07级英语期末复习资料

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一:英语国家概论
  (一)选择题部份
  Key to Exercise 1
  I. Multiple Choice
  ( d ) 1. America is the ____country in area in the world.
   d) fourth largest
  ( a ) 2. The three branches of the federal government embody the American principles of the _____power and the check and balance system.
   a) division of
  ( b ) 3. ____ refers to those who have high incomes and lead a comfortable life by doing mental work.
   b) White-collar workers
  ( d ) 4.____has been called the “ Cradle of American liberty ”.
   d) Boston
  ( a ) 5. On the north America shares a long land boundary with ____.
   a) Canada
  ( b ) 6. There are _____states in America, and ____is the largest while ____is smallest.
   b) 50, Alaska, Rhode Island
  ( a )7. In New York, streets running from south to north are called ____while those running from east to west are called____.
   a) avenues, streets
  ( a ) 8. The first English permanent settlement in America was established by ____in 1607.
   a) the London Company
  ( a ) 9. The ____ River is the most important and largest river in America.
   a) Mississippi
  ( c )10. The famous Fifth Avenue in New York is a _____ center.
  c) fashion and shopping
  ( b )11. The descendents of the ____ are the most powerful and influential in American social life.
   b) WASPs
  ( c )12. Wall Street, walled by skyscrapers, is a ____ center of the capitalist world.
   c) culture
  ( b )13. The ____ are immigrants from Latin America which was once a large colony of the Spanish Empire.
   b) Hispanics
  ( d )14. The U.S. federal government is comprised of ____.
   d) the Congress, the President and the Supreme Court
  ( b )15.“A melting pot” means that the United States is a nation ____.
   b) of many ethnic groups
  ( b )16. The ____is known as “ the backbone of the (American) continent ”.
   b) Rocky Mountains
  ( d ) 17. It was ____who discovered America in ____.
   d) Columbus, 1492
  ( b) 18. The first group of English Puritans went to America in ____ aboard the ship Mayflower.
   b) 1620
  ( b ) 19. England established ____ along the Atlantic coast which later won their independence and became the United States.
   b) 13 colonies
  ( b ) 20. The first shot for America’s independence was first fired at ____, a small town near Boston.
   b) Lexington
  ( c ) 21. America’s Declaration of Independence was formally adopted on ____.
   c) July 4,1776
  ( a ) 22. America’s Declaration of Independence raised the slogan of____.
   a) human rights
  ( c ) 23. July the fourth is America’s_____.
   c)National Day
  ( b ) 24. The first President of the United States was ____.
   b) Washington
  ( c )25. The American Constitution was completed on September 17, 1787, a day which has been designed.
   c) Constitutional Day
  ( b ) 26. The Federal government of the United States is divided into ____ branches.
   b) three
  ( c ) 27. The U.S. President is head of the ____.
   b) Senate
  ( c ) 28. Louisiana was purchased by ____ from France in the early years of the 19th century.
   c) President Jefferson
  ( a ) 29. America’s Second War of Independence refers to the Second War with ____which broke out in 1812.
   a) England
  ( c )30. The Munroe Doctrine was the basis of American ____ when Munroe was the president.
   c) foreign policy
  ( b )31. Before the American Civil War most of the black slaves were in the ____.
   b) Southern States
  ( b ) 32. The root cause of the American Civil War was the conflict over ____.
   b) black slavery
  ( a ) 33. President Lincoln’s ____ freed all the black slaves in the rebelling states.
   a) Emancipation Proclamation
  ( d ) 34.The American Civil War broke out in ____ and lasted ____ years.
   d) 1861, four
  ( c )35. America’s foreign policy with China during the Ching government was once based on ____.
  c) the Open Door Doctrine
  ( c ) 36. President Roosevelt’s policies to deal with the economics crisis in America have known as his ____.
   c) New Deal
  ( a ) 37. After the Second World ended, the world entered its _____.
   a) Cold War
  ( c ) 38. The Watergate Affair, the political espionage scandal, finally led to the resignation of President ____in 1974.
   c) Nixon
  ( a ) 39.The symbol of the Republicans is _____ while that of the Democrats is ____.
   a) an elephant, a donkey
  ( a ) 40. ____ was the first Republican President.
   a) Lincoln
  ( c ) 41. The general election in America is to elect the ____.
   c) President
  ( b ) 42. The ____government is the central or national government of the government of the United States.
   b) Federal
  ( a ) 43. The US ____branch, also known as the administration, is headed by the President.
   a) executive
  ( c ) 44. All the bills passed by the Congress must be signed by the ____ before becoming laws.
   c) President
  ( d ) 45. To win a Presidential election a US Presidential candidate must ____.
   a) spend a lot of money b) face his rivals on television
  c) make countless speeches d) A. B. C
  ( b ) 46.The US ____ is the legislative branch of the federal government.
   b) Congress
  ( c ) 47. The House of ____ is the lower house while the ____ is the upper house of the US Congress.
   c) Representatives, Senate
  ( a ) 48. The ____branch of the Federal government consists of the Supreme Court, the Courts of Appeals and the District Courts.
   a) judicial
  ( d ) 49. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is the major ____ for the Federal government.
   d) police agency
  ( a ) 50. ____ is near San Francisco and famous for the number of Nobel Prize winners among its teachers.
   a) Berkeley
  ( a ) 51. A freshman means a university student in his ____ year.
   a) first
  ( c ) 52. American society is a ____ society in nature.
  c) capitalist
  ( c ) 53. ____ are American news agencies.
  c) AP and UPI
  ( b ) 54. US passports are issued by ____.
  b) the State Department
  ( b ) 55. Bear Market is a market in which prices are ____.
  b) falling
  ( b ) 56. The US President’s official residence is the ____.
  b) White House
  ( a ) 57. There are ___ main political parties in the United States.
  a) 2
  ( b ) 58. New York city is mainly situated on an island known as ____.
   b) Manhattan
  ( b )59. The large building which houses the US Congress is known as ____.
   b) the Capitol
  ( a ) 60. The American Civil War ended with victory for the ____.
  a) Union
  ( b) 61.The Pentagon is a large building which houses the US ____ Department.
   b ) Defense
  ( c ) 62. The Rockies are in the ____ part of the United States.
  c) western
  ( a ) 63. The largest city and seaport in New England is ____.
   a) New York
  ( c ) 64. In America Hispanics refer to immigrants and their children from ____.
  c) Latin America
  ( d ) 65. The six northeastern states of America are known as ____.
   d) New England
  ( b ) 66.The American Civil War is also known as the War _____.
   b) between the South and the North
  ( c ) 67. The northern land neighbor of America is ____.
   c) Canada
  ( a ) 68. The power to declare war on a foreign country belongs to ____.
  a) the President
  ( d ) 69. In American history, those who ventured into the uncultivated area to reclaim land for farming were known as ____.
   d) frontiersmen
  ( b ) 70. The largest producer of iron and steel in the U.S. is ____.
   b) Pittsburgh
  ( d ) 71. The U.S. joined in the Second World War after Japan showered bombs on ____.
  d) Pearl Harbor
  ( a ) 72. During the American Civil War those who demanded immediate emancipation of the black slaves were called____.
   a) abolitionists
  ( c ) 73. The largest and most important agriculturalist region in the U.S. is the ____.
   c) Central Plain
  ( d ) 74. Hollywood Village, the film-making center of the U.S. is situated in the suburbs of ____.
   d) Los Angeles
  ( c ) 75. The national government of the United States is called the ____ government.
   c) Federal
  ( b ) 76. The following were the main Reformation leaders except ____.
   b) Martin Luther King
  ( c ) 77. The following were the founding fathers of the American Republic except ____.
   c) William Penn
  (a ) 78. Which of the following was NOT a denomination of Protestantism?
   a) Catholics
  ( d ) 79. Which of the following was NOT one of the three forces that led to the modern development of Europe?
   d) The spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Church
  ( b ) 80. Which of the following states refused to participate in the Constitutional Convention?
   b) Rhode Island
  ( b ) 81.Which of the following is the only branch that can make federal laws, and levy federal taxes?
   b) The legislative
  ( a ) 82. The New Deal was started by ____.
  a) Franklin Roosevelt
  ( b ) 83.Which of the following was NOT a Protestant denomination?
  b) The Catholics
  ( c ) 84. Which of the following is NOT regarded as one of the three basic religious beliefs?
   c) Islamic
  ( a ) 85.Which of the following was a writer of the post-Revolutionary period?
   a) Edgar Allan Poe
  ( d )86.Which of the following is considered an American masterpiece?
   d) Moby Dick
  ( b ) 87. Which of the following was written by Thoreau?
   b) Walden
  ( d ) 88.The following writers represent new American voices except ____.
   d) Maxine Long Kingston
  ( a ) 89. ____ was NOT written by Hemingway.
   a) Light in August
  ( d ) 90.Three of the following authors are Nobel Prize winners. Which one is not.
   d) F. Scott Fitzerald
  ( a ) 91.____ was mainly interested in writing about Americans living in Europe.
   a) Henry James
  ( c ) 92. Black Americans sang the anthem of the civil rights movement, “____” affirming their commitment to fight racial prejudice.
   c) “We Shall Overcome”
  ( d ) 93.The most notorious terrorist group against black civil rights workers in the South was known as____.
   d) Ku Klux Klan
  ( a ) 94. The reason why many young people were involved in the social movements of the 1960s was that ____.
  a) they resented traditional white male values in U.S. society
  Key to Exercise 3
  I. (35 %) Choose the best answer:
  ( c ) 1. There were _____ continental states at the time of independence of the United States.
  c) 13
  ( b ) 2. Among the following _____ is not a New England state.
  b) New York State
  ( a ) 3. Among the following rivers _____ has been called Father of the American rivers.
  a) the Mississippi River
  ( b ) 4. The Declaration of Independence was drafted by _____.
  b) Thomas Jefferson
  ( d ) 5. The Big Four at the Paris Conference in 1918 did not include _____.
  d) Russia
  ( c ) 6. The longest war that the United States has fought is _____.
  c) the Vietnam War
  ( c ) 7. Abraham Lincoln belonged to ______.
  c) the Republican Party
  ( d ) 8. The second busiest port in the United States is __________.
  d) New Orleans
  ( d ) 9. When the settlement of Australia began in 1788, the continent was inhabited by the people called_____.
  d) Aborigines
  ( a ) 10. The heads of the States in Australia Canada and New Zealand are all _______.
  a) Governor-General
  ( b ) 11. Canada became a federal union in _____.
  b) 1848
  ( a ) 12. _____was the first Englishman to reach Australia.
  a) James Cook
  ( c ) 13. In 1840, the British signed a treaty with the Maoris and it is called the Treaty of _____.
  c) Waitangi
  ( a ) 14.The first European to discover Australia was _____>
  a) Dutch
  ( d ) 15. New Freedom was the program of _____.
  d) Henry Truman
  ( a ) 16. Among the following, _____ is not an automobile giant.
  a) the International Business Machines
  ( c ) 17. The slavery was legally abolished in 1865 by _____amendment.
  c) the 13th
  ( c ) 18. The present American president is _____.
  c) Bush. Junior
  ( b ) 19.The are _____states on the American mainland.
  b) 48
  ( a ) 20. In the United States, there are _____ Labor Day.
  a) 2
  ( c ) 21. In the American history, the following are the most famous presidents except _____.
  c) Theodore Roosevelt
  ( b ) 22. Which country has no its National Day?
  b) England
  ( c ) 23. Which American president carried out “New Deal”?
  c) Franklin Roosevelt
  ( c ) 24. ______ is America’s National Day.
  c) July 4th
  ( b ) 25. _____is the author of “The Sun Also Rises”.
  b) Earnest Hemingway
  ( a ) 26. It was _____who established the settlement in Canada in 1608.
  a)John Cabot
  ( d ) 27. Canada became a federal union in _____.
  d) 1901
  ( d ) 28. The basic structure of Australian government is based on _____.
  d) Both British and American models
  ( b ) 29. Australia’s National Day is _____.
  b) January 26
  ( a ) 30. The history of Australia began with _____.
  c) the English settlement in 1788
  ( c ) 31. Among the following rivers _____has been called the American Ruhr.
  c) the Hudson
  ( d ) 32. Among the following, _____is not within the power of the U.S. president.
