d ) 45. To win a Presidential election a US Presidential candidate must ____.
a) spend a lot of money b) face his rivals on television
c) make countless speeches d) A. B. C
( b ) 46.The US ____ is the legislative branch of the federal government.
( c ) 47. The House of ____ is the lower house while the ____ is the upper house of the US Congress.
c) Representatives, Senate
( a ) 48. The ____branch of the Federal government consists of the Supreme Court, the Courts of Appeals and the District Courts.
( d ) 49. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is the major ____ for the Federal government.
d) police agency
( a ) 50. ____ is near San Francisco and famous for the number of Nobel Prize winners among its teachers.
( a ) 51. A freshman means a university student in his ____ year.
( c ) 52. American society is a ____ society in nature.
( c ) 53. ____ are American news agencies.
c) AP and UPI
( b ) 54. US passports are issued by ____.
b) the State Department
( b ) 55. Bear Market is a market in which prices are ____.
( b ) 56. The US President’s official residence is the ____.
b) White House
( a ) 57. There are ___ main political parties in the United States.
( b ) 58. New York city is mainly situated on an island known as ____.
( b )59. The large building which houses the US Congress is known as ____.
b) the Capitol
( a ) 60. The American Civil War ended with victory for the ____.
( b) 61.The Pentagon is a large building which houses the US ____ Department.
b ) Defense
( c ) 62. The Rockies are in the ____ part of the United States.
( a ) 63. The largest city and seaport in New England is ____.
a) New York
( c ) 64. In America Hispanics refer to immigrants and their children from ____.
c) Latin America
( d ) 65. The six northeastern states of America are known as ____.
d) New England
( b ) 66.The American Civil War is also known as the War _____.
b) between the South and the North
( c ) 67. The northern land neighbor of America is ____.
( a ) 68. The power to declare war on a foreign country belongs to ____.
a) the President
( d ) 69. In American history, those who ventured into the uncultivated area to reclaim land for farming were known as ____.
( b ) 70. The largest producer of iron and steel in the U.S. is ____.
( d ) 71. The U.S. joined in the Second World War after Japan showered bombs on ____.
d) Pearl Harbor
( a ) 72. During the American Civil War those who demanded immediate emancipation of the black slaves were called____.
( c ) 73. The largest and most important agriculturalist region in the U.S. is the ____.
c) Central Plain
( d ) 74. Hollywood Village, the film-making center of the U.S. is situated in the suburbs of ____.
d) Los Angeles
( c ) 75. The national government of the United States is called the ____ government.
( b ) 76. The following were the main Reformation leaders except ____.
b) Martin Luther King
( c ) 77. The following were the founding fathers of the American Republic except ____.
c) William Penn
(a ) 78. Which of the following was NOT a denomination of Protestantism?
( d ) 79. Which of the following was NOT one of the three forces that led to the modern development of Europe?
d) The spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Church
( b ) 80. Which of the following states refused to participate in the Constitutional Convention?
b) Rhode Island
( b ) 81.Which of the following is the only branch that can make federal laws, and levy federal taxes?
b) The legislative
( a ) 82. The New Deal was started by ____.
a) Franklin Roosevelt
( b ) 83.Which of the following was NOT a Protestant denomination?
b) The Catholics
( c ) 84. Which of the following is NOT regarded as one of the three basic religious beliefs?
( a ) 85.Which of the following was a writer of the post-Revolutionary period?
a) Edgar Allan Poe
( d )86.Which of the following is considered an American masterpiece?
d) Moby Dick
( b ) 87. Which of the following was written by Thoreau?
( d ) 88.The following writers represent new American voices except ____.
d) Maxine Long Kingston
( a ) 89. ____ was NOT written by Hemingway.
a) Light in August
( d ) 90.Three of the following authors are Nobel Prize winners. Which one is not.
d) F. Scott Fitzerald
( a ) 91.____ was mainly interested in writing about Americans living in Europe.
a) Henry James
( c ) 92. Black Americans sang the anthem of the civil rights movement, “____” affirming their commitment to fight racial prejudice.
c) “We Shall Overcome”
( d ) 93.The most notorious terrorist group against black civil rights workers in the South was known as____.
d) Ku Klux Klan
( a ) 94. The reason why many young people were involved in the social movements of the 1960s was that ____.
a) they resented traditional white male values in U.S. society
Key to Exercise 3
I. (35 %) Choose the best answer:
( c ) 1. There were _____ continental states at the time of independence of the United States.
