[翻译]我的在线翻译练习

楼主:北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 00:52:00 点击:3638 回复:37
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朋友让我帮忙翻译的一份英译汉38页稿子,要星期一上午交稿,现在已经是火烧眉毛了。独自翻译起来太闷没有效率,想个花样在论坛上边翻边贴出来,看看自己效率有多高,另外运气好的话还有高人可以指点下子呐,先谢谢咯,大家不要见笑,偶本来就是急就的。
  
  工具:OFFICE 2003,汉英英汉科技大词典,LONGMAN 2003, OXFORD 2004,GOOGLE,BAIDU,IFINGER,BRITAINNICA,ENCARTA
  
  第一段:
  Understanding Community-Based Rural Tourism
  Types of Community Based Tourism
  Define your product
  Any business on the planet has core products that they sell in order to make profit. Your core products are your tourist attractions. Without these there can be no tourism.
  
  The tourist attractions can be classified into different kinds according to their characteristics and their appeal to different market segments. The development of these different kinds of tourist attractions should be considered separately to reflect their different nature and the expectations of the market.
  

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楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 00:58:23
  Understanding Community-Based Rural Tourism
    Types of Community Based Tourism
    Define your product
    Any business on the planet has core products that they sell in order to make profit. Your core products are your tourist attractions. Without these there can be no tourism.
  正确认识以社区为单位的乡村旅游
  各种类型的社区为单位的乡村旅游
  产品定位
  世上任何一个商家都有其核心产品,其目的无非就是销售产品以获取利润。具体的读者你,你的核心产品就是当地的观光景点。没有观光景点就不成其为旅游。
  The tourist attractions can be classified into different kinds according to their characteristics and their appeal to different market segments. The development of these different kinds of tourist attractions should be considered separately to reflect their different nature and the expectations of the market.
  根据观光景点各自不同特征和相应的市场板块,可以分为以下不同的类型。对不同类型的观光景点应予以不同的开发,以照顾其具体的特性以及对应的市场预期值。
  
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 01:04:43
  
  In rural areas, the attractions typically fall into three main categories: 在乡村地区,景点通常分为以下三类:
  
  Rural Tourism 乡村旅游
  
  Environmental Tourism 环保旅游
  
  Cultural Tourism 文化旅游
  
   It should be noted that the distinction between these tourist activity categories is often difficult to make. Many areas suitable for environmental or eco tourism will contain traditional settlements and therefore involve an element of cultural tourism, and vice versa.
  需要指出的是,上述旅游活动之间的区分通常是很难明确的。 有很多地区本是适合开展环保或生态旅游活动的,当同时又是传统聚居地的所在地,因此包含了文化旅游的内容;相似旅游活动相互包容的情况也常有发生。
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 01:09:57
  Environmental tourism
  Environmental tourism includes sustainable tourist activities which take place in the natural environment. This includes purer forms of eco-tourism but also extends to other activities such as rafting.
  
  环保旅游
  环保旅游指游客在自然环境中开展的可持续旅游活动。这些活动包括较为纯净的生态旅游活动,同时也会扩展至漂流等其它活动。
  
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 01:10:31
  COFFEE BREAK
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 01:22:31
  接着干:
  
  The environmental tourism activities must not:
  •damage the essential features of the natural environment, and
  •cause any unacceptable adverse impacts.
  环保旅游活动中不能有以下行为:
  •毁坏自然环境的主要特色 和
  •带来任何负面影响
  This requires:因此必须做到:
  •low density, low rise, environmentally friendly, spread out development in local styles of architecture using traditional materials 使用传统建彩修建具有传统建筑风格的建筑,并要求低密度、低层、环保、散布式。
  •limited numbers of visitors 限制游客数量
  •economic use of resources 节约使用资源
  •involvement of affected communities in the planning, development and management processes, and 在规划、开发和管理过程中让相关社区参与决策,并且
  •control over visitors and compliance with codes of conduct.对游客行为严加控制,做到符合相关行为准则
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 01:29:43
  