  a) He is responsible for the interpretation of the Constitution.
  ( a ) 33. For the following holidays, _____ is not an official one.
  a) Good Friday
  ( b ) 34. In December 1955, _____ was arrested and fined 10 dollars. This arrest started a-year-long black boycott of the bus company.
  b) Rosa Parks
  ( b ) 35. For the following four types of music, _____is considered the United States’ unique contribution.
  b) Jazz
  I. Multiple Choice (25%)
  ( A )1._______invaders conquered what is now called England in the first century A.D
   A. The Romans
   ( C )2.The English Parliament consists of three elements : _____.
  C.the Queen, the House of Lords and the House of Commons
  ( D )3. In Britain, churches not belonging to the state church are called _______ churches.
  D. free
  ( B )4. ______ is the second largest city in Britain,
  B. Birmingham
  ( D )5.English means the language belonging to _______.
  D. the Angles
  ( A )6. Technically the English government refers to the _______.
  A. Cabinet
   ( C )7.The English _______ Government includes the Monarch, Parliament, the Cabinet and other government departments.
  C. Central
  ( B )8. The back bone of England refers to _______,
  B. the Pennines
  ( D )9. Britain is a bourgeois democracy with a two - party political system. The two parties are ________.
  D. the Conservative Party and the Labor Party
  ( A )10. In 597, St. Augustine and his fellow monks landed in Kent and built the first church at ________.
  A. Canterbury
  ( A )11. In news report _____ usually stands for the English Government.
  A. No.10 Downing Street
  ( B )12. The highest mountain in England is _______.
  B. Ben Nevis
  ( D )13. ________ Conquest was important in English history because it laid the foundation on which the English nation was to be formed.
  D. Anglo-Saxon
  ( B )14. Barristers and solicitors are _____ and _____ are higher in rank.
  B. lawyers; barristers
  ( A )15. _____is a traditional place where English kings and queens are crowned.
  A. Westminster Abbey
  ( A )16. After the unification of England, Wales and Scotland in 1603, the largest one of the British isles began to be called _______.
  A.Great Britain
  ( A )17. The United Kingdom includes _______.
  A. Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  ( C )18. Britain does not share land border with any other countries except ________.
  C. the Republic of Ireland
  ( B )19. The European Community is the largest ________ in the world.
  B. trading bloc
  ( B )20. Among the three parts of Great Britain England is________.
  B. the largest and most developed
  ( C )21. Great Britain is the largest of the _______.
  C. the United Kingdom
  ( B )22. London is situated on ________.
  B. the Thames River
  ( A )23. The northern part of Great Britain was originally dominated by people generally called the ________.
  A. Celts
  ( C )24. The largest river is ______ and ______ is the second largest and most important in England.
  C. the Severn River, the Thames River
  ( A )25. The largest local administrative areas in Britain are called ______ which were once called shires.
  A. counties
  I .Multiple Choice(40 %) Exercise II
  ( B )1. The first Anglo-Norman king was crowned in Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day, ______ and William became ______.
  B. 1066, the Conqueror
  ( A )2. During the Hundred Year’s War one half of the English population died of ______.
  A. the war
  ( D )3. The ______ reached its peak in the Middle Ages and its doctrine dominated man’s thinking in Europe
  D. Catholic
  ( A )4. 5th, November has been celebrated annually in Britain with fireworks and bonfires on which ______ was burnt in effigy after the gunpowder plot was crushed by James I .
  A. Guy Fawkes
  ( B )5. _______ was the most important military leader of the uprising in 1381 .
  B. Wat Tyler
  ( A )6. The time between 5th and 11th centuries in European history is known as _______ .
  A. the Dark Ages
  ( D )7. Those who landed in Massachusetts of the United States from England in 1620 have been known as ______.
  D. Pilgrim Fathers
  ( C )8. _______ ruled the British Empire for 60 years.
  C. Queen Elizabeth
  ( C )9. The nobles forced ________ to sign a charter, the Great Charter, on the 15th of June, ________.
  C. King John, 1215
  ( D )10. The War of the Roses was in form a battle between rival gangs of _________.
  D. the nobles
  ( D )11. After the Industrial Revolution, Britain became the _______ and ________ became the financial center of the world trade.
  D. workshop of the world, London
  ( C )12. The Great Charter was the first step of _______ experiment.
  C. Parliament
  ( D )13. The Wars of the Roses ended in 1485 with the accession of Henry VII, the Founder of the _________.
  D. Tudor Monarchy
  ( A )14. One of the earliest and greatest of English Kings was _______ ,a pillar of light in the Dark Ages.
  A. James I
  ( B )15.After Charles I was beheaded _______ became Lord Protector and exercised bourgeois dictatorship
  B. Cromwell
  ( D )16.The destruction of the _____ established the position of England as a major sea power.
  D. Armada
  ( D )17.The word Renaissance originally meant _________.
  D. the rediscovery of ancient Roman and Greek culture
  ( D )18. ________ marked the real beginning of the constitutional monarchy in England.
  D. the Glorious Revolution
  ( B )19. Westminster Abbey is well known for its ________ which has been the traditional burial ground of the most famous English poets.
  B. Poets’ corner
  ( C )20. _________ was said to be the creator of the English drama while ________ brought it to a higher level of imagination.
  C. Marlowe, Shakespeare
  I. Multiple Choice(15%) Exercise III
  ( A )1.The whole of the United Kingdom is divided into about _______ electoral districts.
  A. 651
  ( A )2. ______ schools are the foundation - layers of the English education.
  A. Primary
  ( C )3.The Queen is only a ________ in Britain. Her performances in state affairs are kind of formality.
  C. figure-head
  ( A )4._________ is often used to stand for the English Government.
  A. Downing street
  ( C )5.Of all English universities ________ are the most prestigious.
  C. Oxford and Cambridge
  ( C )6.If ________ of the English King or queen, he can get the title prince of Wales’.
  C. he is the eldest son
  ( D )7. The person who conducts the debates in the Lower House is called ________ .
  D. Commoner
  ( D )8. A bill passed by the ________ House had to be approved by the ________ House before it is handed to the ________ for her signature.
  D. Lower , Upper, Queen
  ( B )9. ________ is the nucleus of the English Government.
  B. the Cabinet
  ( D )10. Usually, the English boys and girls begin their education at the age of _______.
  D. five
  ( C )11. It is ________ who appoints the other ministers and thus has the right to dismiss them.
  C. the Prime Minister
  ( D )12. Britain practices compulsory full-time education for all children from the age __________.
  D. 5 to 16
  ( D )13.________ are always included in the British Cabinet.
  B. The Prime Minister and Minister of Defense
  C. The chancellor of the Exchequer and the Foreign Secretary D. Both B and C
  ( A )14.In Britain, public schools mean ________.
  A. state-run schools
  ( C )15.Oxford and Cambridge have been considered as universities for____ because of their ____.
  C.the upper-middle class, high fees
  Exercise IV
  I. ( 50 % ) There are 20 questions in this part. Each question is followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the correct answer to each of the questions .
  ( D )1.The Tower of London, a historical sight, located in the center of London, was built by ____.
   D )William the Conqueror
  ( B )2.1972 was the worst year of the political troubles in Northern Ireland because ____.
   B )468 people were killed in Northern Ireland.
  ( A )3.Which of the following is NOT true about the British Constitution?
   A )It is a document which lists out the basic principles for government.
  ( B )4.Who is the leader of the British Labor Party at present?
   B ) Tony Blair
  ( C )5.Which of the following sports was not invented in Britain?
   C )Archery
  ( B )6.Which of the following is true about the Guy Fawkes’ Night?
  B )It is celebrated by English people in November.
  ( C )7.In Britain, the great majority of parents send their children to ____.
  C )state schools
  ( C )8.Nowadays the British foreign policy is largely shaped by its participants in ____.
   C )the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, etc
  ( D )9.Which of the following is the British oldest daily newspaper?
   D )The Times
  ( D )10.Which of the following is NOT considered a characteristic of London?
   D )The sports center
  ( A )11.Which of the following cities is the capital of Scotland?
   A )Edinburgh
  ( D )12.Which of the following books is written by Geoffrey Chaucer?
   D )The Canterbury Tales
  ( B )13.Which of the following is truly a sport of the royal family?
   B )Horse racing
  ( C )15.No one in Britain is allowed to become a full-time worker before the age of _____.
   C )16
  ( B )16.The English Bourgeois Revolution beheaded an English king who was called____.
   B )Charles I
  ( B )17.The Norman Conquest was led by _____ by the Conqueror.
   B )William
  ( D )18.After the Norman Conquest two main languages were used in England. One was English and the other was ______.
   D )French
  ( A )19.Liverpool is the second largest ______in Britain.
   A )seaport
  ( C )20.Tne most important leader of the English Bourgeois Revolution was _____.
   C )Cromwell
  ( C )21.Britain shares land border with _____.
   C )one country only
  ( C )22.Edinburgh is the capital of _____.
   C )Scotland
  ( C )23._____has the power to pass laws for the United Kingdom.
   C )Parliament
  ( A )24.No.10 Downing Street is the place _____.
   A )where the English Prime Minister lives
  ( A )25.The City of London _____.
   A )refers to the oldest part which was once walled up
  ( C )26.The _____happened in 1066.
  C )Norman Conquest
  ( A )27._____marked the real beginning of the constitutional monarchy in England.
   A)TheGloriousRevolution
  ( D )28.The word Renaissance originally meant _____.
  D )the rediscovery of ancient Roman and Greek culture
  ( B )29.Westminster Abbey is well known for its_____ which has been the traditional burial ground of the most famous English poets.
   B )Poets’ Corner
  ( C )30._____transformed Britain from a predominantly rural and agricultural country into an urban and manufacturing one.
   C )The Industrial Revolution
  ( D )31.The destruction of the _____established the position of England as a major sea power.
   D )Armada
  ( C )32._____was said to be the creator of the English drama while____ brought it to a higher level of imagination.
   C )Marlowe, Shakespeare
  ( C )33.The Queen is only a _____in Britain. Her performances in state affairs are a kind of formality.
   C )figure-head
  ( A )34._____is often used to stand for the English Government.
   A )Downing Street
  ( C )35.The _____party was founded in 1900 by unionists, liberals, socialists and the Fabian Society.
   C )Labor
  ( C )36.Of all the English universities _____ are the most prestigious.
   C )Oxford and Cambridge
  ( C )37.It is _____who appoints the other ministers and thus has the right to dismiss them.
   C )the Prime Minister
  ( D )38.A bill passed by the _____House before it is handed to be approved by the _____House before it is handed to the _____for her signature.
  D )Lower, Upper, Queen
  ( C )39.In Britain, public schools mean_____.
   C )private schools
  ( D )40.The”eleven-plus” is taken by _____.
   D )pupils who are to leave primary schools
  ( A )41._____occurs in spring time during which Good Friday commemorates the crucifixion of Christ.
   A )Easter
  ( B )42.If you are invited to a dinner at an Englishman’s house, you would get there _____.
   B )ten minutes later than the appointed time
   ( C )43.Most people remains standing all the time, drinking and talking, when they are at_____.
   C )cocktail parties
  ( B )44._____is the most important family festival in England.
   B )Christmas
  ( C )45._____is in charge of all sound broadcasting in Britain and there is no _____on its program.
   C )The B.B.C. advertising
  ( A )46._____provides world-wide news services for press, radio, and television.
  A )Reuters
  ( C )47.A commuter is a person who _____.
  C )uses a season ticket for travel to and from work
  ( A )48.A newly-married couple usually go off together on a holiday called_____.
   A )honeymoon
  ( B )49._____is the nucleus of the English Government.
   B )The Cabinet
  ( D )50.The whole of the United Kingdom is divided into about _____electoral districts.
   D )635
  