( b ) 2. Among the following _____ is not a New England state.
b) New York State
( a ) 3. Among the following rivers _____ has been called Father of the American rivers.
a) the Mississippi River
( b ) 4. The Declaration of Independence was drafted by _____.
b) Thomas Jefferson
( d ) 5. The Big Four at the Paris Conference in 1918 did not include _____.
( c ) 6. The longest war that the United States has fought is _____.
c) the Vietnam War
( c ) 7. Abraham Lincoln belonged to ______.
c) the Republican Party
( d ) 8. The second busiest port in the United States is __________.
d) New Orleans
( d ) 9. When the settlement of Australia began in 1788, the continent was inhabited by the people called_____.
( a ) 10. The heads of the States in Australia Canada and New Zealand are all _______.
( b ) 11. Canada became a federal union in _____.
( a ) 12. _____was the first Englishman to reach Australia.
a) James Cook
( c ) 13. In 1840, the British signed a treaty with the Maoris and it is called the Treaty of _____.
( a ) 14.The first European to discover Australia was _____>
( d ) 15. New Freedom was the program of _____.
d) Henry Truman
( a ) 16. Among the following, _____ is not an automobile giant.
a) the International Business Machines
( c ) 17. The slavery was legally abolished in 1865 by _____amendment.
c) the 13th
( c ) 18. The present American president is _____.
c) Bush. Junior
( b ) 19.The are _____states on the American mainland.
( a ) 20. In the United States, there are _____ Labor Day.
( c ) 21. In the American history, the following are the most famous presidents except _____.
c) Theodore Roosevelt
( b ) 22. Which country has no its National Day?
( c ) 23. Which American president carried out “New Deal”?
c) Franklin Roosevelt
( c ) 24. ______ is America’s National Day.
c) July 4th
( b ) 25. _____is the author of “The Sun Also Rises”.
b) Earnest Hemingway
( a ) 26. It was _____who established the settlement in Canada in 1608.
( d ) 27. Canada became a federal union in _____.
( d ) 28. The basic structure of Australian government is based on _____.
d) Both British and American models
( b ) 29. Australia’s National Day is _____.
b) January 26
( a ) 30. The history of Australia began with _____.
c) the English settlement in 1788
( c ) 31. Among the following rivers _____has been called the American Ruhr.
c) the Hudson
( d ) 32. Among the following, _____is not within the power of the U.S. president.
a) He is responsible for the interpretation of the Constitution.
( a ) 33. For the following holidays, _____ is not an official one.
a) Good Friday
( b ) 34. In December 1955, _____ was arrested and fined 10 dollars. This arrest started a-year-long black boycott of the bus company.
b) Rosa Parks
( b ) 35. For the following four types of music, _____is considered the United States’ unique contribution.
I. Multiple Choice (25%)
( A )1._______invaders conquered what is now called England in the first century A.D
A. The Romans
( C )2.The English Parliament consists of three elements : _____.
C.the Queen, the House of Lords and the House of Commons
( D )3. In Britain, churches not belonging to the state church are called _______ churches.
( B )4. ______ is the second largest city in Britain,
( D )5.English means the language belonging to _______.
D. the Angles
( A )6. Technically the English government refers to the _______.
( C )7.The English _______ Government includes the Monarch, Parliament, the Cabinet and other government departments.
( B )8. The back bone of England refers to _______,
B. the Pennines
( D )9. Britain is a bourgeois democracy with a two - party political system. The two parties are ________.
D. the Conservative Party and the Labor Party
( A )10. In 597, St. Augustine and his fellow monks landed in Kent and built the first church at ________.
( A )11. In news report _____ usually stands for the English Government.
A. No.10 Downing Street
( B )12. The highest mountain in England is _______.
B. Ben Nevis
( D )13. ________ Conquest was important in English history because it laid the foundation on which the English nation was to be formed.
( B )14. Barristers and solicitors are _____ and _____ are higher in rank.
B. lawyers; barristers
( A )15. _____is a traditional place where English kings and queens are crowned.
A. Westminster Abbey
( A )16. After the unification of England, Wales and Scotland in 1603, the largest one of the British isles began to be called _______.
( A )17. The United Kingdom includes _______.