  Environmental tourism take place in areas which remain largely in their natural state but have exceptional environmental, scenic or natural features. These will include scenic areas, the outer areas of nature reserves, forest parks and wilderness areas. They will tend to be located in the mountains, forests, river valleys or around lakes.
  开展环保旅游的地区自然条件大多未遭破坏,同时又具备独特的环境、观光或自然特色。这些地区包括风景名胜区、自然保护区的外延部分、森林公园以及荒野地带等。 这类地区多为山地、森林、河谷或湖泊地带。
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 01:41:55
  
  Environmental tourism activities could include walking, hiking, camping, trekking, rafting, caving, climbing, canoeing, boating, botanical or ecological studies, visiting natural features, etc. These activities will appeal to general interest tourists but mainly to the special interest groups who:环保旅游活动包括散步、远足、野营、徒步、漂流、洞穴探险、登山、独木舟、自驾船、植物或生态学研究以及寻访神奇自然景观等等。这些活动对大众游客都有吸引力,但更针对下列这些特种兴趣的群体:
  seek active or adventure holidays 渴望活跃或具探险性质的度假人士
  indulge in eco tourism pursuits, or 喜欢生态旅游历程的人士,或
  enjoy the ambience and tranquillity of the unspoilt environment.追求未被破坏的经密自然环境的人士
  
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 01:42:38
  收工,明天继续。
   Have a nice weekend!
作者:imelpomene 时间:2005-12-04 10:10:15
  u 2
作者:李显宏 时间:2005-12-04 11:56:10
  那些工具翻译出来的简直不是人话。
作者:双鱼男人 时间:2005-12-04 14:58:28
  i extremely agree with the person upstairs!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 16:20:41
  接着干,电脑当了一天,幸好DEADLINE宽限到了周五。
  
  Cultural heritage tourism 文化遗产旅游
   In rural areas, cultural heritage is represented by a number of historic towns and antiquities but more particularly by the traditional settlements of the ethnic minority people and their age old customary ways of life. This heritage is a valuable tourism asset and can be used as a basis for the development of cultural tourism.
  在农村地区,文化遗产主要表现在其历史古城和古迹方面,但其亮点则是少数民族集聚地以及他们古远的民风民俗。这些遗产是宝贵的旅游资源,可以作为开展文化旅游的良好基础。
  
  
  
  
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 16:25:42
  Intrusive tourism development or excessive number of tourists can seriously damage the features of cultural tourism sites. They must be protected from such impacts by observing the same principles as set out for environmental tourism (as briefly described above). It is also particularly important to involve the affected people in the planning, development and management processes.
  掠夺性的旅游开发或数量过多的游客会对文化旅游景点带来破坏。要避免其不受冲击,就必须同样遵守环保旅游(上文有简要阐述)中确立的一些原则。另外,让相关利益相关者参与规划、开发和管理的工作也尤为重要。
  
  
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 16:34:20
  Most general interest tourists like to explore the cultural heritage of any place but cultural tourism also appeals to a small but growing market specialist tourists interested in folklore, anthropology, historic costumes and rituals, religion, architecture, etc. The activities can form part of a general sight seeing tour or be more immersed into the cultural experience.
  大多数乘兴而来的游客注重发现任何一地的文化遗产,但是文化旅游同样也吸引了那些对民间传说,人类学,古代服饰和礼仪,宗教和建筑等方面感兴趣的专业游客。这些旅游活动可以成为普通观光旅游的
  一部分,或可以融为文化体验之中。
  
  
  Rural tourism 乡村旅游
  Rural tourism caters for tourists who are generally interested in the open, non-urbanized countryside, whether cultivated or not, for its scenic qualities, tranquillity and peace.
  乡村旅游的主要服务对象是那些喜欢开阔、城市化进程尚未波及的乡村地区(无论这些地区是否已有农业耕作)的游客,他们寻求的是其风景特色、静谧以及平和的环境。
  