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  (二)填空部份
  II. Gap-filling(30%)
  1. The island of Great Britain is divided into three parts: England in the south, Scotland in the north and Wales in the southwest.
  2. The English language has experienced three stages in its development: Old English, Middle English and Modern English.
  3. The Norman Conquest happened in 1066.
  4. Parliament is the law-making body while the Cabinet is the executive branch.
  5. Churchmen in England are called archbishops, bishops and priests. Priests are the lowest while archbishops are the highest in rank.
  6. Cardiff is the capital of Wales.
  7. Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland.
  8. Glasgow is a large city in Scotland famous as a ship-building center.
  9. Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland.
  10. Britain’s declining productivity, soaring inflation and large unemployment gave birth to the mocking term British Disease.
  II. Gap-filling(20%)
  1.The Parliament is the British law-making body.
  2.British laws are carried out by the Cabinet which is headed by Prime Minister.
  3.The East India Company was formed in 1600.
  4.After the World War II broke out, the British reshuffled their Cabinet and Winston Churchill was appointed prime Minister of the War Cabinet.
  5.Christmas Day celebrates the birth of Christ.
  1. The five titles of nobility in Britain are duke. viscount. earl. baron and marquis.
  2. The two Houses were considered as having law-making power.
  3. The President of the Upper House is called Speaker.
  4. The British Central Government includes the Cabinet, the Parliament and the Supreme Court.
  10. When a party wins the majority of the seats in the Parliament in a general election, the leader will be appointed Prime Minister by the Queen.
  11.The prime minister works in No.10Downing Street.
  II. (10%)Gap-filling
  1.16 is the school-leaving age for both boys and girls in Britain.
  2.Marriage will mark the beginning of the youth’s complete independence from their parents.
  3. Fool’s Day is on April 1st
  4.Guy Fawkes Day is on 5th,November.
  5.Many films shown in Britain are from America.
  6.The British nickname is John Bull.
  7.The second largest seaport is Liverpool.
  8.The world-famous tennis court lies in Scotland.
  9.The present prime minister is Tony Blair.
  10.Winsor Castle is the home of British Queen, Elizabeth II.
  
楼主wyhady 时间:2009-11-14 20:21:55
  (三)英汉互译
  1.Greenwich Mean Time 格林威治时间
  2.the United Kingdom of Great Britain andNorthern Ireland 大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国
  3.the Irish Republican Army 爱尔兰共和军
  4.the Gulf Stream (墨西哥湾)湾流
  5.the Middle Ages 中世纪
  6.the native Celts 凯尔特人
  7.the Midlands of England 英国中部地带
  8. the Indo-European language family 印欧语系
  9. the bourgeoise democracy 资产阶级民主
  10.constitutional monarchy 君主立宪
  11.Her Majesty’s Government 王室政府
  12. the common law 普通法
  13. equity law 衡平法
  14.the European Community 欧洲共同体
  15.magistrates’ court 地方法庭
  16. the Anglican Church 盎格鲁教
  17. privatization 私有化
  18. the British Commonwealth 英联邦
  19. the Greater London 大伦敦
  20. the East End 东区
  21. White Hall 白厅
  22. Big Ben 大笨钟
  23.Westminster Abbey 威斯敏斯特教堂
  II. Translation(60 %)
  1. Christian Church 基督教堂
  2. Dane-law 丹麦人居住区
  3. coronation ceremony 加冕仪式
  4. Scandinavia Peninsula 斯堪的那维亚半岛
  5.William the Conqueror 征服王威廉
  6.Alfred the Great 阿尔弗雷德大帝
  7 the Dark Ages 黑暗世纪
  8.Poets’ Corner 诗人角
  9.feudal aristocracy 封建贵族
  10.Renaissance 文艺复兴
  11.William Shakespeare 威廉.莎士比亚
  12.Common Prayer Book 公祷书
  13.the New Testament 新约全书
  14.Utopia 乌托邦
  III. Translation(35%)
  1. face-saving resignation 体面辞职
  2. Chancellor of the Exchequer财政大臣
  3. Cabinet minister 内阁大臣
  4. the Queen’s Speech 女王讲话
  5. to resign in a body 集体辞职
  6. policy-making group 政策制订集团
  7. Viscount 子爵
  8. peer 爵位
  9. Christian name 教名
  10.baronet 准男爵
  11.life-peer 终生贵族
  12.shadow cabinet 影子内阁
  13.life peerage 终生贵族
  14.Protestantism 新教
  15.proletarian party 无产阶级政党
  10. 16.compulsory full-time education 全日制义务教育
  11. 17.public school 私立学校
  12. 18.grammar school 文法学校
  1. Good Friday 耶稣受难日
  2. golden rule 金科玉律
  3. commuter 拿月票上下班的人
  4. dowry 嫁妆
  5. building society 建筑者协会
  6. church wedding 教堂婚礼
  7. wedding ring 结婚戒指
  8. the B.B.C. 大英广播电台
  9. Reuters 路透社
  10. London Tower 伦敦塔
  Some useful terms to be learned:
  1.Greenwich Mean Time 格林威治时间
  2.the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国
  3.the Irish Republican Army 爱尔兰共和军
  4.the Middle Ages 中世纪
  5.constitutional monarchy 君主立宪
  6.the European Community 欧洲共同体
  7.the British Commonwealth 英联邦
  8.the Greater London 大伦敦
  9.the East End 东区
  10.the West End 西区
  11.Dane law 丹麦人居住区
  12.William the Conqueror 征服王威廉
  13.Poets’ Corner 诗人角
  14.Renaissance 文艺复兴
  15.William Shakespeare 威廉.莎士比亚
  16.the New Testament 新约全书
  17.the Old Testament 旧约全书
  18.Chancellor of the Exchequer 财政大臣
  19.Christian name 教名
  19.life-peer 终生贵族
  20.shadow cabinet 影子政府
  21.Adam and Eve 亚当和夏娃
  22.Common Prayer Book 公祷书
  23.Good Friday 耶稣受难日
  24.the B.B.C 英国广播公司
  25.Reuters 路透社
  26.the Buckingham Palace 白金汉宫
  27.the Enclosure Movement 圈地运动
  28.the White Hall 白厅
  29.Big Ben 大笨钟
  30.Westminster Abbey 威斯敏斯特大教堂
  31.Hyde Park 海德公园
  32.the British Isles 英伦三岛
  33.Normandy 诺曼底
  34. Norman Conquest 诺曼人入侵
  35.Anglo-Saxon Conquest 盎格鲁.撒克森入侵
  36.the Pennines 奔宁山脉
  37.the Thames River 泰晤士河
  38.common law 普通法
  39.the Labor Party 工党
  40.the Conservative Party 保守党
  41.the Opposition Party 反对党
  42.House of Lords 贵族院
  43.House of Commons 平民院
  44. the Bible 圣经
  45.Elizabeth I 伊丽莎白一世
  46.Jesus Christ 耶酥
  47.Julius Caesar 凯撒大帝
  48.Alfred the Great 阿尔弗雷德大帝
  49.general election 大选
  50.No.10.Downing Street 唐宁节10号
  51.the Liberal Party 自由党
  52.boarding school 寄宿学校
  53.Oxford College 牛津大学
  54.Cambridge University 剑桥大学
  55.public school (英国)私立学校
  56.prep school 预备学校
  57.Mother’s Day 母亲节
  58.Easter 复活节
  59.April Fools’ Day 愚人节
  60.Hollywood 好莱坞
  61.honeymoon 蜜月
  62.The Guardian 卫报
  63.Christmas Day 圣诞节
  64.The Times 泰晤士报
  65.cocktail party 鸡尾酒会
  66.the Industrial Revolution 工业革命
  67.Chinatown 唐人街
  68.Supreme Court 最高法院
  69.Church of England 英国国教
  70.The War of Roses 玫瑰战争
  71.compulsory full-time education 全日制义务教育
  72. the Clyde River 克拉德河
  73. Iberians 伊比利亚人
  74. Geoffrey Chaucer 杰弗里.乔叟
  75.the Great Charter 大宪章
  76.the Hundred Years’ War 百年战争
  77. the Glorious Revolution 光荣革命
  78. Hadrian’s Wall 哈德良长城
  79. the Sinn Fein Party 新芬党
  80. Divine Right of Kings 君权神授
  81. Parliament 议会
  82..the statute law 成文法
  83.the common law 普通法
  84.the conventions 习惯法
  85.European Community law 欧共体
  86. vote of no confidence 不信任选举
  87. Shell 壳牌
  88. Elizabethan Drama 伊丽莎白时代戏剧
  89. Modernism 现代派
  90.Postmodernism 后现代主义
  91.Ramadan 斋月
  92. Queen’s Birthday 女王生日
  93. Eisteddfod 威尔士诗歌音乐比赛会
  94. infants’ school 学前班
  95.nursery 托儿所
  96.kindergarten 幼儿园
  97.prep school 预备学校
  98.grammar school 文法学校
  99.middle school (英国)中学
  100.high school (美国)高中
  101.primary school (英国)小学
  102.comprehensive school 综合学校
  103.college (单一性)大学
  104.university (综合性大学)大学
  105.elementary school (美国)小学
  106.television university 电视大学
  107.night school 夜校
  108.open university 开放大学
  109.community university 社区大学
  110.life education 终生教育
  111.independent school 独立学校
  112.public school (在英国)私立学校
  113.private school (在美国)私立学校
  114.state-owned school 国立学校
  115.church school 教会学校
  116.continuing education 继续教育
  117.vocational education 职业教育
  118.university for the elderly 老年大学
  119. school for the deaf and dumb 聋哑学校
  120.distance education 远程教育
  121.elven-plus (在英国)小学升入中学的一种考试
  122,military institute 军事学院
  123.quality-oriented education 素质教育
  124.pupil 小学生
  125.student 学生
  126.junior middle school 初中学校
  127.senior middle school 高中学校
  128.undergraduate
  (获肄业证)本科生,(正在学习) 本科生
  129.graduate 本科生
  130.post-graduate 研究生
  131. bachelor 学士
  132.master 硕士
  133.doctor 博士
  134.assistant 助教
  135.lecturer 讲师
  136.professor 教授
  137.vice professor 副教授
  138.life professor 终生教授
  139.headmaster (小学)校长
  140.principal (中学)校长
  141.president (大学)校长
  142.air school 广播学校
  143.Oliver Cromwell 奥利弗.克伦威尔
  144.Jerusalem 耶路撒冷
  145.Lake Poets 湖畔诗人
  146.Old English 古英语
  147.Middle English 中世纪英语
  148.Modern English 现代英语
  149.Eden 伊甸园
  150Brimingham 伯明翰
  Useful Terms To Be Learned
  Part I
  1. gold-rush 1. 淘金热
  2. the Niagara Falls 2. 尼亚加拉瀑布
  3. stump speaker 3. 树桩演说家
  4. the Great Lakes. 4. 五大湖
  5. the Appalachian Mountains 5. 阿巴拉契亚山脉
  6. the Rio Grande River 6. 格朗德河
  7. the Rockies 7. 落基山脉
  8. the Mississippi River 8. 密西西比河
  9. the National Grand Canyon Park 9. 大峡谷国家公园
  10. the Great Central Valley 10. 中央大峡谷/中央大平原
  11. Death Valley 11. 死谷
  12. the National Grand Canyon Park 12. 大峡谷国家公园
  13. spring flood 13. 春洪
  14. the Yellow Stone National Park 14. 国立黄石公园
  15. the Great Salt Lake 15. 大盐湖
  16. Coast Ranges 16. 海岸山脉
  17. Market sector 17. 市场部分
  18. the Great Mississippi River Basin 18. 中央大平原/密西西比河盆地
  19. government procurement 19. 政府采办
  20. Lake Ontario 20. 安大略湖
  21. Boeing Aircraft Company 21. 波音飞机公司
  22. Lake Michigan 22. 密执安湖
  23. Detroit 23. 底特律
  24. protectionism 24. 贸易保护主义
  25. Seattle 25. 西雅图
  26. International Business Machine(IBM) 26. 国际商用机器公司
  27. pop corn 27. 爆玉米花
  28. General Motors 28. 通用汽车
  29. government principles 29. 政府原则
  30. Broadway 30.百老汇
  31. delegated power 31. 特有权
  32. Chinatown 32. 唐人街
  33. separation of powers 33. 分权
  34. Capitol Hill 34. 国会山
  35. Grant-in Aid 35. 拨款
  36. the Pentagon 36. 五角大楼
  37. Hispanics 37. 拉丁后裔
  38. San Francisco 38. 旧金山
  39. Jew-baiters 39. 迫害犹太人者
  40. Los Angeles 40. 洛杉矶
  41. Attorney General 41. 司法部长
  42. Harvard University 42. 哈佛大学
  43.the US Congress 43. 美国国会
  44. the Establishment 44. 特权阶层
  45. the Senate 45. 参议院
  46. culture of poverty 46. 文化贫乏
  47. migratory birds 47. 流动人口
  48. White House 48. 白宫
  49. the Pilgrim Fathers 49. 移民之父
  50. New England 50. 新英格兰
  