A. Great Britain and Northern Ireland
( C )18. Britain does not share land border with any other countries except ________.
C. the Republic of Ireland
( B )19. The European Community is the largest ________ in the world.
B. trading bloc
( B )20. Among the three parts of Great Britain England is________.
B. the largest and most developed
( C )21. Great Britain is the largest of the _______.
C. the United Kingdom
( B )22. London is situated on ________.
B. the Thames River
( A )23. The northern part of Great Britain was originally dominated by people generally called the ________.
( C )24. The largest river is ______ and ______ is the second largest and most important in England.
C. the Severn River, the Thames River
( A )25. The largest local administrative areas in Britain are called ______ which were once called shires.
I .Multiple Choice(40 %) Exercise II
( B )1. The first Anglo-Norman king was crowned in Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day, ______ and William became ______.
B. 1066, the Conqueror
( A )2. During the Hundred Year’s War one half of the English population died of ______.
A. the war
( D )3. The ______ reached its peak in the Middle Ages and its doctrine dominated man’s thinking in Europe
( A )4. 5th, November has been celebrated annually in Britain with fireworks and bonfires on which ______ was burnt in effigy after the gunpowder plot was crushed by James I .
A. Guy Fawkes
( B )5. _______ was the most important military leader of the uprising in 1381 .
B. Wat Tyler
( A )6. The time between 5th and 11th centuries in European history is known as _______ .
A. the Dark Ages
( D )7. Those who landed in Massachusetts of the United States from England in 1620 have been known as ______.
D. Pilgrim Fathers
( C )8. _______ ruled the British Empire for 60 years.
C. Queen Elizabeth
( C )9. The nobles forced ________ to sign a charter, the Great Charter, on the 15th of June, ________.
C. King John, 1215
( D )10. The War of the Roses was in form a battle between rival gangs of _________.
D. the nobles
( D )11. After the Industrial Revolution, Britain became the _______ and ________ became the financial center of the world trade.
D. workshop of the world, London
( C )12. The Great Charter was the first step of _______ experiment.
( D )13. The Wars of the Roses ended in 1485 with the accession of Henry VII, the Founder of the _________.
D. Tudor Monarchy
( A )14. One of the earliest and greatest of English Kings was _______ ,a pillar of light in the Dark Ages.
A. James I
( B )15.After Charles I was beheaded _______ became Lord Protector and exercised bourgeois dictatorship
( D )16.The destruction of the _____ established the position of England as a major sea power.
( D )17.The word Renaissance originally meant _________.
D. the rediscovery of ancient Roman and Greek culture
( D )18. ________ marked the real beginning of the constitutional monarchy in England.
D. the Glorious Revolution
( B )19. Westminster Abbey is well known for its ________ which has been the traditional burial ground of the most famous English poets.
B. Poets’ corner
( C )20. _________ was said to be the creator of the English drama while ________ brought it to a higher level of imagination.
C. Marlowe, Shakespeare
I. Multiple Choice(15%) Exercise III
( A )1.The whole of the United Kingdom is divided into about _______ electoral districts.
( A )2. ______ schools are the foundation - layers of the English education.
( C )3.The Queen is only a ________ in Britain. Her performances in state affairs are kind of formality.
( A )4._________ is often used to stand for the English Government.
A. Downing street
( C )5.Of all English universities ________ are the most prestigious.
C. Oxford and Cambridge
( C )6.If ________ of the English King or queen, he can get the title prince of Wales’.
C. he is the eldest son
( D )7. The person who conducts the debates in the Lower House is called ________ .
( D )8. A bill passed by the ________ House had to be approved by the ________ House before it is handed to the ________ for her signature.
D. Lower , Upper, Queen
( B )9. ________ is the nucleus of the English Government.
B. the Cabinet
( D )10. Usually, the English boys and girls begin their education at the age of _______.
( C )11. It is ________ who appoints the other ministers and thus has the right to dismiss them.
C. the Prime Minister
( D )12. Britain practices compulsory full-time education for all children from the age __________.
D. 5 to 16
( D )13.________ are always included in the British Cabinet.
B. The Prime Minister and Minister of Defense
C. The chancellor of the Exchequer and the Foreign Secretary D. Both B and C
( A )14.In Britain, public schools mean ________.
A. state-run schools
( C )15.Oxford and Cambridge have been considered as universities for____ because of their ____.