  
  
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 16:37:22
  Therefore it can include both environmental tourism and cultural heritage tourism based on the rural settlements of the minority peoples. Whether it is one or the other depends on the nature of the area。
  
  因此依托当地的少数民族集聚地的特色,乡村旅游同时涵盖了环保旅游和文化遗产旅游的成分。具体属于哪一类型则要看当地的具体条件而定。
作者:音心之恋 时间:2005-12-04 16:37:50
  continue^^^^^^^^^^^?
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 16:45:25
  The Concept of Sustainable Community Based Tourism
  社区为单位的可持续旅游的主要理念
  
  
  
  Introduction 绪论
  Sustainable tourism has been defined by some as “tourism that is still inherently in its present form 20 or 30 years from now”.
  有专家如此定义可持续旅游:“在未来20或30年内维系于现状内保持不变的一种旅游方式”
  
  
  
  With a growing number of visitors, community based tourism holds significant potential as long as it is properly planned and managed.
  
  鉴于日益增长的游客数量,只要规划和管理得当,以社区为单位的旅游将前途不可限量。
  
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 16:57:48
  Issues 主要问题
   Community based tourism can have the following issues if not planned correctly: 如果规划不当,以社区为单位的旅游会产生以下问题:
  
  • Not all ventures are sufficiently interesting to generate visitor numbers that make it financially viable.
  
  并非所有的旅游卖点都具备吸引大批游客的潜力,因此其经济可行性尚待明确。
  • Damage can be caused to the environment if it is not properly cared for with a professionally prepared environmental management plan.
  
  如无一套专业的环境管理规划,会对环境带来破坏。
  • The private sector often lacks awareness for conservation or protection of the tourism assets.
  私营企业往往缺乏维护和保护旅游资源的意识。
  
  • Tourism development is often driven by exterior forces without adequate local participation.
  推动旅游开发的往往是外部力量,缺乏足够的本地决策参与。
  
  • Local benefits are often insignificant or unequally distributed (i.e. import of qualified labour, lack of linkages with the local economy).
  当地旅游收入往往微不足道或分配不均(如必须引进高素质的人员,缺乏与当地经济运行挂钩的措施等等)
  
  • There is often little co-ordination among stakeholders.
  
  利益相关方往往很少彼此协调相互的工作
  • Small scale community based tourism projects are often unprofessional and with limited market suitability.
  规模较小的以社区为单位的旅游项目管理不够专业化,市场可持续性较为有限。
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 17:07:25
  Positive impacts 有利因素
  Positive impacts of community based tourism include:
  社区旅游具有的有利因素如下:
  
  * Improved socio-economic status of the local people.
  当地民众社会经济地位提高
  *Environmental impacts often insignificant compared to other human activities such as farming.
  与其他人为活动如农业耕作相比,社区旅游给环境所带来的影响往往较小
  
  *Successful community based tourism usually contributes to environmental/cultural education and protection.
  社区旅游一旦运作成功,通常有助于环境/文化方面的教育和保护
  
  * Significant contribution to conservation financing in highly attractive areas with adequate use fees.
  在具有高度吸引力的地区,社区旅游有助于环境/文化保护的融资,运作经费充足。
  * Joint ventures between private companies and local people based on participatory management.
  在共同参与管理的基础上,可以形成私营企业与当地民众的合资企业。
  
  
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 17:18:09
  The Concept of the Cluster 乡村集群的理念
  
  
  
  
  Objective 目标
  A major objective of community based tourism in rural areas is the requirement to:乡村旅游的一个主要目标实施下列措施的必要前提:
  
  * diversify the tourism product, and
   多样化地开发旅游产品,以及
  *alleviate rural poverty.
   农村扶贫
  