  Part II
  1. Mayflower 1. 五月花号船
  2. Continental Congress 2. 大陆会议
  3. Thanksgiving Day 3. 感恩节
  4. the War of Independence 4. 独立战争
  5. Declaration of Independence 5. 独立宣言
  6. the Federalist 6. 联邦党
  7. Constitutional Convention 7. 制宪会议
  8. Constitution Day 8. 宪法日
  9. The Anti-federalist 9. 反联邦党
  10. Bill of Rights 10. 人权法案
  11. American Constitution 11. 美国宪法
  12. the Star-Sparkled Banner 12. 星条旗
  13. the Second War of Independence of America 13.美国第二次独立战争
  14. the Mexican War 14. 墨西哥战争
  15. America for Americans 15. 美国人的美州
  16. the Monroe Doctrine 16. 门罗主义
  17. free states 17. 自由州
  18. slave-holding states 18. 蓄奴州
  19. the Underground Railroad 19. 地下铁路
  20. Uncle Tom’s Cabin. 20. 汤姆大叔的小屋
  21. the American Civil War 21. 美国内战
  22. the Emancipation Proclamation 22. 解放黑人奴隶宣言
  23. Gettsburg Address 23. 葛底斯堡演讲
  24. Ku Klux Klan 24. 三K党
  25. monopoly business 25. 垄断公司
  26. patent system 26. 专利制
  27. the United States Steel Corporation 27. 美国钢铁公司
  28. the Morgan Group 28. 摩根财团
  29. the Rockefeller Group 29. 洛克菲勒财团
  30. the War with Spain 30. 美西战争
  31. the American Telephone And Telegraph Company 31. 美国电话电报公司
  32. the neutral policy 32. 中立政策
  33. the Federal Reserve act 33. 联邦储备银行法
  34. the lost generation 34. 迷惘的一代
  35. the First World War 35. 第一次世界大战
  36. Red Scare. 36. 赤色恐怖
  37. the Munich agreement 37. 慕尼黑协定
  38. Fascism 38. 法西斯主义
  39. the Pacific War 39. 太平洋战争
  40. the appeasement 40. 绥靖政策
  41. the baby-boom 41. 生育高峰
  42. the Allies 42. 同盟国
  43. the Truman Doctrine 43. 杜鲁门主义
  44. the United Nations 44. 联合国
  45. the woman’s movement 45. 妇女运动
  46. Marshall Plan 46.马歇尔计划
  47. the beat generation 47. 垮了的一代
  48. McCarthy Era. 48. 麦卡锡时期
  49. the Watergate Affair 49. 水门事件
  50. the Civil Rights Movement 50. 民权运动
  
  Part III
  1. bicameral law-making body 1. 两院制立法机构
  2. Attorney General 2. 司法部长
  3. balances and checks 3.制约与平衡
  4. federalism 4. 联邦主义
  5. floor leader 5. 党魁
  6. standing committees 6. 常务委员会
  7. Secretary of State 7. 国务卿
  8. Chief Justice 8. 大法官
  9. impeach 9. 弹劾
  10. judicial review 10. 司法监督
  11. White House 11. 白宫
  12. bail 12. 保释金
  13. brain-trusters 13. 智囊团
  14. inherend powers 14. 固有权
  15. pressure group 15. 压力集团
  16. activist 16. 活动家
  17.open primary 17. 初选
  18. platform 18. 党纲
  19. the Democratic Party 19. 民主党
  20. running mate 20. 竞选对手
  21. the Republican Party 21. 共和党
  22. Sepcial Advisor on National Security 22.国家安全特别顾问
  23. general election 23. 大选
  24. Princeton University 24. 普林斯顿大学
  25. minority leader 25. 少数党领袖
  26. Harvard University 26. 哈佛大学
  27. global strategy 27. 全球战略
  28. the Federal Government 28. 联邦政府
  29. bi-partizen policy 29. 两党政策
  30. Federal Bureau of Investigation 30. 联邦调查局
  31. candidate 31. 候选人
  32. Senator 32. 参议员
  33. Yale College 33. 耶鲁大学
  34. Capitol Hill 34. 国会山
  35. sophomore 35. 大学二年级学生
  36. Foreign Relations Committees 36. 外交委员会
  37. the Capitol 37. 国会大厦
  38. Watchdog Committee 38. 监督委员会
  39. the Supreme Court 39. 联邦最高法院
  40. Washington Post 40. 华盛顿邮报
  41. The New York Times 41.《纽约时报》
  42. ABC 42. 美国广播公司
  43. The Wall Street Journal 43.《华尔街日报》
  44. CBS 44. 哥伦比亚广播公司
  45. Time 45.《时代》周刊
  46.VOA 46. 美国之音
  47. Associated Press 47. 美联社
  48. government bond 48. 国债券
  49. bear market 49. 熊市
  50. the New York Stock Exchange 50. 纽约股票交易所
  1. There are 13 colonies before the War of Independence.
  1) Massachusetts 马萨诸塞州
  2) Connecticut 康涅狄格州
  3) Rhode Island 罗德岛州
  4) New Hampshire 新罕布什尔州
  5) Maryland 马里兰州
  6) Pennsylvania 宾夕法尼亚州
  7) Delaware 德拉华州
  8) New York 纽约州
  9) New Jersey 新泽西州
  10)Virginia 弗吉尼亚州
  11)North Carolina 北卡罗来纳州
  12)South Carolina 南卡罗来纳州
  13)Georgia 乔治亚州
  
  2.Rivers:
  1)密西西比河 The Mississippi River
  2)密苏里河 Missouri River
  3)俄亥俄河 Ohio River
  4)哈德逊河 Hudson River
  5)东河 East River
  6)波多马克河 The potomac River
  7)格郎德河 The Rio Grande River
  8)科罗拉多河 The Colorado River
  
  3. Mountains:
  1)落基山脉 The Rockies
  2)内华达山脉 Nevada Sierra
  3)海岸山脉 Coast Rangers
  4)喀斯喀特山脉 Cascade Kange
  5)阿巴拉契亚山脉 The Appalachian Moutains
  
楼主wyhady 时间:2009-11-14 20:23:17
  (四)美国山脉,湖泊、大学、城市
  1. How many state are there in New England? (新英格兰)
  1)Maine 缅因州
  2)New Hampshire 新罕布什尔州
  3)Vermont 佛蒙特州
  4)Massachusetts 马萨诸塞州
  5)Rohde Island 罗德岛州
  6)Connecticut 康涅狄格州
  2. There are 13 colonies before the War of Independence. (13个殖民地)
  1) Massachusetts 马萨诸塞州
  2) Connecticut 康涅狄格州
  3) Rhode Island 罗德岛州
  4) New Hampshire 新罕布什尔州
  5) Maryland 马里兰州
  6) Pennsylvania 宾夕法尼亚州
  7) Delaware 德拉华州
  8) New York 纽约州
  9) New Jersey 新泽西州
  10)Virginia 弗吉尼亚州
  11)North Carolina 北卡罗来纳州
  12)South Carolina 南卡罗来纳州
  13)Georgia 乔治亚州
  
  3.Rivers:(美国河流)
  1)密西西比河 The Mississippi River
  2)密苏里河 Missouri River
  3)俄亥俄河 Ohio River
  4)哈德逊河 Hudson River
  5)东河 East River
  6)波多马克河 The potomac River
  7)格郎德河 The Rio Grande River
  8)科罗拉多河 The Colorado River
  
