那些失败的生意人——闲看《水浒》之二十六

楼主:十年砍柴 时间:2004-03-20 17:10:00 北京 点击:5300 回复:45
脱水 打赏 看楼主 设置

字体:

边距:

背景:

还原:


  
  “男盗女娼”是中国人最瞧不起的职业,然而这两种职业却是无比的古老,过去、现在乃至将来可能都会存在。人们在鄙视这两种职业的同时,暗含着承认它们也是一种买卖,无非是特殊的买卖。一则是皮肉生意,一则是刀口舔血的买卖,它们的共同点是:都在出卖人类最基本也是最后的资源——身体和生命,也就是说用肉体和命博钱,而当强盗因为还对别人的生命和财产威胁很大,因而也是一种高风险职业。所以,对大多数人而言,不到无路可逃的时候,是不会从事这两种职业——天生的强盗和婊子总是少而又少。但如果在一个不太正常的社会里,一些人发现从事正常的职业,其风险和成本也高到自己难以承受,而且收益很小难以维持自己生活的需要,那么就会很容易下海和上山,作妓女或强盗。
  我在上文已经谈到,《水浒》所描写的北宋晚年,社会商品流动规模大、速度快,市面繁荣市井阶层壮大,从事非农业职业的人多于其他朝代。但是不能因此认定宋代已是一个重商社会而非以农立国的社会。因为宋代社会的基本结构没有改变,王朝在政治制度、法律等方面并没有根本的改变,刺激和鼓励工商业发展的经济政策和制度保障并没有建立。从事工商业还是老百姓失去土地后不得以的谋生手段,工商业的风险远远大于农业,通过工商业致富往往不能走正常的渠道。
  《水浒》中的生意人有三类,但都是失败的或是不正常的。
  第一类是经营规模较大的企业家,我在前文已经提到过。有十几名雇工、开着肉铺的镇关西,在清河县开生药铺的西门庆和北京城里的首府卢俊义大员外。他们不能通过正常纳税获得政府的法律保障和安全服务以及正常主张自己的政治权利,而使必须通过贿赂官员才能获得安全感,从做买卖的“准入”到经营的扩大,不是依法办事而是买通掌握公权力的官员。他们往往激起民愤,容易被仇视,他们在这种畸形的商业环境中也容易忘乎所以,最后被暴力收拾;而卢俊义这种大企业家中的遵纪守法的另类,一方面被强盗觊觎财富,一方面又惹怒了官场,随便找个理由就能收拾他。
  第二类是李小二、唐牛儿、郓哥、武大郎这样做小买卖的人。萧瀚先生对他们亦有论述,得出的结论是在那个时代勤劳和诚信是难以致富的。他们是一群普普通通、处于最底层的草民。无祖荫无田地身无长技,唯一可以依赖的是自己起早贪黑地劳作,即便如此还要应付衙役们的敲诈和流氓们的勒索,能够吃饱穿暖已经是谢天谢地了。李小二原来是东京城里的酒店服务生,因为太穷,“不合偷了店主人家钱财,被捉住了,要送官司问罪;又得林冲主张陪话,救了他,免送官司;又与他赔了些钱财,方得脱免。”后来他拿着林冲送的盘缠来到沧州,入赘给一个店家,最后继承了这家小酒店。年轻人犯这种小偷小摸的错误,却被送到官府要问罪——如果这样,没有后台的李小二免不了刺上金印流配他乡,他的一辈子也就毁了,梁山又多个预备役战士。林冲的出手相救可看出他的同情心,而这个曾犯过错误的小二恪守了知恩图报的人生准则,他的品德不知比知书达礼却出卖朋友的陆虞侯们,比盘踞高位却残害百姓的高太尉们要好多少倍。他们夫妻不但为林冲浆洗衣服,让流配他乡的林冲感觉到一丝人间的温暖,更重要的是他们处处把恩人的安危放在心里,及时识破了陆虞侯的阴谋,救了林冲一命。唐牛儿和郓哥属于那些机灵的生意人,年轻心气较高、有些贪小便宜但本质上不坏。卖醪糟的唐牛儿对张文远和阎婆惜通奸很是不平,前去为被阎婆缠住的宋江解围希望得几串赏钱,可莫名其妙地卷入人命官司。宋江杀人潜逃后,知县却把他“且叫取一面枷来订了,禁在牢里。”为了开脱宋押司硬是要把他做替罪羊。郓哥也是个典型的市井小生意人。知道西门庆和潘金莲通奸,希望去找西门庆,敲三五十个钱,养活老爹,却被王婆赶出来,最后他把“秘密”告诉了大郎。而卖炊饼的武大郎是最冤的,长相、本事、胆量都不行,阴差阳错有了一个漂亮的老婆,自己像心肝宝贝一样哄者她养着她,可这种爱不但没有得到回报,反而遭来了杀身之祸。这些做小买卖的人,只是些路边的草芥和蚂蚁,谁一出脚就可以踏死他们,他们没有任何的保障,惟有苟活于人世间。