  
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 17:26:51
  The rich ethnological diversity of China and the picturesque rural villages offer many opportunities to develop facilities for tourists seeking ‘soft adventure’ travel – either to visit these fascinating groups of people or to take full advantage of the magnificent countryside areas.
  中国有着丰富的民族多样性,还有如诗如画的乡村,这些都是开发相关旅游设施的机会,以此来接待那些寻求“软历险”的游客,他们要么是为了参观多彩的少数民族,要么是为了最大限度地享受这些无比壮观的乡村。
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2005-12-04 17:36:00
  Participation is the key 关键在于参与
  There is a clear need for the local community to participate in and benefit from the development of community-based tourism. Failure to do so will lead to the residents being alienated from the benefits and in extreme cases becoming hostile to tourists. The development of rural tourism in China is thus seen as being a participatory process with the villagers as essential stakeholders.
  当地社区必须参与并从开发乡村旅游中获益,这一点是不容置疑的。
  如果不能妥善处理好这个问题,将会导致当地居民利益分配边缘化的状况,甚至在极端情况下会使居民对游客产生敌对情绪。在中国,开发乡村旅游因此被视为村民做为主要利益相关方参与开发的进程。
  
作者:qinshuiwuyu 时间:2005-12-04 17:42:48
  英语高手
   您老人家好!本人是一二十八岁的高龄女青年,现打算在网络交友中心寻找另一半,我的档案还请您老人家帮帮我翻译成英语,please......成人之美,胜造七层大楼:)以下是我是档案:
  
  
  人生就是希望与阳光:)我一直相信这句话.
  我的星座是射手座,我具备射手座人的所有特征
  优点: 乐观,活泼,坦率,自尊心强,多才多艺,有很高的智慧,颇赋知觉与鼓舞他人得力量;思想开朗,;擅长哲学思考,富崇高的正义感,非常敏感而聪慧,喜爱自由,诚恳,正直,可靠,慎重 缺点: 个性敏感而有点浮燥,喜夸张,有不安份的倾向;盲目而过分乐观,行事有些笨拙
  我当前的职业是文员,即将从事心理医生的工作
  理想对象:
  我希望你是幽默的,睿智的,宽容的,
  当然,最重要的一点是:非常地理解与爱我:)
  如果我爱上了你,我将心甘情愿地为你做美味的饭菜,给你自由的空间去尽情高飞,尊重你的一切习惯与观念。当然,前提是你已经成为了我的丈夫。
  而我对孩子的感情是尊重理解平等关爱,深谙教育心理学的我将培养出一个最快乐最优秀的小孩,让他成为对社会有贡献的人才。
  以上是我对幸福的憧憬,我确信它一定会成真:)
  
  在线敬候.........
  
作者:lenbol444 时间:2005-12-04 17:56:24
  ps:[翻译]我的在线翻译练习
  支持
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作者:北无阿弥陀佛2 时间:2005-12-04 18:47:28
  续:
    
    Develop clusters 开发乡村集群
     In order to provide a level of facilities and services suitable for modern tourists, it is necessary to group villages into clusters to:
    将各个乡村组织起来形成集群,是为了给现代的游客提供相应水平的设施和服务,包括以下:
    
    *provide a wide range of accommodation opportunities, and
     提供一系列档次不同的住宿设施,并且
    
    * broaden the distribution of benefits.
     扩大利益分配的层面
  
  Typical Tourist Travel Stages
  典型的旅游程序
  
  Introduction前言
  A tourist will typically interact with many different organisations as they take their tourism journey.游客在旅游过程中将不可避免地与许多不同的组织机构打交道。
  
  Stages of travel旅游的各个步骤
  The following table outlines the stages of travel the typical tourist moves through. It also shows the types of organisations that come in contact with during the process. 下表中列出了游客将经历的各个不同阶段;同时也列出了过程中游客接触的各个不同性质的机构。
  
  (表格出不来呀,省了省了)
作者:北无阿弥陀佛2 时间:2005-12-04 19:46:29
  How do the Visitors Spend Their Money? 游客的消费方式
  