  4. Mountains:(美国山脉)
  1)落基山脉 The Rockies
  2)内华达山脉 Nevada Sierra
  3)海岸山脉 Coast Rangers
  4)喀斯喀特山脉 Cascade Kange
  5)阿巴拉契亚山脉 The Appalachian Moutains
  
  5. Main Cities(美国城市)
  1) Washington华盛顿
  2) Chicago 芝加哥
  3) New York纽约
  4) Philadelphia费城
  5) Atlanta亚特兰大
  6) Miami迈阿密
  7) Pittsburgh 匹兹堡
  8) Dalas达拉斯
  9) New Orleans新奥尔
  10) Seattle西雅图
  11) San Francisco旧金山
  12) Los Angeles 洛杉矶
  13) Detriot 底特律
  14) Cleveland 克里夫兰
  15) Boston波士顿
  16) Memphis孟菲斯
  17) Baltimore 巴尔的摩
  18) Dover 多佛尔
  19) Birmingham伯明翰
  20) Orlando奥兰多
  
  6.Lakes:(五大湖)
  1)苏必利尔湖 Lake Superior
  2)密执安湖 Michigan Lake
  3)休伦湖 Lake Huron
  4)伊利湖 Lake Erie
  5)安大略湖 Lake Ontario
  
  
  10 the world famous universities in America(大学名)
  1) Harvard University 哈佛大学
  2) Yale College耶鲁大学
  3) Massachusetts Institute of Technology 麻城理工学院
  4) Princeton University 普林斯顿大学
  5) Stanford University 斯坦福大学
  6) Berkeley University 伯克利大学
  7) West Point Academy 西点军校
  8) Michigan University 密歇根大学
  9) Columbia University 哥伦比亚大学
  10)Washington University 华盛顿大学
  
楼主wyhady 时间:2009-11-14 20:27:43
  二、英汉互译技巧
  (一)课堂笔记部份
  笔记1
  1 be all ears 洗耳恭听
  2 set person by the ears 挑拨离间
  3 win one’s ear赢得别人的好感
  4 He who would search fo pearls must dive deep不入虎穴,焉得虎子
  5 Talk of the devil and he is sure to come
  = Speak of the devil, and he will appear. 说曹操,曹操就到
  6 to lose face丢脸
  7Let Georges do it让别人去伤脑筋吧
  8 Ir is all Greek to me我一点也不懂
  (补充部分)
  1 The style is the man文如其人
  2 More haste,less spead欲速则不达
  3 Man proposes,God diposes谋事在人,成事在天
  4 The tongue cuts’throat祸从口出
  5 Love me,love my dog爱屋及乌
  6 A new broom sweeps clean新官上任三把火
  7 Teach fish to swim班门弄斧
  8 Have a card up one’s sleeve胸有成竹
  9 Put the cart before the horse本末倒置
  10 Gifts blind the eye拿人手短,吃人嘴软
  11 The same kmife cuts bread and fingers水能载舟,亦能覆舟
  12 Late fruite keep well大器晚成
  13 Ahouse stumbles that has four legs金无足赤,人无完人
  14 Rest breeds rust生命在于运动
  15 Every body’s business is nobady’s business三个和尚没水喝
  16 The moon is not seen when the sunshines小巫见大巫
  17 Facts speak louder than words事实胜于雄辩
  18 Pride gose before a fall. 骄者必败
  19 Misforturn might be a blessing in disguise祸兮福所倚,福兮祸所伏。
  20 Many kiss the baby the nurse’s sake醉翁之意不在酒
  21 can’t you see it’s an apple你看不出这是个陷阱吗?
  22 All men can’t be first 不是所有的人都能第一
  23 Both of them are not my friengs他们不全是我的朋友
  24 He has a large family他的子女很多
  25 Wedding and funenals红白喜事
  26 She is family way.她怀孕了。
   (补)
  Black tea 红茶 black coffee 纯/清咖啡 black eyes黑眼圈
  Dark eyes 深色的眼睛 brown sugar 红糖 in the black盈利
  In the red 亏损 white sale大减价 white elephant贵而不实用
  White lie 善意的谎言 blue film黄色电影
  例子
  1 as strong as a house力大如牛
  2 as blind as a bat鼠目寸光
  3 govse bumps/flesh鸡皮疙瘩
  4 to lick one’s boots拍马屁
  5 A lion in the way拦路虎
  6 diamond cuts diamond棋逢对手,势均力敌
  7 a flash in a pan昙花一现
  8 to grow like mushrooms如雨后春笋
  9 It’s impossible to overestimate the value of the invention
  这项发明的价值再怎么估计也不会过高
  10 You are just a douting Thomas You won’tbelieve what I tell you
  你这个人真的很多疑,无论说什么你都不会相信。
  11 president 总裁/董事长/总统。。。
  12 chief/general/head/managing 总*** chief engineer 总工程师
   Head coach 总教练 secretary – general 总干事
  13 director/head of the bureau; bureau chief 局长
  14 vice/deputy/associate/assistant 副局长
  vice president 副总统 vice governor 副局长
  vice mayor 副市长 associate professor 副教授
  associate research fellow 副研究员 deputy director 副董事
  assistant engineer 副工程师
  15 senior engineer 资深/高级工程师 senior translator 高级翻译员
  16 chief executive officer 首席执行官 chief judge 首席法官
  17 action mayor 执行市长
  笔记2
  直译法
  1 To fight to the last man战胜最后对手
  2 To break the record打破记录
  3 Under one’s nose近在咫尺
  4 armed to the teeth武装到牙齿
  5 packed like sardines挤得像罐头沙丁鱼
  6 sour grapes酸葡萄
  7 a die-hard死硬派
  8 a gentleman’s agreement君子协议
  9 an olive branch橄榄枝
  10 The Trojan horse特洛伊木马
  11 The open-door policy 门户开放政策
  12 the most favored nation clause最惠国条款
  13 shuttle dipiomacy穿梭外交
  14 a cold war冷战
  15 a cat has nine lives猫有九条命
  16 Blood is thicker than water血浓于水
  17 Barking dogs do not bite 会叫的狗不咬人
  18 A rolling stone gathers no moss滚石不生苔
  同义习语套用法
  1 to praise to the sky捧上天去
  2 to fish in the trouble waters浑水摸鱼
  3 to add fuel to the fire火上浇油
  4 to be on thin ice如履薄冰
  5 walls have ears隔墙有耳
  6 strike while the iron is ho趁热打铁
  
  1 a drop in the ocean沧海一粟
  2 to laugh off one’s head笑掉大牙
  3 to shed crocolile tears猫哭耗子
  4 to be out at elbows捉襟见肘
  5 to spend money like water挥金如土
  6 at sixes and sevens乱七八糟
  7 six of one and half a dozen of the other半斤八两
  8 one boy is a boy,two boys half a boy three boys no boy 三个和尚没水喝
  
  1 The boys do not want to invite him to the party because he is a wet blanket
  那些男孩不像邀请他参加这个派对,因为他是个扫兴的人
  2 Amony so many well-dressed and caltured pepole,the country girl felt like a fishout of water
  在在这么多穿着体面而且有涵养的人当中,这个乡下女孩显得很不自在
  3 All right,I blame myself.But it’s the last time.we were cat’s-paws.That’s all
  得了,自好怪自己了,但是以后再也不干了,我们别人当枪使了,就这样。
  4 She was born with a silver spoon in her mouth,she thinks she can do whate ever she like
  她出生于富贵之家,她认为自己可以为所欲为
  笔记3
  1 Suddenly the line went limp.”I am going back.” Said Kurth “we must have break some where. Wait for me, I ‘ll be back in five minutes”
  突然那电线断了下来“我去去就来”KURTH说“可能是哪个地方断掉了,等我一下,五分钟回来”
  2 John is now with his parents in New York city, it is already three years since he wa s teacher
  约翰现在和他的父母在纽约,他已经不当老师三年了
  3 It is good for him to do that那样做对他有好处
  4 John can be relied on. He eats no fish and plays the game 约翰是可以依赖的,他忠诚又正直
  Literal translation 直译
  --- I hated him,and I had a feeling he had lead us to both to our ancestors
  我讨厌他,而且我有种感觉他会带我们去送死
  Free translation 意译
  ---Do you see any green in my eye?你以为我是好欺骗的啊?
  ---Ruth was upsetting the other children, so I should her the door. Ruth总是吵别的小孩,所以我把他撵出去了
   “not because”的译法
  1. You should not despise him because he is only a child.
   (1) 你不要因为他只是小孩而轻视他。
   (2) 你不要轻视他,因为他只是个小孩。
  2. I did not marry her because I loved her.
   (1) 我不是因为爱她而娶她。
   (2) 我没有娶她是因为我爱她。
  3. He did not com because he wanted to see me.
   他不是因为想见我而来的。
  Contrast between English & Chinese 中英对比
  1.Meaning of words 词义
  bird: 鸟(原意)-- (现意)人/姑娘/(航天)飞机/火箭/卫星
  sail: 帆(原意)[set sail 起航] -- (现意)潜艇指挥塔/(吸毒后)变得飘飘然
  1) complet equivalent 完全等同
  (1) computational linguistics 计算语言学
  (2) The Pacific Ocean 太平洋
  (3) tuberculosis 肺结核
  (4)helicopter 直升飞机
  (5) minibus 微型汽车(面包车)
  2) partial equivalent 部分对等
  marriage; gun; sister; morning
  3) no equivalent in Chinese 没有与中文对等
  (1) mascon: (月球表层下高密度的)物质聚集
  (2) beddo: 电子床;一种多用途床
  (3) overkill: 过度杀伤力;(宣传活动等方面)不必要的过度行为
  (4) plumber: (调查和防止政府人员泄密的)堵漏人员;防漏人员;泄密调查和防范人员
  4) multi-equivalent in Chinese 多种意义的词
  e.g <1>sofe
  (1) The record has been considered soft ever since it was set last May.
  自从五月份创造了这个记录,人们一直认为他是很容易被打破的
  (2) a soft abovergraoun launching site 无坚固掩体的地面发射基地
  (3) soft landing/ a soft drug软着陆/毒性较轻的药品
  (4) There is only soft intelligence about the enemy intention. 关于敌人的意图还只有不太充分的情报
  e.g <2>total
  (1) He bought a new car and totaled it the next month. 报废
   他买了辆新车,可是下一个月就全毁了
  (2) Did you at least total the guy that hit you? 报复
  你至少很打你的人算账吧
  2. Allocation of words 词语搭配
   1) to cut wheat (割麦子) / cake (切蛋糕) / finger nails (剪指甲)
   2) He wore dark glasses and thick sweater. 他戴着墨镜,穿着厚背心
  3. word order 词序
  
  Expengding 扩充法
  E-C
  1 I like the climate of San Francisco better than that of any other city that I have lived . It never snows, and even in July and August it rarely get hot.
  比起我住过的城市,我更喜欢旧金山的气候,这里从不下雪,甚至在7,8月也不会太热
  2 Man-made sponges have replaced natural one for many uses
  在许多的用途上,人工制造海棉代替了天然海棉
  3 If you work harder, you can no finish it in a day
  即使你更努力的工作,你也不可能在一天干完
  4 poor people, when they are suffeering from hunger and cold,a re not more unhappy than rich people, they are often much happier.
  穷人,当他们遭受饥饿和寒冷的时候,他们不见得比富人更不快乐,反而他们常常都很快乐
  5 They bought a new Fird kast week他们上周买了辆新的福特车
  6 Facts are to the scientists are as word to the poets
  事实对于科学家就像是文字对诗人一样的重要
  7 Some plants grow well in certain areas, but not in other.
   一些植物在一个地方可以生长得很好,但其他地方并不生长得很好。
  E-C
  1 来了多久了?How long have you be here?
  2 我不觉得用英语与外国人交谈有什么困难。I don’t think it difficult to conversation with foreigner in English.
  3 他被一枪射穿心脏。He was shot throught the heart.
  4 他五六天就能痊愈。He will get well in five or six days.
  