  第三类生意人就是梁山上原来开酒店、做贩运的“好汉”们。开酒店的有张青、孙二娘夫妇,李立,朱贵,孙新、顾大嫂夫妇等人。他们做的都是非正常买卖,全是开的“黑店”。有的是将麻药将客人放翻,然后杀死做成人肉包子,钱财则被洗劫一空,真是毛骨悚然。他们这种酒店特点是交通方便但规模小。因为规模小赚钱难,于是选择了这种方式,我疑惑就算当时交通信息不便,但那么多人平白无故地被害死,他们做了这么长时间的谋财害命勾当,不是占山为王也不是流窜作案,而是坐商,有关部门难道一点都不知情?大概他们把当地官府买通了。有的人是开酒店为幌子,主要是开赌庄。——老老实实地开饭店,赚钱委实不易。现在也有许多人在国道旁边开饭店,做杀人谋财的勾当自然很少了,毕竟现在的侦缉水平高多了,人平白无故地蒸发总不是件容易对付过去的事,但和开长途客车的司机勾结,强迫客人来店里消费,且饮食质量极差而价格贵得离谱,客人不敢说过不字;要么容留妇女卖淫赚取大钱或者开地下赌馆。他们要把生意长久做下去,不打点好当地有关部门恐怕不行。
  梁山上的另一类生意人就是从事贩运等买卖,亏了本便上山为寇。原清风山三个头领都是买卖或手艺人出身。燕顺因贩马羊亏了本钱,流落在绿林打劫;王英是押车的雇员,见财起意杀死了雇主,郑天寿是手艺人,以打银为生。吕方贩卖生药亏了本,不能回乡。郭盛贩卖水银,黄河里遭风翻了船,回乡不得。两人都做了强盗。曹正原是个屠宰户,他可没有镇关西那样的好运气,从家乡的财主借了五千贯钱到山东做买卖,折了本钱,估计借的是高利贷,回家还不起债,便落了草。石秀从金陵来蓟州贩卖养马折了本钱,回不了家流落当地靠卖柴为生,最后遇见了杨雄,帮助他开了个屠宰铺。杜兴做买卖到蓟州打死了同伙。童威、童猛兄弟则是贩卖私盐的。张顺是个“渔霸”,浔阳江的渔户没有他的允许不能擅自卖鱼,以此来控制当地的水产品市场,这也是他和李逵产生冲突的直接原因。此外还有卖膏药兼卖艺的薛永、李忠等人。
  从这些生意人可以看出,当时想致富要么学孙二娘那样开“黑店”,或学顾大嫂夫妇、施恩那样搞吃喝玩乐“一条龙”服务,要么像张氏兄弟和童氏兄弟那样垄断市场或走私。干这样的买卖,必须有背景,要么是“黑老大”,和官府打得火热,别人不敢惹;要么直接有官府撑腰,如施恩父亲是节级,孙新哥哥孙立是州里的兵马统制。这样的买卖本身就有违法犯罪的嫌疑,离直接做强盗只有半步之遥。而其余的人做闯州走府的长途贩卖,风险很大。当时没有现代商业活动的风险防范机制和现代金融制度。做买卖的资金要么是自己全部的家产,要么是民间的高利贷,又没有保险制度,一旦亏本,个人的生存都会出现问题,家里如果没有田地做生活的保障,那么去犯罪往往是必然的选择。而在商业活动中缺乏起码的民商法规做调节,买卖完全靠民间的信用和习惯法来做,风险难以预料,解决生意上的纠纷也往往如此,杜兴打死合伙人大概也是因为出现了纠纷,他选择了暴力解决。再加上治安不好,住孙二娘们开的客店,坐张横们的渡船,雇王英这样的伙计,风险就更大了。
  不独《水浒》,翻看《三言二拍》和晋商的经营史,我们会发现,古代去异乡经商是一种非常冒险的活动,不但拿着自家的财产,甚至拿着自家的性命去赌博,离家之前妻妾相送如生离死别。因为种种风险,私人的镖局盛行,也是因为这种风险,做买卖的人往往自身具备一定的武艺,用以防身。我们看到水浒落草的生意人,几乎都有些武艺,这是他们经商抵抗风险必备的本钱,反过来又成为他们当强盗的必备本钱。但这种为做买卖防身的武艺毕竟有些业余,和林冲、花荣、秦明、呼延灼、徐宁这些职业武官相比,还是差了一筹。他们一同当了职业强盗,这些生意人大多在七十二地煞之列,而那些职业武官都进了三十六天罡。这些失败的生意人,落草也不能成为一流强盗。
  