  Introduction前言
  Visitors can spend a good deal of money in your tourism enterprise. This topic allows you to understand what the tourists may be intending. 游客会在你方的旅游点大量的消费。在此部分你将了解游客消费的主要目标。
  
  Package tours团队旅游
  Some visitors pay for the whole trip in advance through a tourism agency in their own country. In this case they only bring enough money for drinks, souvenirs and other small items. As they are not paying out money for accommodation on a daily basis they may be prepared to spend more on local craft. However they usually only go to the places decided in advance by the tour company.
   一部分游客是通过其所在地的旅游公司提前预订并支付全部行程的费用。 这样他们所携带的金钱仅够支付饮料、纪念品和其它小物件。 由于他们不需要每天支付住宿费用,因此会在地方工艺品上花费较多的钱。 但是,他们的旅行地点也是由旅行社预先安排好的,不会自发去其它地点消费。
  
  Individual tourists 自助游客
  Many visitors arrange their own trips. They may rent a car or use the bus. They may have decided their route and booked their hotels in advance, but there is some chance of changing their minds and their routes. They have the opportunity to stop and look at anything they see, but may be careful about spending money, as they are not sure how much they will need for travelling around.
  很多游客是以自助方式旅行的。 所采取的交通工具通常是租赁小车或搭乘巴士。这些游客很可能已经提前定好了旅行线路和酒店,但路途中极有可能改变注意和线路。 他们有机会停下欣赏所见到的景物,但通常消费很理智,原因是对旅行的费用把握不大。
  
  Local expatriate residents外派住当地人士
  The expatriates are foreigners living and working in China for a time. These visitors are looking for new experiences. They want a trip for a weekend or a short vacation, and are free to look for out of the way places if they sound attractive. Some of them only want comfort, but a number of them like a more natural experience, and look for simple accommodation or camping sites. They already have a number of craft items in their homes, but are willing to buy extra items which seem new or different. As they usually have their own transport like many visitors from the southern African countries, they can buy items of any size, if they wish. Expatriates are often visited by friends and family who then also wish to take a tour.
  外派人员是指暂时在中国生活工作的外国人。 这种类型的游客主要是寻求新的体验。他们一般是利用周末或短假时间旅游,而且只要是有吸引力的 边远景点,他们都会有机会去尝试。这类游客中一些只追求舒适度,但很多则是喜欢一种更贴近自然的体验,对住宿和宿营地的条件要求也不高。这类游客家里已经有了相当一些手工艺品,但如果商品新奇独特,他们也不会拒绝购买。由于这类游客通常都象来自南非的游客一样有自备交通工具,他们购买东西只要喜欢可以不考虑尺寸大小。 外派人员也经常有朋友或家人造访或探亲,这也是他们携人出游的原因之一。
  
  Chinese local tourists国内游客
  Local Chinese tourists are usually people in professional jobs in the cities who wish to explore parts of the country they do not know, and to show them to their children. They look for some degree of comfort.国内游客通常是居住在城市里有正式职业的人士,他们旅游的目的是了解中国其尚不知道的地方,并让其儿女也一同增长见识。这类游客对舒适度的要求较高。
  
  ----------------------
  收工,吃饭。晚上有时间继续。怎么没有高人指点下呀,衰。
  
作者:北无阿弥陀佛2 时间:2005-12-04 22:18:33
  Backpackers 背包客
  
  Backpackers are thought of as young people, although that is not always true. They may walk or cycle or take buses. They may not appear be very respectable, but often are. They often go to a place because it has been recommended by another backpacker, and usually like a community experience. They do not buy many souvenirs, because they are difficult to carry, but may buy small things or food and drink items.
  通常认为背包客都是年轻人,但事实并不都是如此。 背包客旅行方式有步行、骑自行车或搭乘巴士。他们尽管有时衣着不尽得体,但大多数情况下还是表现良好的。 背包客通常在其他同伴的推荐下去某个地方旅行,一般都是团体内的经验交流。 由于旅游纪念品难以携带,一般他们很少购买,但会购买很多小物件或食品和饮料。
  