  Ommiting 省略法
  1 spare the rod and spoil the child不打不成器
  2 The day when he was born remains unknown他出生的日子仍不为人知
  3 An elephant is much stronger than a cat大象比猫更强壮
  4 The moon was slwoy rising above the sea月亮从海面上缓缓的升起
  5 The flowers are beautiful花很漂亮
  6 The boy is too young to go to school男孩太小了以至于不能上学
  7 We live and learn活到老学到老
  8 You can never tell很难说
  9 I drank some coffe but it make me more thirsty我喝了些咖啡,但是我更渴了
  10The people’s Republid of China was founded in 1949. 中华人民共和国成立于1949年
  11 Smoking is prohibited in public place公共场合禁止吸烟
  12 He graduated in June他六月份毕业了
  13 Until all is over ambition never dies. 不到黄河心不死。
  Reapting 重复法
  1 You have your business and I have mine你有你的事,我有我的事
  2 John is your frieng as much he is mine约翰是你的朋友也是我的朋友
  3 If you want to go, you may , I have no objection to your going. 如果你要走,你可以走,我不会反对你走的
  4 The letter I represent I ,O owe, U you字母I代表我,O代表欠,U代表你
  5 If they tell you to come on such and such a day , don’t agree if it is not convenient.
  如果他们叫你某某天来,你不方便就别答应
  6 The animals went in two by two动物两个两个的走进来
  7 If you go to shanghai, do not forget to see Mike. 如果你去上海,别忘了去看看麦克
  8 Is he a friend or an enemy?他是朋友还是敌人
  9 He opened his eyes, They were filled with tears. 他睁开眼睛,双眼充满着泪水
  10 Each country has its own troubles各个国家都与各自的问题
  11You may borrow whichever novel in my book case you like best. 我书柜里头的书你最喜欢哪本就借哪本
  Converting 转译法
  1 Is he a smoker?他抽烟吗?
  2 They were confident of vitory他们有信心取胜
  3 The sight and sound of our jet plances filled me with special longing
  看到我们喷气式飞机,听到隆隆的机声,我心理充满了特别的渴望
  4 I am afraid I can not teach you swimming. He is a better teacher than I.我恐怕不能教你游泳,因为他教的比我好
  5 As he ran out, he forgot to have shoes on. 他跑了出去,忘记穿上鞋子了
  6 They did their best to help the sick and the wounded.他们尽自己的所能去帮助病患和伤员
  7 He is eloquent and elegant, but soft.他口才好又优雅,就是太软弱
  笔记4
  Choice of meaning
  1 He likes mathematics more than physics。比起数学,他更喜欢物理。
  2 It was shining like gold。像金子一样金光闪闪。
  3 Like knows like英雄识英雄
  4 He is the last man to come他最后一个来
  5He is the last man to do it 他绝不会这样做
  6 He should be the last to blame最不该怪他
  7 He is the last person for such a job他最不配做这事
  8 He is the last man to consult根本不宜跟他商量
  9 This is the last place where I expected to meet you我绝没有想到会在这儿遇到你
  10 The meeting lasted for three hours. 这个会议持续了三个小时
  11 You have to take off your boots before getting in. 进来前你得先脱下鞋子
  12 The plane will take off in ten minutes飞机将在十分钟后起飞。
  13 He always sits on the edge of his chair when working as if about to take off
  他上班的时候喜欢坐在椅子边缘,好像就要跳起身来
  14 This hair style took off among teenagers and soon was imitated by tohers
  这个发型在十几岁的青少年开始流行,很快的其他人也模仿起来了
  Expending and meaning 词意引申
  1 Every lif has its roses and thorns每个人的生活有苦有甜
  2 There is a micure of tiger of the ape in his charator. 他的性格既凶暴又狡猾
  3 See-sawing between partly good and faintly band, the news was never distinct.
  消息时而部分好转,时而似乎有点不妙,两种情况交替出现,从来就没有明朗过
  4 As the teacher gabe the go-head to the kids, they rushed out immediately with noises.
  老师一开绿灯,孩子们就吵吵闹闹的冲了出去。
  5 The car in front of me stopped and I missed the green. 我前面的车停了下来,我就错过了绿灯
  6 The task carried out by them are praiseworthly. 他们正在从事的事情是值得赞颂的。
  7 He kept bosasting that he has talked to the president. 他总是吹嘘他和总统说过话。
  8 We wre shocked by his coarse manners我们对他的粗暴态度感到震惊。
  9 As a demanding boss,he ecpected total loalty and dedication from his employees.
  作为苛刻的老板,他希望员工们忠心耿耿,鞠躬尽瘁。
  10 Those who do not remember the past are doomed to relive it
  凡是那些忘记过去的人注定要重蹈覆辙。
  笔记5
  正反及反正表达法
  1 “ don't stop working.” He said“继续干吧“他说
  2 He went into the insecure building他走进了那栋危楼
  3 He knew he was mortally ill他知道自己得了不治之症
  4 This would cover my absence from classroom这就会掩盖我不在教室的事实
  5 This first bomb missed the target第一颗炸弹没有击中目标
  6 We may safely say so我们这么说是万无一失的
  7 ---The boy is quite clever.这男孩很聪明 --- Exactly一点也没错
  8 The explanation is pretty thin这种解释不怎么站得住脚
  9 His refusal is not final他并没有彻底的拒绝。(他的拒绝还有回旋的余地)
  10 the problem is above me这个问题我可不懂
  11 He was beyond his power to sgn such a contract他无权签这个合同。
  Exercise
  1 They would fight to death before they surrended. 他们宁愿战死也决不投降
  2 He would rather be fired by his boss than go to work on time. 他宁愿被老板炒鱿鱼也不愿准时上班
  3 I will not go unless I hear from him. 除非是他通知我,我就不会去。(如果他不通知我,我就不会去。)
  4 They found themselves far from ready to fight the war. 他们发现他们远远为作战做好准备。
  5 We believe the younger generation will prove worthy of our turst. 我们相信年轻一代将不负众望。
  6When she missed the last bus, she was at a loss to know that to do. 当她错过最后一班公共汽车,她不知所措
  7 If it worked once , it can work twice. 一次得手,再次不愁
  8 He was 75 years old, but he carried his years lightly. 他75岁了,但他并不显老。
  9 The deision has to come决定还没做出。
  反说正译
  1 The doubt was still unsolved after his repeated explantions. 虽然经过他一再解释,疑团仍然存在。
  2 He carelessly glance through the note and got away. 他漫不经心的看了字条一眼就走开了
  3 He is an idecisive sort of person. 他是个优柔寡断的人
  4 All the articles are untouchable. 所有的物品都禁止触摸
  5 He showed a strong dislike for his father’s business. 他表现出对他父亲的事业强烈的的厌恶。
  6 Don’t lose time in posting the letter. 赶紧把信寄出去
  7 The examination left no doubt that the patient had died of cancer. 检查毫不疑问的表明,这个病人死于癌症
  8 Students, with no exception,are to hand in their paper this afternoon. 学生们毫无例外地在下午交论文。
  9 The significance of these incidents was not lost on us. 这些事件的重要性引起我们的注意。
  10 Such behaviors could not long escape notice. 这种行为迟早会被注意到。
  11 I saw at once that she was not all right. 我马上就发现她出问题了。
  笔记6 (分句,合句法)
  分句法:
  1 They, not surprisingly, did not respond at all
  他们根本都没回复,这不足为奇
  2 He might have spoken with understandable pride of his winning the prize.
  在谈到他获奖的时候,他也许流露出自豪的神态,这是可以理解的
  3 A movie of me leaving that foxhold would look like a bullet leaving a rifle
  我冲出掩体的速度之快,如果拍成电影的话,就像是出膛的子弹一样。
  4 He shook his heas and his eyes were wide, then narrowed in indignation
  他摇摇头,眼睛瞪得大大的,然后又眯成一条线,流露出愤怒的表情
  5 She sat with her hands cupping her chin, staring at a corner of the room
  她双手托着下巴坐着,眼睛盯着房间的角落
  6 Sunrays flitered in wherever they could,friving our darkness and chocking the shadow
  阳光射入所能穿透的任何地方,赶走黑暗,驱散阴影
  7 I wrote four books in the first three years, a record never touched before
  头三年我写了四本书,这打破了以往的记录
  8 He was forbidden to kill the spy, a relatively easy task. 上级禁止他杀死间谍,虽然说杀死间谍更不费事
  9 Energy can cever be created nor destroyed, auniversally accepted law
  能量既不能被创造也不能毁灭,这是一条普遍认同的规律
  10 The power increased with their numbe.他们人数增加了,所以他们的力量也增强了
  11 He arrived in washington at a ripe moment. 他到华盛顿的时候,就当时的国际形势而言,他到的正是时候
  12 His failure to observe the safety regulations resulted in a breakdown of the machine
  他没能遵守安全规则,所以机器就出了故障
  13 It was on the early morning of April 2,1971, the pilots were brieded in the ready room
  1971年.4月2日的清晨,飞行员在待命室接受任务
  14 He was very clean. His mind was open他为人单纯而坦率
  15 There are men here from all over the country . many of them are from the sout.来自世界各地的大部分是南方人
  16 When I negotiate, I get nervour . when I get nervous , I eat. 谈判的时候我紧张,紧张的时候吃点东西。
  17 When we praise the chinese leadership and the people, we are not merely being polite
  我们对中国的领导人和对中国人民的赞扬不仅仅是出于礼貌
  18 In 1844 Engles met Marx and they become friend
  1844年,恩格斯遇到了马克思并且成为朋友
  19 The time was 10:30 pm and traffic on the street was light
  晚上10:30街上的交通就稀少了
  笔记7(被动语态)
  不加主语
  It is hoped that…希望。。。
  It is reported that…据报。。。
  It is supposed that…据推测。。。
  It must be admitted that…必须承认。。。
  It may be said without fear of exaggeration…可以毫不夸张的说。。。
  It must be pointed out that…必须指出。。。
  It will be seen from this that…由此可见。。。
  可以加主语
  It is asserted that…有人主张。。。
  It is believed that…有人相信/认为。。。
  It is generally considered that…大家认为。。。
  It is well known that…众所周知。。。
  It will be dais that…有人会说。。。
  It was told that…有人曾经说。。。
  e.g
  1 The whole country was armed in a few days
   近几天之内整个国家都全部武装起来了。
  2 The crew were trained at a military base
   机组人员是在军事基地接受训练的。
  3 The decision to zttzck was not taken lightly
   进攻的决定不是轻易做出的。
  4 His body was gound at the end of the alley
   他的尸体是在巷子的尽头发现的。
  e.g
  1 They were given hearty welcome
   他们受到热烈的欢迎。
  2 Most letter from his wife, are read to him by nurse in the hospital
   他妻子的来信中,大部分是由医院的护士给他念的。
  3 Most of the questions have been settled satisfactorily, only a few questions of secondary importance remain to be discussed. 大部分的问题都已经得到完美解决,只是一些次要的问题还有待讨论。
  4 After a while an agreement was arrived
   过了一会就达成了协议。
  5 Rainbow are formed when sunlight passes through small drops of wateer in the sky
   彩虹是阳光穿透天空中的小雨滴形成的。
  6 Last year the region was visited by the worst dougnt in 60 years. 去年这地区遭遇了60年以来最严重的旱灾。
  e.g
  1 A large sum of money has been put aside for the purpose. 大笔资金已经留作那一用途。
  2 I am afraid I shall be laughed at. 我怕有人会嘲笑我。
  3 The workers were seen repairing the machine. 有人看见在工人们在修机器。
  4 My first thirty years were spent in western America. 我的头30年事在美国西部度过的。
  笔记8(名词从句)
  主语从句
  1 What he told me was only half-truth. 他告诉我的事实只有一半是真的。
  2 Whateve he saw and heard on his trip gave him a very deep impression. 他此行的所见所闻给他留下深刻印象。
  3 Whoever has made a voyage up the Hudson must remember these mountains
   凡是在哈德逊河航行的人一定会记得这些山脉。
  4 It does not make much difference whether he attends the meeting or not. 他参不参加会议都没有多大关系。
  5 It is a fact he USA has sent its fleet to all parts of the world. 美国已经把军舰派到世界各地这是个事实。
  6 It seemed in conceivable that the pilot could have survied the crash.
  飞行员在飞机坠毁后竟然幸存下来,这似乎是难以置信。
  7 It is strange that she should have failed to see her own shortcomings. 很奇怪,她居然没看到自己的缺点。
  