  

打赏

0 点赞

主帖获得的天涯分:0
举报 | 楼主 | 埋红包
楼主发言:2次 发图:0张 | 添加到话题 |
作者:枯童中人 时间:2004-03-20 17:29:10
  记得听田连元的评书, 说到武大之死时, 评述道: 一个老实人的死, 惊醒多少善良人?
  深刻的社会意义, 借古寓今, 中国进步了多少?
作者:王冬阳 时间:2004-03-20 17:31:11
  是我,你在看电视没有?
  台湾的事!
  写点这方面的也好呀!
作者:马蹄得得 时间:2004-03-20 17:31:25
  十兄对水浒的研究真是很透啊
作者:危险人物 时间:2004-03-20 17:52:36
  砍弟好文呀。有机会请你喝两盅
作者:tinyhot 时间:2004-03-20 18:01:15
  一篇一篇看过来,真实佩服十年!
  
作者:漫游慢游 时间:2004-03-20 18:12:49
  即是今天,边缘群体就好过北宋时期?
  我看是有过而无不及
  
  
作者:penfe 时间:2004-03-20 18:55:43
  好
作者:我是西牛 时间:2004-03-20 19:29:54
  支持
作者:最善解人衣 时间:2004-03-20 19:46:26
  niu B
作者:梦里蓝天 时间:2004-03-20 20:15:36
  学习砍家水浒
作者:古兰丹姆 时间:2004-03-20 20:50:14
  砍柴兄的好文是一定要顶的!
作者:DBT 时间:2004-03-20 21:14:58
  顶顶顶
作者:要就去吧 时间:2004-03-20 21:21:21
  好文章啊
  柴兄什么时候整理一下
  我也好收藏
  不过我感觉这样有点不厚道
  你还是出书吧
  这样我看起来也方便
  
作者:青青柳叶 时间:2004-03-20 21:52:01
  好文!
  让我看水浒看到了另一个层面!
作者:报复的快乐 时间:2004-03-20 22:13:10
  收藏
作者:杨文理 时间:2004-03-20 22:43:42
  张君也是做生意失败才上山的
作者:燕返 时间:2004-03-20 23:14:59
  "住孙二娘们开的客店,坐张横们的渡船,雇王英这样的伙计,"
  
  寒~~~
作者:要就去吧 时间:2004-03-20 23:18:22
  柴兄
  改天写个梁山和中国足球的
  让我也有个地方发泄
作者:绽放的烟灰 时间:2004-03-20 23:25:30
  砍柴,面子重要啊,所以,千万别去关天投票
作者:花花花满楼 时间:2004-03-20 23:35:18
  高产啊楼主
作者:钝刀客 时间:2004-03-21 00:36:21
  敬读砍柴兄大作
作者:xu_xu_yang 时间:2004-03-21 00:42:58
  砍柴兄弟写的好,现实让他只能写水浒,也写的这么好,佩服佩服,呵呵!
作者:太平梳打 时间:2004-03-21 01:09:57
  
  
  这篇有点凑数了,砍柴不要为了写而写啊
  
  
作者:夜光之下 时间:2004-03-21 02:05:10
  是呀,写的确实不如以前了
作者:康南山 时间:2004-03-21 02:13:27
  不错,不错。看完后感觉生在现代好幸福呀!:)
作者:沙中鱼 时间:2004-03-21 02:20:37
  yue
作者:a是非 时间:2004-03-21 09:28:42
  呵呵,可惜了法律专业.可惜了十年砍柴,写得不错,分析得在理,只是想着也很平常,不都这样么,社会永远是用一种框架在前进呢,说点别的?
  文章比本人要帅气.嘎嘎嘎
作者:卡通车 时间:2004-03-21 10:01:51
  砍啊砍,越来越能砍
作者:黑弹 时间:2004-03-21 10:30:16
  刚上社区就看这么长的东西,累死我了。
  砍兄的水浒读得挺透的。
  病态的社会就是以妖梅病梅为业吧!!!!
  