  Local tour companies 国内旅行社
  There is a growing number of tour companies, whose customers are both residents and incoming tourists. If these companies can be persuaded to bring their customers to the area it could bring good repeat business.
  现今的旅行社数量不断增加,本地游客和外来游客兼有。如果能与这些旅行社协商把其客户带到该地区,就会带来很好的回头客生意。
  
  However the first tour needs to be very successful to encourage a repeat. The tour companies are very cautious about bad experiences. Tour companies usually demand a group discount, but it is worth it, as they can be good customers, and will give their customers some information in advance. Their customers also pay for the whole trip in advance and bring a little money for extra items. They usually come in a bus, so have only a little room for souvenirs.
  但是要产生回头客,第一单生意的成功至关重要。旅行社对产生坏影响的生意都很小心。旅行社大都要求打折优惠,但这物有所值,因为他们是可以维系良好关系的客户,而且会预先把相关信息提供给游客。来自旅行社的游客也是预先支付整个行程的费用,可以用来购买额外物品的钱不多。交通工具通常都是巴士,所以很少有空间放置旅游纪念品。
  
  ---------------
  今天到此为止,太累了。明天继续。 I would appreciate it very much if any high guys could give me some advice. "-)
  
作者:二十年后 时间:2005-12-04 22:43:58
  我一个都不认识,敢问这是英语?5555555555
作者:北无阿弥陀佛2 时间:2005-12-05 01:56:13
  睡不着,起来继续操练:
  
  Why Tourists May Visit Your Community
  游客前来社区的主要目的
  
  Relaxation and exercise 放松与锻炼
  Tourists may visit your community because they want to relax in a quiet place quite unlike where they normally live and work, to unwind the stress, to be out in the sunshine, to get some exercise. They may want to take long walks or bicycle or canoe rides, or even run.
  游客前来社区,主要是寻找一个与其平时生活工作的环境不同、远离城市喧嚣之地来放松自己,释解压力,享受阳光以及锻炼身体。他们的主要活动一般有长距离漫步,骑自行车,划独木舟甚至跑步。
  
  Culture/ education文化/教育
  They want to learn about areas they have not been to before, to find out about the people and the natural resources of the area. They may come for a few days to study something in a quiet environment.
  游客想要了解先前未知的地区,了解当地的人民以及该地区的自然资源等。他们前来这样一个安静的环境小住几日并学习了解一些新的事物。
  
  Social社会
  There are a number of reasons for social visits. It may be to meet new people and make new friends. Visitors may also come to visit the village of their ancestors or their birth and wish for visitor accommodation. They may be visiting to attend a wedding, funeral or other festival. They may be government officials or NGO workers.
  以了解社会为目的的旅游有几个原因。其中一个是结识新的朋友。游客会访问其祖先原来居住的村庄或者他们的出生地,并期待着有接待游客的住宿设施。他们也有可能是前来参加婚礼、葬礼或其它节日。这些游客中有可能是政府官员或非政府组织的工作人员。
  
  Entertainment娱乐
  Visitors may come because they have heard of the good cultural entertainment you can show them, or to take part in a sports event such as a hike or a run. They may be interested in local dances, songs, music and games.
  游客有可能是获悉地方上推出的文化娱乐表演而慕名前来,或者是来参加诸如远足或赛跑等赛事。 他们的兴趣有可能是当地歌舞、音乐和赛事等。
  
  Ecotourism生态旅游
  They may come to find accommodation in a remote area so that they can see the natural environment there. They may spend the whole day looking at birds or animals or plants or butterflies, or walking to look at views or waterfalls, etc.
  游客来到偏僻的地区小住,这样可以欣赏到当地的自然环境。他们也许会花一整天观赏鸟类、动物、植物或蝴蝶,也许会步行欣赏沿途景色或瀑布等等。
  