  宾语从句
  1 I also told him how appealing I gound the offer. 我也告诉他这个机会是多么吸引人。
  2 He reminded people again that it was decided not only by himself but by lots of others
   他再一次提醒人们,这个决定不仅仅是他自己做出的,还有很多其他人。
  3 I regard it as an honor that I am chosen to attend the meeting. 我被选去参加这次会议,感到很荣幸。
  4 “ anyhow, old chap, I owe it to you that I am here”. “无论如何,老伙计,我能在这多亏了你。”
  表语从句
  1 That was how a small nation won the victory over a big power. 就那样,小国战胜了大国。
  2 This is where the shoe prinches. 这就是问题的症结所在。
  3 What he emphasized oveer an over again wa that, no matter how difficult might, they should never retreat even an inch. 他一再的强调的是,无论有多困难,他们也不会后退一寸的。
  同位语从句
  1 He expressed the hope that he would come over to visit China again. 他表示希望再来拜访中国。
  2 There were also indications that intelligence, not politics was his primary
   有迹象表明,他所关心的是情报而不是政治。
  3 Yet, from he beginning, the fact ia was alive ignored. 我仍然活着的事实从一开始就被人忽略了。
  4 There was always the possibility that he was a political swindler. 他是一个政治骗子,这种可能性总是存在的。
  5 It does not alter the fact that he is the man responsible for the delay. 他该为延误负责任,这事实是无法改变的。
  增加“既”“以为”或者用冒号,破折号分开
  1 But considered realistically, we had to face the fact that our prospects are less than good
   现实一点考虑,我们不得不面对这个事实,我们的前景不妙。
  单词,短语作同位语
  1 According to Mike, my cousin, Oscar mentioned this matter.根据我的表兄麦克的叙述,奥斯卡曾经提过这件事。
  2 I have been to all the cinemas in the city, big or small. 我到过这个城市大大小小的电影院。
  3 We two like to go there. 我们两个喜欢去那儿。
  4 Her son, my employer’s nephew, was an assistant in the shop.她儿子,也就是我老板的侄子,是这家商店的伙计。
  5 In three hours we reached out destination, Washington. 3小时后我们到达了目的地 — 华盛顿。
  Translation of Loan Words: 外来语翻译
  1. Transliteration 音译
  e.g: humor (幽默) logic (逻辑) sofa (沙发) nylon (尼龙) chocolate (巧克力) sonar (声纳)
   opium (鸦片) lymph (淋巴) brandy (白兰地) pound (磅/英镑) whisky (威士忌)
   radar (雷达) ton (吨) penicillin (青霉素)
  e.g: 1) Engels (恩格斯), Elizabeth (伊丽莎白) 没有必要每个音节都译出来
   2) Bumble (本伯/邦伯), Congo (刚果) 还要使译名有误导人的意思
   3) Suez (苏伊士运河), Arab (阿拉伯) 避免用生僻字
   4) Tolstoy (托尔斯泰), Gogol (果戈里) 译名避用太汉化的字,除特殊情况
   5) Anna (安娜), Mary (玛丽) 女性名字尽量女性化点
   6) Hamlet (哈姆雷特), Gone With the Wind (飘,乱世佳人),
   Garve Her Name with Pride (女英烈传) 尽量用约定俗成的译名
  2. Free / Loose translation 意译
  e.g: honeymoon (蜜月) horse-power (马力) Life (生活) Time (时代) Pentagon (五角大楼,美国国防部)
   White House (白宫) White Hall (白厅) Fleet Street (舰队街) Iceland (冰岛)
   Cape of Good Hope (好望角) Pacific Ocean (太平洋) Oxford (牛津)
  3. Part translitration part free translation
  e.g: Cambridge (剑桥) ice-cream (冰淇淋) New Delhi (新德里) New Zealand (新西兰)
  4. Additional remark
  e.g: rifle (来福枪) swallowtail (燕尾服) cigar (雪茄烟杆) ballet (芭蕾舞) sardine (沙丁鱼)
  bar (酒吧) beer (啤酒) jeep (吉普车) tittup (踢踏舞) ping-pong (乒乓球) hippy (嬉皮士)
  democracy (民主) inspiration (敏感) Norman Bethume (诺尔曼 白求恩)
  Exercises:
  
  1. Wall Street (华尔街)
  2. Muslem (穆斯林)
  3. Becon (培根)
  4. cocoa (可可)
  5. quinine (奎宁)
  6. mango (芒果)
  7. nicotine (尼古丁)
  8. morphine (吗啡)
  9. mummy (木乃伊)
  10. lemon (柠檬)
  11. guitar (吉他)
  12. toast (吐司)
  13. Vaseline (凡士林)
  14. hormaone (荷尔蒙)
  15. salon (沙龙)
  16. Olympic (奥林匹克运动会)
  17. Champagne (香槟洒)
  18. waltz (华尔兹舞)
  19. marathon (马拉松赛跑)
  20. sonnet (十四行诗)
  21. cafe (咖啡馆)
  22. Nazi (纳粹党,纳粹分子)
  23. gypsy (吉普赛人)
  
楼主wyhady 时间:2009-11-14 20:31:13
  (二)课堂作业部份
  课堂作业1
  1 Nobody could be too foolish this day
  这一天怎么出洋相也不过分
  2 If you ever think he is lazy, think again
  如果你认为他很懒,那就错了
  3 When I say Chinese food, I mean Chinese food
  我说的是正宗的中国菜
  4 Being a teacher is being present at creation, when the clay beings begin to breathe.
  老师是创造的见证人, 目睹生命呼吸成长
   课堂作业2
  1 His wife holds the purse strings
  他的老婆掌管财政大权
  2 you should keep your nose out of here
  你别在这多管闲事
  3 Don’t you see the writing on the walls?
  难到你不知道灾难即将来临嘛?
  4 I am not talking about castles in the air---the donkey’s carrot. No, I mean something we have all shared.
  我说的不是空中楼阁像这样的望梅止渴,我的意思是一些我们都有份的事。
  5 Mother said, “ John, you are talking through your hat. You are crazy.
  妈妈说,“ 约翰,你信口雌黄,简直疯了
  6 His accent gave him away.
  他的口音是使他暴露了身份
  7 And then, I fell asleep and only woke at broad day.
  然后我就睡着了,直到日丈三高才醒过来。
   课堂作业 3
  1 to persuade说服 Persuation说服工作
  2 to prepare 准备 Preparation准备工作
  3 back ward 落后的 Backwardness落后状态
  4 tense 紧张的 Tension紧张态度
  5 arrogant 傲慢的 Arrongance傲慢的态度
  6 mad 疯的 Madness疯狂的行为
  7 I favoe the effort to improbe relations with other countries
  我赞同这种去改善与其他国家之间相互关系的努力
  8 My work, my family, my friends are more than enough to fill my time
  我的工作,家庭,朋友,足足充满我的时间
  9 With the meeting to begin in only one hour,l I hadn’t the time to worry about such trifes
   在过仅仅的一个小时会议就要开始了,我没有时间在去担心这样的琐事
  10 “It’ ll surely make a man of him,” He said loudly
  他大声的说;“这一定会把他造就成堂堂男子汉
  11 Now and then his boots shone
  他的靴子时不时的发光
  12 He began to see things and to understand
  他开始见世面,懂道理了
  13 The invading troops looted wherever they went.
  侵略军队走到哪里就抢到哪
  14 He was wrinkled and black, with scant gray hair.
  他的脸上布满了皱纹而且皮肤黝黑,头上还有少许的白头发
  15 I knew it quite well as I know it now.
  我当时就跟想做一样已经了解的清清楚楚了
  16 They had always been able to control things.
  他们那个时候一直都能控制局面
  17 He looked older than his age, for he had had a hard life
  由于他曾经过早辛苦的生活,所以她看起来比实际年龄还老
  课堂课堂4
  1 A view of Mount Fuji can be obtained from here.
  从这儿就可以看到富士山了
  2 At the tought of the difficulties his legs stiffened and could not move a step futher
  一想到困难重重,他的两腿就发麻,再也不能前进一步了
  3 He is no somker, but his father is a chain-somker
  他不抽烟,可是他的父亲烟一根接着一根的抽
  4 He is a regular vistor
  他是个常客
  5 She is a lover of chinese painting.
  她是个国画爱好者
  6 He showed grat concern for the studengts’ health.
  他非常关心他学生的健康
  7 Up the street the went, past stores,across a broad squares, and then entered a huge building.
  他们沿着大街走,经过商店,穿过广场,然后进了一栋大厦
  8 They were suspicious and resentful of him
  他们怀疑他而且怨恨他
  9 When the went back, the radio was still on ,for he had fogetten to turn it off when he left.
  因为在他离开之前忘记关掉收音机,当他回来的时候收音机还在响
  10 A well-dressed man, who looked and talk like an American, got into the car.
  一个穿着得体,长相和口音像美国人的走进了那辆轿车
  课堂作业5
  1 He is ill, that accounts for his absence
  他生病了,这就是他缺席的原因
  2 In this battle, he accounted for five enemy
  在这场战争中,他打死了五个人
  3I want you to accounts for every cent you spent.
  我希望你把所花的每分钱都解释清楚
  4 If the store is not made up, it will go out.
  如果炉子没有加燃料,火就会灭掉
  5 There is not any girl called Mary, he has just made her up.
  这里没有叫玛丽的女孩,这是他捏造出来的
  6 Half the roads in the region are still to be made up.
  这个地区一半的路还在修修补补
  7 Socienty is made up of people with different abilities./
  社会是有不同才能的人所组成的
  8 It took her one hour to make up before she went shopping.
  她去逛街前花了一个小时化妆。
  9 we have to drive fast to make uo for the hour we lost in Fuzhou.
  我们得开快点, 弥补我们在福州所担搁的一个小时
  10 The wedding was attended by a who’s who of Boston Society. So the bride felt very proud.
  出席这个我婚礼的是一个波士顿的上流人士,所以新娘感到很自豪
  11 It seems that money is becoming the King.
  似乎金钱是主宰一切的统治者
  