  
  
作者:天刀宋缺 时间:2004-03-21 10:46:55
  好文!
作者:路过天涯98 时间:2004-03-21 12:04:27
  一本小说能“挖”出这么多东东,也真是难为楼主了
  继续关注...楼主加油
作者:-音尘绝- 时间:2004-03-21 12:14:48
  为砍柴兄好文顶一顶。
作者:一休608 时间:2004-03-21 13:21:46
  ???????????????????????????????????????????????????
作者:山里的土匪 时间:2004-03-21 13:28:15
  机器翻译的楼主的文章,大家看看地道不
  
  " out-and-out scoundrel" is the job that Chinese look down upon most, but these two kinds of jobs are incomparable and ancient, In the past, and even will all perhaps exist in the future now. People admit while disdaining these two kinds of jobs that they are a kind of deal too implying, It is only the special deal . It is neither first skin and flesh‘s business nor first the edge of a knife‘s deal to lick blood, their common ground is: It is most last resources too basically to betray the mankind --Body and life, that is to say that uses the human body and rich money of the life , because the life and property to others are threatenned very largly yet to act as the robber , Therefore a kind of risky job. So, as for most people, less than having no way while escaping, Will not be engaged in these two kinds of jobs --Innate robber and always few and few prostitutes . If in a society not very normal, some people find the job that is engaged in normally, Its risk and too so high that it is difficult for oneself not to bear, and income very little to keep one‘s own the needs of lives while being difficult cost, So will be very apt to risk one‘s fortune and go up a hill , do prostitutes or the robber.
   I have already spoken of in the foregoing paragraphs , in old age of Northern Song Dynasty when" the Water Margin" describes , the scale is large, fast that the social commodities flow, Town stratum strengthens the business flourishing, the person engaged in the non-agricultural job exceeds other dynasties. But can‘t assert a merchant society already in Song dynasty has been but not with the agricultural society that founded a state . Because the basic structure of the society did not change in Song dynasty, there is not basic change in political system, law,etc. in the imperial court , Stimulate and encourage the economic policy and system of industry and commerce development to ensure and has not been set up . The means of making a living can not after losing land engaged in the industry and commerce or common people, The risk of the industry and commerce is far greater than agriculture, can‘t often leave in the normal irrigation ditch through the industry and commerce get rich.
   The businessman in" the Water Margin" has three kinds, but all fail or abnormal.
   The the first kinds entrepreneur business scale,I in before the gentle to refer to already. It has more than ten a person of hired labourers, turn on town Northwest who meat spread at Qinghe county turn on and give birth to the west door celebrate and Beijing the provincial capital Lu beautiful high-ranking official of justice outsideses of townses of herbal medicine shop. They can‘t obtain the law of the government to ensure with the security service and advocate one‘s own political right normally through paying taxes normally , It makes to be must have been through bribing official win sense of safety by ability, expand to what has been managed from" accurate to enter" that do business, Not because bribe the official who grasps common power in accordance with the thing of punishing by law. They often evoke popular indignation , easy to be hostile to, they are apt to let oneself go too in the business environment of this kind of deformity, Tidied up by the violence at last; The different class of abiding by Ji ShouFa in the great entrepreneur of beautiful justice Lu, is covetted the wealth by the robber on one hand, Cause the anger officialdom again on one hand, look for a reason and can punish him at will.
   Class II Li small twoes,,, Wu DaLang do it in this way the peoples of small business brother hay Tang NiuEr. Desolate vast gentlemens have and expound the fact also them conclusion that draw at that era difficult so that rich. They are a group of ordinaries, grass member of a nationality in the bottom. There is not ancestors‘ protection or blessing that does not there is not long skill without field body, the only one that can be relied on is that works working from dawn to dusk by oneself, Extortion that even so should pay the government battle and the extorting of the hooligans, Eat one‘s fill and wear warm clothes and thank heaven. Li two Xiao originally Tokyo‘s the hotel attendants of town, because too poor," conform to and steal owner of shop family wealth, Have been caught , should send the lawsuit and denounce ; Again woods wash and advocate and accompany, it rescues he exempt lawsuit of handing over; It compensates wealths with him side take off and exempt. "Later on he hold woods wash travelling expenses that give come Cangzhou, marry into and live with one‘s bride‘s family to a hotel owner, Carried on this pub at last. Young people make this kind of petty thefts mistake, but is sent to the local authorities and denounce --If so, have Li light twoes unavoidable to assassinate backstage supporter upper golden seals flow and mix alien land, He destroys too all one‘s life, Liangshan and a lot of reserve duty soldiers. Participating in rescueing the sympathy that can find out him of Lin Chong, and this small two that has made mistakes has abode by the criterion of life when kindness seeks ways to return sb.