[法律英语]法律英语天天学(5):数学教授因试题致歉

楼主:春风秋水 时间:2006-04-21 14:10:00 浙江 点击:181 回复:0
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Math Prof Apologizes for Test Question
  数学教授因试题致歉
  
  
  (AP) - BELLEVUE, Wash.-A community college math instructor has apologized for a test question invoking Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice that students complained was racially insensitive.
  [美联社讯] 比利福,沃什——一位社区学院的数学教师因其试题涉及国务卿康多莉扎·赖斯 (Condoleezza Rice)而被学生认为其是人种歧视而道歉。
  Peter Ratener, 60, who has taught at Bellevue Community College for more than 25 years, said Wednesday night at a trustees meeting that the question on an exam last month was an "egregious mistake."
  60岁的彼得·雷特纳——他已在比利福社区学院教了25年数学课——他说,星期三晚上召开的理事会称上个月的测试题是一个“天大的错误”。
  It began, "Condoleezza holds a watermelon just over the edge of the roof of the 300-foot Federal Building, and tosses it up with a velocity of 20 feet per second." The question then asked students to determine when the watermelon would hit the ground.
  题目是这样的,“康多莉扎拿着一个西瓜,越过300英尺高的联邦大厦的屋顶边缘,然后以每秒20英尺的速度将其投掷出去。”该题的问题是,这个西瓜将何时落到地面。
  The Board of Trustees condemned the wording as insulting to Rice, who is black, because of caricatures of blacks eating watermelon during the days of plantation slavery.
  学院董事会因以言辞侮辱赖斯而遭受谴责——赖斯是黑人——在农奴时期,黑人以吃西瓜而被讽刺。
  Ratener said the question originally referred to Gallagher, a one-named comedian who smashed watermelons as part of his act, and that he changed it to Condoleezza because she was more recognizable and because he likes the name.
  雷特纳说,这道题目原先是用盖拉尔这个名字的——一个在表演中吃西瓜吃醉了的有名喜剧演员,后来他将其改成了康多莉扎,是因为她比较为人所知,同时也因为他比较喜欢这个名字。
  A number of Seattle-area black community leaders demanded Ratener be fired or disciplined.
  许多的西雅图地区黑人社区领导人要求校方解雇或纪律处分雷特纳。
  "Apologies have been made, but where is the atonement?" said James Kelly, president of the Urban League of Metropolitan Seattle.
  “虽然已经道歉,但是于事何益?”西雅图市区联盟 詹姆士·凯里说。
  College President Jean Floten said action would be initiated against Ratener under a section of the faculty contract that covers punishment, such as a reprimand or suspension, but not termination.
  学院院长吉恩·弗洛顿说,根据包含有诸如申斥、中止但不终止等惩罚的教员合同,校方将对雷特纳采取措施予以处理。
  2006-04-20T13:22:32Z
  
  
  译者注:
  (1)community college:社区学院。
  在加拿大和美国,社区学院,有时也叫大专(junior college,即两年制专科学校)。它是一种介于中等教育与高等教育之间的一种教育机构(an educational institution providing post-secondary education and lower-level tertiary education)。它可以可以给学生颁发证书、文凭,并授予相关学位。该名称的来源是因为其主要招收、录取当地社区的学生,并从当地社区政府获得经费支持。
  在英国,它有时用来指那些提供非全日制成人教育(adult education)的进修学校(further education colleges)。
  (2)康多莉扎·赖斯 (Condoleezza Rice)
  1954年11月14日出生于美国亚拉巴马州的伯明翰。15岁时入读丹佛大学,学习英国文学和美国政治学。在奥尔布赖特的父亲约瑟夫·克贝尔教授的引导下,主要研究东欧和苏联问题。19岁获得丹佛大学政治学学士学位。1975年和1981年获得圣母大学的政治学硕士学位和丹佛大学国际研究生院政治学博士学位。1981年,年仅26岁的赖斯成为斯坦福大学讲师。1989年1月,出任乔治·布什总统的国家安全事务特别助理。作为布什政府中的俄罗斯问题专家,赖斯是有史以来美国政府中职位最高的黑人妇女。4年期满卸任后,赖斯进入胡佛研究院任高级研究员。1993年,赖斯出任斯坦福大学教务长,她是该校历史上最年轻的教务长,也是该校第一位黑人教务长。2005年1月出任国务卿,她是继克林顿政府的马德琳·奥尔布赖特之后美国历史上第二位女国务卿。
  (3)board of trustees:理事会,(大学)董事会
  (4)blacks eating watermelon
  In the 19th and early 20th centuries, African Americans often were depicted in racist caricatures as being inordinately fond of watermelon. Southerners of any race frequently have been lampooned for the fruit's popularity in the South over the years。
  在19世纪、20世纪,非洲裔美国人因其酷爱西瓜而经常被被种族主义漫画所讽刺。在过去的岁月里,美国南方的任何一个种族都因其所食水果而被嘲讽。
  (5)The Urban League of Metropolitan Seattle (ULMS), formerly the Seattle Urban League, was established in 1929 and incorporated in 1936.It is of 115 affiliates of the National Urban League whose offices are located in New York City, with a lobbying office in Washington D.C. Originally the League existed with an all volunteer staff Funding was secured through private donors and the Community Chest Emphasis was placed on housing, job opportunities, vocational guidance, adoptions, foster care, public accommodations and education.
  西雅图市区联盟,成立于1929年,是坐落于纽约的国际城市联盟115个会员之一,在华盛顿有一个办事处。起初,这个由志愿者组成的联盟其经费来源主要是私人捐助和社区福利基金,它主要服务是提供住房、就业机会、职业指导、收养抚养、公共膳宿和教育。
  The Urban League of Metropolitan Seattle strives to empower, enable and assist African Americans, other people of color, and disadvantaged individuals in becoming self-sufficient through public advocacy, providing services and developing strong business and community partnerships.
  该组织的宗旨是:通过发表演说、提供服务、发展商务及社区合作关系来帮助非洲裔美国人、其他有色人种及弱势困难人群。
  
  

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