C.the upper-middle class, high fees
I. ( 50 % ) There are 20 questions in this part. Each question is followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the correct answer to each of the questions .
( D )1.The Tower of London, a historical sight, located in the center of London, was built by ____.
D )William the Conqueror
( B )2.1972 was the worst year of the political troubles in Northern Ireland because ____.
B )468 people were killed in Northern Ireland.
( A )3.Which of the following is NOT true about the British Constitution?
A )It is a document which lists out the basic principles for government.
( B )4.Who is the leader of the British Labor Party at present?
B ) Tony Blair
( C )5.Which of the following sports was not invented in Britain?
( B )6.Which of the following is true about the Guy Fawkes’ Night?
B )It is celebrated by English people in November.
( C )7.In Britain, the great majority of parents send their children to ____.
C )state schools
( C )8.Nowadays the British foreign policy is largely shaped by its participants in ____.
C )the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, etc
( D )9.Which of the following is the British oldest daily newspaper?
D )The Times
( D )10.Which of the following is NOT considered a characteristic of London?
D )The sports center
( A )11.Which of the following cities is the capital of Scotland?
( D )12.Which of the following books is written by Geoffrey Chaucer?
D )The Canterbury Tales
( B )13.Which of the following is truly a sport of the royal family?
B )Horse racing
( C )15.No one in Britain is allowed to become a full-time worker before the age of _____.
( B )16.The English Bourgeois Revolution beheaded an English king who was called____.
B )Charles I
( B )17.The Norman Conquest was led by _____ by the Conqueror.
( D )18.After the Norman Conquest two main languages were used in England. One was English and the other was ______.
( A )19.Liverpool is the second largest ______in Britain.
( C )20.Tne most important leader of the English Bourgeois Revolution was _____.
( C )21.Britain shares land border with _____.
C )one country only
( C )22.Edinburgh is the capital of _____.
( C )23._____has the power to pass laws for the United Kingdom.
( A )24.No.10 Downing Street is the place _____.
A )where the English Prime Minister lives
( A )25.The City of London _____.
A )refers to the oldest part which was once walled up
( C )26.The _____happened in 1066.
C )Norman Conquest
( A )27._____marked the real beginning of the constitutional monarchy in England.
( D )28.The word Renaissance originally meant _____.
D )the rediscovery of ancient Roman and Greek culture
( B )29.Westminster Abbey is well known for its_____ which has been the traditional burial ground of the most famous English poets.
B )Poets’ Corner
( C )30._____transformed Britain from a predominantly rural and agricultural country into an urban and manufacturing one.
C )The Industrial Revolution
( D )31.The destruction of the _____established the position of England as a major sea power.
( C )32._____was said to be the creator of the English drama while____ brought it to a higher level of imagination.
C )Marlowe, Shakespeare
( C )33.The Queen is only a _____in Britain. Her performances in state affairs are a kind of formality.
( A )34._____is often used to stand for the English Government.
A )Downing Street
( C )35.The _____party was founded in 1900 by unionists, liberals, socialists and the Fabian Society.
( C )36.Of all the English universities _____ are the most prestigious.
C )Oxford and Cambridge
( C )37.It is _____who appoints the other ministers and thus has the right to dismiss them.
C )the Prime Minister
( D )38.A bill passed by the _____House before it is handed to be approved by the _____House before it is handed to the _____for her signature.
D )Lower, Upper, Queen
( C )39.In Britain, public schools mean_____.
C )private schools
( D )40.The”eleven-plus” is taken by _____.
D )pupils who are to leave primary schools
( A )41._____occurs in spring time during which Good Friday commemorates the crucifixion of Christ.
( B )42.If you are invited to a dinner at an Englishman’s house, you would get there _____.
B )ten minutes later than the appointed time
( C )43.Most people remains standing all the time, drinking and talking, when they are at_____.
C )cocktail parties
( B )44._____is the most important family festival in England.
( C )45._____is in charge of all sound broadcasting in Britain and there is no _____on its program.
C )The B.B.C. advertising
( A )46._____provides world-wide news services for press, radio, and television.
( C )47.A commuter is a person who _____.
C )uses a season ticket for travel to and from work
( A )48.A newly-married couple usually go off together on a holiday called_____.
( B )49._____is the nucleus of the English Government.
B )The Cabinet
( D )50.The whole of the United Kingdom is divided into about _____electoral districts.
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