‘s kindness of knowing, The moralities of he wonder, Than illegallying occupy but high position finish cruellying injure high and too luxuriant common people how many well does it cost. They wash and wash and starch clothes for woods by couple, let and flow and mix the woodses of alien land wash and think a silk of the warmths of human worlds, The more important thing is that they put the benefactor‘s safety in the heart everywhere, have penetrated Lu YuHou‘s conspiracy in time, Print a life after rescueing the woods. Tang NiuEr and hay brother belong to those clever businessmans, it is not bad that the young heart covets little advantage but in essence relatively high and a bit angrily. Sell Tang NiuEr at Zhang far to cherish fermented glutinous rice adultery very not smooth, Go forward. Song kill a person after absconding, but county magistrate" shout and draw a cangue come and staple him by river, While prohibitting it firm. "For absolving Song escort department want and the scapegoat are made by him actually. The hay brother is a typical town little businessman too. It knows west door celebrate and Pan gold lotus adulteries s hope and go and look for west door celebrate, knock at 3 fifty pieces of money, It supports old father it catches and come out Wang old woman at last he telling heavy my darlings" secretly". Sell and cook a meal the military heavy my darlingseses of cake wrong most, feature, skill, good courage, It dues to all sorts of accidental mishaps and have one a piece of beautiful wives she is raising her person who coaxes oneself like sweetheart‘s treasure , This kind has like not notting only gotten the repayment , a fatal disaster has come instead. These cook the persons of small business is only the trifle and ants of roadside, who one a play of feet step on they extremely, They have no the ensuring of any, only live on in degradation in this world.
   The third kinds of businessmans were" brave man"s who opened the hotel, became trafficking in originally on Liangshan. A blue and green, grandson and two mas married couple opened the hotel , Li Li, Zhu Gui, Sun Xin, take care of sister-in-law Mr. and Mrs.,etc.. What they did are all the non- normal deal , are all"s an inn by brigands" openning. Full of and show and look through guest anaesthetic and kill and make adults meat steamed stuffed bun, The wealth is robbed everything, really absolutely horrified. The characteristic of this kind of hotel of theirs is that traffic is convenient but the scale is small. Because scale little to make money difficult, it chooses the way I feel uncertain even if inconvenient information traffic at that time, But so many people are killed groundlessly, they have made business of murdering for one‘s money for so long time, Not because constitute the mountain not to flee hither and thither to commit a crime for the king, is but a tradesman , is the department concerned ignorant at all? They bribe the local local authorities in the general idea. Somebody opens the hotel for the shop sign, gamble in the village mainly. --Serving the meal in the shop honestly, it is difficult to make money really. Have in national highway next door serve the meal shop, make and kill a person and work for to have not as few business naturally wealth peoples too now, Present tracking down and arrest is much more competent after all, it is not always that one is apt to tackle the bygone that people evaporate groundlessly, But collude with the driver who drives coach, force the guest to come into the shop to consume, And diet quality is extremely poor and the price is so expensive as to go against accepted conventions, the guest does not dare not to speak words ; Hold and leave woman earn a lot of money or turn on underground gamble the building by prostitution. They want to go on the business for a long time , must probably get the department concerned of good locality ready.
