《语言与翻译》之六十四

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  《语言与翻译》之六十四
  译出:沈新京
  续上


  4.区别易混淆单词的意义和用法.
  英语里有一些易混淆的单词和表达,这是因为(i)形式上有些相似而意义上差别很大,(ii) 形式上差别很大,而意义上有些相似。这样的单词如果不适当指出,就往往被错误使用,解释和说明。因此,这里建议的练习是有意义的。
  (A)造句,用一对单词中的每一个,以说明其意义和用法。
  例如:
  (85) abroad; aboard
  (86) economic; economical
  (87) over;above
  (88) beside; besides
  (89) hard; hardly
  (B)造句,用一对中的每一个动词,以说明其意义和用法。
  例如;
  (90) take; bring
  (91) refuse; deny
  (92) imply; infer
  (93) rob; steal
  (94) prevent; avoid
  (C)造句,用一对中的每一个动词或“动词+介词”,以说明其意义和用法。
  例如:
  (95)meet; meet with
  (96)see; see to
  (97) admit; admit of
  5: 运用联想,增加词汇量。
  通过“运用联想,增加词汇量”意思是用一个共享的意义,获得一组单词,或在一个相似的话题下,或用一个共同的目的,获得一串单词,以更好地记住相关的单词,及增加学习的效果。
  例如:
  (A)用表示“走路的方式”的动词完成句子。使用正确的动词形式:stagger, lurk, strut, loiter, creep, crawl, stroll stumble, etc.
  (98) Robbers ____________ behind the tree.
  (99) Children are not allowed to __________on the road.
  (100) The small girl________ over a stone.
  (101) I saw a snake ____________ into a hole.
  (102) To avoid being seen, the boy ___________downstairs.
  (103)The drunkard_______________ from the bar.
  (B)用列表中的合适动词完成句子,确信使用正确的动词形式:take, give, do, go, make, get, come。
  (104)Did he ask you for help?—Yes, he asked me to_________ him a favour.
  (105) Was Paul proud of his son?—Yes, Paul__________ pride in his son`s achievements.
  (106) Does your brother have a lot friends?—Yes, he_______________ friends easily.
  (107) Did you think about it?—No, I didn`t ____________ it a thought.
  (108) Did they drive through the park?—Yes, they__________ for a drive through the park.
  (109) Did Tom go to the barbershop?—Yes, he____________ a haircut there.

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