作者:北无阿弥陀佛2 时间:2005-12-05 02:06:45
  Problems Tourists Can Have游客所面临问题
  
  What problems do tourists cause?游客会带来什么样的问题?Tourists sometimes cause the following problems:
  游客有时会引起下列问题:
  *They sometimes wear scanty or strange clothing, which may cause offence 有时穿着过于暴露或身着奇装异服,会引起当地民众不满
  *They may leave litter 乱扔垃圾
  *They will often not understand local speech and local customs 不懂当地方言或不了解当地民俗
  *They may give money to the wrong people 付钱给不恰当的人
  *They want to change things 试图改变当地状况
  *They may introduce foreign culture and customs 引入国外文化和习俗
  *If they have complaints it can cause the number of visitors to drop, as bad news spreads quickly.
  如果游客投诉会引起游客数量下跌,所谓好事不出门,坏事传千里。
  
  How will you deal with the problems?
   应该如何处理这类问题呢?
  
作者:北无阿弥陀佛2 时间:2005-12-05 02:36:36
  
  What problems do tourists have?游客所面临的问题
  The following table shows the problems that tourists can have.
  下表中列出了游客会面临的问题
  
  Problem问题
  Description描述
  They may be overcharged or robbed
  漫天要价或勒索
  There is often a feeling that visitors have a lot of money. Their money is worth more than RMB, but they often do not have more than they need for the journey. But even if they are very rich they do not like to be robbed directly or indirectly. They will buy less if they think they are being cheated, and your area will get a bad reputation.
  通常人们都认为游客很有钱。国外游客的钱是要比人民币值钱,但通常游客除了旅行开支之外,不会携带多余的钱。就算是游客比较有钱,也不会愿意被或明或暗地勒索。一旦游客知道上当受骗了,就不会多买东西,于是该地区将名声将被玷污。
  
  They do not understand bargaining.
  不会讨价还价
  They are accustomed to a fixed price like in a shop, and will often feel cheated if the price is too high, or will make a very tough bargain.
  游客习惯于商店式的一口价买卖方式,所以一旦索价过高,会有受骗的感觉,要么就是很艰难地去和商贩讨价还价。
  
  People asking for money. 乞讨钱财
  
  If visitors come to your area it is a good thing to stop people, especially the children from asking for money, even in fun. It can be very annoying to be asked to give money every time you move. The community can stop this. If the visitors want to give something extra to anyone they will do so. If they ask you can tell them that donations can be made in a specified place. You may wish to place a donations box in the main entrance area with a sign saying it is to support the local school, etc.
  如果当地有外来游客,最好制止那些乞讨钱财的人,特别是小孩;就算是开玩笑也不行。每到一处就有人前来乞讨总是件头痛的事情。当地社区有义务制止这样的行为。如果游客愿意给,那是他们自己的事情。如果游客有这方面的咨询,你可以告诉他捐赠应该在指定地点进行。也可以在社区大门入口出设立捐赠箱,并明确标示捐款用于支持当地教育等。
  
  Persistent vendors
  小商贩的纠缠
  
  They may become very annoyed with persistent vendors. This is less common in a village community, but it is still true that sellers must not be too insistent, or it just becomes an unpleasant experience.
  游客会对那些紧缠不放的小商贩非常恼火。在乡村旅游中这样的情景较为少见,尽管如此,小商贩也不得过分纠缠,否则就会变成一段很不愉快的经历。
  
作者:北无阿弥陀佛2 时间:2005-12-05 02:46:37
  不行了,眼皮子打架罗。
  
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  天涯真是有趣哦。
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2007-02-14 02:17:41
  又是一个不眠夜! 明天早上要交1万字的稿子,中译英
  贴一部分,看有人校正没有:
  