   Another kind of businessman at Liangshan is engaged in trafficking in etc. buysing and sell, go up a hill for the bandit after losing money. Three chieftans of mountain all buy and sell original fresh breeze or the artisan come from. Because Yan Shun bought to sell horse‘s sheep and lost the capital, wanders and rob on the band of outlaws; Wang Ying is the employee who escorts the car, moved to commit crimes by sight of money and killed employers, Zheng TianShou is a artisan, Make a living by hitting the silver. Lu side traffic crude drug lose money, go back township. Guo Sheng traffics the mercury, has met with the wind shipwreck in the Yellow River, goes back to the township and does not have . Two people have both become a robber. Cao ZhengYuan is that one butchers one, his good luck not so such as town Northwest, Have borrowed 5,000 and passed through the money and do business from the rich man in the hometown to Shandong, has suffered the loss of the capital, It estimates and it borrows to be usury it goes home and get up debt take to the greenwood. Stone come Ji traffic and raise horse roll over capital, come back home and wander locality by selling firewood make a living by state from Nanjing by show, It meets Yang hero at last help him turn on one butcher and pave. Du Xing does business to Ji Zhou to kill partners . Tong Wei, brother Tong Meng traffics private salt. Zhang Shun is" fishing hegemony", can‘t sell fish without authorization in a household of permission without he of fishing which pours Yangjiang, It comes and control local aquatic products market with this this too and Li road produce the immediate causes of conflict he. In addition Xue Yong, Li Zhong who still sell the medical ointment and concurrently make a living as a performer,etc..
   Find out and want and get rich or study grandson No. 2 turn on" an inn by brigands" like that at that time from these businessman, Study Gu sister-in-law of Da Mr. and Mrs., bestow favour and engaged in gluttony and pleasure-seeking serve by" a coordinated process" like that, Or look like the one brother and virgin the brother corners the market or smuggles like that. Do such a deal and must have powerful connections , or" black greatly", Very thick with each other with the local authorities, others do not dare to cause ; Have local authorities support directly, such as bestowing favour father each, Sun Li that army riffrafves in the state control new elder brothers grandson. Such an deal have suspicion that break laws and commit the crime is from making robber each distant directly by itself. Other person make and rush state walk long-distance of the office traffic, very risky. The risk without modern business activity took precautions against the mechanism and modern monetary system at that time. The fund doing business is either one‘s own all family property, or the folk usury , There is not system of insurance , as soon as lose money, the individuals‘ existence will all go wrong, Family if ones that have field do manual labour are as follows, go crime often inevitable choice. Lack minimum trader of the people regulation make and regulate, buy and sell complete at folk credit and common law come and make among business activity, It is difficult for risk not to expect and solve business too often like this dispute, Du Xing kill partner appear dispute too probably, He has chosen the violence to solve . In addition public security fine, live grandson No. two, ferryboat that finish taking horizontal one, It employs Wang such an partners have not as heavy risk right away.
   Not only" the Water Margin"," three speeches two are made" to leaf through and the trader‘s management history of the Jin Dynasty, we can find , Ancient to go strange land it engages in trade to be one a kind of activities that take risks very much, hold own property, Hold own life go gambling, before leaving home wife concubine it hands over to be separate forever even. Because of all sorts of risks, the private establishment which provides escorts<bodyguards>for a fee prevails, it is because of this kind of risk too, Often oneself possess certain skill in martial arts person that do business, spend in case the body. We see the businessman taking to the greenwood in the Water Margin, nearly all have skill in martial arts, this is that they engage in trade and resist the capital that the risk must prepare , Become them in the robber‘s indispensable capital again conversely. But this kind for doing business skill in martial arts that defend one self have some spare time, and Lin Chong, spend ,,, slowly peaceful these military officers compare HuYan Zhuo Qin Ming honour after all, Difference is raised . They have worked as the job robber together, these businessmans are mostly in 72 place very rows , Those professional military officers have all entered the net used for fishing for 36 days. These businessmans failing, taking to the greenwood can‘t become the first-class robber either.
作者:firefree 时间:2004-03-22 00:05:25
  窃钩者诛,窃国者侯,这是亘古不变的法则。
作者:康季子 时间:2004-03-22 10:31:18
  读书人一声长叹--------
作者:黑鬃野马 时间:2004-03-22 12:13:54
  看了,兄
作者:phillion 时间:2004-03-22 13:26:33
  楼上的翻译简直是太过分了!
作者:酒仙楚狂人 时间:2004-03-22 14:44:06
  谈古实讽今。观罢有今不如昔之感。
作者:jxwth 时间:2004-03-22 19:47:13
  TO-----作者:山里的土匪 回复日期:2004-3-21 13:28:15
  没事你就歇着吧,不要扫了大家的兴致。
作者:天地无情23 时间:2004-03-22 21:16:44
  我和年佩服你.请有机会和我联系
作者:燕十三的剑 时间:2004-06-16 10:45:59
  砍柴的好贴不看也要顶!
作者:我是过尽千帆 时间:2004-06-16 17:41:05
  不错!要把前面的二十几篇也搜出来读读。
作者:uiewxd 时间:2005-12-27 21:05:11 海南
  再加上治安不好,住孙二娘们开的客店,坐张横们的渡船,雇王英这样的伙计,风险就更大了
  
  呵呵,风险就更大了。
发表回复

请遵守天涯社区公约言论规则,不得违反国家法律法规