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Math Prof Apologizes for Test Question
  (AP) - BELLEVUE, Wash.-A community college math instructor has apologized for a test question invoking Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice that students complained was racially insensitive.
  [美联社讯] 比利福,沃什——一位社区学院的数学教师因其试题涉及国务卿康多莉扎·赖斯 (Condoleezza Rice)而被学生认为其是人种歧视而道歉。
  Peter Ratener, 60, who has taught at Bellevue Community College for more than 25 years, said Wednesday night at a trustees meeting that the question on an exam last month was an "egregious mistake."
  It began, "Condoleezza holds a watermelon just over the edge of the roof of the 300-foot Federal Building, and tosses it up with a velocity of 20 feet per second." The question then asked students to determine when the watermelon would hit the ground.
  The Board of Trustees condemned the wording as insulting to Rice, who is black, because of caricatures of blacks eating watermelon during the days of plantation slavery.
  Ratener said the question originally referred to Gallagher, a one-named comedian who smashed watermelons as part of his act, and that he changed it to Condoleezza because she was more recognizable and because he likes the name.
  A number of Seattle-area black community leaders demanded Ratener be fired or disciplined.
  "Apologies have been made, but where is the atonement?" said James Kelly, president of the Urban League of Metropolitan Seattle.
  “虽然已经道歉,但是于事何益?”西雅图市区联盟 詹姆士·凯里说。
  College President Jean Floten said action would be initiated against Ratener under a section of the faculty contract that covers punishment, such as a reprimand or suspension, but not termination.
  (1)community college:社区学院。
  在加拿大和美国,社区学院,有时也叫大专(junior college,即两年制专科学校)。它是一种介于中等教育与高等教育之间的一种教育机构(an educational institution providing post-secondary education and lower-level tertiary education)。它可以可以给学生颁发证书、文凭,并授予相关学位。该名称的来源是因为其主要招收、录取当地社区的学生,并从当地社区政府获得经费支持。
  在英国,它有时用来指那些提供非全日制成人教育(adult education)的进修学校(further education colleges)。
  (2)康多莉扎·赖斯 (Condoleezza Rice)
  (3)board of trustees:理事会,(大学)董事会
  (4)blacks eating watermelon
  In the 19th and early 20th centuries, African Americans often were depicted in racist caricatures as being inordinately fond of watermelon. Southerners of any race frequently have been lampooned for the fruit's popularity in the South over the years。
  (5)The Urban League of Metropolitan Seattle (ULMS), formerly the Seattle Urban League, was established in 1929 and incorporated in 1936.It is of 115 affiliates of the National Urban League whose offices are located in New York City, with a lobbying office in Washington D.C. Originally the League existed with an all volunteer staff Funding was secured through private donors and the Community Chest Emphasis was placed on housing, job opportunities, vocational guidance, adoptions, foster care, public accommodations and education.
  The Urban League of Metropolitan Seattle strives to empower, enable and assist African Americans, other people of color, and disadvantaged individuals in becoming self-sufficient through public advocacy, providing services and developing strong business and community partnerships.


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