  例如,电路板在回收元器件的加热过程中会释放出大量含铅、锡和有机物的有害气体,如不进行回收和处理会污染环境。取下元器件后的电路板会被进行酸解和以火烧等方式回收金和其他贵金属。目前有许多非正规的企业采用露天火烧方式和简易的酸解法回收剩余的金属,污染问题十分严重。酸解废液含有重金属,如果不进行环境无害化处理,排放后会对环境造成严重的污染;火烧的废气如果不进行收集处理会产生严重的污染。
  
  Take the circuit board for example. Poisonous gas can be emitted containing large amount of lead, tin and organic substance in the process of recovering electronic elements, which will lead to environmental pollution if not reclaimed and disposed. The circuit board, with the elements being taken off, will be treated by acid hydrolysis and firing in order to reclaim gold and other precious metal. Currently there are many enterprises recover the remaining metal from circuit boards through nonstandard ways such as open-air firing and primitive acid hydrolysis, which leads to sever problems of pollution.Wastewater from acid hydrolysis process contains heavy metal which, if discharged without proper non-hazardous disposal, will bring serious pollution to the environment. Exhaust gas from firing, if not collected and disposed, will cause serious pollution too.
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2007-02-14 02:32:32
  通过对电子废弃物循环利用产业的特点和环境风险分析分析可以发现:在市场机制的作用下,电子废弃物循环利用产业具有十分有效的组织形态,产业内部分工细致明确,无论是回收还是循环利用环节都在高效运转。
  
  Through the analysis of the industrial characteristics and environmental risks in the electronic waste recycling industry, we can find that, thanks to the market mechanism, this industry has a very efficient form of organization, a highly specialized internal allocation of work, a highly efficient operation system both at the collection and recycling sectors.
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2007-02-14 02:44:33
  因此,从某种程度上讲,现有的电子废弃物循环利用产业已经实现了资源循环和高效利用的目标。
  We can therefore conclude that to a certain extent the existing electronic waste recycling industry has already achieved the goal of highly efficient resource recycling.
  但需要特别指出的是,目前这种高效率的市场运作和产业发展模式是建立在牺牲环境利益基础上的,在循环利用和最终处置中产生的污染问题被忽略,造成了严重的环境危害和隐患。
  We have to point out, however, the existing high efficiency of market operation and industrial development model is achieved at the cost of environmental benefits. Ignoring the problems of pollution resulting from the process of recycling and final disposal has brought about serve environmental risks and damages.
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2007-02-14 02:59:29
  以环境问题最严重的电路板处理问题为例,不少分散的非法生产者采用作坊式的酸洗或直接燃烧方法提炼有色金属,不仅环境影响严重,而且大大降低了资源的回收质量和回收率。
  Take the circuit board again for example, which caused the most serve environmental problems. Quite a number of unauthorized manufacturers, who are scattered around, recover non-ferrous metal from primitive acid hydrolysis process or direct firing. This has not only led to serious damage to the environment, but also reduced the recovery rate and quality.
  
  如果将环境保护的要求考虑进去,将环境保护成本内在化,该行业的许多从业者将面临严峻的市场冲击,甚至失去生存的空间。
  If we are to take into consideration the requirements of environmental protection and include the cost of protecting environment into the whole process, many manufacturers will be facing severe market change or even lose their market share.
  
  要实现资源利用高效和无害化的目标,需要对现有的电子废弃物循环利用产业进行政策引导和改造。
  
  With an aim to achieve the goal of highly efficient utilization and non-hazardous disposal of waste resources, we shall provide policy guidance for and reform the existing electronic waste recycling industry.
楼主北无阿弥陀佛 时间:2007-02-14 03:19:07
  发展电子废弃物循环利用产业是中国社会经济发展的必然需求,要实现该产业的持续健康发展和环境无害化的目标,面临着众多问题和挑战。
  Promoting the industry of electronic waste recycling is the inevitable requirement for China’s socioeconomic development. We face many challenges in order to achieve the goal of sustainable development of the industry and non-hazardous disposal of the wastes.
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