动词与名词的排列组合(转载)

楼主:赵远 时间:2001-05-26 19:39:00 点击:503 回复:5
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  动词与名词的排列组合
  
  
  
  
  
    要写出正确又道地的英文句子,除了要思考句型结构、文法之外,最重要的是尊重习惯用法,任何两个以上名词的组合,都不能随意。例如桌脚这个名词,英文习惯上称为table leg,不说table's leg也少用the leg of the table,至於儿童医院一定写成children's hospital不会有child's hospital或the hospital of children之类的组合,还有像「印第安那琼斯式的冒险,通常写作Indiana Jones-style adventures。
  
    此外,形容词与名词的组合如:dancing shoes舞鞋frying pan煎锅、炒菜锅,drug-induced impairment药物导致的伤害,也都有一定的组合习惯。
  
    但对英文写作者关系最密的是动词与名词的组合,举例而言:We will meet the needs and demand of a new age.(我们将满足新时代的需求)以英文中的needs和demands来说它通常与meet或satisfy或fulfill结合在一起,大部分受过教育的、母语为英语的人都写meet the demand,或satisfy the need,或fulfill the need这样写才是道地的英文。
  
    此种排列组合是由经年累月的习惯造成。当然,英文也有很多动词几乎可以无限制的与任何名词配在一起使用,像see, get, take, like, love。不过,为求谨慎,我们造句的时候,只要涉及动词与名词的组合,最好还是翻字典确定一下,因为语言有太多不可预测的东西,以下是一些遣词用字的小测验,若能答对二十题以上,你的英文说写,就很道地,二十至十题之间,属於中等程度,十题以下,就有待努力了。
  
  
  
  A.填入恰当的动词
  1.____to race to the playground(感到有一股冲动要跑到游戏场上)
  2.____these kids(责骂这些小孩子)
  3.____household chores(照顾家事)
  4.____my leisure in adult pursuits(休闲时间花在成年人追求的事物)
  5.____the lights in the living room(关上起居室的灯)
  6.____production(增加生产)
  7.____the chance(抓住机会)
  8.____me to live in comfort(使我能够过舒适的生活)
  9.____the boy to steal(饥饿驱使使这小孩行窃)
  10.____fuel(我们用尽燃料了)
  11.____to Mexico(几年以前我去墨西哥旅行)
  12.____by the local artwork(被当地艺术品迷住)
  13.____these goods to LA(运送这些货物到洛杉矶)
  14.____by his determination(我被他的决心感动打动)
  15.____your own business(管你自己的事情)
  16.____a large family(抚养很多子女)
  17.____for a promotion(竞争升官的机会)
  18.____what to do about the situation(想出此情况的对策)
  19.____you adversely(对你有负面的影响)
  20.____the problems(解决问题)
  21.____his self-esteem(伤害他的自尊心)
  22.____his superior stance(埋怨他高高在上的态度)
  23.____the impact of sound on the ear(了解声音对耳朵的冲击)
  24.____the issue in term of profitability(以是否有利可图来表达这件事)
  25.____your concerns(表达你的关怀)
  26.____about unfairness(抱怨不公平)
  27.____a letter into her bag(悄悄塞一封信到她的袋子里)
  28.____dinosaur evolution(他的发现阐明了恐龙演化)
  29.____expeditions(参加探险队)
  30.____people's knowledge about dinosaurs(进一步拓展人类对恐龙的知识)
  
  
  ■参考答案
  1.feel the urge
  2.yell at, chide, scorn, reprimand
  3.take care of, attend to
  4.spend
  5.switch off, flick off, turn off
  6.step up, increase
  7.grab at, seize, take, jump at
  8.enable
  9.drove
  10.run out of
  11.take a trip to
  12.fascinated by, intrigued by
  13.ship
  14.tuck, touched
  15.mind
  16.raise
  17.vie for, fight for, compete for
  18.figure out
  19.affect
  20.solve
  21.undermine, hurt
  22.resent
  23.be aware of, realize, know
  24.present
  25.express
  26.whine about, complain about
  27.slip
  28.shed light on
  29.join
  30.further
  
  

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作者:木雁锦文 时间:2001-05-26 20:11:23
  Thank you for giving us so many good suggestions. They are very useful and I have learned a lot from them.
作者:raindrop 时间:2001-05-26 22:24:46
  Thank you, I've copied it!
作者:aghd 时间:2001-05-27 00:25:38
  哇,好深奥呀!!!
  不懂呀!!!
  
作者:湘巴佬 时间:2001-05-28 09:54:40
  terrific.
作者:南方女孩 时间:2001-05-29 11:34:18
  thanks
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