  课堂作业6
  1 The ache that had persisted in his chest had turn to severe pain.
  他胸口持续不断的痛,现在痛得更厉害了
  2 “If we lose our lives, you will lose yours!”
  如果我们没命了,你们也活不了
  3 If he had kept his temper, the negotiaction woukd probably have been a success.
  如果他不发脾气,这个谈判很有可能会成功
  4 I have failed to convince him of his error.
  我没有办法让他相信他错了
  5 The two terms tied.
  两队不分胜负
  6 She said simply: “They are all bad.”
  她简单的说; 他们都不是好东西
  7Apprerence are deceptive.
  外表是靠不住的
  8 The teacher found some of the students absent.
  老师发现有一些同学没有来
  9 That seems against nature
  那似乎不符合自然规律
  10 Under fifty people were there
  那里不足五十人
  11 Silence reigned all over for a while
  一时间,全场鸦雀无声
  12 She always seemed too busy in the house
  她似乎总是在她的房间里头忙不过来
  13 Slowly he pulled the letter out of the envelope and unfolded it
  他不慌不忙的把信从信封里拿出来,然后打开
  14 The stranger had already gone before I hurried to the hotel
  我还来不及赶到酒店,那个陌生人已经走了
  15 she could not still till her native country was free.
  国家不解放,她就坐不住
  16 They would rather have the blue one than the green one
  他们宁愿选择蓝色也不选择绿色
  17 You will fail unless you work harder.
  如果你不更努力些,你就会失败
  18 His explanation is far from being satisfactory
  他的解释远远不能让人满意
  19 You should seize the moment to put in a good word for me
  你应该不失时机的给我说句好话
  20 This new spread like wildfire
  这个消息不胫而走
  21 She kept to her room all day
  她整天足不出户
  22 As was expected, the enemy walked into the trap
  不出所料,敌人果然自投罗网
  23 It has been six or seven hours since I had anything to eat, drink or somke.
  我已经不吃,不喝,不抽烟又六七个小时了
  24 “Be carefull, mind my right arm!” She said
  “小心,别碰我的右臂”她说
  25 Haste makes waste
  欲速则不达
  26 “Don’t unstring your shoes!” She said
  “系上鞋带”她说
  27 The spies are not going to lose sight of me
  间谍一直监视我
  28 “I don’t know anything about it,” she said breathlessly
  我什么都不知道,她上气不接下气的说
  课堂作业7
  1 people forget your face, then your name
  人们首先忘记你容貌,接着又忘记你的名字。
  2 This requires care and,for difficult problems , great experience
  这就需要细心,而且对许多难题来说,还需要丰富的经验。
  3 Ignoring a problem does not solve it
  对问题置之不理,并不能解决问题。
  4 When her eyes looked up, they were large, odd, and attractive
  她抬起眼来的时候,眼睛显得很大,很特别,很动人。
  5 Big families have their own difficulties
  大家庭有大家庭的难处。
  6 Each had his own business to handle
  各人有各人的事业要做。
  7 Whoever works hard will be respected
  谁工作努力,谁就会受到尊重。
  8 If once viture is lost, all is lost
  人一旦丧失了道德,便丧失了一切。
  9 He showed himself calm in a emergency
  他在情况危急时,态度从容,镇定自若。
  10 The toasts at banquet were flat.
  在酒宴上祝酒辞平平淡淡。
  课堂作业8
  1 He wishid he were at hom. Ordinarily he would have got there three hours ago
  他希望他在家里,要是在平时他已经在家三个小时了
  2 Illogically, she had expected some kind of miracle solution
  她总是期待奇迹般的解决方法,这是不符合常理的。
  3 Characteristically, he concealed his feeling and watched and learning
  他没有流露自己的感情,察言观色,心领神会,这就是他的性格。
  4 The hospital was already spreading a fame for its food
  这家医院的伙食很好,这是远近闻名的
  5 The answer had been there all of the time just out of his reach
  答案一直都放在那,只是他没有拿到
  6 The teacher still smiled, but her voice had a little bi of impatience in it
  老师始终保持微笑,但是她的声音变得有点不耐烦,孩子们很少见到这种情况
  7 I wanted to tell John how surprised I was at his knowledge, but embarrassment made me hod my peace
  我想告诉约翰,我没想到他的知识这么渊博,但是不好意思没开口
  8 Strange enough they were the same age to the day
  碰巧的是他们的年龄相同而且同一天出生
  9 That was long age time go. Alomost 30 years age
  这是很久很久以前,几乎是三十年前的事了
  10 Home after seven years. Home. The word had meant so much to him
  离开家七年后,家这个字对他来说意味深长
  11 While he washed, he heard the doorbell
  洗澡的时候,他听到了门铃响
  12 If we do a thing, we should so it well
  我们要做就要做好
  13 It was 1990, and I had just come to ximnen from a mountain billage to seek my fotune.
  1990年,我刚到厦门寻找出路
   课堂作业9
   1Wet paint
  油漆未干
  2 They are dependent on each other
  他么谁也离不开谁
  3 I remained confused about this problem
  这个问题我依然不明白
  4 Let bygones be bygones
  过去的就让它过去吧
  5 You evidently think otherwise
  显然你的想法跟别人不一样
  6 He will die of hunger before he will steal
  他宁愿饿死也不偷
  7 That little bridge is anything but safe
  那座小桥根本不安全
  8 He was more frightensed than hurt
  他没怎么伤着,却吓的不轻
  9 We must never sto taking an optimistic view of life
  我们要永远保持乐观的生活态度
  10 American education owes a great deal to Thomas Jefferson
  托马斯。杰弗逊为美国的教育做了很大的贡献
  11 Under the dust was a color map of paris
  一张彩色巴黎地图上布满了灰尘
  12 Written on the card was a message under the printed” Happy Birthday”
  卡片上,在印刷体“生日快乐”下写着一句祝福语。
  13 Little dose he realize the danger he is in
  他没有意识到他所处的危险。
  14 600 B C, saw the invention of wheel
  公元前600年,人类发明了轮子
  15 While I sympathize, I can not really do very much to help
  我真是爱莫能助啊。
  16 It could not have happened except that it did
  这件事尽管不可能发生,的确是发生了
  17 With all his savings gone, he started to look for a job
  花完所有的积蓄,他就开始找工作。
  课堂作业10
  1 The king declared, “whoever makes my daughter laugh shall marry her.”
  国王宣称:“无论谁要是能把我女儿逗笑了,就可以娶她。”
  2 Whether we di or did not shoose to carry them was up to us
  我们是不是带上他们这取决于我们自己。
  3 It is a bit doubtful that he should have given away a dictionary like that
  他竟然把一本那样的字典送了人,这一点让人怀疑。
  4 It is a pity that you live at such a distance
  你住得这么远真遗憾。
  5 I don’t know what you did that for
  我不知道你为什么要做这件事。
  6 I took it for granted that he would sign the document
  我认为他理所当然会签署这份文件。
  7 I replied that the had never brought up the subject in conversation
  我回答说,他们谈话中从来没有提出这个话题。
  8 “If I have seen father than other man, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants.”
  “如果说我能比别人看得更远,那是因为我站在巨人的肩膀上。”
  9 That is why the machine parts wear away during use.
  这就是机器零件在使用中磨损的原因。
  
  
楼主wyhady 时间:2009-11-14 20:42:14
  (三)汉译英部份
  1. 他去过纽约。He has been to New York.
  2. 抗日战争是在1937年爆发的。The Anti-Japanese War broke out in 1937.
  3. 告诉他还要为这事担忧。Tell him not to worry about it.
  4. 对不起,让你久等了。I am sorry to have kept you waiting.
  5. 张先生花了两个小时整理房间。Mr. Chang spent two hours cleaning his room.
  6. 这辆自行车需要修理了。This bicycle needs repairing.
  7. 这朵花多么美呀!What a beautiful flower!
  8. 玛丽是姐妹中最好的。Mary is better than any of her sisters.
  9. 他不但会说英语,而且会说法语。He speaks not only English but also French.
  10. 他们两位都不在这儿。Neither of them is here.
  11. 会议在进行时,任何人都不得入内。No one is admitted while the meeting is in progress.
  12. 我们不可随地吐痰。We must not spit anywhere.
  13. 请把你的话再讲一遍。Please repeat what you have said.
  14. 他给我一杯茶,我接受了。He offered me a cup to tea, which I accepted.
  15. 你认为这本小说怎样?What do you think of the novel?
  16. 他不知道该怎么办。He did not know what he should do.
  17. 他问我出了什么事。He asked what was wrong with me.
  18. 他游泳比得上我们任何一个。He is as good a swimmer as any of us.
  19. 他还没有来。He has not come yet.
  20. 他们刚到。They arrived just now.
  21. 他自从星期一到今天一直缺席。He has been absent since Monday.
  22. 我两星期后回来。I shall be back in two weeks.
  
  成语及谚语。
  1. Without beating around the bush.开门见山。
  2. to cut the feet to fit the shoes.削足适履。
  3. flowing past in an endless stream.川流不息。
  4. Man proposes, God disposes.谋事在人,成事在天。
  5. Walls have ears.隔墙有耳。
  6. to fish in the air.水底捞月
  7. a black sheep.害群之马。
  8. Talk of the evil and he is sure to come.说曹操,曹操到。
  9. What’s done is done.木已成舟。
  10. tit for tat以牙还牙
  11. dark horse 黑马。
  12. to show one’s card 摊牌
  13. new wine in old bottles 旧瓶装新酒
  14. ivory tower 象牙塔
  15. have one’s hands full 事情忙碌;无暇兼顾
  16. Misfortunes never come single.祸不单行。
  17. castles in the air.空中楼阁。
  18. Give him an inch and he’ll take an ell.得陇望蜀。
  
  
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